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is with me: my Saviour is with me.”|| low, and depressed at the tho't of leave As the boats assembled, the hum ofling you so soon. I had hoped, I had voices and the noise of oars were dis-|| anticipated boundless joys and happitinctly heard in his cabin. They pro- ness. Rut this sudden, this unexpectduced no agitation. He looked at| ed, this dreadful calamity, has frustrathe clergyman, and said, 'I would now | ted them all. The thoughts of them say with my Saviour in the garden of afforded me many hours of comfort Gethsemane, If it be possible, let this in my night-watch at sea; and now, in cup pass from me: nevertheless, not these precious moments, the thoughts my will, but thine be done. At a of the never-ending joys and happinese quarter after nine he was joined in fer-|| we shall meet with in heaven render vent prayer by the officers of the ship me unspeakable consolation. There; who assembled for that purpose in the Eliza the blossom never fades, or gun room. He then partook of some transports cease; for it is the habitawarm wine, and again returned to his tion of our Creator, and the portion of cabin. At a quarter before ten, he all those who sincerely repent of their heard the dreadful annunciation of' re-transgressions, through the mediadiness' without the alteration of a sin-tion of our blessed Redeemer. To gle feature. He replied, 'I am prepar-him I now look up with all the reed.' My Savior is with me. He then verence and love that I am master of, ascended the companion ladder, and for his intercession with my heavenly proceeded along the deck with a slow Father, to forgive one whose repentbut steady step to the foot of the plat-ance and whose godly sorrow are true form. He then leaned for a short and faithful, who is resigned to meet time on the shoulder of a friend, look- the will of his Maker. O Almighty ed earnestly at the ships company, and and most merciful Father, may I hope, said, ' See how a Christian can die !' || through the blood of thy beloved Son, He then mounted the forecastle, sur- to find rest in Heaven! Yes, my God, veyed with a scrutinizing eye the fatal thou kuowest I pray with all the ferapparatus, expressed a hope that all vency thou hast gifted me with, and was right, and gave some directions to that I acknowledge thee as the only the. provost-marshal. He requested true God, and my Saviour as thy Son, permission to look around him, and who sits at thy right hand on the judgtake his last farewell of the sun, which ment seat of heaven; and when I bow now shone with much splendor. His | myself down to thy footstool in the face was then covered. He gave me other world, may my Saviour say to his last adieu, blessed, and kissed me. me, Come my beloved, to the king My heart could sustain the burden of dom prepared for you: your sins are its feelings no longer. I rushed from forgiven. O merciful and most just the forecastle; the appointed signal God, thou hast said that thou wilt re-was given, and my lamented friend ceive the prayer of the most ignorant hurried into eternity."

as well as the most learned, as long as The source of Lieut. Gamage's hope it is from the heart; and now I say, and consolation in the prospect of O God, be merciful to me a sinner." death, will be testified in the most for “ Yes, Eliza, day and night I have cible manner by his own expressions, I prayed for a remission of my sins; and contained in his parting letter to a be- also for you—fur all-for every one: 'loved sister.

and I look forward with a blessed hope “ Saturday morning, Nov. 21. 1 that my prayers are heard." have slept pretty well, thank my God “Sunday morning-0, Eliza, the My dear girl, the time draws Dear, that hour draws near: the warrant is on my God bas called upon me to pay the board. Cease to beat, my throbbing debt of nature. It is a debt, Eliza, which heart! Keep up, my panting bosom! sooner or later we must all pay. I am The Almighty bears we up: be he

1

F VOL. II.

me.

my prayers : he has not forsaken me.! To add any thing to the pathetic And, 0 Almighty God, still be with and impressive lesson which these ex

Give me christian fortitude until tracts convey to every heart, would be the last moment.” --“Yes, my belov-to weaken their effect. Let us adopt ed, I am still composed, though low the hope expressed by the pious cler and melancholy indeed. Ere this time gyman, that when it is our turn to die to-morrow I shall be numbered with we may possess “such thoughts, such the dead --Cold, lifeless lump of clay hopes, such resignation as he did. -returned to that Power who gave,

J. E. T. and who has alone taken away. Almighty and ever good God, look down

ORIGINAL CRITICISM upon me now, and bless me. My beloved Jesus, be thou my advocate in On Romans, chap. viii. verses 19-23 heaven, as thou art my support on “For the earnest expectation of the earth. Soon, soon shall death wipe creature waiteth for the manifestatior away all tears from these fading eyes. of the sons of God. For the creature O God, be merciful to me, a sinner!" || was made subject to vanity, not wil

"O my Eliza, the sensations that lingly, but by reason of him who hath now rise in my bosem are beyond ex. | subjected the same in hope : Because pression. The evening closing in, the the creature itself also shall be deliversilent crew, the dejected looks of my ed from the bondage of corruption inmessmates, all add to the solemnity of to the glorious liberty of the children the trial; but few can feel what I feel. of God, For we know that the whole Yet I thank my God that I have had creation groaneth, and travaileth in time to repent, whilst thousands are pain together until now: And not only every day dying by the sword, with they, but ourselves also, which have outone moment to ask pardon for their the first fruits of the Spirit, even we offences. I trust that my sincere repen-| ourselves groan within ourselves, waittance and deep contrition allow me toing for the adoption, to wit, the rebe cool and collected. O Almighty Fa-demption of our body." ther! once more let me beg forgive These verses have been generally ness, for now all my hopes are in hea- accounted as difficult as any part of

the Epistle, and the difficulty has been “ This last month has indeed been a || increased by rendering the original month of sorrows, of hopes, of fears; word creation in one clause, and creaand lastly of misery, ignominy, and ture in another; therefore in each verse death. But now I can say with holy read creation. Job, The Lord gave, and the Lord I consider the phrase, or phrases, to hath taken away: blessed be the name be a bo figure, wherein the creation of the Lord.' In hopes of a blessed is personified, as is frequent in the resurrection, and a pardon for my sins, scriptures: as the land mourning and through the merits of the only Son of rejoicing, and calling for rain; &c. as God, in whom I steadfastly believe, if the apostle had said ; When I look aI lay me down to rest awhile." round and survey the wretched state of

“Sunday night.–O Eliza, I have had this world, all nature doth, as it were, a trying task: all the ship's company in pathetic language, call aloud for that sending for some hair to keep for my blessed change which the gospel in. sake. Sad, sad task for them! and tended to introduce; for the whole cretheir looks bespeak their feelings. Yes, ation appears to look out with eager exindeed the Griffon is now sad and si- pectation, for the manifestation of the Jent. Always pray for the safety of the sons of God; that is, for the time when men who loved me as they do. And the children of God shall be manifested, may the Almighty guide her safely in and God shall openly avow them, and the boisterous deep!"

the reproach that is cast upon them,

ven."

and the distress laid upon them, shall || have a diffusive spread through the be rolled away, and they appear in world: then creation shall have libertheir true character and beauty, as ty and joy. God's dear children.

Such is the state of this world under For the creation, or this lower world, this burden, that it appears to call, in soon lost its original beauty, and a most the most importunate manner, for the melancholy change passed on man, interposition of Divine power and merand the place of his abode; for all the cy in its favor. Yea, we know,erer since visible frame of nature was made sub- the first apostacy from God, and enject to vanity and wretchedness, fleet-trance of sin into the system, the whole ing and unsatisfactory: not willingly, of this lower creation groaneth, and not by the personal misbehaviour of travaileth in pain together till now, and them who are mostly affected, but by || laboreth, as it were, with strong pains, him, viz. Adam the first man, and the to bring on the birth of sons and daughfirst transgressor, who stood the headters unto God; the creation is in traof the human race, and by his trans- | vail pains for the glorious day of the gression and breach of the first cove-| church, and the universal spread of the nant brought mankind into a deplora- | gospel, even the latter day glory, when ble state, and was the ground of the nations shall be born at once, and peocurse upon creation; but in hope: that ple brought forth in a day. And the is, God hath not left the world to des- world become the beautiful seat of pipair, nor under an everlasting curse ; ety, and converts exceed the drops of for there is a hope, that the salvation | summer morning dew. This appears so happily begun, shall be widely ex- | to refer to the millennium, when Zion tended; for the creation in future ages shall be the joy of the whole earth ; shall be delivered from the bondage of and God's children be made manifest, corruption, by which men are abusing and all this lower creation be freed themselves, and the inferior creatures; from the bonds of corruption and vanbut creation shall be brought into the ity to a degree it never was before, glorious liberty of the children of God, and Christian and creature liberty, take that in the samne proportion as virtue happy place through the world, when and christian piety prevail in the peace shall be as a river, and righteworld, and converts are multiplied, the lousness as the wares of the sea. world and all things therein, will be Now see the beautiful gradation.freed from the bondage of corruption; For not only the creation appears to all be used for the ends for which they wait, groan, and call for the spread of were designed, and none abused to the the gospel through the world, and unipurposes of sin, pride, luxury, nor ava- versal birth of souls unto God, but we, rice. The sun will shine on God's fa- we Christians ourselves, who have remily, the moon and stars afford their ceived the first fruits of the Spirit, as a light, but not for nightly revels; the prelude to a glorious harvest, and are earth, and all its furniture and produce, introduced into a degree of liberty, bewill be freed from the abuse of the ing born of God, we wait for a great glutton, the drunkard, the unclean ;

-event, even groan within ourselves, and the animals used to answer the under the remains of imperfections, end of creation, and not abused; but and burden of sins, we wait for our used for God's glory, and the good of adoption, when our heavenly Father his children, and no more groan, under shall bring us out before the assembled bipful abuse, and burden of the curse;|| universe, and publicly own us, and deand this shall take place in that day clare us to be his adopted children in when the earth shall be covered with Jesus Christ, viz. the redemption of the knowledge of the Lord, as the wa- our bodies by a glorious resurrection ters cover the sea ;-—when the religion from the dead at the great and last day, of Jesus, the redeemer of sinners, shall which will introduce us into a state of

No. VIII,

peace, and happiness, that shall far ex- these parts of America, with one and ceed the most happy state the church the same end and aiin, to advance the has, or can be in in this world, for then kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, and we shall enter upon the uninterrupted enjoy the liberties of the gospel in pujoys and employments of heaven, and 'rity and peace.” The stile of this conjoin without imperfection, in praising federation was The United Colonies of God and the Lamb, for ever and ever. New-England. Each Colony appoint

ed two Commissioners, who must be AN HISTORICAL VIEW OF THE FIRST members of some of the churches,

who met annually in one of the four PLANTERS OF NEW-ENGLAND.

colonies by rotation. By these Com

missioners, all objects of common in[Continued from p. 14.]

terest to the colonies were considered After the Revolution in England in and determined. This confederation 1688, war commenced between that was of the greatest benefit to these colcountry and France, in which the colonies, as it maintained internal peace, onies of New England and New-York rendered them forinidable to the Inwere great sufferers. The nothern in-dian tribes, to their neighbors the dians, supported by the French in Can-| Dutch, and, in a considerable degree, ada, carried on a furious war against to the French in Canada. The union the colonies for about ten years. The continued more than forty years, till principal sufferings were endured by the abrogation of the charters by James the settlements in the District of Maine. II. This confederation was the germ But all the northern settlements had of our present national constitution their share. --The war was concluded which is our pride and our safety. in Europe by the peace of Ryswick, The laws which were enacted by December 1697: and in the following the respective colonial legislatures, year it generally terminated in Amers were, essentially, of a similar charac ica.

ter. For laws of a civil nature, the The internal welfare of the colonies, laws of England were their principal their civil, moral, literary, and eccle- guide; for those which respected the siastical institutions, on which all the interests of religion and morals, the social enjoyments of theraselves and scriptures were their general standard, their posterity primarily depended, In many instances they exhibited great ever engaged the chief care of the first judgment in adapting their statutes to Planters. After the establishment of the particular circumstances of the the colony of New Haven, the seyeral people. All their laws have the same colonies finding, from their dispersed great object in view, the establishment situation, and their respective individ- and maintenance of a Christian conaual weakness, that they were peculiar- monwealth. Great care was taken to ly exposed to the assaults of enemies, establish and maintain courts of justice and in danger of mutual animosities, in their utmost purity, and with all neand collisions, entertained thoughts of cessary authority. a general confederation for their com In 1661, Governor Winthrop of Conmon protection and mutual benefit, necticut, son of the first governor of This important object having been' Massachusetts, was sent to England some years in agitation; in May 1643, às an agent for the colony, and returnCommissioners from the respective ed the following year. having procurColonies of Massachusetts, Plymouth, i ed according to the petition of the peo, Connecticut, and New-Haven, with ple, the Connecticut Charter. This great harmony and mutual condescen- charter included in its prescribed limsion, completed and signed the articles its the colóny of New Haven, and in fo confederation. In the introduction 1665, they were united in one colony. they declare that they came into The charter of Massachusetts having

þeen resumed by James II. ; a new very high degree of enthusiasm. She charter was granted to that colony in inculcated, publicly, a variety of reli1692, which included the colony of|gious sentiments of a bigb antinomian Plymouth.

character, making the evidence of the The ecclesiastical history of the fa- || Christian hope to consist in some interthers of New-England, forms a very |nal persuasion rather than in obedience interesting subject of attention, as the to the divine precepts, and openly inobject engaged their first care in their veighed against the most of the mininternal concerns. In their ecclesias- || isters and magistrates of the colony, tical regulations they walked in an un as maintaining and relying upon a cobeaten path, they found no pattern forvenant of works. She was strongly imitation in the churches of modern countenarced by that finished dematimes. Among all the reformed church- gogue Henry Vane, who was governes in Europe, there were none of such or for that year, and who, bad he cona structure as those erected by our tinued in the country, would have envenerable fathers. They had no guide dangered the existence of the colony. but the precepts of the great Head of Mrs. Hutchinson supported her notions the church, and their own sound dis- by appealing to special revelationš cretion; aided by the light of the holy and extraordinary internal illuminaComforter, whose gracious promised tions, which superceded the use of arassistance they continually implored. gument and defied refutation. Such In the constitution of all the churches, was the effect of these opinions, or of there was a characteristic likeness. the manner in which they were mainThe principles recognized by the tained, that all the settlements were in church of Plymouth, in their leading a commotion. In 1643, a general features, were embraced by the whole council of the ministers and messenTheir churches were purely congrega gers of the churches convened at Camtional, holding all ecclesiastical au- | bridge, by order of the General Court, thority in the members of an individu- to take cognizance of the prevailing eral church; yet they were generally rors, and restore harmony to the impressed with a sense of the neces- | churches Mr. Hooker of Hartford, sity of a commune vinculum, some and Mr. Bulkley of Concord were the common bond of union possessing a moderators. The opinions of Mrs. delegated authority, for their mutual | Hutchinson, with some other errors security and advantage. The expe- then prevailing, were condemned by diency of the association of ministers, the council, in which decision, the and the consociation of churches was country generally acquiesced. Mr. early perceived. These measures Davenport arrived at Bostop about were recommended by the first and the time of the meeting of the synod, most eminent divines, and the experi- | and afforded important assistance in ence of a few years led to their gradu- | their deliberations. After the decisal adoption.

ions of the council, Mrs. Butchinson As it has ever been the case with became more obstinate, and her erthe church of Christ on earth, in its rors increased. She was excommuimperfect state, the churches of New- nicated from the church at Boston; England have been tried with errors Mr. Hutchinson removed from the coland divisions. In the year 1636, the ony, and his wife came to a miserable wife of Mr. Hutchinson, a respectable end. man in Boston, who came to New. In the course of a few years after England about three years before, the first settlement of the country, the made great disturbance in the church churches found the want of a general es of the colony. She was a woman Confession of Faith and a system of of strong mental powers, of a high spir-church government, which should be it, of great pride, and possessed of a generally adopted by the churches,

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