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The next figure by which the psalmist illustrates what he commends, is taken from the dew. It is,' says he, 'as the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that decended

the mountains of Zion, for there the Lord commandeth the blessing, even life for evermore."

Dew is a small thick kind of mist or rain, which sometimes falls in a gentle, imperceptible, and plentiful manner on the earth ; and contributes not a little to the beauty and fragrance of the garden, and the verdure and fruitfulness of the field. It descends in great abundance in some countries, at particular seasons of the year, and is justly considered as a very great blessing. Mount Hermon, situated on the northern border of the promised land, without Jordan, was famous for it. On which account the psalmist elsewhere poetically describes Tabor and Herinon as rejoicing in God.* The dew is also said to descend on the mountains of Sion, that is, “the dew of Hermon descended on those mountains," for so the words should be strictly rendered. And if it be enquired how this could be, the answer is, that the clouds which lay on Hermon, being brought by the north winds to Jurusalem, might cause the dews to fall plentifully on that place. But some have thought that not Jerusalem, but the lower parts of mount Here mon are here intended. For it is remarkable that Hermon is actually called Sion in the book of Deuteronomy.t And so they conclude that the summit of that mountain had the particular name of Hermon, and the lower part of it that of Sion. And this being the case, they understand the psalmist as making a further comparison, between the precious ointment upon the head of Aaron that ran down unto his beard, and so to the skirts of lis garment; and the dew of Hermon that descended from the summit of that hill to the parts below. I

Psal. lxxxix. 12. Mr. Marndrell, in his journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem, speaking of the two mounts, Tabor and Hermon, says, “We were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy psalmist means by the demo of Aermor, our tents being as wet with it, as if it had rained all night." See p. 5. edit. 3d. + Deut. iv. 48.

This interpretation of the passage Dr. Pocoke gives us in bis Observations on Palestine. "If any one," says he “considers this beautiful piece of eloquence of the psalmist, and that Hermon is elsewhere actually call Sion, he will doubtless he satisfied, that the most natural interpretation of the psalmist would be to suppose, though the whole might be called both Hermon and Sion, yet that the highest summit of this mountain

But I should rather suppose the Mountains of Sion, properly so called, are here intended : for to these what is immediately added best and only agrees,—there the Lord. command ed the blessing even life for evermore. On these mountains Jehovah, the God of Israel, was pleased to erect his palace, therein he resided, there he from time to time met his favourite people, accepted their sacrifices, auswered their prayers, and poured both temporal and spiritual blessings upon them. And if we consider Sion as a type of the Christian Church in its present and especially its future glorious state, there is a fur. ther more striking and significant emphasis in the phrase of his commanding there the blessing, even life for evermore: for the best and noblest blessings God has bestowed on his church which he hath redeemed by the blood of his Son. Now the dew of Hermon might, as we observed before, literally speaking, fall upon mount Sion. Or if that is not the sense of the words, the dew of Hermon might be a figure of those refreshing and enlivening joys which so plentifully descended on the tribes of Israel and Judah, harmoniously assembled from time to time in the temple at Jerusalem: and it was natural enough for the psalmist to make a transition from the one to the other. And these blessings poured on the Jewish church, may be justly considered as further figurative of the superior blessings the Christian church now enjoys, and will hereafter possess in all their perfection. And so we are naturally led to run the parallel between the pleasures of domestic friendship and those peculiar to Christian societies. The former, especially if families are religious, very much resemble the latter. What sweet peace, harmony, and love, prevail in societies, formed on the plan Christ and his apostles have laid down, and consisting of individuals actuated by the genuine spirit of the gospel? Like brethren, in the noblest sense of the expression, they dwell together in unity, bearing with one another, sympathising with one another, and labouring to promote one another's real welfare. And such is that

was in particular called Hermon, and that a lower part of it had the name of Sion, on which supposition, the dew falling from the top of it down to the lower parts, might well be eompared in every respect to the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down unto the beard, even unto Aaron's beard, and went down to the skirts of his clothing ; and that both of them in this sense are very proper emblems of the blessings of unity aod friend. ship, which diffuse themselves throughout the whole society." Vol. ii, Part i. Book i. Ch. xviii.

domestic friendship we mean to recommend. The families where it is enjoyed may be compared to the mountains of Sion, to churches established in this and that place, yea I will add to the general assembly and church of the first-born whose names are written in heaven. God commands the blessing upon such families, even life for evermore. And to them our salutations should be directed as were the apostles to that of Priscilla and Aquila, Greet the church that is in their house.* -SIENNET.

NOTICE OF BOOKS.

RHANTISM, versus BAPTISM; or, Infant Sprinkling, against Christian

Immersion. By S. ELLISON, G. WIGHTMAN, London. P.p. 611. 1835.

This is a large work, consistent with the insulting title which it bears. Its object is to prove that none can be saved but those who are immersed in water, agreeably to the author's particular views of the mode of baptism. When will human folly end ? It is enough for us to know, on the contrary, that the thief on the cross was saved, though not baptized at all. We lament the production of such a book, not merely because of the erroneous senti. ments which it advocates, but because it tends to separate Christian friends, who ought to live together in barmony. It is refreshing to us to quote, in opposition to him, the language of one of the greatest divines and scholars of the day, and the ablest opponent of Infant Baptism-Mr. Carson. He writes" while I always claim for myself the privilege of openly arowing any thing which I find in the word of God, i consider it no less my privilege to show myself one with all who love our Lord Jesus Christ. I have a greater number of Christian friendships among the Ministers of the General Synod, than I had when I was a member of it. Between me and some Ministers of the Synod, even whom I bave never seen, there is a real Christian friendship; I abhor a sectarian spirit that would make it other. wise. I wish God speed to all, as far as they love the doctrine of Christ. Some of my most confidential friends are not of my own denomination.”

)

An INDEX to the PLACES MENTIONED in the BIBLE; intended as a

Help to the Study of Sacred Geograpby, and compiled for the use of the Fisherwick-Place Sabbath-School, Belfast. By GEORGE FIELD.

WILLIAM M COMB, Belfast. P.p. 107. 1835. THERE are three expressions in this title-page which proclaim the peculiarity and value of this little work-Geography, Sacred Geograpby, and Geography for a Sabbath-school. Of all branches of learning, Geoprapby is one of the most easy, interesting, and useful to children. They have the help of the eye, there is all the interest of history connected with it, and

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it gives distinctness to the conceptions. To the student of the Scriptures, it is indispensable. It causes his views of its doctrines, which are interwoven with facts and places, to be much more vivid and clear than other. wise they could be. And it is truly delightful to find this subject introduced to our Sabbath-schools, being at once an evidence of the advancing education of Sabbath-school scholars, and the diligence of their teachers. We trust the time is not distant, when Sacred Geography shall be introduced to all our Sabbath-schools. And Mr. Field has our most grateful acknowledgments for having presented it to them in a form 'so brief and simple, and, withal, so cheap, as to make it most suitable for such a place

and purpose.

The ADVOCATE of MORAL REFORM. A monthly periodical, pub.

lished at Belfast. Nos. I., II., III.

We congratulate the public on the appearance of this new periodical. It was imperiously called for by the wide-spreading vice which it is intended to check. Licentiousness prevails to an excess truly-alarming; and if strong and active measures are not used to put it down, it threatens to turn society into a mass of moral corruption. It is reckoned that there are 500,000 prostitutes in Scotland and England ; and of these, between 70 and 80,000 are in London alone. By information from the best medical authorities, the average duration of life in this awful career of wicked. ness is but four years. And thus are ve led to the conclusion, that halfa million of the female sex are brought to eternal ruin every four years. How should a Christian community contemplate such a state of things. The Editor of the Advocate has acted bis part well. The Ulster Female Penitentary owns him for'a father. And he bas now undertaken this additional labour. He deserves our warmest thanks and best encourage

And we earnestly entreat him to persevere in his good work.

ment.

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

ORDINATION.On the 10th inst, the Presbytery of Clogher, ordained the Rey, James Reid Dill, to the pastoral charge of the congregation of Dromore. The services of the day were conducted by the Rev. Ms. Arnold, of Omagb; Rev. Mr. Henderson, of Auchnacloy ; Rev. Samuel Dill, of Donoughmore ; and Rev. Mr. Hanna, or Clogher.

INSTALLATION.-On Wednesday, the 11th inst. the Rev. John Knox Leslie, who had previously been ordained the Synod's Missionary to the South and West of Ireland, was installed as Pastor of the second Presby. terian Congregation of Cookstown, The services of the day, were conducted by the Rev. John M‘Gowan, the Rev. Robert Park, and the Rev. J. Denham,

THE SCOTTISH AND LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETIES.

THE Secretaries of these Societies beg to inform such as collect for their funds, and ministers who take collections for them from their congregations, that they may obtain Missionary papers, by inquiring for them at Mr. M'COMB’s, No. 1, High-Street; or at Mr. Rea's, Waring-Street,

ORTHODOX PRESBYTERIAN.

No. LXXV.

DECEMBER, 1835.

VOL. VII.

REFLECTIONS ON THE DEATH OF THE REV.

THOMAS LESLIE, LATE MISSIONARY AT

JAMAICA. “ The righteous perisbeth, and no man layeth it to heart.”—Is. Ivii. 1.

(THE SUBSTANCE OF A SERMON BY THE REV. JAMES MORGAN.)

How just is the complaint of the prophet! Viewing it exclusively with reference to our own times, how many of the excellent of the earth have been called away, and yet how small the impression that has been made on the public mind. The faithful and uncompromising Thomson, the elegant Hall, the profound and erudite M'Crie, the sweet persuasive Belfrage, have been summoned away, by death, in close and rapid succession. It might have been thought, that, by the recurrence of such so. lemın events, society would have been arrested in its course, and men would have paused to think and inquire. But, no! all things go on as before, and we are left to bewail, with the prophet, "the righteous perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart."

It is implied, in this complaint, that it is the duty of men seriously to consider the death of the righteous; and since a righteous man has fallen, in our respected and beloved brother, Thomas Leslie, we invite our readers to meditate with us, for a little, on the mysterious event. Of the many aspects in which it presents itself, we may consider the following :--that it was a dispensation of mercy towards himself in particular—that it was a judgment upon others—that it is a trial of faith to the church-- a lesson of dependance, and a seasonable warning to candidates for the Missionary field.

I. The death of our friend may be viewed as a dispensation of mercy towards himself. “Merciful men," saith the prophet,

are taken away, none considering that the righteous is taken away from the evil to come. He shall enter into peace; they shall rest in their beds, each one walking in his uprightness. With respect to our brother, there are two considerations which

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