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" When our world fell from its first estate, it became one vast prison. Its walls were adamant, and unscaleable; its gate was brass, and impregnable. Within, the people sat in darkness and the shadow of death : without, inflexible JUSTICE guarded the brazen gate, brandishing the flaming sword of eternal law. Mercy, as she winged her flight of love through the worlds of the universe, paused to mark the prison aspect of our once paradisaic world. Her eye af. fected her heart. Her heart melted and bled, as the sbriek of misery and yell of despair rose upon the four winds of heaven ; she could not pass by, nor pass on; she descended before the gate, and requested admittance. JUSTICE, waving the flaming sword in awful majesty, exclaimed one can enter here and live !-and the thunder of his voice outspoke the wailings within.

“Mercy expanded her wings to renew her flight amongst the unfallen worlds. She re-ascended into the mid air, but could not proceed, because she could not forget the piercing cries from the prison. She, therefore, returned to her native throne in the heaven of heavens. . It was a glorious high throne, from everlasting ,' and both unshaken and untarnished by the fallen fate of men and angels. But, even there, she could not forget the scene that she had witnessed and wept over. She sat, and weighed the claims of all the judicial perfections of Jehovah, and all the principles of eternal law; but although they arose upon her view in all their vastness, she could not forget the prison. She re-descended with a more rapid and radiant flight, and approached the gate with an aspect of equal solicitude and determination ; but, again, she was denied admission. She stood still-ber emotion was visible. JUSTICE ceased to brandish the sword there was silence in heaven.

“ • Is there admission on no terms whatever ? she asked. · Yes,' said JUSTICE ; but only on terms which no finite being can fulfil. I demand an atoning death for theireternal life-blood Divine, for their ransom. “And I,' said MERCY, 'at once, accept the terms. It was asked, on what security, and when they would be fulfilled ? Here, said MERCY, . is the Bond-my word ! my oath! and, four thousand years from this time, demand its payment on Calvary--for, I will appear in the incarnate form of the Son of God, and be the Lamb slain for the sin of this world !'

The Bond was accepted without hesitation, and the gate opened at once. MERCY entered, leaning on the arm of JUSTICE. She spoke kindly to the prisoners, and gave them some hints of her bigb undertaking on their behalf. All were amazed, and many melted, by this timely and tender interference ; and to confirm their hopes, MERCY, from time to time, led the captivity' of some captive,' that their salvation might be the pledge and prelude of eventual tri. umphs.

"Thus the gathering of the first fruits,' in the field of redemption, went on for ages; and, at last, the clock of prophecy struck the fulness of the time.' Then Mercy became incarnate in the person of the Son of God, who appeared in the form of a servant, publishing his intention and determination to pay the mighty Bond. And soon the awful day of payment arrived ; then the whole array of the judicial attributes of Jehovah took their stand on Calvary, with Justice at their head, bearing the Bond of Redemption. Angels and archangels, cherubim and seraphim, principalities and powers, left their thrones and mansions of glory, and bent over the battlements of heaven, gazing, in mute amazement, and breathless suspense, upon the lemn scene-for now the Mediator appeared without the gates of Jerusalem,' crowned with thorns, and followed by ihe weeping church. As he passed along the awful array of the judicial perfections of the Divine character, none of them uttered a word of encouragement

none of them glanced a look of sympathy to him— it was the hour and power of darkness." Above him were all the vials of Di. vine wrath, and the thunders of the eternal law, ready to burst on his devoted bead-around him were all the powers of darkness,' on the tiptoe of infernal expectalion, waiting for ais failure. But none of these things moved him from the purpose or spirit of Redemption. He took the Bond from the hand of JUSTICE, and moved on to the cross,' as a lamb to the slaughter. He resigned himself to that altar of ignominy.

“Then Justice unsheathed the flaming sword, and, marshalling all his terrors, went up to the altar to enforce his claims. The rocks rent under his tread the sun shrunk from the glance of his eye. He lifted his right hand to the eternal throne, and exclaimed, in thunder-Fires of heaven! descend and consume this sacrifice ! The fires

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of heaven, animated with living spirit by the call, answered

. We come !-we come!-and, when we have consumed that victim, we will burn the universe!' They burst, blazed --devoured, until the humanity of EMANUEL 'gave up the ghost; but the moment they touched his divinity, they expired. That moment, Justice dropped his flaming sword at the foot of the cross; and the law joined the prophets, in witnessing to the righteousness which is by faith; for all had heard the dying Redeemer exclaim, in triumph - It is finished !'

The weeping church heard it; and, lifting up her head, cried-- It is finished. The attending angels caught the shout of victory, and winged their flight to the eternal tbrone, singing— It is finished.' The powers of darkness heard the acclamations of the universe, and hurried away from the scene in all the agony of disappointment and de. spair-for the Bond was paid, and eternal Redemption obtained.”



OF CHANCERY; or, the Working of the New System of National
Education, as Exemplified in the History of the Ballyholey School,
in the Parish of Raphoe, County of Donegall. By the Rev. W. D.
Kilien, Minister of the Presbyterian Church, Raphoe. W: MCOMB,
Belfast P.p. 5). '1835.

Por a long time we have abstained from indulging in any remarks on the New System of Education. We did so, not because our views of its unscriptural constitution and evil tendency were changed, but because we were unwilling to wound the feelings of some of our own brethren, who regarded it differently from what we have ever done, and because we felt assured, that its own doings would soon expose it to the public eye in such a light, as would bring down upon it the condemnation of every friend of truth. The publication of the pamphlet, whose title we have transcribed, forbids us to be longer silent. The case of injustice and oppression, sp clearly made out in it, forces us again to entreat the public attention to this desolating system, for, while we read it, all our forebodings were more than realised, and as the friends of liberty and justice, we must again warn the churches. The case is briefly this. Mr. Killen connected a school with the Board, stipulating to conduct it on certain principles specified in his answers to the queries of the Board. A lease of the schoolhouse was made out, consistently with these answers, and altered by the Board from its usual form, in order to meet the special case. On these principles the school was scrupulously conducted." But these 'wetel contrary to the real principles of the Board. The Priest of the parish soon took offence at the school. He complained to the Board. And the issue

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was, that Mr. Killen received notice of a suit in Chancery, to compel him to keep the rules of the Board. A poor Presbyterian Minister bad little means to contest a Chancery suit with a Government Institution ; 'and, after much annoyance, he was permitted to get clear of the Board and á law-suit, that must have beggared his family, even had he gained it, by paying all the money which the Board had advanced, amounting to £36. All the expenses connected with the shameful transaction have amounted to not less than £50—the one-third of the whole annual salary of one of the worthiest men, and best Ministers in the province of Ulster. This is the case; and we demand, what shall the Presbyterian public say to it? Will they longer countenance, will they tolerate, a system that could enact such a tragedy in the 19th century? If there is a drop of their fathers' blood within them, they will reject the loathsome thing from them at once and for ever. Popery must either be a slave or a tyrant; and since it is dominant in the Board, for it is constructed on the principles of Popery, these acts of oppression must be continually repeated. And if it has begun its cruel work thus early, what may be expected when it has attained to its maturity! If with a Government patronage of £30,000 a year, it could venture on such a deed, what will it attempt when it is firmly based on Acts of Parliament, with £200,000 a year, the amount of its present demand? We cannot conceal our aların, that it will eventually sink this whole kingdom into the awful abyss of Popery again. May God arise and vindicate his own cause, for vain is the help of man, The nation seems bent on giving its glory tỏ the Beast, and woe to the men who join in the prostitution. Alas! alas ! that one of our own ablest, worthiest, and best beloved brethren should have his eyes so blinded, as to bear any part in a system so ruinous. We can truly enter into the prayer of the pious Leighton, appropriately quoted by Mr. Killen, “ Lord deliver us from the sins of wise men, yea and of good men.” Of the manner in which the pamphlet is written, we need only say, it is firm, temperate, able, and conclusive. Throughout, it is a specimen of correct reasoning, well expressed, and occasionally there are some passages truly eloquent. Can it be true, as we have heard, that Mr. Killen is obliged to bear the whole expense of this harassing transaction upaided by his Congregation, or the Christian public? Surely, if he has had the generosity to pay so large a sum, without seeking the aid of others as much involved in it as himself, that generosity will not be imposed upon. His Congregation are able to pay the money; but should they neglect to do so, the public should testify their high approval of his able and spirited conduct, in the whole affair, by relieving him from a pecuniary fine, cruelly exacted, and which the wants of a numerous family render it not very convenient for him to pay. We cannot conclude, without remarking that Mr. Killen was one of the Board's friends, until he ascertained its real character. And in the treatment which he has received, let any Protes. tant, who gives it his countenance, learn what is preparing for himself, as soon as the proper season shall arrive. This pamphlet, we predict, will settle the question of the Board with the Ministers and Elders of the Synod of Ulster. As many of them as have yet expressed their opinion to us, have spoken of the conduct of the Board with indignant reprobation, even those who formerly befriended it. For some time, indeed, there has been a growing opposition to the Board among our Ministers, who are witnessing its operations throughout the country, and this case, we doubt not, will, at all events, have the one happy effect of restoring them to udanimity in denouncing and rejecting it.


GRACE. By the Author of " The Prospect, or Scenes of Real Life.” W. WHYTE & Co., Edinburgh, P.p. 398. 1835.

The illustration of these important topics is drawn, in the present volume, from the interesting history of two young ladies, sisters, somewhat enlarged and embellished by the author. We have some doubts of the permanent utility of works conducted on this principle; but allowing it to be justifiable, we must say the writer has executed her task well. The style is simple yet eloquent, the various scenes are natural and well chosen, the narrative is most engaging and touching, and the impression, upon the whole, is deep and good. The title of the volume well expresses its subject, and the memoir truly developes the Mysteries of Providence, while it loudly proclaims the triumphs of grace. Ii is obvious that the author possesses talents of a very superior order, and we trust she has only en. tered on a course of useful writing, which will be long continued, to the delight and improvement of her readers. The present volume is neatly executed, and well adapted for a present to the young ; in whom we desire to cherish a taste and forr: ait of serious' reading.


SELLING IT. A Pastoral Address, appropriate to the present perilous times. By the Rev. J. D. Hull, Bangor. London. P.p. 40.

It is cheering to see such men, as the author of this pamphlet, raised up in our National Church. We have often heard of Mr. Hull's faithful and acceptable ministry, and his present production justifies the good opinion we entertained of him. It is simple, aiming at no high things, but it is sound, faithful, seasonable, and scnsible. We wish it an extensive circulation, and especially because of its faithful testimony against the infidelity of Arianism on the one hand, and the superstitions of Popery on the other. Let the Establishment fill her pulpits with such men as Mr. Hull, and let them inculcate the sound and righteous principles of his pamphlet, and she may bid defiance to her enemies. They may, indeed, spoil her of her property, but she will retain ber integrity; and they may stir ber up to a more careful revision of her government, but this will only confirm her strength, and bring her out of the fire, purified seven times. Her doctrines we revere ; her government we would wish to see more conformed to the Word of God, and we doubt not she is now passing through an ordeal that is only intended to establish the former, and accomplish the latter. May the Lord make her more than she has ever yet been, a polished shaft in his hand to smite the enemies of Zion's King.


On Tuesday, the 20th of September, the Rev. Mr. White was ordained to the Pastoral charge of the Congregation of Crogben, (near Killeshandra.) The services of the day were conducted by the Rev. Samuel M“. Cutcheon, Rev. John Carmichael, Rev. John King, Rev. Jas. M'Clatchey.

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