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Their bondage, by its bitterness, has prepared them for receiving the instructions and consolations of religion. The beneficial effect of afflictions in humbling the heart and reducing its stoutness and stiffness, and preparing it for submitting to God's messages of reproof and offers of mercy, is well known. Such have been its effects, in a great degree, on the mind of the negroes. The words of peace and good will which were proclaimed to them in the name of the Most High, through Christ Jesus, were new, and strange, and delightful to them; and the love of the Saviour in dying for them, even for them poor negroes, as much as for their masters and other more highly favoured persons, gained and subdued their hearts by the blessing of God, with wonderful quickness and power. To the gospel of Christ they are indebted for joys they never knew before, and which, but for it, they would never have known; and therefore it is that its ministers are so well received, and so much respected by them, and their message from the Lord listened to with so much readiness and gratitude.
Slavery is now removed. ' It prepared them in the band of God, for receiving with meekness and thankfulness his word. Its work being accomplished, it has been taken out of the way, and the many great obstacles to the spread of the gospel which it presented, have no longer existence. The negroes have now full opportunity equal to their desire for receiving the instruction of that word which is able to make them wise unto salvation. Those masters that were formerly desirous of their spiritual improvement, it is to be hoped and expected, will not now be less so; others that were then adverse, have now happily ceased their opposition, while some have become decidedly friendly, and now maintain the faith 'which once they destroyed; and if still
so ignorant or wicked, as to wish to obstruct the progress of Christianity among the negroes, they have it no longer in their power. The emancipation of the slaves loudly calls on us for greatly increased exertions to bring them to the knowledge of Christ, in order that they may fully enjoy the blessings of that liberty which has been bestowed on them; in order also that the truth of our professed anxiety for their eternal interests, as the chief reason why we sought their freedom, may be proved sincere; and especially that they may become partakers of the higher and better liberty of the children of God. Their deliverance from slavery was but the beginning of what the Christians of Great Britain professed to design for their benefit ; who should now advance and com
plete their work, in evangelizing that long oppressed and injured people.
There is every prospect of the light of Divine truth shining from our emancipated colouies into all the other lands where pegroes are still in the region and shadow of death, not only in the western parts of the world, whither they bave been carried captive, but even back into Africa, their original country. And in this point of view, Jamaica holds a most promising and important situation, as it is within sight of the islands of Cuba and St. Domingo, equal in size to England and Ireland, and consequently capable of exercising a direct and powerful influence on them, and sending most easily the messengers of peace and truth into them, and capable also, from its size, wealth, and population, at no distant period, of providing the supply of teachers from among its own Chris. tian people, that may be necessary for its own wants and those of the surrounding countries. And as that supply must sooner or later depend on Jamaica, more than on any other of our West India colonies, it becomes the more necessary to have it now abundantly supplied with gospel missionaries.
For the spiritual wants of Jamaica alone, tiyo hundred evangelical labourers would be required. There are as yet in that large and fine island not more (even with the addition that has been lately made to their number,) than sixty mia. sionaries. It has therefore obtained little more than a fourth part of what it needs, and they are continually intreating inore help “Come over and help us," is the cry both of the negroes, and those already engaged in their instruction. With the increase of the population, their necessities will increase ; and if there be not some bold and large efforts made now for that purpose, the most favourable opportunity ever presented to the Christian public for spreading the gospel among the negro rące, both in the eastern and western hemispheres, will be lost. I do not hesitate to say, that as many ministers as can be sent into that field will find im. mediate and full employment; aud if spared in their work, will be the means of gathering large churches of the negroes to Christ. It is a remarkable and interesting fact, that there are no Papists in Jamaica among the negroes. There is but little doubt, however, that they will avail themselves of the present opening to insinuate themselves, and the most effectual and only way to keep them out, is to occupy the ground before them.
The annual expense of each of the Sogiety's stations in Jamaica, is about £300. I am allowed £250 and a free house, which at the rate of the country is worth £50 of annual rent. This sum is intended to cover all expenses, both present and future. Living in Jamaica is, in every respect, more than twice as expensive as in this country. Myself and family could live as comfortably in Ireland on £100 a year and a free house, as we do in Jamaica on the sum I mentioned. There is a reasonable prospect, that the expense will diminish. When congregations have been formed there for some time, and have acquired some degree of consistency, they will begin to support the gospel among themselves; and though it may be but little at first, it will, 1 doubt not, steadily increase, till they maintain their own ministers, and then they will begin to perform the additional Christian duty of sending the gospel to others, Thus though a West India mission is, in the outset, an ex. pensive one, it will soon be the lightest of all missions; and the funds which formerly flowed in that channel, will be free to flow in some other. The case is like that of Æsop of old, who, when commencing a journey with his fellow-slaves, took up the provision basket, though the heaviest of all the loads that were to be carried after their master ; foreseeing that though the weightiest in the morning, it would be the lightest before night; and when derided by his comrades for his folly at the outset, he told them he would laugh at them before the end of the journey. If the congregations in Dublin agree to this plan, they should raise the full £300 yearly, and let the additional £50 be for a catechist's salary, or some other good purpose connected with the station in the meantime, since the use of my dwelling-house, rent free, depends on the life of the present possessor. If they adopt me as their missionary, I will not only be satisfied, bui delighted. I shall deem it both an honour and an advantage. I have always felt peculiarly interested in the work of God in that city, having there spent the first part of my Christian life, and there formed my resolution to be a missionary; and though long absent from it, yet having still a number of my dear friends in your congregation, and others, I feel still closely united to you all. If this plan be adopted, I would propose to write to you, in a series of letters every three months, a history of my mission, from the commence. ment to the present time, and after that, to write as often as I had any thing worth communicating, extracts from my journals, &c. And you, Mr. Stuart, and Mr. Simpson, would, in turn, write to me at least every six months, or oftener if you could.
I am sorry I have been so long-in forwarding this to you. I have had so many other important duties on hand since I returned to this city, which required immediate attention, that I could not possibly accomplish it sooner. I hope that the matter of it will meet the approbation of your congregations, and that you may be able to earry it into effect. Then may we expect that the Belfast congregations will-adopt, as their own, Mr. Leslie, our new missionary from Ireland to Jamaica, and thus the way will be prepared for the Scottish Missionary Society sending forth additional missionaries from the Presbye terian Churches ių Ireland, that are willing now to offer themselves, if the Society were able to receive them. Had the brevity, necessary in a statement of this kind designed for circulation, permitted, there are several other particulars respecting Jamaica missions, that I had wished to mention. I hope I will have future opportupities of drawing your attention to them. I must now bid you and my many kind friends in Dubs lin, farewell. I expect to sail on the first week of June; and, indeed, I am wearying to be back among the negroes of my charge, * I will be delighted to hear from you there or here, if you can write ere I leave ;direct here, care of Dr. Brown, 13, Queen-Street; if Jamaica, direct, Little River Post-Office, St. James'. Believe me, dear brother, in Christian love, yours sincerely,
Hope MASTERTOWN WADDELL.
The Sins most incident to the Members of particular Churches,
plainly forbidden in the Word, and for which God sets marks of his displeasure on them.
Ist Sin. The first, and more general sin of church-members, is, a defect in their care and circumspection, to prevent all just offences to them that are without; forbidden, Col. iv, 5, “ Walk in wisdom towards them which are without." By a careless disregard of this rule, we harden the wicked in their sins, bring guilt upon ourselves, and reproach upon the name and ways of God, .
2d Sin. The second, and more particular sin of some church.members, is idleness, and neglect of their civil callings; against the express rule, 2 Thess. iij. 11, 12, "There are some which walk among you disorderly, working not at all : sucb we command and exhort by our Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread." This brings poverty on themselves, and scandal on religion.
* Mr. Waddell has since sailed for Jamaica.--ED.
3d Sin. The third sin is tale bearing, and revealing the secrets of families and persons; whence many strifes arise, to the cooling and quenching of mutual love; expressly forbidden, Lev. xix. 16, “ Thou shalt not go up and down as a tale-bearer among the people." And 1 Tim. v. 13, * Not only idle, but tattlers also, and busy-bodies, speaking things which they ought not.”
4th Sin. The fourth sin is an easy credulity of private wbispers, and rash censures thereupon. This we ought pot to do against the meanest member. 2 Cor. xii. 20, “ Lest there be debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings," &c. Much less against church-officers. i l'im. v. 19, " Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses.” This strikes at the bond of peace.
51h Sin. The fifth sin is in their neglect of God's ordi. nances upon slight diversions, when they are neither dis. abled by works of necessity or mercy; contrary to Heb. X. 25, “Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is." Trivial Occasions should divert no Christian from attending opon God's ordinances.
6th Sin. The sixth sin is a defect in zeal for God's ordi. nances, manifest in their dilatory attendance; contrary to Psal. xcii. 1, “I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into the house of the Lord.” And unsuitable to their first practice. Gal. iv. 5, “Where is then the blessedness ps &c.
7th Sin. The seventh sin is irreverence, and want of seriousness under ordinances ; contrary to Psalm lxxxix. 7, “God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints ; and to be had in reverence of all that are roupd about him.” And this is manifest in vain attires. 1 Cor. xi. 10, “The woman ought to have power on her head, because of the angels." And unseemly postures and gestures. Eccl. v. 1, "Keep thy foot, when thou goest to ihe bouse of God ; and be more ready to hear than to give the sacrifice of fools."
8th Sin. The eighth sin reprovable in them is, the neglect of giving and taking due reproofs from each other ; Contrary to Lev. xix. 17, “Thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.” And Christ's own rule. Matth. xviii. 15, “Go, and tell bim his fault