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nations. It were surely desirable, therefore, that those who are to labour in the ecclesiastical vocation should, by being previously schooled in the lessons of a sound political economy, be prepared to meet the economists and calcu. lators of the age on their own territory, and there demonstrate the futility of all expedients which are not based upon that volume, in which are contained the principles of political, no less than theological morality. Let them be competent, when they enter on the duties of the sacred office, to establish in the social group and in the public assembly, that education, but
especially Christian edacation, is the defence of nations, and that all the schemes by which so many are engrossed to their temporal and eternal ruin, are but splendid baubles, that glitter only to deceive. Let them be prepared to show that those who traffic in the mart of popular ignorance and delusion, are the worst enemies of the species and of their country. While they are ready, if need be to bring the artillery of truth to bear upon unrighteous measures and unrighteous men, let them never stoop from their high vantage-ground as the ambassadors of Christ, or descend to the arena of political debate and partizanship. In order, however, to confront the speculatists of the age, and meet them on their own ground, it is necessary that the youth of the church to whom she looks, as her defenders in their generation, should be conversant beforehand with economical speculation. Political economy, in our universities and seminaries of education, is generally assigned to the teacher of morals. It so happens, however, that it is jostled out of its rightful position as a science, if a distinct lecturesbip be not established on its own account. What we deside. rate, therefore, is that it should no longer be treated as an appendage, but a separate subject of scientific investigation; that those who in after life are to be entrusted with the forming of the popular opinion on so many subjects, should be furnished with its facts and principles.
us Il. A second reflection suggested by the reading of this excellent discourse has been-since righteousness exaltetbi a nation, it must be a matter of duty and obliga. tion, on the part of those invested with power and trust, to use whatever influence they possess in their official como pacity for the establishment of righteousness. The prin. ciple of righteousness, it has been shown, must originate in a change of heart or genuine conversion of soul to God. If so, must it not be the duty of the rulers of the people to extend the knowledge of the gospel, as the only means by which to extend the practice and increase of righteousness? Or, in other words, in order to establish righteousness, must they not establish religion in the realm? No sooner, however, do we put the question in this latter form, iban we are met with a determined opposition. A dense army
of belligerents assails us, and men of all creeds, and of no creed, troop apace to contend the principle, until we are beset on all sides with a fierce array of enemies, “ gorgons, and hydras, and chimeras dire." It has often been a matter of great surprise to us that any, but especially religious men, should call in question what seems to be a matter of most imperative and solemn obligation. We live, however, in no common times, and have learned by contemplation of the scenes that pass with whirlwind rapidity before us, to count nothing strange under the sun.
So. ciety is reeling to and fro, and the foundations of the earth are out of course; and if those who should be better instructed, join with Infidelity and Antichrist in seeking to break the bonds of the Lord's Anointed asunder, this is only an indication of the apostacy that, we learn by the prophetic record, is 10 come upon the earth before the glory of the Millenial day. This is not the place, however, to discuss the principle of religious establishments; We must, therefore, be content with an assertion of the principle in the abstract, without any reference to existing institutions. “Of all others," say the Associate Synod of Original Scottish Seceders, of whose published sentiments we thus avail ourselves, “the religion of Jesus must be admitted to have the most powerful tendency to suppress crime-to purify the stream of public moralsand to promote that righteousness which exalteth a nation. How, therefore, could nations and their governments devise any means more effectual for promoting 80cial order and virtue, than by adopting every measure competent to them, to bave the knowledge of religion diffused, and its ordinaces observed throughout their domi. nions ? And could they act a part more inconsistent with sound politics than to withdraw their public countenance and support from the Christian religion? Wise and good men may differ in opinion as to the expediency of particu. lar measures, and their tendency to advance the interests of religion, and the real welfare of a country, but to lay it down as a principle, that civil government has no right to interpose its authority for the encouraging of that which, by the confession of all, contributes in the highest degree to the improvement of society, is a position at once so preposterous and so hazardous, as to be admitted only by persons whose minds are so rivetted on the abuses of eco clesiastical establishments, as to overlook one of the plainest and fundamental maxims of the law of nature and of nations. To carry the voluntary scheme into effect, would be to wrench from the social edifice its main support and firmest pillar. It would be to sin against society as well as against God, and would pave the way for uni. versal anarchy and confusion."
III. When will the happy period dawn upon our shores, when the machinery of Sabbath-Schools shall be needed no more? It cannotbe denied that they are a powerful means for the instruction of the ignorant among our country's children. Happy experience testifies to their most salutuary influence in leading many in early years to a saving and experimental acquaintance with Christ crucified.
In many districts where they have been established, a rapid transformation has been effected in the general habits of the people. Parents that had been unmindful not only of their offspring, but of themselves, have been arrested by the instruction communicated, and the impression made upon their little ones.
In many an uncongenial soil there have been nourished, by their instrumentality, plants of righteousness, that are destined to bloom for ever in celestial beauty in the Paradise of God. Thousands and thousands more have been prepared for honourable and useful stations in society, and the church can reckon a goodly company, in whom the first germ of piety was implanted in a Sabbath-School. Some of these are employed at home as labourers in the word and doctrine others have gone afar across the seas, bearing the precious seed to be then and benighted lands. And, independently of the direct benefits conferred on those for whose sake they have been established, who can estimate their value, as a means of training the youthful members of the church to active piety and usefulness ! How much decision have they imparted to the character of many who, but for them, would have continued with the world! What a valuable instrumentality bave they supplied, by which to identify the young with those in every age, who, from their schemes of charity and enlarged philantrophy, have earned the honourable apellation of the benefactors of mankind! They have, indeed, been the nurseries of the church where her sons and daughters have been cradled into maturity, and in which the piety of many has received an impulse and an energy which nothing else could have supplied. Yet while attended with these great and signal blessings, it ought to be remembered that Sabbath-Schools are but an expedient (certainly a Christian expedient) to meet an exigency, and that were parents what they ought to be, these auxiliaries now. felt to be valuable, would be no more required. Viewed in this light they are no less an evidence of the Christian benevolence and enterprize, than of the darkness and degeneracy of the present age. While, therefore, we rejoice in their establishment and extension on every side, we should look forward to the period when they will be no longer necessary-when parents shall undertake the mental and religious culture of their offspring, under an impression of unavoidable and awful responsibility--and when, on the stillness of the Sabbath eve, our country shall present in all its families the delightful and unvaried spectacle of parents and children, masters and servants, all engaged together in solemn and sacred converse, and with voice of psalms and thanksgiving, closing the day of rest around the altar of its God,
DEPARTURE OF A MISSIONARY.
On Thursday the 19th inst., the Rev. Mr. Leslie, with his family, sailed from Greenock for Jamaica. Previously to his departure from Belfast, he was waited on by a deputation from the Juvenile Missionary Society, in connexion with the Rev. Dr. Hanna's congregation, who presented him with a donation, amounting to nearly £10, accompanied with the following address
BELFAST, 12th March, 1835.5 DEAR SIB,
1, 100310, DWIE Stieg T33 We, the members of the Juvenile Missionary Society, zaviliary to that of this congregation, have great pleasure in handing over to you a small sum, collected by our Society, hoping that, although small,
God tbe advantages of scriptural edu ove use with God in his merey has been
to the Negro pleased to grant us. We rejoice to hear tbat the Negroes have been freed
from their bárd task-masters, and are even now turning to a Saviour; and
say neighbour, “ know the Lord," but all shall know him, from the least even to the greatest. It is with heart-felt pleasure we learn that you, Sir, are going to instruct them, not only in temporal knowledge, but also in spiri, tual; and we pray God to bless your endeavours. We hope that to the benighted sons of Africa the morning shall soon dawn when the Sun of Righteousness shall arise with healing in his wings. We request that you will occasionally favour us with an account of your labours, and shall
rejoice to hear of your success, for which our prayers shall be addressed to the throne of Grace and
eldrig variety 08139078
BELFAst, March 14, 1835.
ERE you depart from your native land, the first Christian Missionary to the Heathen from the Synod of Ulster, we beg leave to prezent you with the accompanying volumes, as a testimony of the veperation with which we regard those Christian motives that have induced you to relinquish the many comforts with which you were surrounded, that you might preach the everlasting Gospel to the neglected and deeply injured Negrp. We feel that it is no small sacrifice to exchange the temperate sky of your native land for the enervating influence of a tropical sun--to surrender the bonourable station you have occu. pied as the esteemed minister of an attached people, that you may labour among a despised and degraded race, sunk in all the ignorance and wretchedness, which must ever be the concomitants of beathenism and slavery to separate from your kindred and friends, and go forth a stran. ger to a strange land ; but we doubt not you rejoice in any sacrifice that will enable you to advance the kingdom of our Lord and Redeemer, and proclaim to the perishing beathen that blessed gospel of which you have felt the inestimable value.
The following inscription was written in the above works_-" How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace : that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisbeth SALVATION.".
2. Presented to the Rev.. THOMAS LEBLIE, by the Students of the Synod of Ulster in Belfast College, to testify their respect
and esteem for his character, as a faithful minister of the Gospel, and
Jacob defend thec.