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De Laune's book (or at least my copy of CONTENTS.-No. 184.

it) has no index, so these inns are not easy

to find under their names. The author NOTES :- London Coaching Houses in 1680, 1 – T. L.

Peacock : Contributions to Periodicals, 2–A' New Light describes the chapter from which this list on the Douglas Cause" Twopenny Tube,"3–Miss Chud. is compiled as An Alphabetical Account leigh-Hamlet as a Christian Name The Regent's Canal, of all the Carriers, Wagoners, and Stage Tokens in New England-Cornish Vergers : Carne Family Coaches that comes [sic] to the several Inns

- Bladum": "Siligo," 5–Richard Baxter on the Pied in London, Westminster, and Southwark,' Christian Martyr - Stowe House, 6–“Popular Etymo. &c., so that in all probability the following

logies" of the Old Homilists-"Neither my eye," &c. names form a tolerably complete list of QUÈRIES :-Sir Claude Champion Crespigny's Monument

-“ Lombard Street to a China Orange,"Duke of wel. the hostelries of the metropolis in the latter lington on Unifornis-Shrewsbury Clock : " Point of war part of the reign of Charles II. The word --Gotham in Derbyshire – “Herefordshire Window"

* The” forming the prefix to the title in Musical Services on Church Towers -- Archer Gordon“El Chico Terencio "-MacKeachan Proverb-Rose and every instance except that of Gerrard's Gordon Families, 8-Sir Henry Docwra-Lady-bird Folk. Hall, I have omitted for alphabetical conlore--"Funeral" : "Burial” – Red Rose of Lancaster

Barringtons of Cullenagh-Church wardens' Accounts, 9--
Regimental Distinctions-Sir G. Monoux-Book for Many

In London.
Wives, c. 1646, 10.
REPLIES :-Ordinaries of Newgate-Cardinal Newman's Angel, in St. Giles; behind St. Clements.

Birthplace, 10— George Romney's House in Cavendish Axe, in Aldermanbury.
Square, 11-Houses of Historical Interest, 12–Mr. D. M. Bear and Ragged Staff

, in Smithfield. Moore : New York under British Rule – Hock: Hog :

Bell, in Friday St.; in Aldersgate St.; in Holborn. Hoga - Irish Girl and Barbary Pirates Sir Thomas Bloodworth, Lord Mayor 1665-6, 13—“Woodland Mary”

*Bell-Savage, on Ludgate Hill. Zoffany's Indian Portrait : Abraham Lincoln on the

Black Horse, near the Mews-Gate. Sufferings of Slaves - "Prince" Boothby, 14 — “Mare. Black Lyon, in Water Lane. boake”: “Viere" - Bunyan and Milton Genealogies- Black Swan, in Holborn. .“ Bat Bearaway -“Skrimshander," 15—An Early Latin- Blossoms Inn, in Lawrence Lane. English - Basque Dictionary - Lawyers' Wills “Um

Blue Boar, in Holborn ; in Whitechapel ; without brella "-Sturmy or Esturny Family-Court Leet—"Jommox": -- Wudget" : "Wompus," 16-West's Picture of the Bolt in Tun, in Fleet St.

Death of Wolfe-Rock of Ages' - St. Devereux - Bell
Inscriptions at Siresa-Heralds: their Anointing - Isles Bull, in Bishopsgate; in Holborn.
Family-Butchers exempted from Juries, 17.

Bull and Mouth, by Aldersgate.
NOTES ON BOOKS :- History of London Squares.' Castle, in Smithfield ; in Wood St.
Booksellers' Catalogues.

Castle and lcon, in Aldersgate St.

Chequer, near Charing Cross; in Holborn.

Cock, in Aldersgate St.
Cock and Dolphin, in Gray's Inn Lane.

Cross Keys, in Gracechurch St.; in Whitecross LONDON COACHING HOUSES IN 1680.

St.; in Wood St. MANY inquiries are made from time to Crown, without Aldgate ; in the Haymarket; in time as to inns in London which have existed


Crown and Coach and Horses, in High Holborn. at various periods. In a scarce and curious

Dark House, at Billingsgate. little volume entitled “The Present State of

Dolphin, without Bishopsgate. London,' by Thomas De Laune, published Eagle and Child, in the Strand. in 1681, there is an interesting list of inns Four Swans, in Bishopsgate. or taverns in London and Southwark at George, in Aldersgate St.; by Holborn Conduit; which carriers' carts and coaches called to Gerrards Hall, in Basing Lane.

in West Smithfield; in King Westminster. take up goods and passengers, on different

Green Dragon, in Bishopsgate. days of the week, for all parts of the country. Greyhound, in Holborn. The vehicles are variously described as Ipswich Arms, in Cullum St. wagons, coaches, or carriers' carts, and for Katherine Wheel, without Bishopsgate. the greater distances appear to have come

King's Arms, on Holborn Bridge, in Leadenhall St.

King's Head, in Gray's Inn Lane ; in Leadenhall în on one day, and gone out on the following ;

St.; in the Old Change; near Charing Cross. whilst those from adjacent towns came in and Maidenhead, in St. Giles's. left on the same day.

Mermaid, in Carter Lane. Some of the most notable houses or those Nag's Head, without Aldgate. having curious signs are referred to by

Pewter Platter, in St. John's St.

Pewter Pot, in Leadenhall St. Mr. Philip Norman in his valuable work

Ram, in West Smithfield. London Signs and Inscriptions,' 1897. Ram's Head, in Fenchurch St. These I have marked with an asterisk. Red Lyon, in Aldersgate St.; in Holborn ; in Red Most of them were in the district now known Cross St. as “ the City," or just outside ; one was in

Rose, on Holborn Bridge ; in Smithfield.

Saracen's Head, in Aldgate; in Carter Lane; in Westminster; and those oi Southwark I

Friday St. have tabulated by themselves.

Spread Eagle, in Gracechurch St.

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pp. 69-84.

Star, on Fish St. Hill.

other sources (the articles reproduced in Sun Dial, in Old St.

Cole's edition not being included) :Swan, in St. John's St.; near Somerset House. *Swan with Two Necks, in Lad Lane.

1822. The Poetry of Nonnus.'- London MagaTalbot, in the Strand.

zine, October, pp. 336-9. Three Cups, in Aldersgate St.; in Bread St.

1827. Article on Thomas Moore's 'Epicurean.'— Three Nuns, without Aldgate.

Westminster Review, pp. 351-84. Unicorn, in the Hay-market.

1830. Article on Thomas Moore's Letters and Vine, in Bishopsgate St.; in Old St.

Journals of Lord Byron.' Westminster Review, White Bear, in Lime Street.

April, pp. 269-304.

Article on White Hart, at Charing Cross; in High Holborn.

Memoirs, Correspondence, and White Horse, in Fleet St.; without Cripplegate. Private Papers of Thomas Jefferson, late Presi. White Swan, without Bishopsgate ; on Holborn dent of the United States.'— Westminster Reriew, Bridge.

October, pp. 312-35. Windmill, in Shoe Lane.

Also in the same number one on Chronicles of

.London Bridge' (pp. 401-15).
In Southwark.

1834. Article on Musical Reminicences,' contain*George.

ing an account of the Italian opera in England from Greyhound.

1773, by the Earl of Mount Edgecumbe.- London *Half Moon.

and Westminster Review, April to July, pp. 173-87. Katherine Wheel.

1835-6. Article on French Comic Romances. King's Arms, in Barnaby St.

London and Westminster Review, July to January, King's Head. Queen's Head.

In the same number one on Bellini (pp. 467-80). Spur. Talbot.

The same number also contains an article *White Hart.

undoubtedly written by Peacock, on The White Horse.

Epicier : Physiology of the French '(pp. There is an interesting note on Gerrards 355–65), founded on a critique in the Hall in Stow's 'Survey,' under the heading

Revue Encyclopédique, Etudes Politiques of Bread Street Ward, and the building

sur l'Epicier. As this article has been up seems to have escaped the Great Fire. It to the present absolutely unmentioned as is also interesting to observe that most, if one of Peacock's, the reasons for its being his not all, of the streets named, exist at the may be given : (1) The subject is a congenial present day. I am not sure if Lad Lane and therefore likely one for him, and the does so; but it did so recently as 1831, article is entirely written in his style. (2) and is described by Elmes as “ the first

It has the same initials (M. S. O.) attached turning on the right in Wood Street, going to it that the two other articles in the same from Cheapside ; it extends to Milk Street.” number of the London and Westminster bear,


and under which the Horæ Dramaticæ Plumstead.

appeared in Fraser's Magazine. (3) It. contains the same promise to write an

article on Paul de Kock which Peacock T. L. PEACOCK: CONTRIBUTIONS had made in two other articles in the same TO PERIODICALS.

journal, and which, although thus thrice THOMAS LOVE PEACOCK, who may be

made in its pages, he never fulfilled. said in his teaching and practice to have minster and Foreign Quarterly Review, October to

1849. Article on Indian Epic Poetry.'— Westbeen a bundle of inconsistencies, was

a January number. frequent contributor to the periodical lite- 1858. Article on 'Chapelle and Bachaumont.'rature which he always did his best to Fraser's Magazine, April, pp. 502-11. ridicule and abuse. His activity in this

Article on Demetrius Galanus,' Greek transla

tions from the Sanskrit. Fraser's Magazine, respect has been nearly overlooked, for

November, neither have his articles been sought out

np. 596-608.

1859. Article on “Müller and Donaldson's History and collected, nor, except for a casual of Greek Literature.'-Fraser's Magazine, Marchi, remark here and there, has any notice been 1'p. 357-77. taken of them. This statement naturally Finally, a long article on 'Steam Navigadoes not apply to The Four Ages of Poetry, tion' in The Edinburgh Review (1835) may 'Hora Dramaticæ,' and Memoir and be mentioned. This was claimed for PeaLetters of Shelley,' which were reprinted in cock by the late Dr. Garnett. If the latter Cole's edition. Some of Peacock's other should be right;, this article is certainly the articles are mentioned by name in a letter most glaring example that can possibly be of his addressed to a Mr. L'Estrange, and adduced for showing Peacock's inconsiscontained in Cole's 'Biographical Notes.' tency. That he should, immediately after

The following list is derived from this and his scathing remarks The Edinburgh


Review in 'Crotchet Castle,' have con- honourably acquitted by a decree dated tributed to it, is, however, improbable ; June 25, 1773 (Archives Nationales, AD III. and it is also unlikely that the man who 13, pièce No. 40). Thus, accepting the laughed at Southey for writing the reviews decision of the French court, we must deem of his own poems would show such a want him not guilty of the charges brought against of modesty and good taste as favourably to him. Other circumstances, however, should criticize the very evidence he had himself be carefully weighed before a final verdict is. just given before a private committee of pronounced. The judicature of the old the House of Commons. Since the whole régime was utterly corrupt, and it is necessary article is written in anything but Peacock's to investigate all the charges brought against style, and the references to him made in it the Comte de Morangiés before we can form so decidedly speak against the possibility a conclusion with regard to the innocence of his being the author, it would be at least of him or his associates. He was accused interesting to find out upon what grounds of extorting money under false pretences Dr. Garnett attributed it to him.

from a widow and her son, and popular A. B. YOUNG. opinion seems to have been wholly on the

side of the prosecution; but he was an

aristocrat, and powerful influence appears A NEW LIGHT ON THE DOUGLAS to have exerted to secure his acquittal CAUSE.

( Mémoires secrets de Bachaumont,' vi.

137-40, 142–6, 149–54, 180–81, 214, 254, IN a previous note (10 S. iv. 85) I showed 346, 365, 370, 371; vii. 21-2, 27, 32-3, 55, that the statement in Horace Walpole's

66). account of the great Douglas Cause which

Possibly, as the case forms one of the puzzled Sir Denis Le Marchant has been causes célèbres of France, it may be familiar corroborated by John Taylor, and that the to students of the period, and modern witness said to have been convicted of criticism may have dealt with it already. perjury in another cause in France” must No doubt there are numerous reports in have been the redoubtable Dr. Michel

contemporary French newspapers. I shall Menager. Since I became aware of this be obliged to any reader of N. & Q.’ who accusation I have tried to discover whether will give me information on the subject. it was justified, for, as his evidence decided Menager, of course, played a subservient the verdict in the famous Scotch law suit, part, being merely called as a witness on the fair fame of the French physician is of behalf of Morangiés ; but a full review of considerable importance. Moreover, Andrew the whole case will no doubt throw some Stuart has demonstrated in the Letters to light upon his conduct.

Voltaire wrote Lord Mansfield' that the testimony of several vigorous pamphlets on behalf of the Menager is entitled to little credit; and that accused nobleman (v. Brit. Mus. Cat.), who, he should have been proved guilty of bearing according to Bachaumont, showed little false evidence against his neighbour at a

gratitude to his champion (‘ Mémoires. subsequent period would appear an appro- secrets,' vii. 347). HORACE BLEACKLEY. priate destiny for the man. Owing to the

Fox Oak, Hersham. kindness of Mr. van Noorden, who has hunted up the facts with his usual acuteness TWOPENNY TUBE.” (See 9 S. vii. 29, in the Bibliothèque Nationale and the 116, 218, 375.)—As it was in reply to my Archives Nationales of Paris, I have ob- query at the first reference that the date tained some of the particulars that I required. and place of the earliest use of this familiar

Michel Menager was concerned in the nickname for the Central London Railway celebrated affair of Jean François Charles were settled, it is of interest to put upon de Molette, Comte de Morangiés (March, record that, just seven years to the month 1772-Sept., 1773), and was committed to from such employment, it

has been the Conciergerie for perjury in September, rendered obsolete, as far as its adjectival 1772 (Archives Nationales, Z2 3050, pièce half is concerned, by the decision of the 24 bis). It appears probable that this is company's directors in June, 1907, to have the incident alluded to by Horace Walpole differentiated fares, threepence in certain and John Taylor, but the assertion of the cases being chargeable where the uniform latter that the French physician was “sent twopence had served hitherto. But the to the galleys” is not warranted by the facts. essential word remains, and will become Indeed, after an imprisonment of some


tube railways” being now the months, Menager appears to have been accepted Parliamentary and public phrase



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for electric lines laid in deep subways. The speare's son” (p. 826). The surname of first use of tube" as signifying an under this person was Layman: he lived at ground railway, however, was far earlier Horsham, and got into trouble in 1653 than June, 1900, when Twopenny Tube" for assaulting Richard Slark. was flashed on

a receptive world, for it The name Hamlet is without doubt is to be found more than once in an essay exceedingly uncommon. I remember but entitled ' Air Traction,' included in a volume two other examples, both of which occur of such, brought together under the title of in the eighth volume of the Transactions “Subtle Brains and Lissom Fingers,' by of the Leicestershire Architectural and Dr. Andrew Wynter, published in London Archæological Society. They are Hamlet in 1863. Describing a proposed atmospheric Tarrington, 1515 (p. 97); and Hamlett underground line from Euston to the General Dove, 1605 (p. 232). EDWARD PEACOCK. Post Office, by way of Holborn and Smith- Kirton-in-Lindsey. field, it was stated that passengers were [F. J. F. supplied at 8 S. iv. 326 an instance of

to ride in a dark tube”; that it would the name in 1562 3.] be so arranged that between station and station only one group of carriages could

THE REGENT'S CANAL.-From a number of be in the tube at the same time ; that papers and letters in my possession I have

as the atmosphere in these railway tubes ascertained that before the Regent's Canal would be circulating every moment, there Act (52 George III.) was promoted, the would be perfect ventilation”; and that occupiers and owners of property on * this great city will henceforth have its adjacent to the land to be acquired were lighter traffic and parcels and letters carried canvassed to ascertain their views on two on by a circulation of air ramifying in a schemes—the construction of a canal, or network of tubes through soil.” But the of a canal and railway combined. Their project thus glowingly described failed, and votes are classified as follows: for the The name was so completely lost sight of canal, Assent,” “ Dissent,' Nuter ” (sic), that, although the City and South London Speciel (sic); and for the canal and Railway, the pioneer of all the present railway,“ Assent,' "“ Dissent," "Nuter” (sic), ““ tubes,' was opened for traffic in the Speciel ” (sic). The results are remarkable. winter of 1890, the now familiar title was In the return of John Stevens to Monday never again heard until the Twopenny evening, 17 January, 1803,” at Jew's Harp

Tube "commenced operations in the summer Gardens, three occupiers and one of 1900.

A. F. R. assent to both. In Lisson Grove three Miss CHUDLEIGH.—On looking over Mr. stead Road (i.e., Chalk Farm Road) two

occupiers dissent from both. In the HampE. H. Coleridge's beautiful edition of * Christabel,' which has recently been pub- another return I note that “ Thomas Lord,

owners vote“ Speciel” for each. From lished under the auspices of the Royal occupier of the Cricket Ground,” dissents Society of Literature, I see (p. 14) that from both schemes. Coleridge in a letter to Wordsworth dated

One of the most interesting points thus Tuesday (23 Jan.), 1798, says that he revealed is that the promoters suggested resembles the Duchess of Kingston, who

a railway (i.e., a horse-drawn tramway), in masqueraded in the character of 'Eve before connexion with the canal, at almost the same the Fall'in flesh-coloured silk.” Although date that a company had commenced the the costume seems to have resembled that Surrey Iron Railway from Croydon to of Eve in her most innocent days, the cha- Wandsworth (see Home Counties' Magazine, racter assumed by Miss Chudleigh, as she vol. ix., Nos. 33 and 34, • The Old Croydon styled herself at the time, at the famous Tram Road'). Apart from the papers fancy-dress ball which was commemorated referred to above I have not seen any map by Horace Walpole, was that of Iphigenia.


or prospectus of the undertaking, and Mogg's map

London in Miniature (published HAMLET AS A CHRISTIAN NAME.—In a 1 May, 1806), in which the “ Improvements very interesting article in The Cornhill both present and intended " are shown, Magazine for June, entitled 'Wanted, More contains no indication of it. In direction Knowledge, which treats of the Quarter it evidently proposed to follow, with some Sessions records of the seventeenth century modifications, the plans detailed by Robert for Sussex, the writer remarks : “ The Whitworth in his Report and Survey of name Hamlett as a Christian name is surely the Canal proposed to be made on One a rare find. I know of no other but Shake- Level from Waltham Abbey to Moorfields.

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Also a Report and Survey of a Line, which Passover.. All secular labor was laid aside by all may be continued from Marybone to the the inhabitants, and it was a time of holy convo

cation. Besides the Sabbath, all day Thursday, said Proposed Canal,' &c., London (1773 ?).

Saturday afternoon, and Monday forenoon were The Regent's Canal Act, 1812, reprinted spent in public religious services, and as strictly in 8vo, does not contain a single reference observed as holy time...... Previous to the Sabbath to the railway scheme.

it was the usual custom to give out the 'tokens,' ALECK ABRAHAMS.

with one of which every communicant was required

to be furnished. These were small pieces of lead "TOTTER-OUT. '-In The Virgins Inn of an oblong shape, and marked with the letters at Kenilworth (there is no apostrophe on tables stretching the whole length of the aisles were

L.D. On the Sabbath--the great day of the feastthe signboard) there is a portrait of “ William spread, at which the communicants sat and received Taylor the worthy totter out of our birth- the consecrated elements. The tables were fenced,' night Society ætat 61. Oct 1848.” He is which was a prohibition and exclusion of any from represented holding a decanter in one hand, communicating who had not a “token.' It was in and a small wineglass in the other.

It is the power of the Elders who had the distribution explained that it was his duty to fill the whose life had been irregular or scandalous. Un,

of the tokens to withhold one from any professor glasses of the boon companions. This noun leavened bread, prepared in thin cakes of an oval

totter-out does not appear to have form, has always been used in this ordinance. The entered the dictionaries. In the “Shrop- giving out of the tokens, and the Halfway Coveshire Word-book,' by G. F. Jackson, tot is nant; though now, dişpensed with, were both

Dr. defined as a small drinking cup,'

and Dr. Wright's ‘Dialect Dictionary 'concurs.

This Dr. Dana was the minister from E. S. DODGSON.

January, 1822, to April, 1826. He was

much scandalized by the heavy drinking [Tot, a small drinking cup: is also in Annandale's of his people, one of whom (p. 92) said, four-volume edition of Ogilvie.]

I do not see how I can worship God JOHN JAMES, ARCHITECT.—Walpole had acceptably when I feel so very thirsty.” no notes by Vertue to assist him with regard On the Doctor's installation à hogshead to this architect, and consequently fell into of rum appears to have been consumed error. He says :

(p. 91). The early settlers of the town came 'John James, of whom I find no mention in from the Irish Londonderry. Vertue's notes, was, as I am informed, considerably

RICHARD H. THORNTON. employed at the works at Greenwich, where he settled. He built the church there, and the house

CORNISH VERGERS : CARNE FAMILY. for Șir Gregory Page at Blackheath, the idea of I think the following instance of longevity which was taken from Houghton. James likewise and of one family continuing for so long a built the church of St. George, Hanover Square, time to hold one office ought to be preserved the body of the church at Twickenham, and that in ‘N. & Q. It is taken from The Morning of St. Luke [Old Street), Middlesex, which has a futed obelisk for its steeple. He translated from Post of 2 May, p. 3 :the French some books on gardening.'

“A CORNISH CENTENARIAN.-Mr. James Carne, Wyatt Papworth in the Dict. Arch.' says: clerk of St. Columb Minor, Cornwall

, celebrates

of the Church of St. Columbia, and parish “Sir Gregory Page's house at Blackheath was his 101st birthday to-morrow. Three generations sold by auction to John Cator to be pulled down of the Carne family have held the same office (Woolfe and Gandon, Vit. Brit.,' i. 64-5). St. during the past 167 years. The grandfather, John Luke's, Old Street, is by G. Dance, sen. James Carne, who died in 1801, aged 80, served 50 years as died 1746 (Gent. Mag., xvi. 273). By his will he verger, and was followed by his son John, who died directed a house at Croom's Hill to be sold for the at the age of 84, after a service of 54 years, retiring benefit of his widow Mary.”

in 1843 in favour of the present verger, who, until Miss Porter in the ' D.N.B.' says James seven years ago, never missed a service, the death

of his wife then causing a break in his record.” added the new steeple to St. Alphage's

ASTARTE. Church, Greenwich, in 1730. The design of the church (built in 1711) is frequently “ BLADUM" “ Siligo.”—To the usual attributed to James, but is more probably translation (“corn”) of bladum Du Cange's by Hawksmoor (cf. plate by Kip, 1714). Glossary adds a secondary meaning,


manipulus frumentarius," armful, COMMUNION TOKENS IN NEW ENGLAND.- bundle, or bottle, the latter being usually

In LincolnThe following extract is from Lawrence's applied to hay as measures. 'New Hampshire Churches, 1856, p. 94 :

shire in 1297, as will be seen from the follow“The Lord's Supper was celebrated but twice ing extracts, it was used as a measure of oats, in the year, spring and autumn, and it was then the same as a quarter. A valuation for kept with almost the solennities of the Jewish the collection of elevenths was made at


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