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The Terrehaute, Alton, and St. Louis Railroad
Soon after passing the Indiana frontier, will be crossed, near Paris, by the Lake Erie, Wabash, and St. Louis Railroad. It crosses the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central Railroad at Mattoon, the main line of said road at Pana, and then runs, in a southwestern direction, to Alton. At Hillsboro, it will be crossed by the Massac and Sangamon Railroad. Length, 173 miles.
The Vincennes and Paducah Railroad.
Will run, almost in a southern direction, from Vincennes, to Brooklyn, Massac county, opposite Paducah, in Kentucky.
The Wabash Valley Railroad
Will run from Joliet, in a southern direction, to Vincennes; it will cross, south of Manteno, the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central Railroad, then the Fort Wayne, Lacon, and Platte Valley Railroad; then the Logansport and Pacific Railroad at Middleport; the Great Western Railroad at Danville; then the Indiana and Illinois Central Railroad; the Terrehaute and Alton Railroad at Paris; and, finally, the Atlantic and Mississippi Railroad.
The Warsaw and Rockford Railroad —
Will run from Warsaw, Hancock county, to Port Byron, Rock Island county, and have a length of 62 miles.
THE ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY, at Springfield, was established by an act of the Legislature, in the year 1855. Although the main object of its establishment was to diffuse useful knowledge, science, and art, in general, yet there have been established principally
1. A department for the education of teachers of the common schools.
2. An agricultural department, for the education and. accomplishment of farmers; and
3. A mechanical department, for instruction in the mechanical sciences.
The management of the University is entrusted to the care and supervision of a president and twelve trustees, while a number of professors impart instruction in the various branches.
The number of students is about 130.
The Northern Illinois University, at Henry, Marshall county, was likewise established in the year 1855, and is placed under the patronage of four Methodist conferences.
The Illinois College, at Jacksonville, was established in the year 1829. It has from seven to eight professors, and about 140 alumni and students.
The Shurtleff College, at Upper Alton, under the superintendency of the Baptists, and in connection with a theological seminary, was established in the year 1835. It has seven professors, and about 70 alumni and students.
The McKendree College, at Lebanon, under the superintendency of the Methodists, and likewise established in the year 1835, has six professors, and about 150 alumni and students.
The Knox College, at Galesburg, was established in the year 1837. It has seven professors, and the number of its students and alumni is from 90 to 100.
The Rush Medical College, at Chicago, established in the year 1842, has nine professors, and counts about 130 students and graduates.
The Illinois Hospital for the Insane is at Jacksonville. In the years 1851 to 1854, there were 404 persons admitted into it, of which number 148 were cured, and 27 died. Of the 404 patients admitted, 46 were born in Illinois, and the rest partly in other States of the Union, and partly in Europe. The majority of these patients were males.
In 197 of the patients, causes of their insanity were unknown. Of the other cases, among the known causes, the following deserve to be mentioned: -37 in consequence of other diseases and defects of the constitution; 33 from child-bearing and certain female diseases; 12 through hereditary imperfections; 13 of injuries to the head; 2 by sun-stroke (coup de soleil); 4 from intemperance; 35 through grief; 22 from pietism; 8 by "spirit rappings," or spiritualism; 17 from unhappy love; 6 from excessive study; 2 of home-sickness; 4 from distress for money; 1 through jealousy; 1 by seduction, and 1 through ambition.
Of the 22 patients whose insanity was caused by pietism, 17 were males and 5 females; of those from unhappy love, 11 were males and 6 females; and of those who suffered through the influence of spiritual manifestations, 7 were males, and 1 a female.
Since the 16th of June, 1854, the institution has been under the superintendency of Dr. McFarland, late superintendent of the New Hampshire Asylum for the Insane. During the two years, from the 1st of December, 1852, to the 1st of December, 1854, the receipts of the institution amounted to $104,696.59, and the expenditures to $100,680.93.
The Institution for the Education of the Blind is at Jacksonville, and stands under the superintendency of Joshua Rhoads, Esq. According to the Report of the first of January, 1855, there were at that time 35 pupils in it.
The Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb is likewise at Jacksonville. At the beginning of the year 1855, there were 99 pupils in it, of whom 59 were males, and 40 females. Ninety-five were of Illinois, and four from Missouri.
The State Penitentiary is at Alton, and the usual number of its inmates is from 450 to 500.
It is a well-known observation, that the superiority or inferiority of a people with respect to intelligence may be fairly estimated by the greater or lesser activity of the newspaper press in their midst. We therefore record it, as a very satisfactory fact, that Illinois, although but a virgin State, and just entering the period of her real development, already possesses a large amount of daily literature. According to the information we have obtained, there are not less than 161 newspapers published within the State of these, 147 are printed in the English, 13 in the German, and 1 in the French language. The subjoined is an alphabetical list of them, according to their respective places of publication:
ALTON. The Courier, by G. T. Brown. Daily, weekly, and tri-weekly.
The Democrat, by J. Fitch. Daily and weekly.
Illinois Beobachter. Weekly. (German.)
The Telegraph, by J. L. Baker & Co. Weekly.
The Beacon, by D. & J. W. Randall. Weekly.
The Fox River Expositor, by Risk & Co. Weekly. BEARDSTOWN. - The Central Illinoisian, by Shaw & Reavis. Weekly. The Gazette. Weekly.
BELLEVILLE. The Advocate, by J. S. Coulter. Daily and weekly.
Belleviller Volksblatt, by Dr. Wenzel. Weekly. (German.)
The Pantagraph, by W. E. Foote. Weekly.
The Times. Weekly.
The Central Illinois Times, by J. W. Underwood & Co. Weekly.