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of the Spirit h, and the word of institution, which contains, together with a precept authorising the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers i.
IV. There be only two facraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, baptism and the supper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the word lawfully ordained k.
V. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the fame with those of the Newl.
CHAP. XXVIII. Of Baptism.
ed by Jesus Christ a, not only for the solemn admission
of whereunto, even baptism, doth al- and of the Son, and of the holy so now save us, (not the putting a
Ghoit. i Cor. xi. 20. When ye come way of the filth of the flesh, but the together therefore into one place, aniwer of a good conscience to- this is not to eat the Lord's supper. wards God) by the resurrection of y. 23. For I have received of the Jelus Christ.
Lord, that which also I delivered Mat. iii, 11. I indeed baptize unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the you with water unto repentance; fame night in which he was betraybut he that cometh after me, is ed, took bread. 1 Cor. iv. 1. Let a mightier than I, whose shoes I am man so account of us, as of the minot worthy to bear: he thall baptize nifters of Christ, and stewards of the you with the holy Ghost, and with mysteries of God. Heb. v. 4. And fire. i Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spi- no man taketh this honour unto rit are we all baptized into one bo- himself, but he that is called of God, dy, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, as was Aaron. whether we be bond or free; and V. 1 1 Cor. x. 1. Moreover, bre. have been all made to drink into thren, I would not that should one Spirit.
be ignorant, how that all our fai Mat. xxvi. 27, 28. (See in let thers were under the cloud, and all ter f.) Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in let- patied through the fea; v. 2. and ter b.) v. 20. Teaching them to ob- were all baptized unto Moses in the serve all things whatsoever I have cloud, and in the fea; 7. 3. and did commanded you: and lo, I am with all eat the same fpiritual meat; v. you alway, even unto the end of the 4. and did all drink the same fpiri. world, Amen.
tual drink; (for they drank of that IV. Mat, xxviii, 19.Goye there. fpiritual Rock that followed them; fore and teach all națions, baptiz- and that Rock was Christ.) ing them in the name of the Father, I. a Mat. xxviii. 19. (See letterk
of the party baptized into the visible churchb; but also to be unto him a sign and seal of the covenant of gracec, of his ingrafting into Christ d, of regeneratione, of remission of sinsf, and of his giving up unto God thro' Jesus Christ, to walk in newness of lifeg. Which facrament is by Christ's owo appointment to be continued in his church until the end of the world h.
II. The outward element to be used in this facrament is water, wherewith the party is to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost, by a mipister of the gospel lawfully called thereuntoi.
of the foregoing chapter.)
tevusness which we have done, but b 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spi- according to his mercy he saved us rit are we all baptized into one bo- by the waihing of regeneration, and dy, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, renewing of the holy Ghost. whether we be bond or free; and f Marki. 4. John did baptize in have been all made to drink into one the wilder ness, and preach the bapSpirit.
tism of repentance, for the remillion c Rom. iv. II. And he received of sins. the sign of circumcifion, a feal of Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that the righteouinefs of the faith, which fo many of us as were baptized into he had yet being uncircumcised: Jesus Christ, wer'e baptized into his that he might be the father of all death? v.4. Therefore we are buthem that believe, though they be ried with him by baptism intodeath; not circumcised: that righteousness that like as Christ was raised up from might be imputed unto them also. the dead by the glory of the Father, With Col. ij. u. In whom also ye even so we allo ihould walk in neware circumciled with the circumci- nefs of life. fion made without hands, in putting 1 Mat. xxviii. 19. (See in letterk off the body of the fins of the flesh, foregoing chapter.) v. 20. Teachby the circumcision of Christ. v. 13. ing them to observe all things what. Buried with him in haptiím, where- . foever I have commanded you: and in alto
are rifen with him, thro' lo, I am with you alway, even unto the faith of the operation of God, the end of the world. Amen. who hath raised him from the dead, II. i Mat, iii, 11. I indeed baptize
a Gal. ii. 27. For as many of you you with water unto repentance; as have been baptized into Christ, but he that cometh after me, is have put on Christ. Rom. vi. 5. For mightier than I, whose shoes I am if we have been planted together in not worthy to bear: he shall bapthe likeness of his death; we shall tize you with the holy Ghost, and be also in the likeness of his refur- with fire. John i. 33. And I knew rection.
him not: but he that sent me to bap• Tit. i.5. Not by works of righ- tize with water, the same said unto III. Dipping of the person into the water is not necessary, but baptism is rightly administred by pouring or sprinkling water upon the person k.
IV. Not only those that do actually profess faith in and obedience unto Christl, but also the infants of one or both believing parents, are to be baptized m.
V. Alme, Upon whom thou shalt see the blish my covenant between me and Spirit descending, and remaining thee, and thy feed after thee, in on him, the same is he who baptiz- their generations, for an everlasteth with the holy Ghost. Mat. ing covenant; to be a God unto arviii. 19. (See in letter & forego- thee, and to thy feed after thee. v. ing chapter.) v. 20. (See in let. 9. And God said unto Abraham, ter b.)
Thou shalt keep my covenant thereIII & Heb.ix. 10, 19, 20, 21, 22.
fore, thou, and thy feed after thee, A&s ii. 41. Then they that gladly in their generations. With Gal. iii. received his word, were baptized: 9. So then they who be of faith, are and the same day there were added blessed with faithful Abraham. Vå. unto them about three thousand 14. That the blessing of Abraham fouls. Acts xvi. 33. And he took might come on the Gentiles thro' them the same hour of the night, Jesus Chrift; that we might receive and wafhed their fripes, and was the promise of the Spirit through . baptized, he and all his, straight- faith. And Col. ii. 11. In whom alway. Mark vii. 4. And when they so ye are circumcised with the circome from the market, except they cumcision made without hands, in walh, they eat not. And many o- putting off the body of the fins of ther things there be, which they the fleth, by the circumcision of have received to hold, as the watha Christ: v. 12. Buried with him in ing of cups and pots, brazen yessels, baptism, wherein also ye are risen and of tables.
with him through the faith of the IV. 1 Mark xvi. 15. And he faid operation of God, who hath raised unto them, Goye into all the world, him from the dead. And A&ts ii. and preach ye the gospel to every 38. Then Peter said unto them, creature. v. 16. He that believeth Repent, and be baptized, every one and is baptized, shall be saved; but of you, in the name of Jesus Christ, he that believeth not, shall be dam- for the remission of sins, and ye shall ned. Aets viïi. 37. And Philip said, receive the gift of the holy Ghost. if thou believest with all thine heart, v. 39. For the promise is unto you, thou mayest. And he answered and and to your children, and to all said, I believe that Jesus Christ is that are afar off, even as many as the Son of God. v. 38. And he the Lord our God shall call. And commanded the chariot to stand Rom. iv. 11. And he received the Hill: and they went down both in- fign of circumcision, a seal of the to the water, both Philip and the righteousness of the faith, which he eunuch; and he baptized him. had yet being uncircumcised: that
m Gen. xvii. 7. And I will esta- he might be the father of all them
V. Although it be a great sin to contemn or neglect this ordinancen, yet grace and salvation are not so inseparably annexed unto it, as that no person can be regenerated or saved without ito, or that all that are baprized are undoubtedly regenerated p.
VI. The efficacy of baptisın is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administred q; yet notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited and conferred by the holy Ghoit, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belungeth
that believe, though they be not cir. fed them. Luke xviii. 15. And they cumcised; that righteousneis might brought unto him alio infants, that be imputed unto them also: v. 12. he would touch them: but when his and the father of circumcision to disciples faw it, they rebuked them, them, who are not of the circumci- V. Luke vii. 30. But the Phasion only, but also walk in the steps risees and lawyers rejected the counof that faith of our father Abra- fel of God againt themselves, being ham, which he had being yet un- not baptized of him. With Exod. iv. circumcised. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For 24. And it caine to pats by the way the unbelieving husband is fancti- in the inn, that the Lord inet him, fied by the wife, and the unbeliev- and fought to kill him. v. 25. Then ing wife is fanctified by the huf- Zipporah took a sharpitone, and cut band: else were your
children off the foreskin of her son, and cast clean: but now they are holy. it at his feet, and faid, Surely a blooMat. xxviii.
ye therefore dy husband art thou to me. v. 26. and teach all nations, baptizing So he let him go: then the said, a them in the name of the Father, bloody husband thou art, because and of the Son, and of the ho. of the circumcision. ly Ghost. Mark x. 13. And they o Rom. iv. 11. (See in letter m.) broaght young children to him that Aas x. 2, 4, 22, 31, 45, 47. he saould touch thein; and his dis- P Aets viïi. 13. Then Simon himciples rebuked those that brought self believed also: and when he was them. v. 14. But when Jesus faw baptized, he continued with Philip, it, he was much displeased, and said and wondered, beholding the miunto them, Suffer the little children racles and signs which were done. to come unto me, and forbid them
y. 23. For I perceive that thou art not: for of such is the kingdom of in the gall of bitterness, and in the God. v. 15. Verily I say unto you, bond of iniquity. Whosoever shall not receive the VI., John iii. 5. Jesus answered, kingdom of God as a little child, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Exhe Thall not enter therein. 'v. 16. cept a man be born of water and of And he took them up in his arms, the Spirit, he cannot enter into the put his hands upon them, and bles- kingdom of God, v. 8. The wind
unto, acccording to the counsel of God's own will, in his appointed timer.
VII. The sacrament of baptism is but once to be administred to any persons.
CHAP. XXIX. Of the Lord's Supper.
instituted the facrament of his body and blood, called the Lord's Supper, to be observed in his church unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance of the sacrifice of himself in his death, the sealing all benefits thereof unto true believers, their spiritual nourishment and growth in him, their farther engagement in and to all duties which they owe unto him: and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other, as members of his mystical body a.
II. In bloweth where it listeth, and thou them above three thousand souls, hearest the sound thereof, but canst VII.Tit. iii. 5. (See in letter r.) not tell whence it cometh, and whi- 1. « 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have rether it goeth: fo is every one that is ceived of the Lord, that which alborn of the Spirit.
so I delivered unto yoų, That the Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you, Lord Jesus, the fame night in which as have been baptized into Christ, he was betrayed, took bread: v.24. have put on Christ
. Tit. iii. 5. Not And when he had given thanks, he by works of righteousness which we brake it, and said, Take, eat; this have done, but according to his mer- is my body which is broken for you: cy, he saved us by the washing of re- this do in remembrance of me. v. generation, and renewing of the ho- 25. After the fame manner also he ly Ghost. Eph. v. 25. Husbands, took the cup, when he had supped, love your wives, even as Christ al. saying, This cup is the new testaso loved the church, and gave him- ment in my blood : this do ye, as oft felf for it; v. 26. That he might as ye drink it, in remembrance of fanétify and cleanse it with the wash- me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat ing of water by the word. Aets ii. this bread, and drink this cup, ye 38. Then Peter said unto them, Re- do shew the Lord's death till he pent, and be baptized every one of 1 Cor. x, 16. The cup of you in the name of Jesus Christ, for blefling which we bless, is it not the the remission of sins, and ye shall re. communion of the blood of Chrift? ceive the gift of the holy Ghost. v. The bread which we break, is it 41. Then they that gladly received not the communion of the body of his word were baptized: and the Christ? v. 17. For we being many, Lame day there were added unto are one bread and one body: for we