Protectors or Praetorians?: The Last Mamluk Sultans and Egypt's Waning as a Great Power
SUNY Press, 4 нояб. 1994 г. - Всего страниц: 280
This analysis of state policy under the last two Mamluk rulers enables modern readers to observe a pivotal era in the history of Egypt and southwest Asia. Beset with external threats and internal dissent, the Mamluk Sultanate confronted profound challenges in its waning years.
The author depicts how each monarch differed in his responses to the bureaucratic and military dilemmas he faced. al-Ashraf Qaytbay remained a stalwart conservator of traditional soldierly values. He would be revered by later generations as an exemplary officer and pious believer. Qansuh al-Ghawri, however, exhibited little regard for hallowed traditions, military or religious. Burdened by irremedial bankruptcy and endemic sedition, he initiated the first steps toward innovation since the architects of the Mamluk system founded the regime during the thirteenth century.
The contrasting styles of these two sultans is examined in the context of the foreign and domestic events that shaped their reigns. The strategies that they devised to deal with endemic crises decisively influenced the nature of bureaucratic procedures in Egypt, influence that is still evident in its government today.
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agrarian tract al-Ashraf al-Dln ibn al-Ghawrl al-Nasir Muhammad Al-Sayrafl Aleppo amir Amln amlr Anatolia Aqquyunlu assets atabak Ayalon Ayyubid Azbak Bada Bada3 Baybars Bedouin behavior cAbd Cairo charitable chroniclers Circassian Citadel civilian clients confiscation Crest Damascus dawadar deeds Dhu'l-Hijja Dhu'l-Qacda dlwan dr/ir dyke Egypt Egyptian elite European expedition fiscal Ghawrl Hawddith historian hoarding Ibid Ibn al-Shihna Ibn Iyas Inba3 iqtac Islamic jadld julban Jumada Khayrbak lnba Mamluk period Mamluk regime Mamluk sultanate Mecca merchants military Misuri monarch Mosque Muhammad Muharram muhtasib Muslim nazir Nile Nilometer officers Ottoman patron qadls Qansuh Qansuh al-Ghawri Qayt Qaytbay Qaytbay's Rablc Rajab Ramadan Rawd recruits regime's revenues revolt rivals royal rulers Safar Sari al-Dln Selim Shacban Shah Shawwal shaykh soldiers status stipends sultanate's survival Suwar Syria tactics Tarabulus thousand dinars threat tion troops trust Tumanbay Uzun Hasan waqf wheat writ Yashbak yield Zaynl Barakat