More than one mystery: explorations in quantum interference : with 51 illustrations

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Springer Science & Business Media, 1995 - Всего страниц: 212
"Because atomic behavior is so unlike ordinary experience, " wrote Richard Feynman, "it is very difficult to get used to, and it appears strange and mysterious to everyone - both to the novice and to the experienced physicist." At the core of the strange behavior lies quantum interference: "In reality, " Feynman wrote, "it contains the only mystery." To author Mark Silverman, however, the puzzling nature of quantum behavior is multifaceted. By examining a few conceptually simple models, such as the two-leve atom and the two-slit interferometer, Silverman probes the perplexing consequences of the "ghostly" long-range effects that correlated particles exert on each other, the deep connection between spin and the statistics of identical particles, and the fundamental role of topology in the interactions of charged particles and electromagnetic fields. Silverman - whose experimental and theoretical work on electron interferometry, atomic spectroscopy, and the optics of chiral media is internationally recognized - concludes authoritatively: There is more than one mystery in the intriguing world of quantum mechanics.
 

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Содержание

Fields Without Forces
1
12 Confined Fields and Electron Interference
8
References
19
Around and Around The Rotating Electron in Electromagnetic Fields
21
22 The TwoDimensional Rotator in an Electric Field
24
23 The TwoDimensional Rotator in a Magnetic Field
35
24 The TwoDimensional Rotator in a Vector Potential Field
41
25 Fermions Bosons and Things InBetween
48
42 LaserGenerated Quantum Beats
104
43 Nonlinear Effects in a ThreeLevel Atom
109
44 Correlated Beats from Entangled States
121
References
127
Sympathetic Vibrations The Atom in Resonant Fields
129
52 Two Perspectives of the TwoLevel Atom
139
53 Oscillating Field Theory
147
The TellTale Mark of a Quantum Jump
156

26 Quantum Interference in a Metal Ring
52
References
56
Interferometry of Correlated Particles
59
32 The ABEPR Effect with Two Solenoids
68
33 The ABHBT Effect in a TwoSlit Interferometer
75
34 Correlated Particles in a MachZehnder Interferometer
79
Electron Beams from AtomSize Sources
90
References
97
Quantum Boosts and Quantum Beats
100
55 Quantum Interference in Separated Oscillating Fields
164
56 Ion Interferometry and Tests of Gauge Invariance
170
References
180
The Quantum Physics of Handedness
184
62 Quantum Interference and Parity Conservation
189
63 Optical Activity of Rotating Matter
198
References
206
Index
209
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