Biblical Commentaries from the Canterbury School of Theodore and Hadrian

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Cambridge University Press, 1994 - Всего страниц: 612
This volume includes the first edition of a previously unknown text which throws wholly new light on the intellectual history of early medieval Europe. The biblical commentaries (never before printed or studied) represent the teaching of two extraordinarily gifted Greek scholars who came to England from the Byzantine East. Theodore, archbishop of Canterbury (668-90) and his colleague Hadrian (d. 710) established a school in Canterbury, to which they brought a wealth of experience and learning. These scholars applied their knowledge to the exposition of the Bible to a small group of Anglo-Saxon scholars, who recorded their teaching. The commentaries throw new light on the range of subjects which were taught in Canterbury at the time: medicine, philosophy, rhetoric, Roman civil law, as well as the biblical text itself, illustrating what was undoubtedly the high point of biblical scholarship between late antiquity and the Renaissance. Because both Hadrian and Theodore were from Greek-speaking parts of the Roman empire, their commentaries reveal new links between the Byzantine East and the Latin West in the seventh century. The present commentaries, found by Professor Bischoff in Milan in 1936, constitute one of the most important medieval texts discovered this century. The edition is introduced by substantial chapters on the intellectual background of the texts, their manuscript sources, the lives and milieux of the two Greek scholars. The Latin texts themselves are accompanied by facing English tranalations and extensive notes.
 

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Содержание

1 Introduction
1
2 Archbishop Theodore
5
3 Abbot Hadrian
82
4 Theodore and Hadrian in England
133
5 The sources of the Canterbury biblical commentaries
190
6 The nature of the Canterbury biblical commentaries
243
7 The manuscripts
275
Additional manuscript witnesses to the Milan biblical commentaries
533
Fig 3 Churches and monasteries of seventhcentury Rome
568
Fig 4 Cyrenaica and the Pentapolis
569
Fig 5 Campania and the Bay of Naples
570
Fig 6 Palestine
571
Bibliography
572
Index of Old English words quoted in the texts
588
Index of Greek words quoted in the texts
589
Index of names cited in the texts
591

Two metrological treatises from the school of Canterbury
561
Fig 1 Cilicia and Syria
566
Fig 2 Constantinople in the seventh century
567

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