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Friend to make up, who wished me to give di- ; I should practise it, by paying my creditors what rections how the suit was to be made. I told I owed, notwithstanding they had severally given him I had not freedom, but would leave it with me a discharge when I relinquished housekeephim. He made the clothes so plain, I was much ing. The sum owing was nearly forty pounds; ashamed to put them on. I thought to have sold and many were the reasonings I had against several of the books I once leaned upon, but I paying it out of my small stock, thinking I considered I had been deceived by them, and to should be better able at a future day—that doing prevent their doing further mischief, I cast them so now would leave me pennyless and much into the fire.
more of this nature; so that whilst I had clearly Being now out of business, I spent most of my seen my duty, I had nearly so far neglected it, as time in going to meeting, and walking in the fields to persuade myself it was not required of me. retired, where the Lord showed me I was wanting But in a little time, I began to want that sweetin many things, concerning plainness of speech, ness, comfort, and satisfaction I had inwardly enwhich is the language of Truth; the keeping on! joyed when found in the way of well-doing; and of my hat, and refusing the customary salutations. instead thereof, trouble was upon me. The Lord These crosses to my natural inclinations brought led me to look into myself, and there to inquire me under much exercise many days and nights the reason; when He was pleased to condescend before I could submit. But I knew the Lord to to show me clearly it was His will I should pay be a swift witness against the evil nature that was these creditors at this time; and for the rest I in me; and many times when my hand was on my should trust in Him, casting my care upon His hat to pull it off, I felt in myself condemned, so goodness. In His strength I was enabled to put that I durst not do it; so likewise in speech and this into execution. I got the money out of my such things as by many are accounted little mat- wife's hands, and appointed my creditors to meet ters.
me at a house, near where the debts were conI now began to consider what business I must tracted. There they brought their accounts, and commence for the maintenance of myself and my I paid them in full, by which means I almost wife. . My capital pot exceeding sixty pounds, I emptied my bag. feared to enter upon my own trade. In a little My master having but little business, I did while I heard of a Friend who wanted a foreman not feel freedom to receive his money, my service in that line. On speaking to him, I found the becoming no more than what his apprentice could work was very different to what I had been ac- do without me. I had no other way of getting customed, and I thought it much too mean for me a penny for my support, yet in strict justice to to accept. I therefore felt unwilling to engage. him I could not remain. Hence we parted, and Friends were very loving to me in this matter, and it was nearly seven months before I received a they desired me to make trial of the occupation; shilling, during which period I went to see my which I did, and discovered that the greatest mother, in whom I perceived the Lord had be. hindrance to it had been the pride of my own gotten an honest concern for her soul's salheart. I was made willing to submit, this being vation. the day of the Lord's power. I made no positive After returning from my visit, I had much bargain with my employer; he was to give me peace and satisfaction. I had not bcen long in what he thought I deserved. After I had been London, however, before the consideration arose, about six months in this situation, the Lord of “What must I do to obtain a livelihood ?” brought down that lofty domineering spirit, so and this became my hourly concern, and great that I was made submissive even to the boys was my trouble respecting it. My friends and of the place, and willing to do the meanest work, acquaintance began to despise me; my wife grew although I had two or three men under me, and uneasy at the prospect before her. When the was capable of managing the highest department. Lord had tried my faith and patience, way was My mistress did not profess with Friends, but made for business according to my desire : and was loving towards them. I was mindful never although I have had much exercise, temptations, to go from business without her permission, except and provocations, I have received more than I I went to Meetings; and so particular was I on could have asked. this point, that I durst not go home before my Aud now I may give some account of what I usual time, even though I had nothing to do. I met with from a spirit of deceit and self-righteouswas as much concerned for the interests of my em- ness. Many were the transformations-the ployer, as if the business had been my own; subtle operations—the cunning appearances of which often made me admire the excellence of this pretended Angel of Light, and various the Truth, so truly (as kept to) does it teach all of bad fruits which were produced in me :-spiritual us our duties in every station of life, and make us (pride, zeal without true knowledge, want of a comfort and happiness to each other—a qualifi- charity, errors in judgment respecting the real cation which is too much lacking in the world. states of other vineyards, to the neglect of my The Lord showed me that justice was a first lesson own; whereby I was in frequent danger of fall. of piety; and by degrees I saw that He required ling into those very temptations and snares con
cerning which I so much and so readily con- better than Him, I acknowledge we deserve demned others. But through all, the Lord pre- double punishment. And I do believe it will be served that sincerity he had begotten in smy more tolerable in the judgment for the worst of beart.
men than for us, should we go back again into In meetings, I was made to be content to fast, Egypt, and thus miss of obtaining the good land. and feel thankful for the least crumb I could N. B.-as John Davis's account of himself gather from the Holy Table, learning to stand concludes with some deficiency of information, it still till the Lord had gained me the victory over may not be amiss to supply the best we can, by all my carnal willings, runnings, and impatience. subjoining the testimony his surviving friends Many were my exercises, until the Lord measura- gave of him, as prefixed to the original memoir, bly gave the victory; and as my enemies grew viz:weaker, my faith grew stronger.
“The following pages are the memoir of our. I shall now return to give further account of worthy friend John Davis, late of London, who, my friend, who came to London about six or seven we believe, through various trials, and much exveeks after me, having continued in a course of perience, gained an establishment in the blessed drunkenness most of that time, and unhappily Truth. fallen in with his associates in wickedness in “He was esteemed a valuable Elder in the London, so that for some weeks, though I en- Church ; lived, beloved by his friends, to a good deavored, I could not find him. At length I old age; and was gathered to rest as a shock of accidentally met him in the street, and his very corn fully ripe. outward appearance discovered his inward man. “He died at Winchmore Hill, and was buried He could scarcely speak without swearing-a in Friends' burial-ground there, in or near the practice to which he was not formerly addicted. Fourth Month, in the year 1741, aged about In short he was the very revese of any thing seventy-seven years.” that looked like good. Notwithstanding it was 80 with him, I loved him, and am satisfied my
For Friends Intelligencer. love proceeded from the love of God in my heart;
RUSTIC PREACHING. so true it is, that Christ loved us when we were “Lord Baltimore and his lady, with their retiyet sinners and enemies to Him; and His love nue, attended a meeting for worship at Treddwas extended towards my friend. After being haven, in Maryland, in the year 1700, to which, with each other awhile, he gave me an account of being the Yearly Meeting, William Penn achis proceedings since we parted, which brought companied them; but it being late when they inexpressible sorrow on my spirit; but I had came, and the strength and glory of the heavenly relief, in that the Lord followed him with judg- power of the Lord going off from the meeting, ments, and I sometimes got him to meeting, the lady was much disappointed, and told Wm. where I was desirous that the Lord would open Penn she did not want to hear him, and such as something in His servants that might be service - he, for he was a scholar, and a wise man, and she able to him. I had my prayer answered by a did not question but he could preach ; but she Friend speaking directly to his state, so that it wanted to hear some of our mechanics preach, as affected him, and he began to think of being obe- husbandmen, shoemakers, and such like rustics dient; but then he would run back again, and for she thought they could not preach to any had many afflictions, with signs and wonders from purpose. William told her, some of them, on the Lord upon Pharaoh's nature in him; still that the contrary, were the best preachers they had hard taskmaster would not let him go to serve bis amongst us.” God. He came and told me that if he did not The foregoing circumstance, taken from Bargive up in obedience, he believed the Lord would clay's Anecdotes, has brought to mind another cut him off; which so affected him, that he began of the same character, related by a friend who to go to meetings; and the Lord was pleased to visited England more than half a century ago, afford him strength to come up in obedience, and and to whom it was told as a fact, viz. : confess Christ before men-causing him to grow That there was a Friend who lived in the in the Truth. But the enemies did not fail to neighborhood of a nobleman, with whom he bepursue, and many battles they had ; but the Lord came acquainted ; and the nobleman being inhitherto in mercy kept him, giving him more terested in this Friend, desired to know more than ever he could expect, even in the things of about the Society, and said he wished to attend this world-goods, and a wife to his mind, I am the meeting held in that vicinity. But as there a witness, for God, of His great kindness to him was no preacher esteemed great belonging to it, every way. And now I desire for him, and all the Friend wished to defer the visit until some the visited of the Lord, that we may be preserved such a one should come that way, and promised in His fear, never forgetting His mercy, and es- to notify his neighbor of a suitable time, without pecially His loving kindness, for I cannot but say giving the true reason. The nobleman waited our visitation bas been large. If we should serve for some time, when finding he was not called idols of our own making, and love any thing upon, he concluded to go alone, which was done accordingly. There was a Friend there, who was | people, did not fail to draw down the anathemas a little preacher, in the common acceptation of land persecutions of those who held the power in the term, but whose concern it was “to minister Church and State. In 1661. abont fourteen (only) in Divine ability.” After a time of silence, he arose, and express-lears
years after the rise of the Society, an act of Pared a very few sentences. He then made a pause. liament was passed, imposing heavy fines and After which he informed the meeting that be- penalties upon those who refused to take an oath fore he arose, he had considerable on his mind, before a lawful magistrate : and three years which he thought he should be called upon tolia
o later, the Conventicle Act was passed, which deliver to them. “But friends, it has all been taken from me, and I cannot proceed any Pr
ny prohibited the meeting together of five or more further.” He then sat down. The Friend who persons for the exercise of religion in any other had been so anxious to have a good meeting and manner than is allowed by the liturgy or pracgood preaching when the nobleman was there, tice of the Church of England, under pain of was now greatly mortified. He thought this,
being committed to prison for the first offence, little Friend made out very well sometimes, in a small way; but this was worse than ever; and and transported beyond the s
and transported beyond the seas for the second. after meeting he attempted to slip away. But This act was intended to operate against all dishis friend (the nobleman) followed, and express- senters, and many eluded its penalties by meeted his great satisfaction with the meeting, saying ing together in private. or giving up their he was now convinced of the truth of what he had heard, relative to Quaker preaching, that
a meetings altogether; but as Friends could not they had no prepared sermons, but spoke from finch from their religious obligations, the persethe impressions made on their minds at the pre- cution fell very heavily upon them. sent time. Thus it was made evident, that a long sermon
Public religious worship they esteemed a from a great preacher would not have had so solemn duty, which no laws or suffering would powerful an effect upon this stranger, as the justify them in abandoning. The whole power simple obedience of the little Friend.
of the government, aided by magistrates and Philadelphia, 3d Mo., 1857.
clergy, with a band of infamous informers, were
all engaged in the attempt to crush a harmless FRIENDS'INTELLIGENCER. and unresisting people, and Sewell, the faithful PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 21, 1857.
historian, records that more than 4,200 of those
called Quakers, both men and women, were imWe commence in the present number a sketch prisoned at one time in the jails of England. of the sufferings of Friends under the Conventi- In some instances their meeting houses were cle Act, which was passed by Parliament, and torn down by the populace, and they were driven rigorously enforced in the reign of Charles the into the streets, where they continued to meet Second, of England. The history of the people in the rains, and where, the historian remarks, called Quakers, as recorded by those faithful exhortations, thanksgiving and prayer were frehistorians, Sewel and Gough, and the biographi- quently offered. The damp and filthy condition cal memoirs of the men and women by whose of those prisons, and the large number of faithsufferings many of the privileges we now enjoy ful Friends who were crowded into them, greatly were purchased, are not excelled in interest by aggravated their sufferings, and many died in any that have been written in modern times, and consequence of the infection which spread we think our young members cannot fail to be through them. In some cases, it is stated, they instructed in making themselves acquainted were so closely packed, that they had to take it with this remarkable bistory.
| by turns to stand up, while others sat or laid It is difficult for those who are in the enjoy- down. Notwithstanding these grievous persecument of civil and religious freedom to appreciate tions, their constancy in suffering and their the sacrifices which were made by our predeces- exemplary conduct were the means of bringing sors in the maintenance of those Christian testi- many to the adoption of their principles, and monies which they were raised up to maintain. the infant Society increased. Nor did they These testimonies were in direct conflict with cease to protest, and remonstrate with the govthe prevailing opinions of the religious world, ernment against the iniquitous laws which im. and their promulgation by a simple and earnest posed fines and penalties for religious opinions and practices. “Nothing,” says Wm. Penn, months, and for the second not exceeding six, at in one of his admirable protests directed to those the
sts directed to those the arbitrary discretion of two justices, it was
usual for these justices to commit them for a few in power, “can be more unreasonable, than to
days for the first and second offence, not out of com pel men to believe against their belief, or to tenderness, but in order to subject them more trouble them for preaching what they believe, speedily to the penalty of transportation for the when it thwarts not the moral law of God. Con- | third offence. science is God's throne in man, and the power
| For, from their long approved constancy, they
promised themselves an assurance of finding of it bis prerogative; it is to usurp his authority them again at their religious assemblies, as soon and boldly ascend his throne, to set lords as at liberty. An indictment was drawn up over it."
against the aforesaid eight persons, expressing After an experience of twelve years, it was that they had been at an unlawful meeting three evident that persecution could not affect the
sundry times, at such times and places; and
this being delivered to the grand jury, they object contemplated by the framers of this could not agree upon their verdict; for there iniquitous law; and in 1672 the King, by a were some among them whose consciences would declaration, suspended the penal laws in matters not allow them to be accessory to the condemnaecclesiastical which released many from long tion of the innocent, and therefore they returned
the bill, ignoramus. and severe imprisonment.
Now, although this was a legal verdict, and
the court by law had no power to reject it, yet MARRIED, at the residence of her father, on 5th day, the 22nd of 1st mo. last, according to the order of the the privileges of the subjecu were held by so religious society of Friends, JACOB SWAYNE to SARAH precarious a tenure at this time, and the judges H. STUBBS, both of York County, Pa., and members of were so inured to go over every barrier of the Deer Creek Monthly Meeting.
constitution to gratify the partial views of them- On 5th day, the 12th of 3d mo., 1857, with the
selves or others, that instead of accepting this approbation of Middletown Monthly Meeting of Friends, EDWARD WILDMAN, to ELIZABETH, eldest daugh- re
Such- return of the grand jury, Bridgeman addressed ter of ELISHA NEWBOLD, all of Middletown, Bucks them with this apgry speech : “My masters, County, Pa.
what do you mean to do? Will you make a - On 2d day the 9th inst., with the approbation of nose of wax of the laws, and suffer the law to the Monthly Meeting of Friends of Philadelphia, held he hoted?
a, beld be baffled ?
Those that think to deceive the at Spruce St., MARK WRIGHT, of Falls Meeting, Bucks Co., Pa., to LOUISA A. WARD, of Philadelphia.
law, the law will deceive them. Why don't you
find the bill?” With this menace, and fresh DIED, At his residence, Gloucester Co., N. J., on the instructions, he sent them out again : they then 6th inst., JACOB Howey, at an advanced age, a member found a bill with which the court seemed well of Woodstown meeting.
pleased. Four of the prisoners were then
brought to the bar, who pleaded not guilty, and For Friends' Intelligencer.
added : “ We have transgressed no just law," SUFFERINGS OF FRIENDS UNDER THE CONVENTI- | but,' replied the judge, you have transgressed this CLE ACT.
law, (holding the conventicle act in his hand) This sanguinary statute, so atrocious in its and you have been twice convicted already. If character, wantonly invading the liberties and you be now found guilty, I must pass sentence torturing the feelings of British subjects was of transportation against you; but if you will not made merely in terrorem, but was intended to promise to have no more such meetings, I will be, and was, to the uttermost of the power of our acquit you of what is past. This favor you may persecutors, put in execution, and that without receive, before the jury is charged with you, loss of time. At the assizes at Hartford, says but not afterward. What say you , will you Gough, in the very next month, the following | meet no more? They answered with one aceight persons of this profession, viz. : Francis cord, “ We can make no such promise;" upon Pryor, Nicholas Lucus, Henry Feast, Henry which the jury was sworn, and witnesses examMarshall, Jeremy Hern, Thomas Wood, John ined, who deposed that they found those persons Blendale, and Samuel Trahera, were brought assembled above five together, at certain times to their trial before Judge Bridgeman, and in- and places, but that they neither heard any of dicted for the third offence against the conven- them speak, nor saw them do any thing. The ticle act. This is a remarkable instance of the judge then summed up the evidence and gave precipitant eagerness of the persecutors : for this his charge to the jury, in which he told them : was not in force till the month called July, and “ You are not to expect plain, punctual evidence these persons were arraigned for the third of- of every thing said or done; a base proof of their fence on the 12th and 13th of the succeeding having met for worship in their manner, not bemonth. Now as the penalty for the first offence ing according to the liturgy and practice of the was imprisonment for a term not exceeding three church of England, is sufficient for their conviction. It is not your business to enter into the disappointments, he had hitherto met with, he meaning of the law, but simply determine the concluded the hand of the Lord was against him fact.” The jury with these instructions went that therefore he durst not proceed on his out, and soon brought them in guilty, and the voyage with those prisoners, they being innocent judge forthwith passed sentence upon them, persons, and charged with no crime worthy of viz. : “ You shall be transported beyond the banishment—that there is a law in force that no seas to the Island of Barbadoes, there to remain Englishman shall be carried out of his native for seven years.” Then the other four were country against his will—that his men refused set to the bar, and tried in like manner, and to proceed on the voyage, if he carried them. condemned to be transported to Jamaica ; and a There was on board one Manning, a man of fifth, John Reynolds, was tried among them, a different disposition from the rest, who had but the witnesses deposing that they had not been very officious in getting them aboard, and seen him in the meeting, but within a yard of desirous of detaining them there, with design, the door, with his face from it, he was brought as was thought, of making a market of them in not guilty, and accordingly acquitted. The beyond the sea. This Manning, disappointed eight persons convicted were informed by the in his views, carried a complaint to the deputy judge of that clause in the act, which provides or prinicipal officer at Deal, that the prisoners that by paying £100 each, before the rising of had made their escape from the ship; but they the court, they might be discharged. The court producing the master's certificate, he refused to adjourned, and when they met again, sent to concern himself in the matter. Then Manthe prisoners to know whether they would pay ning, with two others, forced four of them into the £100, to which they unanimously answering a boat which he found on the beach, to put them no, the court broke up.
again on shipboard; but as no one would assist Pursuant to the sentence, the jailor, by the him to row it, he was forced to let them go. sheriff's order, as he said, applied to ope Thomas The master sailed that night, and so left them May, master of a ship, called the Anne, and behind. The relation of the manner in which the contracted with him to carry them to Barbadoes, ship left there, was attested by eleven persons, at £5 a head, and those to Jamaica at 61., tell who were eye-witnesses thereof. Being thus set ing him they were freemen, and that six of them at liberty, they returned home, and by letter acwould carry goods.
quainted the King and council thereof; which When they were brought to the master, and letter being read before the council board, under he found they were under compulsion, he refused pretence that their liberation was effected by a to receive them, as his contract was to carry collusion concerted between the master and freemen and not slaves. The jailor, vexed at them, by order of the council they were again the disappointment, betook himself to the Sec- committed to prison until means of transporting retary of State, and made oath, that he had con- them by some ship to those parts could be found; tracted with Thomas May for the prisoners' and were continued in prison until released by passage as persons convicted by the act. the King's letters patent, more than seven years
May being sent for, took with him witnesses after. On their return to prison, they found of his contract; but the Secretary told, oath twenty-one more of their friends lying there unhaving been already made for the King, his wit- der the like sentence, who at the quarter sesnesses could be of no use ; he most carry the sions held at Hartford, the 3d, 4th and 5th of prisoners. During this time they were closely 10th month this year, were condemned to banconfined, and but few of their friends admitted ishment; under which sentence most of them to see them. The master being thus compelled lay there, till released by the same letters patent to transport them, against his will, they were in 1672. put aboard ; but put on shore by the master,
(To be continued.) and taken on again sundry times, between London and Gravesend, it being very remarkable,
BUDS AND BIRD VOICES. that although many other vessels passed them Balmy spring, weeks later than we expəcted down the river, this ship could make no way, and months later than we longed for her, comes nor with the utmost application of the seamen at last to revive the moss on the roof and walls make sail to any purpose. Having, by the of our old mansion. She peeps brightly into master's orders, followed bim from place to place, my study window, inviting me to throw it open at last he met them altogether at Deal, and be and create a summer atmosphere by the interfore several witnesses declared that though they mixture of her genial breath with the black and had followed the ship so long, yet he was re- cheerless comfort of the stove. As the casement solved not to carry them.
ascends, forth into infinite space fly the innuHere he finally dismissed them, with a certifi-merable forms of thought or fancy that have cate to show that they did not make their escape, kept me company in the retirement of this little but were freely put ashore by him, assigning for chamber during the sluggish lapse of wintry his reasons, that seeing adversities and various / weather; visions, gay, grotesque, and sad; pic