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As from the seed the flower must fall away
The tender plants that here refused to grow,
1 claim thy expanded flower—be still and wait.
We give the following extracts from an interesting biographical sketch in the Dover (Eng.) Chronicle, written, it is understood, by an intimate friend of F. Nightingale :—
"At the time when reports of the disastrous state of affairs in our hospitals at the seat of war, the year before last, reached this country, filling every heart with the deepest commisseration and dismay, there were thousands of women who would gladly have undertaken to do what in them lay, to mitigate the awful amount of suffering which the daily papers laid bare to their readers; but there was, perhaps, but in one woman the sense of due preparation and practical experience to qualify her for taking the lead in such an undertaking. It was Florence Nightingale alone, who not only possessed the high natural requirements to fit her for the task, whose whole previous life had been in some respects a preparation for it—but, above all, who had especially trained herself for nursing the sick and wounded, and for understanding the systematic organization of a hospital, and the government of a staff of assistant nurses. It was, perhaps, the first in the chain of secondary causes which prepared Florence Nightingale for such a devotion of her life to her fellow-creatures, the fact that her ancestors on both sides were remarkable for benevolence and philanthropy—her maternal grandfather, the late Mr. W. Smith, of Norwich, having been the coadjutor of Clarkson and Wilberforce, in their long-continued efforts in tho cause of slave emancipation in our Colonies. In furthering many other schemes of benevolence and moral reform, Mr. Smith was equally remarkable for intelligence and practical sagacity, while the excellence of his private character, his superior understanding, cultivated taste, and strong religious feelings, could not but leave a deep impression upon his own and his children's children. The memory and example of a life devoted to high and noble aims, is, of itself, a precious bequest for the head of a family to leave to his descendants, and such an inheritance cannot but have its influence in the formation of character and habits; and thus it came naturally to be the habit of the family to which Florence Nightingale belonged, to employ themselves in works of benevolence, and to earnestly concern themselves in the welfare of their fellow-creatures. From her earliest childhood, when surrounded
in her home with all that wealth and cultivated taste could bring together of refined luxury, it was still to the poor around her that she saw the thoughts of her parents ever directed as a prominent duty. At her father's dinner-table, and in her mother's drawing-room, she was early accustomed to listen to some of the philanthropists of the day discussing various schemes and theories which had for their object the relief and education of the poor.
"She had been born at Florence during a temporary residence in Italy; and on their return to England, the inheritance of a large fortune and estates led to the formation of two family homes in the counties of Hampshire and Derbyshire, where the early lives of herself and her sister were passed in more than usually close contact with the surrounding peasantry. To their benevolent father and mother these poor neighbors were held of even more importance than their wealthy acquaintances; and it was a part of every day's duty of the little girls to visit the cottages of the poor who dwelt on or near their father's estates. In sallying forth on the morning walk, a basket, packed with some little comfort or delicacy for an invalid, or a book from which to read to some old, infirm neighbor, was a never-failing accompaniment. In the adjoining village, schools were established by their father and mother, for the education of the children of the poor—not as a mere relief to their consciences, that in the spending of a large fortune so much should be given towards a generally acknowledged good purpose, but with a deep and earnest desire that through those schools a number of their fellow-creatures should be raised in the scale of being, and trained to usefulness and happiness both here and hereafter. These schools, built and founded by their father, became, as his daughters grew up, their especial object of care. It was their task to organize them on good principles; to find efficient teachers for them; to give instruction in them, and to make personal acquaintance with eaoh and every child, and through that acquaintanceship, and by kind words, looks, and acts, to influence them to good. To realize to herself more completely the life and duties of a teacher of the poor, Florence at once took up her abode with a village school-mistress, living with her in her little cottage, and teaching with her in her little school, so as to observe at the closest point of view, the relations of teacher and pupil, and thus
'gain knowledge and experience available for the better organization of the schools in which she was personally interested.
"Then came the time when yet larger schemes of benevolence began to occupy her mind. The
! condition of the poor in the hour of sickness, at all times a matter of interest to her when visiting their cottages, led naturally to a consideration of their fate, when consigned to hospitals.
Some casual exposure of neglect and inattention on the part of hospital nurses, led her to consider the advantage of a better training of women for such employments; and the chance perusal of an article in a review on the subject, and with reference especially to an institution in Germany, for the express purpose of training nurses, first led her thoughts and sympathies into the channel where they were henceforth to exercise themselves for life. She felt at once how well such a vocation could employ her own energies and satisfy her yearnings for a wider sphere of usefulness, and saw how the more skilful nursing of the sick might employ many independent and educated women; while at the same time, by qualifying themselves to become nurses, hundreds of poor women might find a remunerative occupation.
"In that year especially, when it may be said that the minds of the whole English people were more than usually bent on excitement and pleasure—in 1851, when the prevalent idea with us all was, bow best to exhibit the material advantages of England, and feast our eyes on the productions of our own and foreign countries—when for a season we were to give ourselves up to sightseeing and social pleasures—in this year Florence Nightingale left her country and pleasant home, to place herself at the institution of Kaiserwerth, in Prussia, in order to train herself for nursing the sick. Here, under the guidance of the Protestant Sisters of Charity, engaged in the superintendence of a large model hospital, she performed her novitiate, employing herself practically in tending the sick, in witnessing and assisting at operations, and in going through a course of study to enable her to pass an examination of no ordinary strictness.
"On her return to England, and on looking round for the most useful sphere in which to exercise her now matured experience, Florence Nightingale found that the establishment called the Ladies' Hospital in Harley street, which had been founded especially for the reception of invalid ladies of small fortune, was in a lingering state for the want of assistance and good management. She at once undertook in it the office of matron, and in a very short time raised it to a condition of efficiency and great usefulness. To attain this, her exertions were unwearied; and she not only applied to it the whole of her time and energies, but forsook every claim which her fortune and position in society might have other
wise made on her. Fashionable society, the pleasures of literature, art, music—all were resigned in the furtherance of her purpose; and this by one whose highly cultivated mind and faculties quickened to an intense appreciation of all that is beautiful and perfect, rendered the sacrifice only the greater. In a plain, yet unpre
couch of some'suffering invalid, administering the prescribed medicine, smoothing the pillow, supplying little expedients for comfort, or tenderly soothing the irritable mourner; by day, occupied with all the domestic details of a large establishment, enquiring into the symptoms of patients, consulting with medical men on each particular case, and attending to instructions from them, with table covered with prescriptions, letters of application, &c.
"This was her life when the breaking ont of the war with Russia opened to her a yet wider sphere of usefulness. When the need was deeply felt of sending out an efficient staff of nurses to assist in the care of the sick and the wounded, it fortunately happened that the capabilities and acquirements, the fitness, in fact, of Florence Nightingale for taking the lead in the enterprise, was known to some members of the Government, who had the power of appointment in their handa. She was asked to undertake the office of superintendent of the nursing department in the Eastern hospitals, and with little hesitation consented. Accompanied by a large party of paid nurses and lady volunteers selected by her, she proceeded to Scutari, and arrived there at the moment when the disorder and mismanagement in the large hospital there had reached its height, while the sick and wounded were constantly pouring in from the Crimea. Our papers at that time were filled with heart-rending accounts of the horrors which resulted not merely from the inevitable consequences of the war, but also from the inadequate means at band in the hospitals for the relief of the sufferers who came down in shiploads after each bloody engagement. We read of the filth and want of every comfort in the transports which conveyed them from Balaklava to Scutari; of the difficulty in landing the diseased and maimed; of the want of beds, linen, medical stores; of the incapacity of officers; of their absurd adherence to routine and military formalities in the presence of urgent and pressing necessities; and into this chaos of mismanagement and disaster Florence Nightingale and her band of nurses, with a fresh staff of medical officers, had to restore order, decency and comfort. They succeeded in doing this, and, as the result showed, even more than this; for, at the close of the war it was seen that not merely the bodily wants of thousands of our fellow-countrymen were attended to by these good women, but that a high moral influence resulted from their labors. An Irish soldier, in giving his rough testimony to what had been done by Florence Nightingale in the hospital of Scutari, said—' Before she came there was nothing but cussing and swearing, bat afterwards the place was as holy as a church.' In addition to the surgical and medical care which the sick and wounded soldier now received, came a thousand comforts and alleviations around his
tending, costume, she might be seen in that old a thousand comforts and alleviations around his house in Harley-street, bending at night over the bed from the hands of tender and sympathising
women. Refreshing drinks and nourishing delicacies administered at all hours of the day and night when needed by the patient; care for his bodily ailments and sympathy with his thoughts and feelings as they wandered to home and wife and children or aged parents; all this helped to check the roughness and soften the manners of the soldier, and make his best feelings prevail over his worst habits. He was full of grateful reverence for her who was doing so much for him. As she went her rounds, through the miles of hospital wards filled with the sick and dying, 'she had a word and a smile, now for this one and now for that; and, as she could not speak to us all, wo would kiss her shadow as it fell upon our beds,' said one of her grateful patients with the true poetry of nature in his untaught heart. Over refractory and unaccommodating and jealous officials, Florence Nightingale won like victories by her gentleness and firmness. She refused to be restricted by rules and routine when suffering was to be alleviated and pressing wants supplied. When the sick and wounded just landed from the Crimea were lying on the bare ground for want of beds, she would take no refusal from the store-keeper who had them in reserve, but who hesitated to give them out without an official order presented in some particular form. While he stood by, keys in hand, not venturing to open his storehouse, she summoned attendants and bade them break open the doors and take out the required bed and bedding! And the Government and people of England applauded her judicious daring. When, too, the stores of the hospital, as supplied by Government, were insufficient for the wants of the overwhelming numbers which came down to be tended, it was with wise confidence in the justifiability of the step that Miss Nightingale had recourse to the gentleman who was entrusted by the Times newspaper to expend a large sum of money raised by the public in behalf of the sick and wounded soldiers. From him, at a time of great need, and before the Government at home was aware of the wants of the hospital, she obtained all that was required for the sufferers and for the cleansing and purifying and better organization of the hospital.
"After bringing the hospital at Scutari to a high state of efficiency and good management, Miss Nightingale passed over into the Crimea, and, on the heights above Balaklava, supplied a sort of camp hospital there with a staff of nurses and all the materials that she had now at her disposal for comfort and order. She also took an active and influential part in many schemes which were set on foot for the improvement of the habits and morals of the soldier. She induced him to save; to refrain from spirit drinking; and encouraged him to read. Through her hands passed large sums of money sent by the soldiers to their wives and families at home, and
through her hands also passed the numerous books, tracts and means of innocent amusement, supplied by the benevolent in England to those who were fighting their country's battles. We have numerous testimonies from the lips of soldiers, on their return, to the moral good effected by Florence Nightingale and her female companions; but we know not, we cannot measure, nor picture in thought, the good that may result from such influence to this and future generations. The war is over, and our army returned; and in reviewing the past we were never, perhaps, better able to perceive the evils and horrors of war, but at the same time we recognize that even war is not unaccompanied by those manifestations of a merciful and superintending Providence who allows of passing evil for the furtherance of lasting and progressive good. Florence Nightingale has now returned to England, rich in the avowal of all that human praise can bestow, and which must yet fall below, in her estimation, the mere sense of having performed well a high duty. She has been personally honored by her Sovereign, and the people of England, anxious to show their sense of her services, have entrusted to her disposal a large sum of money, which was raised as a testimonial to her, but which she prefers to employ in founding and supporting an institution for the better training of nurses in connection with one of our hospitals. On all sides she has been greeted with honor, love and respect; but returning to her own home in strict privacy she shrinks from all kinds of public homage or distinction, and, in answering an address from the working-men of our large northern towns, modestly passes sentence on herself in the simple words which she inscribed over the grave of one of her assistant nurses in the East, who fell a victim to her exertions, and says of herself 'She hath done what she could.' What might not the world become if all could say this of themselves J"
HOT WATER FOR HOUSE PLANTS.
A correspondent of the Boston Cultivator writing of the management of house-plants, says :—" The way to have healthy plants is to shorten in all struggling growth, and remove every leaf and flower as soon as the least symptom of decay is perceivable, washing them occasionally with warm water from the fine nose of a watering-pot held high above them—thus giving them the benefit of a warm shower at any time or place. But the thing of all others most important is, to water them with hot water at all times; yes, hot to the touch, even beyond what is supposed to be prudent until after experiment —and it is only necessary to watch the result on the health and vigor of the plants, especially when in bloom, to be convinced of the virtue of this ' grand specific'" The writer says be has fuschias now in bloom, mere cuttings about six inches in height, not one failing out of seven, or even more cuttings, planted in a single pot and watered with hot water.—Boston Traiu.
THE SNOW TRADE OF SICILY.
The principal export from Cantania is snow, in which a very lucrative trade is carried on with Malta, and some parts of the south of Italy. It is collected during the winter in pits and hollows on the mountain, and covered with the scoriae and ashes, to prevent its thawing. It is brought down on mules to the coast at night, in panniers oovered with leaves. The revenue derived from this source is immense, and renders the Prince of Paterno one of the richest men in Sicily. Snow is the universal luxury, from the highest to the lowest ranks. It is sold at about the rate of twopence a rotolo, or thirty ounces; and the poorest cobbler would sooner deprive himself of his dinner than of his glass of "acqua gelata." It is also extensively used in the hospitals; and scarcity of it would be considered as great a misfortune as a famine, or any other national visitation, and would more infallibly occasion popular tumults. To guard against any such accidents, the government at Naples have made the providing of it a monopoly, the contractor being required to give security to the amount of 90,000 ducats, which sum is forfeited if it can be proved that for one hour the supply was not equal to the demand.
The Buffalo Immigration Commissioners report that 1400 persons have been relieved during the year with an expense of §3,383 70. All these 1400 persons were foreigners. Most of the number (600) were Germans; next English, 139; then Swiss, 135; and Belgians, 133. Of Irish there were but 100. These facts demonstrate at once the difference between the Irish and all other class of immigrants. Thus, while the Irish immigration is the largest, it remain* with us, here, principally, and exerts its influence on one point, while the Germans, in greater part, it is easily perceived, move westward, and give their exertions to opening up the wilds there. And so also with all other nativities but Irish. Of the 1400 assisted at Buffalo, 200 were assisted to reach places to which they designed emigrating: to Canada West principally (87,") and to the more western cities.
The Select Council of Philadelphia have pasted an ordinance prohibiting the sale of game when out of season. This is a most humane measure, and we trust it will have the effect of restraining those who shoot and market the birds at all seasons of the year.
Flodb Awd Mkal.—The market lor Flour is stiii dull. Good is offered at $6 37. Sales of better brands for home consumption at $6 37 a 6 44, and extra and fancy brands at $7 50 a 8 25. There is very Jiitie export demand. Rye Flour is woith $3 62 per barrel. Corn Meal dull, at $3 00 per bbl., and old stock at 337.
Grain.—Wheat is dull, but prices are steadySales of prime new Pennsylvania red are making at $1 49 a 1 50 and $1 62 a 1 63 for white. Rye is very scarce; sales of Penna. at 82c. Corn is more in demand; sales of old yellow at 68c and new yellow tt 65c. Oats are steady; sales of Pennsylvania Oats at 46c per bushel.
/ 1 ENESEE VALLEY BOARDING SCHOOL FOR VJ GIRLS —The Spring Term of this School will commence on the 2d of 3d mo. next, and continue fourteen weeks.
Teems.—$42 per term for tuition, board and washing, fuel, pens and inks, for particulars address the Principal for a circular.
STEPHEN COX, Principal.
Scottsville P. O., Monroe Co., N. Y.
BOARDING SCHOOL.—A Friend desirous of opening a Boarding School convenient to FriendsMeeting, Fallsington, may hear of a desirable situation by applying previous to the 15th of next month. For further particulars address either W». SattiiThwatts, Jr., or Mark Palmes, Fallsington P.O., Bucks Co., Pa. 1st mo. 10, 1857.
JOST PD BUSHED. A New Edition ol the Di«cipline of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Price Fifty cents.
T. E. CHAPMAN, 1st mo. 10. No. 1 South Fifth St.
JUST PUBLISHED. A Memoir of John Jackson. Price 37* cts. With Portrait, 50 cts.
T. E. CHAPMAN, 1st mo. 10. No. 1 South Fifth St. EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
Fill ENDS' INTELLIGENCER.
VOL. XIII. PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 7, 1857. No. 51.
PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE,
Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay M* in advance. Three copies sent to one address tor Five Dollars.
Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments areto be made.
EXTRACT FROM MEMOIR OF PRISCILLA GURNEY. [Continued from page 787.]
Some important family claims required Priscilla Gurney's attention during the time of the Yearly Meeting of 1816. She felt the privation consequent on being necessarily absent from it, to be no small trial; but, with the spirit of cheerful asquicseence with every circumstance permitted or dispensed by the providence of her heavenly Fathe^ which so uniformly prevailed in her heart, she was perfectly willing to forego the enjoyment of a privilege which she greatly valued. She says:—
".It has been quite a sacrifice to me to give up the Yearly Meeting. I hud longed for such a refreshment, and to be a little more amongst Friends, as we have not much of this kind of help in our situation here: but I do not doubt it is for our benefit to be, for a time, deprived of much outward help and consolation. This has been remarkably my case for many months past. My dear uncle and aunt's long absence from homo has ben oue thing that h:is given this feeling: but I am sure that these things are ordered in wisdom and mercy, and ought to lead us, with more faith, trust and dependence, to the Source of all good."
As the autumn approached, it brought with it, to some of her near connexions, accumulated solicitudes and sorrows. Her uncle Joseph's family had, as we have seen in the record of the previous year, been suddenly bereft of a young and interesting member: this heavy affliction was quickly followed by another, not less deeply felt, and attended by circumstances of peculiar trial. Their daughter Rachel was seriously affected by symptoms of pulmonary disorder; and, by the urgent advice of some attendant physicians, it was concluded that she should pass the ensuing winter in the milder climate of Savoy. Some painful anxieties respecting others of their
beloved circle prevented Joseph i' le Gurney from accompanying their dea1 - , a foreign land; and they confided 'iiportant charge to their affectionate niece, ot whose skilful and assiduous attentions to such as were sinking under disease they bad repeatedly had ample proof. Priscilla Gurncy felt weightily the responsible undertaking; but rncckly surrendered herself to perform the arduous duties which it involved. Her tenderly sympathizing, yet lively spirit, her deep and solid piety, her constant faith and trust, rendered her a most valuable companion to the sick and to the mourner, particularly to those in early life, whose future appeared to be no longer irradiated by the sunshine of youthful anticipations. Rarely could one be found whose experience could better qualify to administer to the failing tabernacle; or, in seasons of extreme weakness and discouragement, when the spirit might sink at the prospect of the awful gloom that enveloped the dark "valley of the shadow of death," few could be more prepared to point the sufferer to those rays of " the Sun of Righteousness" which illumine the Christian's pathway to the tomb. The invalid was also accompanied by her sister Jane. This little, but very interesting party, commenced their journey on the 27th of Ninth Month, at which date Priscilla writes :—
"Our parting at Earlham was under a most sweet and comforting impression of gospel love. We had a solemn reading. 1 felt engaged in prayer that we might be established, strengthened, and settled in the Truth as it is in Jesus; and I was enabled to commend myself, and tho^e most dear to me, as well absent as present, to the Lord, and to his grace under every dispensation. The warm expression of Christian love, unity, and sympathy, from so many of my near and dear friends, was consolatory on leaving my most beloved home. Our departure from the Grove, was very affecting; but quietness and even peace prevailed. A low ride to Harleston. The feeling of most tender love and union of spirit with those I had left (united, I humbly trust, in Him who is the Light of the World,) was powerful through this day and night."
At Witham, one of their resting-places, she addressed the following to her beloved cousin, Anna Buxton, then about to be united in marriage to William Forster :—
"Ninth Month 30th.—I believe I shall be