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that if the above views of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs are correct, which no one at all acquainted with the subject can for a moment doubt, the people of every State in the Union have a deep interest in securing the full success of this institution. They, therefore, beg leave to invite the friends of humanity everywhere to co-op"erate -with them in providing for it such an endowment that it shall never fail of success from want of funds.
In behalf of the Trustees,
Wallace King, President.
Asher Wright, Clerk.
Eber M. Pettit, Treasurer.
Married,—On the 9th day of Fourth mo., 1857, at the house of Mary Hallowell, in Abington Township, Montgomery Co., Pa., according to the order of the Society of Friends, David Eastbtjrn, of Mill Creek, Delaware, to Tacy J., daughter of the late Israel Hallowell, of Abington.
, On the 25th day of 12th month, 1856, at the
bouse of Jacob E. Jarrett in Horsham Township, Montgomery Co., Pa., according to the order of the Society of Friends, C. Newton Smith, son of Dr. Jervis S. Smith, to Jane T., daughter of Jacob E. Jarrett.
, On Fifth day, the 19th of Third mo., 1857,
with the approbation of Woodstown Monthly Meeting, Joseph T. Fogg, of Salem Co., to Sarah H., daughter of John Pancoast, of Mullica Hill, Gloucester Co., N. J.
Died, On the 3d of Second mo., 1857, Ann, wife of John D. Stewart, of L. A. Creek, Salem Co., N. J., in the 52d year of her age. It may be said of her she carried out the example of our primogenitures. She lived a quiet life, and her end was the same. She could say with the Psalmist, " Lead me in thy truth, and teach me, for thou art the God of my salvation; on thee do I wait all the day."
,—On Sixth day, 3d inst., Jonathan Jones, in
the 77th year of his age,—a valuable member and overseer of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting. He was remarkable for moving among his fellows in meekness and love.
, On the 27th of Third mo., 1857, Grace
Knight, in the 86th year of her age, at the residence of her son-in-law, Jonathan Paxson, Bensalem, Bucks Co., Pa.
When we follow to the grave those whose wasted powers can no longer enjoy the scenes of earth, though we may not mourn that Death has happily released them from the clogs of mortality, yet who can see a beloved parent consigned to the grave, (on whose bosom they have leaned, and whose care and solicitude has often been as a hedge of preservation around them,) without feeling their tender sensibilities warmed with that glow of true filial affection, which binds and cements together as a living memorial of departed worth; surely there is something divinely sacred in travelling in spirit to the gates of death with those we love.
, At his residence, at West Branch, Clearfield
Co., Pa. on the 30th ult., after a short illness, WilLiam Cleaver, aged about 45 years. He was an exemplary and highly esteemed minister of the Society of Friends, whose chief concern seemed to be to live a life of practical righteousness, hence his exhortations though generally brief, were calculated to impress upon the minds of his hearers the necessity of such a life, " for thus," said he, " will we be prepared
for that final change which sooner or later awaits as all." In life he was a bright example for those who are left behind, to profit by, and in the dying hour, the calmness and sweet composure which accompanied him, were the surest guarantee of an inheritance of that crown which fadeth not away. J.
ANCIENT INFLUENCE OF AFRICA ON THE NATIONS OF WESTERN ASIA.
It is known that very extensive researches have lately been carried on, by English and French explorers, among the ruins of the great cities in Mesopotamia, and that great facility has now been acquired in deciphering the legends with which their monuments are covered. These are inscribed in what is termed the cuneiform or arrow-head character. This may be considered as the characteristic alphabet of a clayworking, or brick-making, people. The elements of it are such marks as would be made by pressing the angle of a cube, or of a hard brick, or of a square rod, into tough mud, and drawing the point along more or less. These marks have been transferred, by patient engraving, to -the surfaces of granite and hard gems. Perhaps the most interesting in the discoveries which have been reached, are those presented in the following condensed notice extracted from a report of a lecture delivered at Cheltenham, by Lieut. Col. Rawlinson, before the British Association for Promoting Science, at their last meeting. It is remarkable to find that the old Assyrian Empire had a tongue which was classical to it, in our sense of the term, and that the "freshmen" of their colleges were initiated into the mysteries of African lore. The Galla tongue alluded to below, it may be remarked, has, along with the Hottentot dialects, affinities in fundamental ideas, which, ally it to the old monumental Coptic, and these, as a family., differ from the Negro languages of Africa.
Col. Rawlinson says:
"It was found that cuneiform writing, closely allied to hieroglyphic expression, had been introduced into Chaldec by a Hamite race, cognate with the Egyptians; that the primitive cuneiform characters were, in fact, like the hieroglyphics, mere pictures of natural objects, which, when used alphabetically, possessed a value corresponding with the name of the object represented. As the primitive race was composed of many tribes, each possessing its own vocabulary, each natural object had many names, and each character had many values.—This old Hamic mode of writing was adopted by the Semitic Assyrians, and new values were assigned to the characters, corresponding to the synonyms in the Assyrian language; so that in the Assyrian writing there was a mixture of the old Hamic element. This pointed the way to an investigation of those far more ancient and more interesting records belonging to the primitive race, which were written in the old Hamic tongue. A very large portion of the clay tablets deposited in the British Museum relate to this special branch of philology. The science of Assyria, even to the latest time, appears to have been recorded in the old Hamite language, and the acquisition of this tongue was regarded as an essential branch of Assyrian education, and was provided for by large numbers of elementary treatises for the use of youth. We are thus becoming prepared for the translation of the independent IJamite, or primitive Chaldee records.
''This primitive Chaldean period extended from the earliest dawn of history to the institution of a Semitic Empire on the Tigris, in the thirteenth century, B. C. There are, in the inscriptions, many traces of a tradition that the first colonists had come from Ethiopia, under the leading of a hero that answered to the Ninirod of Scripture, described in Genesis as the sou of Cash, who was the brother of Mizraim. He was invoked by the kings as " their ancestor." the " founder" of their race, under the "Nergal, " the lion, or "great animal," in the Hamite tongue. Eight capital cities belonging to this ancient people can be traced. Hur, or " Ur of the Chaldees" was probably the oldest of these cities, for the expression often occurs, "from the remotest times, from the foundation of Hur." A line of fifteen kings of this race is ascertained already as deciphered. This line of kings commenced, probably, in the twenty-third century B. C. Kudar, one of this line, is probably the representative of Chedorlaomer, defeated by Abraham. His distinctive appellation is, "the Ravager of the West." The language of thes early legends is of the Hamite family, having teen brought, apparently, from Ethiopia, through Arabia, by the primitive colonists.—Many of the terms belonging to it have been recognized in the Galla, the most ancient, perhaps, of the African dialects now available for comparison; and there is an evident similarity between the toeabulary of this tongue and that of the Arabic, »here the latter differs from that of the sister languages of the Semitic family. There are, biwever, a considerable number of verbal roots common to the Assyrian and primitive Chaldee; w additional argument being thus furnished in favor of the theory advanced by Bunsen, Max, Mailer, and others, that Semitism was a development of an anterior Hamitism."
Our life is a continual journey toward tho nave, shorter or longer as God pleaseth; and Mny times when we think ourselves far from it, »e may be just upon it.
THE CHRISTIAN VOYAGER.
BT CAROLINE A. BOWLES.
Launch thy bark, mariner ! Christian, God speed thee!
Crowd all thy canvas on, cut through the foam,
Kansas has as large an extent of territory as England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland added
IS THY PATH LONELY?
COL. BENTON IN A YANKEE KITCHEN.
Col. Benton, while on a visit to New England, was much impressed with the factory towns, and particularly with the style in which the operatives live. All this he has stated in a recent address from which we quote :—
"They live in large, stately, elegant houses, and you enter in the same manner as you enter a parlor in Washington. You ring the bell and wait till the girl comes and opens it. You are shown into the parlor, where you see the same kind of furniture as you will find in a Congressman's boarding-house in Washington city. You sit down and inquire for whom you want. It wag near dinner hour when I went up to one of those houses, and I carried my curiosity so far as to ask the mistress of the house to take me into the cooking department and show me how she cooked. She said she was taken unawares and was not prepared for it. I said that was exactly the thing 1 wanted ; I wanted to see it as it was every day. Without more ado she opened the door and led me in, and there was cooking going on in a room so neat that a lady might sit there and carry on her sewing or ornamental work. This was the condition in which I found the houses of the operatives; and to all these comforts they add the leisure to read and cultivate the mind. I dwell upon that, fellow-citizens, as one of the circumstances which struck mc in my visit to New England."
THE CLOCK AT TANGIER.
The Moors, unlike their partially enlightened brethren of the East, prohibit the Christian and the Jew from entering a mosque or other places consecrated by the law of the Prophet under pain of death or embracing the faith of Islam. A droll instance of this occurred some years ago at Tangier.
The clock at the "Jaman Leleer," the great mosque at Tangier, being much out of order, needed some skilful craftsman to repair it. None, however, of the "faithful " were competent to the task, nor could they ever discover what part of the machinery was deranged, though many put forth their opinions with great pomp and authority; amongst the rest, one man gravely declared that a Jin, or evil genius, had, in all probability, taken up its abode within the clock. Various exorcisms were accordingly essayed, sufficient, as every true believer supposed, to have expelled a legion of devils—yet all in vain; the clock continued dumb.
A Christian clock-maker, "a cursed Nazarene," was now their sole resource; and such a one was fortunately sojourning in Tangier— "the city protected of the Lord." He was from Genoa, and, of course, a most pious Christian; how, then, were they, the faithful followers of tho Prophet, to manage to employ him? the clock was fixed in the wall of the tower, and it was, of course, a thing impossible to allow the Kaffer to defile God's house of prayer by his sacrilegious steps.
The time-keeper Moalc/eecd reported the difficulty to the kady; and so perplexed the graybearded dealer in law and justice by the intricacy of the case, that after several hours of deep thought, the judge confessed he could not come to a decision, and proposed to report upon the subject to the kaid, advising that a meeting of the local authorities should be called. "For, in truth," said the kady, "I perceive that the urgency of this matter is great. Yes! I myself will expound our dilemma to the kaid."
The kaid entered feelingly into all the difficulties of the case, and forthwith summoned the other authorities to his porch, where various propositions were put forward by the learned members of the council.
One proposed to abandon the clock altogether; another would lay down boards over which the infidel might pass without touching the sacred floor; but this was held not to be a sufficient safeguard; and it was finally decided to pull up that part of the pavement on which the Kaffer trod, and whitewash the walls near which he passed.
The Christian was now sent for, and told what was required of him; and he was expressly commanded to take off his shoes and
stockings on entering the Jamaa. "That I won't," said the stout little watchmaker; "I never took them off when I entered the chapel of the most Holy Virgin," and here he crossed himself most devoutly, "and I won't take them off in the house of your Prophet."
They cursed in their hearts the watchmaker and all his race, and were in a state of vast perplexity. The wise Oolama had met early in the morning; it was already noon, and yet, so far from having got over their difficulty, they were in fact exactly where they had been before breakfast; when a gray-bcarded Mueddin, who had hitherto been silent, craved permission to speak. The kaid and the kaidy nodded their assent.
"If," said the venerable priest, the mosque be out of repair, and lime and bricks have to be conveyed into the interior for the use of the masons, do not asses carry those loads, and do they not enter with their shoes on?
"You speak truly," was the general reply.
"And does the donkey," resumed the Mueddin, "believe in One God, or ill Mohammed, the Prophet of God P
"No, in truth," all replied.
"Then," said the Mueddin, let the Christian go in shod as a donkey would do, and come out like a donkey."
The argument of the Mueddin was unanimously applauded. In the character of a donkey, therefore, did the Christian enter the Mahommedan temple, mended the clock, not indeed at all like a donkey—but as such, in the opinion of the "faithful," came out again; and the great mosque of Tangier has never since needed another visit of the donkey to its clock.— Wettern Barbara; its Wild Tribes and Savage Animals.
NICARAGUA. Mortality among the Adventurers.—We have already alluded to the risks that are encountered by the deluded young men who identify their fortunes with the Walker Expedition to Nicaragua. The mortality among the adventurers since the commencement of the campaign has been truly appalling. It is stated that threefifths of the total number are either dead Ot disabled by sickness. A returned officer says that according to the best estimate that can be made, full five thousand in all have embarked in this enterprise, and at the last accoimts, but little more than a thousand remained. Of these too, quite a considerable portion were in hospitals—The general estimate is, that of those who ventured to Nicaragua, not more than one in five will survive. Is it not strange to find men who are willing to embark under those circumstances in a scheme of such peril and of death? What can be the inducements ?—What the ope rating causes? Are their fortunes so desperate
that they are ready to submit to any chance that may possibly better them—are they credulous, foolish—or 'are they deceived and misguided? When it is remembered that at least four thousand have perished within eighteen months— some of them fathers with dependent families, but the majority sons, with widowed mothers and other affectionate relatives at home—the anxiety, the desolation and the agony that have been caused by this expediton, may be faintly imagined. The desperate men who tempt the young, the thoughtless and the indiscreet, into such a position, assume a fearful responsibility. —Pennsylvania Inquirer.
"Don't look so cross, Edward, when I call you back to shut the door; grandpa's old bones feel the cold wind; and besides, you have got to spend your life shutting doors, and might as well begin to learn now."
"Do forgive me, grandpa, I ought to be ashamed to be cross to you. But what do you mean? I ain't going to be a sexton. I am going to college, and then I am going to be a lawyer."
"Well, admitting all that, I imagine Squire
Edward C will have a good many doors to
shut if he ever makes much of a manr"
"What kind of doors ? Do tell me, grandpa."
"Sit down a minute, and I'll give you a list. In the first place, the "door of your ears" must be closed against the bad language and evil counsel of the boys and young men you will meet at school and college, or you will be undone. Let them once get possession of that door, and I would not give much for Edward C——'s future prospects.
"The 1 door of your eyes,' too, must be shut against bad books, idle novels and low, wicked newspapers, or your studies will be neglected and you will grow up a useless, ignorant man. You will have to close them sometimes against the fine things exposed for sale in the store windows, or you will never learn to lay up money, or have any left to give away.
"The 'door of your lips' will need especial care, for they guard an unruly member, which makes great use of the bad company let in at the doors of the eyes and ears. That door is very apt to blow open; and if not constantly watched, will let out angry, trifling or vulgar words. It will backbite sometimes worse than a March wind, if it is left open too long. I would advise you to keep it shut much of the time till you have laid up a store of knowledge, or at least, till you have something valuable to say.
"The 1 inner door of your heart' must be well shut against temptation, for conscience, the doorkeeper, grows very indifferent if you disregard his call, and sometimes drops asleep at his post; and when you think you are doing very well, you are fast going down to ruin. If
you carefully guard the outside doors of the eyes, and ears, and lips, you will keep out many cold blasts of sin, which get in before you think.
"This 'shutting doors,' you see, Eddy, will be a serious business; one on which your welldoing in this life, and the next, depends."— American Messenger.
AN INDIAN REPUBLIC.
We condense the following interesting facts from an account of a Dakota community, or rather regular republic, published in the St. Paul Advertiser. It appears that on the head waters of the Minnesota, some forty miles above Fort Ridgley, in a corner of the miserly strip of territory of which the usufruct was reserved to the Dakotas—in the wilderness home of seven thousand shiftless savages,—a veritable republic, organized, representative, free, with a written constitution and a code of laws, has been established on the banks of the Yellow Medicine.
A community of Dakota Indians, including some 25 families, renouncing the tribal system, the habits, the superstitions and the costume of their race, have adopted at once, by unanimous consent, the customs, the dress, and at least the elementary ideas of civilized society.
The traditional principle of the community of property has been abandoned—the whole tribal fabric dissolved, and society reconstructed on the basis of justice to the individual, aud its relations adjusted on the principle of individual responsibility. For this new order of things a methodical organization has been effected,'in which all male adults are represented, and in which all directly participate. A President and Secretary were regularly elected. A constitution and code of by-laws were written, and the rights of property recognized and defined.
One finds the savage hunter of a year since, dressed to-day in the costume of the white man —the hair cut short, and the paint and ornaments discarded—living in neat houses of the simple but comfortable architecture usual in frontier settlements, with an enclosed field of four or five acres around him, tilled with the implements of modern husbandry. The Indian woman, released from the despotism of tribal prescription, is no longer a beast of burden, but attends tp the gentler duties of the household, while the husband accepts with pride the toil his recent pride disdained.
This republic was the fruit, in fact, of long years of toil and of heroic self sacrifice—the tardy result of the labors of the Dakota Missionaries, two excellent men, Dr. Williamson and S. R. Riggs, who have devoted their lives to the evangelization of the Sioux. Mr. Riggs is a cultivated scholar, and the editor of a valuable Dakota grammar and dictionary. It is around the mission house of this gentleman that the Hazelwood Republio has established its settlement; and its members—many of whom can read and write Dakota, some of them even English —are composed chiefly of his pupils and converts. It was under his auspices that the Hazelwood Republic was organized some two years since. The members—the male adults voting—have elected " Paul" their President, and "Hennuck" Secretary. The latter was educated at the East. The thrift of these people in their new mode of life may be inferred from the fact that Major Flandrau, the agent for the Sioux, recently bought 400 bushels of potatoes and 500 bushels of corn from them.
Their accounts against the government are usually atttested by vouchers in their own handwriting. No portion 'of the school fund provided by the treaty had been appropriated until a small portion of the sum due, $4,000 in all, was received. A part of this was judiciously expended in the establishment of a Dakota school in the republic, taught for the present by a native Indian.
At the Red Wood agency a similar settlment of Indians has commenced, and now numbers some eleven or twelve families. We shall watch with deep interest the progress of the Hazelwood Republic.—North American.
PHILADELPHIA MARKETS. Flour Awd Meal.—Flour is in fair demand. Standard and good brands at $5 87 a 6 00. Sales of belter brands for home consumption at $6 00 a 6 25, and extra and fancy brands at $6 75 a 7 25. There is very liitle export demand. Rye Flour is held at $4 00 per barrel. Last sales of Corn Meal at $3 12 per bbl.
Grain.—Wheat is dull, but prices are steady. Sales of prime Pennsylvania red are making at$l 40 a $1 42, and $1 43 a 1 55 a 1 56 for good white. Rye is steady; sales of Penna. at 82c. Corn is in fair request, at 65c for new yellow afloat, 66c for old, and 63c in the cars and in store. Oats are scarce; sales of Pennsylvania at 48 a 49c per bushel.
FRIENDS having ' business communications or visiting in the vicinity of Cecil Monthly Meet ing, a branch ot Southern Quarter, may reach that section cheaply, pleasantly and expeditiously, by taking a ticket by cars from Philadelphia at 1 o'clock P. M., to Sassafras Eivke, on 3rd 5th and 7th days. Fare to Sassafras River *1 50. Conveyance to be had of Kiciiakd Torner, at Ketterton Landing on Sassafras River, to any part of the neighborhood.
i URPHY'S SCHOOL.—This Institutien having I been in successful operation for the last>20 years, as a day school, will now receive six or eight female pupils, (girls under 13 years of age prelerred,) as boarders in the family. Attention will be paid to health, morals, &c. They will be desired to attend Friends'Meeting on First days, accompanied by one of their teachers, also mid-week Meetings if required by parents or guardians. Terms $35 00 per quarter of twelve weeks, (one-half payable in advance) including board, washing, &c. For further particulars enquire of LET1TIA MURPHY, Principal.
SARAH C. WALKER, Assistant.
( HESTERFIELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG MEN AND BOYS.—The Summer Session of this Institution will commence the 18th of 5th mo. 1857, and continue twenty weeks.
Terms.—$70 per session, one half payable in advance, the other in the middle of the term.
No extra charges. For further particulars address, HENRY W. RIDGWAY, Crosswicks P. O., Burlington Co., N. J.
PLDRIDGE'S HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.—The Pj next Term of this Institution will commence on the 18th of 5th month next and continue 20 weeks.
Scholars of both sexes will be received during the coming Term.
All the branches of a liberal English education are thoiouahly taught in this institution ; also the elements of the Latin and French languages.
Terms $70 per session. To those studying Latin or French an additional charge will be made of $3 for each language.
No other extra charges except for the use of Classical and Mathematical Books and Instruments.
A daily Stage passes the door to and from Philadelphia.
For further particulars address the Principal for a Circular.
ALLEN FLITCRAFT, Eldridge's Hill, Salem County, N. J.
REEN LAWN BOARDING SCHOOL FOR 1 GIRLS, near Unionville, CheBter County, Pa. The summer session of this school will commence on the fourth of Filth month next, and continue twenty weeks. The course of instruction, by competent female teachers, will be extensive in all the usual branches comprising a thorough English Education, Drawing included. Terms fifty-five dollars persession. one hall in advance. Fancy needlework at an extra charge of three dollars. The use of all Class Boo!;«, Globes, Maps, Planisphere, Physiological Charts, Pen* and Ink, two dollars per session. Those wishing to enter will please give their names is early as possible. For circulars address the Principal, Unionville Post Office. EDITH B. CHALFANT.
3mo . 28. 3t. Principal.
T ONDON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR
_L, YOUNG MEN AND BOYS It is intended to
commence the Summer session of this Institution on the 1st 2d day in the 5th mo. next. Lectures will be delivered on various subjects, by the teacher. Also, on Anatomy and Physiology, by a medical practitioner! the former illustrated by appropriate appaiatus; the latter by plates adapted to the purpose.
Tkkms; 65 dollars for 20 weeks. No extra charge except for the Latin language, which will be 5 dollars. For Circulars, including references, and further particulars, address
BENJAMIN SWAYNE, Principal,
3d mo. 14, 1857.
BY B ER R Y B()AR^ING^SCHOOL FOR Girts. The fourth session of this school, taught by Jane Hillborn and Sisters, will commence on the 1st Second day in the Fifth month, and continue twenty weeks. The usual branches of a liberal English Education will be taught.
Terms: $60 per session, one half payable in advance, the other half at the end of the term. For Circulars, containing particulars, address,
JANE HILLBORN, Byberry P. O., Pa.
3d mo. 14, 1857—8t.
Merrihfw £ Thompson, Prs., Lodge St, North side Penna. Bank.