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in the navigation of iron ships will be understood and removed.—N. Y. Com. Adv.
A ROMANTIC PROCEEDING—REMOVAL OP THE INHABITANTS OF PITCAIRN'S ISLAND.
We learn by late English papers, that the descendants of the mutineers of the English ship Bounty, whose romantic history has excited a world-wide interest, have been removed from Pitcairn's Island, in consequence of the colony having out grown the means of sustenance which the island afforded. They were transferred to Norfolk Island, together with all their goods and chattels.
There are only eight of the first generation of settlers left—two men and six women. The eldest man is about sixty-one or sixty-two, and the oldest woman betweep seventy and eighty. Charles Christian is the grandson of the ringleader of the mutineers. The number of persons removed was 199; 97 males and 102 females, one child having been born on the voyage, and named Dennison, after the GovernorGeneral of New South Wales. Pitcairn's Island is situate in lat. 25 4 S., long, 130 25 W., and is only about four and a half miles in circumference, one mile and a half being its greatest length, not more than one square mile being available for cultivation; yet it has been the isolated home of a happy and thriving settlement of nearly 200 souls. Owing to the frugal and temperate habits of the people and the healthfulness of the climate, the population has outgrown its circumscribed limits.
Their new home—Norfolk Island—is situated in lat. 29, S., and long. 108 10 E., being distant from Sidney about twelve hundred miles. It is six miles in length and four in breadth, and contains about 14,000 acres. It is well watered, and there is a a high hill in the centre, called Mount Pitt. For mauy years it was the penal settlement for the vilest and most incorrigible transported criminals sent from England to Van Dieman's Land. But since the abolition of transportation to Tasmania, the convicts have been withdrawn from the Island. The locality to which these settlers have thus voluntarily transferred themselves is infinitely preferable to their former circumscribed home, both in dimensions, scenery and capabilities. It has been described as a little earthly paradise, and is capable of producing everything that can promote the well being of a community. There are 2000 or 3000 acres of fine land now in cultivation, and as much more might be rendered fruitful. The island is very healthy, and no epidemics are known there. The soil produces both tropical and European fruits, vegetables and grain, besides spices, the sugar cane, cinnamon, coffee, the pepper vine, tobacco, &c.
There were left at Norfolk Island for the use
of its new occupants, 2000 sheep, 450 head of cattle, and 20 horses, and provisions for twelve months, with everything requisite for the cultivation of the soil. The buildings on the island are of the most substantial character, and mora than sufficient for the]usc of the Pitcairn settlers, who, in their former home, dwelt in rude, palm thatched houses. The fine scenery, superior accommodations, enlarged territory and increased field of operations for their industry, together with the ample provision made for their sustenance, must render their new hnmca very attractive spot for these people of simple habits.
The history of this interesting colony, aUhough known to a large portion of the reading community, may not be familiar to all. The ship Bounty, commanded by Captain Bligh, was dispatched by the British government to Tahiti, to convey young broad fruit trees to the West Indies. While on the voyage the crew mutinied, murdered the captain, set adrift a part of their number, and took the vessel to Pitcairn's Island, where they arrived in 1789, with nine Tahitian men and thirteen women. There were ten of the mutineers, and their fate was for a long time unknown. From them sprang the present thriving colony.
THE ORIGIN OF WHEAT.
TheEdinburg Review, in a late able article, discussing the original of the cereals, especially wheat, states that there are two theories upon this subject, one which considers races of plants immutable, and holds, therefore, that wheat existed onee and may still exist indigenously, somewhere; and another, which maintains that the cereal, as at present known, has been developed by cultivation. This latter opinion the Review advocates, maintaining that the particular plant from which wheat originated, is a grass, growing wild on the shores of the Mediterranean, and known to botanists by the name of aegilops. It is urged, in confirmation of this hypothesis, that, wherever the cultivation of a species is known, it is found that man has first applied to his use a plant growing wild about him, cultivating it, and sowing seeds from the best species of the cultivated plant, until it reached a state so far excelling its original condition, that it would have been impossible for any hut an observer of the process to trace its origin. The origin of wheat is presumed to be analogous, and, in fact, the Review adds that a French botanist, reasoning in his way, and observing many striking points of resemblance between the aegilops and wheat, undertook to develope the latter from the former, and by saving, year after year, the seed from such plants as appeared to approach nearer to its object, actually succeeded in his object. The plant, thus obtained, still continues to be cultivated, both by him and by others, and to yield real, bona fide wheat.
One of the most frequent sources of trial to an American housekeeper, is the kitchen help. Either no help can be obtained, or it is of very poor quality. In the country, the first of these perhaps is the greatest veil; in the city, the latter. So long as immigrants from other lands continue to Bwarm to our shores, help of some kind will doubtless be abundant, but the aversion of foreigners generally to a farming life, and their desire to congregate together, make it difficult to place them where most needed—in our small villages and rural districts.
In our treatment of domestics, we should be careful not to be too exacting, but remember that like yourselves they are liable to become weary or ill.
Do not consider it a part of your business to find fault with them whenever any occasion will warrant. The same principles which should govern us in the care of children is applicable here—manifest your approbation for everything that will bear it and censure as little as possible. Treat them peraeveringly as though you supposed they intended to do right, even though you know it to be not the case, and instead of finding fault when a thing is done wrong, wait, if possible, till it is to be done again, then remind them of their previous forgetfulness, and explain your wishes anew, and you will be far more likely to accomplish a permanent improvement.
Never raise yo«r voice or speak in an angry or excited manner—speak deliberately and calmly, however great the annoyance, or if you cannot control your voice, be silent till you can, and you will not only have obtained a great victory over yourself, but remedy the evil far more surely. Add praise for something well done at the same time that you censure, if possible.
A "fresh hand" is often little help to an overworked housewife, but exercise patience, go about with them, and show them a few days if necessary, and under proper management even the most stupid will improve.
Frequent changes are often a great annoyance, but the privilege of change is as great for the housewife as the girl. If they can do better elsewhere, they have the same right to go that persons employed in any other relation have. Always treat them kindly and considerately, and do them a favor when you can, and they will be less inclined to leave.— Ohio Farmer.
A Rocking Stone.—Some gentlemen recently exploring in the neighborhood of the Chawica lime quarries, in Alabama, found a rock of some hundred tons weight, so nicely balanced that it could be moved by the hand of a child, although no practicable force could be imagined which would throw it from its base. It motion was about six inches of space.
POISON OF THE SPIDERS.
There have been noticed in several instances recently, serious results attributed to the spider. The latest occurred in Cincinnati, on Thursday last, which is stated to have resulted fatally:
A young man named Wm. Haughton, employed in a dry goods store, was taken to a physician's office in a great state of suffering, caused by a spider's bite near the abdomen, received a few hours before. The suffering of Haughton continued to increase until late in the afternoon, when he died, apparently from the effects of the bite. The cape has excited considerable attention in the medical profession, and the physicians of that city state that it is the only affair of the kind which has ever come within their knowledge.
The Arithometre.—A calculating machine bearing this name, has, it is said, been introduced into several European commercial houses, and into the Mint of France. It not only solves cases in the four rules, but ascertains the powers of quantities, extracts the roots of numbers, and all with the most incredible rapidity.
The New England Pin Company, of Winsted, Connecticut, have just started a new machine for sewing pins upon papers. It selects the little indispensables from a pile and stretches them in a continuous row upon narrow strips of paper, at the rate of 300 per minute.
Floue Awd Mial.—The market for Flour is r»tber lower. We quote at $6 25 a 6 37. Sales of good brands for home consumption at $6 37 a 6 44, and extra and fancy brands at $6 62 a S SO. There is very liitle export demand. Rye Flour is worth $3 75 per barrel. Corn Meal is dull, at $3 00 per bbl.
Grain.—Wheat is dull, but prices are steadySales of prime new Pennsylvania red are making at $1 48 a 1 50, and $1 60 a 1 62 for white. Rye is very scarce ; sales of Penna. at 82c. Corn is scarce; sales of old yellow at 68c and new yellow at 65c. Oats are steady at 47c per bushel.
BOARDING SCHOOL.—A Friend desirous of opening a Boarding School convenient to Friends' Meeting, Fallsington, may hear of a desirable situation by applying previous to the 15th of next month. For further particulars address either Wm. SattskThwaitb, Jr., or Mark Palmer, Fallsington P. O., Bucks Co., Pa. 1st mo. 10, 1857.
JUST PUBLISHED. A New Edition ot the Discipline of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Price Fifty cents.
T. E. CHAPMAN, 1st mo. 10. No. 1 South Fifth St.
JTJST PUBLISHED. A Memoir of John Jackson. Price 37i cts. With Portrait, 50 cts.
T. E. CHAPMAN, 1st mo. 10. No. 1 South Fifth St. VOL. XIII.
PHILADELPHIA, SECOND MONTH 14, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE, No. 100 South Fifth Street, PHILADELPHIA, Every Seventh clay at Two Dollars per annum, p«yHn* in ad--'-.rt. Three copies sent to one address for Five Dollars.
Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
EXTRACT FROM MEMOIR OF PRISCILLA GURNEY. [Continued from page 730.]
In the altered situation of the bereaved family, various circumstances concurred to bring the members of it under a serious consideration of the religious course which they believed to be most likely to conduce to their right settlement in Christian truth. At a time when their hearts were rendered peculiarly impressible by heavy affliction, and acutely alive to the soothing effect of sympathy and to the consolations of the Gospel, they became intimately acquainted with a pious and zealous clergyman of the " Established Church," Edward Edwards, of Lynn. He evinced a deep interest iu the spiritual condition of these young persous, aoc| was instrumental in imbuing their minds with & clearer comprehension of the fundamental principles of New Testament doctrine. This naturally induced a strong mutual attachment, which at length resulted in the union of several of the family with that section of professors with which their kind instructor was connected. But whilst some of them were attracted in that direction, others soon afterwards yielded to an influence of a different character. The example of their beloved sister, Elizabeth Fry,jvbo had become a decided Friend, and who had, in a remarkable manner, been enabled to uphold, in great brightness, the standard of Christian excellence, operated powerfully, yet almost imperceptibly, on several of the family circle; and this, together with a consequent increase of acquaintance, not only with the principles, but also with many devoted members, of tho religious Society in which they had been nominally educated, was, under the Divine blessing, the means of strengthening their attachment to the worship and views of the " Friends," and they eventually became firmly established in their Christian profession. Notwithstanding this diversity in the external
manifestation in their consci ..ous impressions, there was much of the true " unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace" preserved amongst them, and the fruits of Gospel love, and of submission to the cross of Christ, were evidenced in life and conduct.
Some letters from Priscilla Gurney to her sister Fry, written in the year 1810, describe the serious considerations into which her mind was introduced, whilst yet somewhat undecided as to her own future course, as well as her earnest desire to be guided by the Holy Spirit. The style of expression will show that she had not been accustomed to adhere to the correct grammatical language used by "Friends."
"My Dearest Betsey,—I have been wishing to
answer thy letter ever since I received it
It is always interesting to hear at all intimately from thee. I am sure I can feel for thee in what thee must have gone through lately ;* but I am never inclined to feel much anxiety about thee. There is so much cause for hope that thee will be carried through every trial, as thee has hitherto been. Thee wishes me to send thee a particular account of myself; but I really hardly know what to say. When I think of thee I feel so ashamed of myself. 1 do not know how to communicate all my great weakness and deficiencies, and this, I believe, is one reason why I do not write oftener to thee; but I may truly say that I often think of thee, and feel very near to thee in heart. Thy sympathy, even at a distance, is very valuable and helpful to me. I have sometimes suffered painful discouragements, chiefly from finding my heart still so attached to the world; but more often, lately, I have been hopeful and comfortable ; indeed, I have no cause to be uncomfortable, except from my own want of faith and continued deficiencies. Somo pains that I feared so much seem so unexpectedly removed. I felt so much anxiety lest we should be any source of pain to dear Catherine,'}' but nothing can well have exceeded her conduct towards us. She gives us the most entire liberty to pursue that path which is the most for our good and happiness: I do not mean only in judgment, but in feeling; for she
* In reference to E. J. F.'s early engagements as a Gospel minister.
f Catherine Gurney had returned from a lengthened stay at Lynn, where she had become united to the "Established Church."
has fully expressed to us that, let U9 be what we may, if we act from conscience, she does not think
it would give her any pain I think I
never felt more truly united to her, or more happy and easy with her, than I do now. Her cheerfulness, calmness, and steadiness, is the greatest support to us all; and what a blessing it is after all we have suffered!"
Soon afterwards, she penned the following instructive remarks :-—
"It is consoling, under the sense and burden of our manifold infirmities, to find that others have had the same trials—the same pilgrimage to pass through. At times the present state of probation, and the prospect of what is at the end of the race, wears a more serious aspect than at others, and seems to como more home to the heart; and yet, how much more cause we have to wonder that this should have so little effect upon us, than that it should impress us awfully. Oh, how important it is that we should, at all times, be found watching! But how far am I from this desirable state! Almost every day proves my unwatchfulness and want of faith. This makes me feel the necessity of going on quietly, and professing little; in short, of showing our faith more by our works than by our words."
A few weeks later, she addressed the following letter to her friend and cousin, Anna Buxton, (afterwards the wife of William Forster). The similarity of their course, and the manner in which both of them were brought by experimental religion, to an implicit faith in the immediate power and teaching of the Spirit of Truth, united them very closely in the life and love of the Gospel.
Earlhav, Ninth Month, 29th, 1810. "I believe I never felt for thee such love and
sympathy as at this time It is frequently
a support and refreshment to me to turn my thoughts towards thee, and it is an encouragement to me to remember how thou hast hitherto been mercifully led and supported in that path which I have also entered. It is often the earnest desire of my heart that we may, every one of us, whether Friends or not, be enabled to 'run with patience the race that is set before us,' and labor to enter into that rest which is prepared for the people of God. I do, indeed, increasingly feci the infinite importance of it, though the work is sometimes very hard to our weak and frail nature, and we hardly know how to hold on our way amidst the temptations and discouragements which we are liable to in our pilgrimage here; yet we know there is an Almighty power which can preserve us through them all, and make our way clear before us; and to this may we, at all times, and under all circumstances, look for strength.
"I feel very deeply interested in Joseph's state of mind at this time, which, indeed, seems to be [
a serious one. Whatever path he may in future think best to pursue, it is my belief that there is something in him that draws near to Friends. But I desire to leave all these things, for I really fear to have any selfish considerations; though being in some things so much left to walk alone is, now and then, very distressing to my spirits. Yet I have hardly ever felt any essential discouragement, or any misgivings as to the steps I have myself taken, for which I ought to be thankful. I do believe that nothing slwrt of very much giving up, in heart, all things in this life will do; and this we must diligently labor after, whatever it may cost us."
About this time she addressed the following letter to her beloved cousin, M. B.,* who, like herself, had yielded to convictions which led to the full adoption of the Christian views and practices of the Society of Friends :—
"It is impossible but that our having come to the same conclusion should be a fresh bond of union between us. I confess I feel it so, though I never felt more inclined to love and to be united to all who are endeavoring to serve God to the best of their ability. It is so hard valiantly to maintain the Christian warfare, that whatever we find is an assistance to us is too valuable to be rejected. If we have thought it right to adopt a stricter appearance externally, may it indeed be an incitement and a stimulus to keep our watch more diligently, that 'we may lay aside every weight, and the sins that most easily beset us, and run with patience the race that is set before us.' The adopting our religious garb is like a more open profession to others, that we desire to forsake the world, or at least the evils of it; and in this way it appears to me a very serious thing, and no light matter. I have cause, indeed, to be humbled at my little progress in the best things—my lukewarmness, unwatchfulness, and manifold deficiencies and infirmities. One thing I am sure of,—that the more we are devoted to a religious life, the happier we are, even Acre."
The winter of 1810 was passed by Priscilla Gurney in the quiet pursuit of her usual avocations—administering to the necessities of those around her who. were suffering from penury or sickness, and in the supervision of the schools in the vicinity of Earlham Hall, which had been established through the active benevolence of its inmates. We have, from the pen of her brotherin-law, Sir T. F. Buxton, a lively reference to the assidious attentions devoted by Priscilla to the relief of the indigent, and to the several "days in every week" in which she was exclusively employed in visiting them: "I can," he says, "speak of the manner in which she was prepared, as soon as breakfast was over, to proceed to her task; her basket in readiness, filled
with such little presents as she thought might be useful or acceptable to those who were suffering from disease." The comparatively inconspicuous course of duty, which thus occupied much of her time, was peculiarly favorable to that spiritual communion with her Redeemer, by which the experience of his love and power prepared her to show forth the riches of his grace; and, through the effectual operation of his Holy Spirit, the principles of Christian truth professed by Friends were increasingly precious in her view, and she was enabled to dedicate her whole heart to the service of the Lord. Her example in the domestic circle operated powerfully, and evidenced that the ono great object of her life was to "press toward the mark for the prize of" her " high calling of God in Christ Jesus."
fTo be continued.]
Testimony from Third-Haven Monthly Meeting,
in Maryland, concerning James Harms.
As this our beloved friend was, for his piety and humble walking, uprightness, and regularity of conduct and conversation, worthy to be remembered amongst the faithful in his day, we think it right to give forth the following testimony concerning him.
He had his education in the way of that called the Church of England, and was in the early part of his life convinced, by the operation of Truth in his own mind, of the necessity of living a godly, righteous, and sober life; but did not make much progress in the path of true religion until near the thirtieth year of his age; about which time, attending more closely to the witness in himself, he joined a pious people, distinguished by the name of Nicholites. As he was favored with a spiritual discerning and stability in the Truth beyond many, he at length became secretly exercised in spirit respecting their situation, from an apprehension that a junction with the Society of Friends would tend to mutual advantage in the way of truth; and under the weight and exercise thereof, was sometimes led to mention it to his fellow professors; but the opposition which appeared in some, together with his own fears and discouragements prevailing at times, we believe caused him deep wading for some years; but through the continued favors of divine regard, from time to time manifested in his own mind, and the help of the spirits of brethren and sisters under a similar exercise, he became more and more confirmed that it was the Lord's work: until at length way opening, he, with a majority of that Society in these parts, requested to be received into membership with Friends; most of whom, some time after, were accordingly united to us; and continuing to exercise his gift to satisfaction, he became an approved Minister amongst us, being accompanied with convincing energy and power.
Having, we believe, passed through many
proving seasons in the course of his pilgrimage, and we think it may be truly said, come to a firm establishment on the foundation which standcth sure, it pleased divine Goodness to remove him from his church militant, after an illness of about three weeks, which he bore with remarkable patience and resignation to the divine will —expressing, that if the Lord had any further service for him to do, he desired to be raised to do it; and if not, he was resigned either in life or death—that his outward affairs were settled nearly to his mind.
One night, being in great pain, a friend said, he hoped he had comfort in his affliction—"Ah," said he, "if it was not for that, what a poor creature should I be; for that is worthy to be sought after above all other considerations." A young man standing by his bed-side, he said to him, "My great desire for thee is, that thou mayest prepare for such a time as this." At another time he said, " I have been greatly favored, that I have nothing to fear beyond the grave; for I have felt a great change wrought by the power of divine love." At another time, being under great pain of body, said, "Lord, grant me patience to endure thy dispensation. 0 welcome death! Lord, thy kingdom come! thy kingdom come!" At another time he called his only son to him, and desired him and all his children to remember the poor, and be kind to them for his sake; in particular the poor tenants, not to deal hard with them; for they come hard by what they got, and the year had been difficult; nor distress the poor for money due to him; and desired that all his children might remember the example he had set before them, that it might be a blessing to them—and seeing them around him, expressed a great desire that they might seek the Lord for their portion, above all other enjoyments; "for," said he, "if I had these rooms full of gold, and the work of reformation not experienced, what could it do for me? it would help to make me the more miserable; for I have thought, sometimes, that I was as rich as heart could wish, and I feel nothing but love, and the smiles of the heavenly Father's countenance upon me; and what more can I desire?" further observing, that as there was one of them who was likely to have a numerous offspring, he much desired she might seek divine strength, whereby to be made able to raise up a family of godly children, and prove a blessing to them, both in time and in eternity. Seeing his wife sorrowing, he desired her not to grieve after him, but to continue faithful; that when her time should be no longer, she might be happy in the end: and said, that if he thought he should live but one hour, his soul would rejoice; but added, "Not my will, but thine be done;" abundantly manifesting through the course of his affliction, a becoming resignation either in life or death.
At another time, being asked if he would take