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answered. Let faith and hope dictate the reply.

FOR LITTLE CHILDREN. Under God, faith and hope command the future. Romme

Remarkable expressions of a child in PhiladelIt stands before us solemn and veiled, its grief and its gladness alike hidden; for God is mer

| phia, not more than seven years of age, related

by his mother. ciful to our feeble eyes, and keeps back what is to be on the morrow, because sufficient unto the

sufficient unto the Reading the life of Fenelon, one first day day are the evil and the good thereof. And yet morning in my bed, two of my children being He who so baffles our foolish curiosity, is all with me, a son of seven years and a daughter of light to guide our steps into the way of divine four years of age, I requested them to remain and human service, and we say blessed human still while I read ; and to induce them to be so, life! Blessed year upon the earth, fresh from 1 proposed they should think for half an hour ; the Giver's infinite fulness! for faith and hope and then tell me their thoughts. After a pause are offered to us with our new days, and they my little son replied, it was not possible to tell are empowered of God to transform all things. his thoughts, they were the same as those that It is easy to draw a dark picture of the world, be- had been in his mind more than a year, and that cause it is a dark world: easy enough to shew that they were delightful; the more he thought, the the skies are threatening and the times bad : but more he wished to continue in that meditation, faith and hope live and rejoice in the very midst and if all the world could get into the same feelof darkness; the hour of struggle is especially ings, it would be impossible for any to be lost. theirs, and by virtue of them man stands up Being very much startled at such an unexpected amidst the rush of years and the march of events, reply from so young a child, I enquired of him a living force. Come life or death, come joy or if he could recollect the first time he felt those sorrow, this new year shall be a good year for all serious impressions; he said they came on by who are old enough, and mature enough, to be- degrees, and from a desire to serve God, and to lieve and hope. The world is in his hands who be good. I then asked him if he was willing to made it: our business is not so much to specu- die, and go to Heaven; he said he bad Heaven late upon its fortunes and fate, as to obey Him. already in his heart, therefore he believed if he Our work lies very near home. Society advances should be called from this world, his spirit would but slowly. sometimes, as in the case of the unite with God his Father, but he wanted to live heavenly bodies, with apparent retrograding to pray for others who were wicked; and that The smaller world, the individual man, may many times when he was alone he burst into move on with rapid strides, and enter a state of tears for the sins of the world, and wished it was freedom and blessedness, which does not come in his power to bring them into the same feeling yet to the race.

R. E. with himself. He also said he could not speak

of these things to his companions at school, knowFor Friends' Intelligencer.

ing he should be ridiculed; and that if I knew I know not whether such a communication as all he suffered in mind among such a set of the above would come within the limits of your wicked boys, I would weep for him continually. interesting paper, but having never seen it in I asked him what he meant? He said, grieving print, and having treasured it in my mind for for them lest they should continue hardened in more than forty years, I send it to you thinking, wickedness, and sorry that they should offend so perhaps, it may amuse some of your readers; we good a God, and distressed for himself in strug. require amusement sometimes as well as instruc-gling against the temptations before him, and tion.

M. C. afraid he should do something wrong ; but that Pleasant Ville, 1st month 17th, 1857. these thoughts which were continually with him

A number of years since the following cir- were his comfort. I asked him if he knew from cumstance occurred in England. A Friend had / whence these thoughts proceeded? He said ves. a concern on his mind to have an appointed | from God, and that it was God's spiritin him, and Meeting, and it was concluded to be held at a that he sometimes enjoyed Heaven, without Theatre in the evening. When the company | waiting for death. assembled, these lines were found posted on the 1st mo. 1813. door.

If, readers, you have time to spare,
Turn o'er St. Mathew's leaves,

And there you'll find the house of prayer -A little deaf and dumb girl was once asked by a
Was made a den of thieves.

lady, who wrote the question on a slate, “What But now the times are altered quite,

is prayer ?
O, reformation rare :
This modern den of thieves, to night

The little girl took her pencil and wrote in
Is made the house of prayer.

reply, Prayer is the wish of the heart."

And so it is. All fine words and beautiful “ Do nothing (said Lady Elizabeth Brooke) | verses said to God do not make real prayer with“ upon which you dare not ask God's blessing." out the sincere wish of the heart.

The following sensible remarks are from a / not only the waste of money thus incurred, but

the example which she is setting to her poorer New York paper :

sisters ; she will consider that, occupying a conThe subject of reckless social expenditure in

spicuous social position, others will strive to do this city has recently engrossed the public at

as she is doing, and she will shrink from the tention, and with the evidence of luxurious

ungrateful suspicion of leading others into templiving all around us, it could hardly have been tation. The dress mania is the most inevitable otherwise. We need not enter the palatial and incurable which can possess the female mind. residences of the avenues ; we need not intrude

It keeps unhappy husbands toiling day by day upon the privacy of the household; we need not

with no hope of competence; it leaves the culreckon the ruinous cost of upholstery and of fur. ture of little children to the mercy of chance ; niture, of troops of menials, of loaded tables,

and it is almost sure to banish every noble aspiand of well-stocked wine-bins, to form an idea of

ration and every generous impulse. While it the worse than waste of money which is going makes so many unions unhappy, it diminishes on in this metropolis. Fashion flaunts her gaudy the agored

launts her gaudy the aggregate of marriages, and, of course, the ensign in our faces as we walk the streets, and average of public morality. A woman having peers at us through the windows of the carriages ; really at heart the progress and emancipation of luxury loads the counters of our tradesmen with

her sex will hardly assume the responsibility of heaped up temptations to squander ; more than

seducing, by the gratification of her own idle half the goods which are exposed for sale are

vanity, so many of her sisters into a path which utterly useless, and the statistics of the Custom

can lead only to embarrassment and final ruin. House show into what channels the public wealth

Such a person will comprehend that it is because is flowing, never to return.

woman has permitted herself to be made a toy ; Now there are two considerations which ought because she has been willing to be a thing of to be presented, and which we suppose we may gewgaws, flounces and feathers, that she is in her present without being charged with leveling pro- present condition of subjugation and dependency. pensities. The rich, in the first place, owe a While all benevolent and thoughtful persons are duty to themselves. Rich or poor, living in a deploring the headlong extravagance of the day, brown-stone house or in a cellar, naked or clothed we believe that in no way can women of wealth with the fabrics of Eastern looms, starving or exert a more salutary influence than by making stuffed, we are all beings accountable, not only it fashionable to dress with taste certainly and to each other, but each to himself or herself, for with neatness, but prudently and economically. the use of our faculties and endowments. It is They have it in their power to commence a renot the mere pecuniary bankruptcy which so form, the various blessings of which cannot be often follows reckless living; it is not the upa-over-estimated. Of weak, silly and demoralized voidable temptation to sin which accompanies a women we expect nothing; they will giggle and love of display ; it is the utter insolvency of flaunt to the end of the chapter; but are there mind and heart against which we would most not at least fifty sensible matrons in New York solemnly protest. When we think what a life who will initiate a retrenchment so necessary to should be; when we estimate the possibility of social happiness? human culture; when we reckon how great is a self-sustained, well-balanced and veracious na

· LIFE. ture, with what mingled feelings of sorrow and Men rejoice when the sun is risen; they rediegust do we regard this devotion to fripperies/joice when it goes down ; while they are unconand to follies, to childish vanities and vulgar scious of the decay of their own lives. Men gratifications ! Placed here to do a work which rejoice at seeing the face of a new season, as no man can by any possibility do for us, with the arrival of one greatly desired. Nevertheless, unlimited capacity and with nothing unattaina- the revolution of the seasons is the decay of ble which is worth hoping for, what madness is | human life. Fragments of driftwood, meeting it to waste the little hour which is vouchsafed to in the wide ocean, continue together a little us in continual efforts at scenic display, in small space ; thus parents, wives, children, relatives, anxieties, and low, ambitious and despicable ri- friends, and riches remain with us but a short valries.

time-then separate, and the separation is ineviBut a second consideration is found in the table. No mortal man can escape the common duty which the wealthy owe to those less fortunate lot; he who mourns for departed relatives has than themselves. A woman may be perfectly | 20 power to make them return. Knowing that able, without danger of defrauding any one, to the end of life is death, every right-minded man deck her person at the cost of thousands ; to ought to pursue that which is connected with pay $200 for her dress, $1,200 for her shawl, ultimate bliss. $10,000 for her diamonds, and $100 for her handkerchief; but a conscientious woman will! A truly great man borrows no lustre from pause before she thus arrays herself, to consider, Isplendid ancestry.

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SIMPLICITY OF ENGLISH DRESS. *P "Do you know what the December wind says, In the families of many of the nobility and ** grandpa ?" asked a little child at an old merchant's gentry of England, possessing an annual income I knee.

which of itself would be an ample fortune, there “No, puss; what does it ?” he answered strok- is geater economy of dress and more simplicity in s ing her fair hair.

the furnishing of the dwelling, than there is in programs Remember the poor ! grandpa : when it many of the houses of our citizens, who arə

comes down the chimney, it roars Remember barely able to supply the daily wants of their citithe poor ;' when it puts its great mouth to the families by the closest attention to their business. 25 keyhole, it whistles, . Remember the poor ;' when A friend of ours, who sojourned not long since

it strides through a crack in the door, it whispers, several months in the vicinity of some of the f i t; and grandpa, when it blows your beautiful wealthy landed aristocracy of England, whose

- silver hair about in the street, and you shiver ample rent rolls would have warranted a high

and button up your coat, does it not get at your style of fashion, was surprised at the simplicity of ear and say so too, in a still small voice, grand-manners practised. Servants were much more nu

merous than with us, but the ladies made more ac1* “Why, what does the child mean?” cried count of one silk dress than would be thought

grandpa, who, I am afraid, had been used to here of a dozen. They were generally clothed in shut his heart against such words. “You want good substantial stuffs, and a display of fine a new tippet, I reckon. A pretty way to get clothing and jewelry as reserved for great occathem out of your old grandfather.”

sions. The furniture of the mansions, instead of “No, grandpa,” said the child earnestly shak-being turned out of doors every few years for new ing her head, 16 no; it's the no-muff-and-tippet and more fashionable styles, was the same which children I'm thinking of; my mother always re- the ancestors of the families for several generations members them, and so do I try to.”

had possessed, substantial and in excellent preserAfter the next storm the old merchant sent vation, but plain and without any pretension to fifty dollars to the treasurer of a relief society, elegance. Even the carpets on many suites of par. and said, “Call for more when you want it.” lors bad been on the floors for fifty years, and were The treasurer stared with surprise, for it was expected to do service for another half century. the first time he had ever collected more than a With us how different is the state of things. We dollar from him, and that he thought came are wasting an amount of wealth in this country grudgingly.

on fashion, which, rightly applied, would reno“Why,” said the rich merchant, afterward, vate the condition of the whole population of “I could never get rid of that child's words; the world, and christianize, civilize and educate they stuck to me like glue.”

all mankind.
" And a little child shall lead them,” says
the Scripture. IIow many a cold heart has

melted, and a close heart opened, by the simple

The Royal Society of London has taken op earnestness and suggestive words of a child.

the subject of color-blindness, and is now giving

considerable attention to the question. Dr. George GRAMMAR:

Wilson, Professor in the University of Edinboro,

has published his researches upon the subject. 1. Three little words we often see

Color-blindness has been studied now for two Are Articles, a, an and the.

centuries or more, but it is only since John Dal2. A Noun's the name of any thing, As school or garden, hoop or swing.

ton discovered infirmity in his own person, and 3. Adjectives tell the kind of noun,

was consequently induced to investigate the subAs great, small, pretty, white or brown.

ject, and from whom it is sometimes called Dal4. Instead of nouns the Pronouns stand,

tonism, that it was made the subject of scientific John's head, his face, my arm, your hand. inquiry. It is very common, especially among 5. Verbs tell of something being done, - men, to be unable to distinguish the secondary and

To read, write, count, sing, jump or run. tertiary combinations of colors, but it is not 6. How things are done, the Adverbs tell, generally known that the proportion of those As slowly, quickly, ill or well.

who cannot even recognise the primary colors, 7. Conjunctions join the words together, is very great, even one in fifty. Red and green

As men and children, wind or weather. seem to be the primary colors most readily con. 8. A Preposition stands before

founded by such persons. Many are unable to A noun, as in, or through a door.

detect any difference in color between the red 9. The Interjection shows surprise,

apples upon a tree, and its green leaves, or to As Oh! how pretty! Ah! how wise! distinguish the strawberries from the vines upon The whole are called Nine Parts of Speech, which they grow. And yet these are the very Whicb Reading, Writing, Speaking teach. I colors which have been chosen for signal lights

for railroads and steamboats, and in a late num. 1 CULTIVATION OF COTTON IN AFRICA. ber of the Household Words, the importance of

| The London Times not long since suggested, selecting men free from this infirmity, to take charge of such signals, is pointed out. Some way of damper to the idea of the introduction English companies becoming acquainted with of cotton cultivation into Africa, tbat if the culthe extent of color-blindness, have instituted a

|tivation succeeded it could only be by the African rigid inquiry into the condition of the optical

ptical chiefs forcing their subjects to labor at it for powers of their agents, and subject their candi

candis their own benefit, and that nothing would be dates for the office of signal men, engineers, &c., 8

gained in a philanthropical point of view by subto a regular examination in this respect. Total S

botoi stituting slave cotton cultivation in Africa for color-blindness is very rare ; but an instance is

the benefit of African chiefs in the place of slave known of a painter who depended upon others to

cultivation in the United States for the benefit

I of Carolina planters. These remarks on the part mix his colors, who upon one occasion, having no one to aid him, was found painting a house

of The Times have drawn out a letter addressed blue, thinking it was stone color. He knew white

to that journal by David Livingston, the reand black only.

nowned African traveller, distinguished for his recent discoveries in the more southern part of

I that continent. This letter, though rather ramFRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER.

bling and discursive-as is natural, perhaps, to

such a traveller as the writer has been contains, PHILADELPHIA SECOND MONTH 7, 1857.

however, a good deal of information. We gather

from it the following facts : In our last number we published an interest

Dr. Livingston does not think that the coning and instructive essay on “Christian Love and

stitution of African society is such as, in the case Family Harmony,” by Priscilla Gurney, showing of the introduction into Africa of profitable her appreciation of the beauty and excellency of branches of industry, whether cotton-growing or Christian charity when exercised in the family anything else, to put it in the power of the chiefs circle. We united with her views, and could

to convert themselves into slaveholders and their

people into slaves laboring for their benefit. The have gone further and recommended its intro

government of most of the African tribes is patduction as the ruling principle, into every depart- riarchal, each man becoming the head or chief ment of society ---social, civil, and religious ; of his own family and their dependants. Above remembering the Scripture testimony that the these patriarchal chiefs are others, known in the gifts of tongues, of prophecy, of faith, all profit

| African dialects as “little lords,” whose authority

extends over several families, and to whose asus nothing, if we “have not charity.”

sistance, in case of any difficulty in managing The essay alluded to was taken from a memoir their dependants, the family chiefs appeal. Above of Priscilla Gurney, compiled by Susanna Corder. these is a head chief, having his cattle-pen and The subject of the memoir was not in religious family dwelling in the center of the town, before communion with us, but throughout the little

whom are brought the cases of difference between

families. In all cases of importance, the chief volume, there is so much that is excellent, that sends for all his « little lords”-generally his we are disposed to take further extracts from it, relations by blood or marriage-who give their commencing with the short preface written by opinions freely. If the chief is a man of energy, the compiler.

he decides according to his own ideas—otherwise We think such of our readers, who have not

he is governed by the majority; but in very few

cases does he act in opposition to a decided public had access to the work, will peruse our extracts

opinion. Even one or two firm opponents will with pleasure and profit.

make him hesitate and waver, or perhaps have

recourse to dice or divination. These remarks MARRIED, On the 22d ultimo, by the approbation apply particularly to the country south of 180 of Alexandria Monthly Meeting of Friends, John south latitude. In the country of the true negro, BALLINGER, of Woodlawn, Fairfax co., Va., to RE- which lies north of that point, the political relaBECCA, daughter of Daniel Walton, of the same place. tions are cenerally the same thonch somewhat

tions are generally the same, though somewhat DIED,- On the 25th inst., Ruth Parry, an aged

modified by female influence. But the general member of Green Street Monthly Meeting.

relations of one tribe to another were the same - On the 25th ult., at Tyrone, Pa., Enoch L. in all parts of the country that came under Dr. SPENCER, aged 49 years,-a member of Centre Quar- | Livingston's observation. One tribe is perfectly terly Meeting, a branch of Baltimore Yearly Meeting. (independent of every other, except by a sort of

Near his close he had a foretaste of the glory tradition about to be revealed, and in reply to the remark of

Ty traditional bond of nominal subjection to a paraone of his family, “ that there was a bright prospect mount cher

et mount chief, which becomes developed in case of before him," he said, “just beginning."

linvasion or common danger. Among the negroes

north of 18° this system of paramount chiefs seventy dollars ; and he travelled with companies prevails in somewhat greater force than in Caffre- of slaves (chiefly women,) not brought from the land, though even with them it is much more in interior toward the coast, but carried from name than in substance.

| Angola into the interior to be bartered for ivory But the chiefs, though nearly independent of and was. The foreign export of slaves is not each other, are by no means independent of their entirely closed, but is so dangerous as to prevent people. If a man is dissatisfied with one chief, any except a few very daring characters from he can easily transfer himself to another; and as risking their money in it. a chief's importance increases with the pumber As to the cultivation of cotton in Africa, it is of his followers, fugitives are always received produced there already, though of a short staple with open arms. Dr. Livingston knew of one and inferior quality. In Lozengo, a district of instance, the parties of which he names, in which Angola, twelve hundred cloths, each six feet a chief sold some of his people; the consequence long by three broad, is the annual tribute of the of which was that whole villages renounced his free population to the Government. Caffre labor authority and joined themselves to a neighboring can be had at Natal at 7s. 6d. a month ; but even confederacy. In most parts of the country the if it were necessary to supply Coolie labor for the facilities of escape are so great that the slave cultivation of African cotton, the example of the system would not work, even though it were de- little island of Mauritius, which lies off the East sirable to establish it.

| African coast, shows how much can be done by But in point of fact the real productive indus- enterprise and capital without resorting to slave try of the country is carried on by free laborers, labor or trampling on the rights or happiness of and only requires the impulse of roads to be anybody. That little island is but thirty-five greatly extended. The 30,000 skins sent annu- miles long by twenty-five broad. It is a great ally to the Cape, whence many of them find their piece of volcanic rock, with so little soil that the way to China to purchase tea, are collected by bowlders which cover it have to be placed in the Bushmen and Bukulubaori, the most free rows of stone walls in order to get space for the and independent persons in the country. Very sugar-cane. The holes are made for the cane large amounts of ivory, beeswax and palm and between the rows of stone, a little guano being sweet oil are exported from Loando, almost the added, without which, or some other manure, whole produced by perfectly free labor, and had there would be no sugar. After a season of the country roads, the export would be increased cultivation, to give the land time to rest, the a hundred fold. These articles can be obtained stones must be moved, and the places which they at a very cheap rate in the interior, and the bad covered planted with sugar. The labor emnegroes all have a great proclivity to traffic. ployed is mainly brought from India. The Formerly the traders went inland, and, along population of the island is two hundred thousand, with beeswax, ivory, &c., purchased slaves suffi- entirely free. The Hindoo portion of them cient to carry their merchandise to the coast, happy, and comparatively delivered from the inwhere both the goods and their carriers were fluence of caste-feel more friendly to Chrissold. Since the repression of the slave-trade tianity and civilization, and in that state of free carriers have been substituted, whom the mind often return home to spend the rest of their Government of Angola requires to render their days in ease and quiet. Thus, without resorting services at a fixed rate. Angola contains a popu- to the stimulus of slavery, is produced, by the lation of 600,000, and only from 30,000 to conjoint operation of capital, enterprise and 40,000 are slaves. From all these facts, our wages-paid labor, a fourth part of the entire sugar African traveller is of opinion, first, that the consumption of Great Britain. With this sucAfrican chiefs have no power to reduce their cessful experiment in his eye, Dr. Livingston is subjects to the condition of plantation laborers ; not so sure of the impossibility of supplying and, secondly, that slavery is by no means neces- / England with cotton, the joint production of sary to the development of African industry, British enterprise and capital and African free whether in cotton cultivation or otherwise. labor.–Tribune.

Dr. Livingston states that he carried with him to Africa the idea picked up from the Parliamentary debates and elsewhere that the attempt at

A COLORED MAN'S GRATITUDE. the supprossion of the African slave-trade was a J. B. Smith, the well-known colored caterer of failure, and that the cruisers by increasing the Boston, was once a slave. When he first escaped horrors of the middle passage did more harm he took refuge in a Quaker's family, where he than good. His observations in Africa have led was taught to read and write, and was otherwise him to a different conclusion. In Angola he assisted to an education by a lady in the family, found the time of the slave-trade spoken of in who was then in affluent circumstances. During the past tense. He saw slaves sold for twelve the course of time Smith became famed as a shillings a head within a hundred miles of the caterer. Though he was black, the fair goddess coast, who would formerly have commanded | Fortune smiled on and favored him; while his

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