« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
Some serious reflections respecting our duty to taking their repose in the earth, unconcerned for
God, our children, and ourselves. By Huson themselves, and their tender offspring! Thus, LANGSTROTH.
the children become wounded, yea, sorely hurt, As I believe it was much the concern of our
on account of the carelessness of such parents,
who suffer their tender lambs, by little and little, worthy ancestors respecting our meetings for divine worship, that they might be preserved in
in to gratify their natural inclinations; first by that awful stillness, which is necessary in order
complying with their desires in small things, or to perform this solemn duty to God;--so it still
such as appear small, for want of keeping to the remains to be the concern of the honest-hearted pure principle or nga
tod/pure principle of light and life, by which they children of our heavenly Father. These feel
might be clearly seen, and their nature and ten
dency discovered. Thus, by indulgence in little deeply exercised on account of the young people, and others, who, for want of keeping their minds
I things, their tender minds become more and centred down in the valley of humiliation
in more captivated : for although the things, in
in which only the Lord can be truly worshipped)
themselves, may appear trifling, yet they have
the tendency to draw fresh objects to the view -suffer the enemy of all good so to divert and disturb their thoughts, that they have no true
of these children. Therefore this language and
advice is worthy of our serious consideration, knowledge or enjoyment of the satisfaction wit
| “ Take us the foxes, the little foxes that spoil nessed by the rightly exercised, in their silent
the vines; for our vines have tender grapes.” waiting on God, who commands the winds and
It is thus that every compliance of parents waves to be still, the storms to cease, and a great
with improper indulgences, renders them less calm to come over the mind.
able to stand with firmness, and they become This is the state we must come to witness, be
be weaker and weaker in the exercise of right disfore we can perform acceptable worship to himcipline in 1
Iship. to him cipline in their families ; so that things which who is a spirit, and must be worshipped in spirit I
spirit once appeared reproachful, become small and of and in truth; for he seeketh such to worship | little consequence in their view. him. As we are thus engaged in the spirit of | Has not This been the case with too many in our minds, we come to see our own nothingness, this day of ease? And therefore many of our and that it becometh us to wait in quietness till
young people appear to be walking in the streets we feel the spring of life opened, or the arising of B
of Babylon, that great city of abominations, imiof the sun of righteousness in our minds; by the
tating the Babylonians in their garments, manpower of which we shall be enabled to offer ac
Ciners and customs,- yet bearing the name of ceptable worship to our heavenly Father. But Christians, though by their appearance, it could this influence cannot be expected to be felt while
not be known that they so called themselves. the mind is carried away from its proper object, / I have often felt my mind bowed under a sense into the hurrres of the world. Therefore, howl of these things, which are too apparent amongst necessary it is for us to dwell in this lowly valley us as a people, notwithstanding the labors of of humility, where we may have perfect peace those, who, from time to time, are engaged, in with Him who will be a tender father to his tenderness, to advise and caution against such poor, seeking children, and will preserve them lindi
em indulgences ;--and the many advices which have from that careless spirit, as they lean on his arm been handed down from our Yearly Meetings. of power, which is always stretched out for their
where the honest hearted have travailed under a deliverance.
sense thereof, even from early days. A few of My spirit hath often mourned, under a sense these advices and cautions I here insert as of the great unwatchfulness of many, who pro- follows. fess the truth, and are pretty constant attenders of our religious meetings. I have feared many London Yearly Meeting Epistle, 1688. of these bave let their minds run too much on “We do entreat and desire all of you, our the transitory things of this fading world ; even dear friends, brethren and sisters, that are parents when assembled in order to perform divine wor and governors of families, that ye diligently lay ship. Thus, from time to time, some have given to heart your work and calling, in your genera. way to the delusions of the enemy, and by that tion, for the Lord, and the charge committed to means have got into a poor, dry, stupid state ; , you; not only in becoming good examples unto and so are at ease, under a name of attending the younger sort, but also to use your power in meetings, but are not sensible of any spiritual your own families, in the educating your children benefit thereby; which often occasions the labor and servants, in modesty, sobriety, and in the of the faithful to be exceeding hard.
fear of God; curbing the extravagant humor of Therefore, how can we expect our meetings the young ones, when it doth appear, and not to to be attended with that awful stillness and indulge and allow of it. And when you see a solempity, while such a careless spirit rules in libertine, wanton spirit, appear in your children so many who are at ease in Zion, and while so or servants, that lusteth after the vain customs many are stretched as on their beds of ivory, and I and fashions of the world, either in dressings, habits, or outward adornings, and craves your dent in China prefer them in the shape of jelly, assistance or allowance, without which it cannot for which the Gin-shan is admirably adapted. get forward, while they are under your govern- A single boiling is sufficient to reduce it to a ment, -Oh! then look to yourselves, and dis- uniform gelatinous mass, to which wine or the charge your trust for God, and for the good of juice of any fruit may be added, to give it an their souls ; exhorting in meekness, and com- agreeable flavor; or the dry Gin-shan may be manding in wisdom; that so you may minister broken into small pieces and thrown into broth and reach the witness, and help them over their as it is brought warm to the table. In a minute's temptations, in the authority of God's power. time it swells, and appears like transparent verAnd when they feel themselves helped and de- micelli. In this state it forms a not unpleasant livered, their souls will bless God for you, and sort of food, which, though highly nutritive, is you will reap the comfort of your labor.” easily digested. How great and general the con
sumption of these edible Tangles must be in
Japan appears from the circumstance that in all EDIBLE BIRD-NESTS OF CHINA.
the geographical or statistical works relating to Of the great mass of edible bird-nests which that empire, wherever they are found, they are are consumed in China, and now also in Europe, mentioned as one of the remarkable products of the Philippine Isles furnish a considerable por- the country. We have been induced to enlarge tion. Our attention, however, may be more on this matter the more particularly as much particularly directed to the eatable sea-weeds notice has latterly been excited by the Carrageen which are found on the coasts of the Philippine, Moss, which is nothing but the dried Sphærococof the Bashus, of the Japan islands, of the cus crispus, found in vast abundance on the Malaccas, &c., and which serve for food to the western and northern coasts of the British Isles. inhabitants as well as for exportation. In the In its qualities it would seem to be perfectly markets of Macao and Canton we have seen large analogous to the Sphærococcus cartilagineus setaboxes of such dried Tangles which had been im-ceus, yielding like it a rich and nutritive jelly.ported from Japan. The species of Alga which Meyen (a German writer.) constitutes this branch of commerce is the Sphærococcus cartilagineus, var. setaceus, (Agardh,) which, abounding as it does in the
EARLY RISING. Indian Ocean, is the common food of the Salan. In England resides a venerable minister of gane, (Hirundo esculenta L.,) and serves for the great celebrity, both as a preacher and writer. construction of its valuable nest. The swallow For upward of sixty years he has maintained a devours the fresh Tangle, and after allowing it high degree of popularity in his public character, to macerate for some time in its stomach, ejects and has been singularly respected, beloved and the mass converted to a pulp or jelly, with which honored in private life. A few years since, the it moulds its nests. The nests, which in the writer of these lines, being on a visit to his house, course of time become soiled with dirt and was not a little surprised to see the good old feathers, are brought in their rough state to China, gentleman, between five and six o'clock in the when they are cleaned, with particular instru- morning, working in his garden with the agility ments in large warehouses appropriated to the and energy of a young man; and this on Monpurpose, and then sold. These far-famed Indian day morning, after having conducted two public bird-nests are therefore to be considered as little services on the preceding day. He stated that else than the softened substance of the Sphæro- this was his usual practice, and a source of health coccus cartilagineus, and their dietetic qualities and enjoyment. From a youth, he had never are only those of a rich jelly. In cooking them been in bed at six o'clock, except on occasions of they are seasoned with a variety of fine spices, real illness, which were of rare occurrence. and deservedly hold the first rank among the “ But,” said he, “do not imagine that it has delicacies of a Chinese table. The Japanese had cost me no effort to rise early. When young, I the sagacity to perceive that those precious bird was much inclined to indulge in bed, but being nests were only composed of sea-weeds, and they convinced that it was a wicked waste of time, pow prepare the superstructure of them by arti- and a bar to improvement, I resolved to put an ficial process. The Tangles, which are found in end to it. So every night I had a large basin great quantities on their coasts, are gathered, of water placed by my bedside, and the moment and, after being dried and pounded, are boiled I awoke, out I turned, and dipped my head in down to a thick jelley, which is drawn or poured | the water; then, you know, sleep was gone, and out into long threads like Maccaroni, and then I had my senses about me. For a short time I sent into commerce under the name of Gid-shan. required to be awakened at a certain hour, but it The Dutch call this preparation Ager-ager, and soon ceased to be necessary; I awoke of my own consume largely of it. The Chinese use the bird- accord. The only thing required was to get my Dests, both natural and imitative, in the form of head into the water without entering into any sauces to their meats; but the Europeans resi- / debates. Any young person may, by this method
successfully cure himself of wanting to lie In Europe, manure is the ever-present idea of a-bed late. I am not sure that it would be ef. the farmer, and by gathering all offals, and makfectual for an old sluggard, but it is worth making manure in any conceivable way, he does not ing the trial.”
only by green manuring, such as ploughing clo
ver under, but by stable, factory, street, and FRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. dwelling manure, take good care to return to
mother earth the rental she requires, and to do PHILADELPHIA FIRST MONTH 31, 1857. it without grudging, and with compound inter
est. Soil is only there exhausted, where crops WESTERN QUARTERLY MEETING.-By a letter are raised which are entirely removed, and of from a friend we are informed, that in conse
which nothing is returned to the soil-for inquence of the unusual severity of the late snow
stance tobacco. This is very little the case in
Europe. The fine wheat crops which smile upon storm, such was the impassable state of the pub.
the traveller, as he is rushed past them by rail. lic highways, that none of the reports (except road speed, would be an impossibility if the idea one) from the Monthly Meetings composing it, of exhaustion were true. The meadows, too, were received. Those Friends who were in at- which are mown thrice every year, and each time tendance united in adjourning the meeting to giv a in adionrning the meeting to give a good crop, and have been so mown for ages,
contradict this exhaustion theory. No! the 3rd day the 10th of 2nd month next, at the
European farmer and his land are always on good usual bour, 10 o'clock, A. M.
terms with each other. The man yields good
husbandry, and the lands yield good crops.We acknowledge the reception of a work en- CHARLES REEMELIN.- Ohio Farmer. titled “ A History of the Shawnee Indians, by Henry Harvey,” who resided a number of years
From the National Intelligencer. in the vicinity of this tribe, and from
T. H. BENTON AND THE WORD “LADY." personal
TREMONT HOUSE, Boston, Jan. 9, 1857. observation is enabled to give an interesting ac- ! In my letter dated on Christmas day, and count of the privations and difficulties to which kindly inserted in your columns, I made some they have been subjected. He traces their off-hand remarks for the purpose of recommend. history from the settlement of Wm. Penn in ling the use of the word “woman" instead of 1681, through many sufferings and wrongs to Shakspeare's maxim more fully applies, that "3
- lady." There is certainly nothing to which their present location in Kansas, and bears strong rose bị any other name would smell as sweet :" testimony to their honesty, patient endurance of but I confess to a strong preference of the now suffering, and truthfulness when justly treated. unfashionable term over the more elegant one so The work is for sale by Henry Longstreth. / frequently substituted for it.
In stating my objections to the latter, I obprice 75 cents. :
served that it was not found in the Bible nor in
any Greek or Roman book ; and this remark has Died, In Frankford, 23d Ward on fifth day evening the 22d inst., after a lingering illness, Sarah M.
not only procured for me the honor of several Murphy, wife of Mahlon Murphy, in the seventy-private communications, but has been the subject second year of her age.
of comment-jocose and serious-in many re
spectable journals. May I ask the accustomed EXHAUSTING THE SOIL.
courtesy of the Intelligencer for the insertion of We read in America much of the “exhausted a collective reply? soil of Europe.” I have seen none of it. So As I was writing a letter currente calamo, and far from being exhausted, I think the soil of Eunot delivering a philological lecture, I did not rope is now better than ever, and that it is made enter at length or with technical precision into to yield larger crops than ever. How can soil the subject; but what I meant to say and what be exhausted, which has, for centuries, received I did say was, that the word to which I objected plentifully of manures, and manures made upon was not found in any Greek or Roman book, nor the best possible system ? I think a little re-l in the Bible. It is sufficiently apparent, from flection, coupled with a proper observance of my connecting the Bible with Greek and Latin European agriculture, must lead to the convic-books, that I spoke of originals, not translations, tion that the soil of Europe is constantly receiv.) If, therefore, some diligent critic should find the ing more back in manure, &c., than is taken word “lady' in an English version of Cicero or away in products. Of all farm products, the Plutarch, (which might easily be done,) it would atmosphere and rains furnish the larger quantity not conflict with my statement. Nor is that of its component parts, and whenever a proper statement affected by the discovery made by system of manuring exists, the ground must be several of my correspondents and newspaper come constantly enriched.
I censors, (by the help of a Concordance ?) that
Correspondence of the N. Y. Tribune.
the same word occurs in three books in the Old I think I shall not trouble you again on this Testament and one of the New in our English subject. Respectfully, version of the Scriptures.
Tohmas H. BENTON. But here a new wonder occurs. What could Benton mean by saying that the English word BAYARD TAYLOR IN NORTHERN EUROPE. “ lady' was not found in any Latin, Greek or Hebrew book? Was he guilty of the monstrous
* An Hour with Humboldt. platitude (as some of my sagacious commentators intimate) of asserting that the English language
BERLIN, Nov. 25, 1856. is not Latin, Greek, nor Hebrew; or did he mean I came to Berlin, not to visit its museums and something rational, coherent, and bearing on the galleries, its magnificent street of lindens, its subject ?
operas and theatres, nor to mingle in the gay life I hope I shall not be again accused of “egotism” of its streets and saloons, but for the sake of if I think the latter a little more probable. I seeing and speaking with the world's greatest mean to urge that it furnished a presumption living man- Alexander von Humboldt. against the necessity of using “ lady" instead of At present, with his great age and his univer“ woman” in ordinary parlance, that no word sal renown, regarded as a throned monarch in corresponding to the former existed in the lan- / the world of science, his friends have been obliged, guages of the great nations from which we derive perforce, to protect him from the exhaustive the records of our religion and so much of our homage of his thousands of subjects, and, for intellectual culture. If the most civilized nations his own sake, to make difficult the ways of access of antiquity on all occasions spoke of the female to him. The friend and familiar companion of sex in words corresponding with “woman," it the King, he may be said, equally, to hold his seemed to me at least probable that we had no own court, with the privilege, however, of at need of any other.
any time breaking through the formalities which And here the occurrence of the words “ lady' only self-defence has rendered necessary. Some and “ ladies” in three books of the Old Testa of my works, I knew, had found their way into ment and one of the New, in the English trans. his hands : I was at the beginning of a journey lation of the Bible, (in all six times, while which would probably lead me through regions “woman” and “women” I find by the Concord- which his feet had traversed and his genius il. ance, occur not far from two hundred and fifty lustrated, and it was not merely a natural curi. times,) confirms my view of the subject; for in osity which attracted me toward him. I folevery one of those five or six cases, as I learn lowed the advice of some German friends, and from a friend acquainted with the originals, the made use of no mediatory influence, but simply Hebrew and Greek words really imply station, dispatched a note to him, stating my name and authority and power-sometimes sovereign power object, and asking for an interview. -and in no one of them simply “woman.“ Three days afterward I received through the
In fact, the word “lady" in English (whatever city post a reply in his own hand, stating that, its etymology, which is matter of dispute,) is cer- although he was suffering from a cold which had tainly the feminine of " lord.” It originally followed his removal from Potsdam to the capiimplied—and when used in our admirable trans- tal, he would willingly receive me, and appointed lation of the Bible it unquestionably implies—11 o'clock to-day for the visit. I was punctual rank, dignity and station. As the mind willingly to the minute, and reached his residence in the transfers to eminent moral worth the appellatives Oranienburger-strasse, as the clock struck. While of eminent station, the term may still be properly in Berlin, he lives with his se
| in Berlin, he lives with his servant Seifert, whose applied to those admirable women in every rank name only I found on the door. It was a plain of life who “ derive their patent of nobility from two-story house, with a d
two-story house, with a dull pink front, and inHeaven.” It also has its appropriate place in habited, like most of the houses in German cities, the metaphorical language of rhetoric, poetry, by two or three families. The bell-wire over pleasantry, and satire, of which last I quoted two Seifert's name came from the second story. I striking examples in my former communication pulled : the heavy porte-cochére opened of itself, to the Intelligencer. But I remain of the opinion and I mounted the steps until I reached a second that, for every purpose of civility, respect, or bell-pull, over a plate inscribed “ Alexander von affection, in public address or private intercourse, I Humboldt.”. “woman" is by far the simpler, kindlier, and A stout, square-faced man of about fifty, whom more expressive term; and, therefore, "young I at once recognized as Seifert, opened the door women" for the single and TM matrons' for the for me. " Are you Herr Taylor ?” he asked ; married (mater, mothers) are my usual terms of and added, on receiving my reply; " His Exceladdress for those whom we cannot honor too lency is ready to receive you.” He ushered me much-nor enough.
into a room filled with stuffed birds and other And now, gentlemen, though " man that is objects of natural history; then into a large liborn of woman is of few days and full of trouble,” Ibrary, which apparently contained the gifts of authors, artists, and men of science. I walked out of the twenty-four, reads and replies to his between two long tables heaped with sumptuous daily rain of letters, and suffers no single occur. folios, to the further door, which opened into the rence of the least interest in any part of the study. Those who have seen the admirable world to escape his attention. I could not percolored lithograph of Hildebrand's picture, knowceive that his memory, the first mental faculty to precisely how the room looks. There was the show decay, is at all impaired. He talks rapidly, plain table, the writing desk covered with letters with the greatest apparent ease, never hesitating and manuscripts, the little green sofa, and the for a word, whether in English or German, and, same maps and pictures on the drab-colored in fact, seemed to be unconscious which language walls. The picture had been so long hanging in he was using, as he changed five or six times in my own room at home, that I at once recognized the course of the conversation. He did not reeach particular object.
main in his chair more than ten minutes at a Seifert went to an inner door, announced my time, frequently getting up and walking about name, and Humboldt immediately appeared. He the room, now and then pointing to a picture or came up to me with a heartiness and cordiality opening a book to illustrate some remark. which made me feel that I was in the presence! He began by referring to my Winter journey of a friend, gave me his hand, and inquired into Lapland. « Wby do you choose the Win. whether we should converse in English or Ger. ter ?” he asked: “Your experiences will be man. “Your letter,” said he, “ was that of a very interesting, it is true, but will you not sufGerman, and you must certainly speak the lan- fer from the severe cold ?” “That remains to guage familiarly; but I am also in the constant be seen," I answered. “I have tried all climates habit of using English.” He insisted on my except the Arctic without the least injury. The taking one end of the green sofa, observing that last two years of my travels were spent in trophe rarely sat upon it himself, then drew up a ical countries, and now I wish to have the strong. plain cane-bottomed chair and seated himself est possible contrast.” “That is quite natural," beside it, asking me to speak a little louder than he remarked, “and I can understand how your obusual, as his hearing was not so acute as for- ject in travel must lead you to seek such contrasts; merly.
but you must possess a remarkably healthy organAs I looked at the majestic old man, the line ization.” “You doubtless know, from your own of Tennyson, describing Wellington, came into experience," I said, “ that nothing preserves a my mind : “ Oh, good gray head, wbich all men man's vitality like travel.” “Very true," he know.” The first impression made by Hum- answered, “if it does not kill at the outset. For boldt's face is that of a broad and genial human- my part, I keep my health everywhere, like ity. His massive brow, heavy with the gathered yourself. During five years in South America wisdom of nearly a century, bends forward and and the West Indies, I passed through the midst overhangs his breast, like a ripe ear of corn, but of black vomit and yellow fever untouched.” as you look below it, a pair of clear blue eyes, I spoke of my projected visit to Russia, and almost as bright and steady as a child's, meet my desire to traverse the Russian-Tartar proyour own. In those eyes you read that trust in vinces of Central Asia. The Kirghiz steppes be man, that immortal youth of the heart, which said, were very monotonous; fifty miles gave you make the snows of eighty-seven Winters lie so the picture of a thousand; but the people were ex. lightly upon his head. You trust him utterly ceedingly interesting. If I desired to go there, I at the first glance, and you feel that he will trust would have no difficulty in passing through them you, if you are worthy of it. I had approached to the Chinese frontier; but the southern provinces him with a natural feeling of reverence, but in of Siberia, he thought, would best repay me. The five minutes I found that I loved him, and could scenery among the Altai Mountains was very talk with him as freely as with a friend of my grand. From his window in one of the Siberian own age. His nose, mouth and chin have the towns, he had counted eleven peaks covered with heavy Teutonic character, whose genuine type eternal spow. The Kirghizes, he added, were always expresses an honest simplicity and direct- among the few races whose habits had remained ness.
unchanged for thousands of years, and they had I was most surprised by the youthful charac- the remarkable peculiarity of combining a monaster of his face. I knew that he had been fre- tic with a monadic life. They were partly Buddquently indisposed during the present year, and hist and partly Mussulman, and their monkish had been told that he was beginning to show the sects followed the different clans in their wanmarks of his extreme age ; but I should not have derings, carrying on their devotions in the ensuspected him of being over seventy-five. His campments, inside of a sacred circle marked out 'wrinkles are few and small, and his skin has a l by spears. He had seen their ceremonies, and smoothness and delicacy rarely seen in old men. was struck with their resemblance to those of His hair, although snow-white, is still abundant, the Catholic church. his step slow but firm, and his manner active Humboldt's recollections of the Altai Mounalmost to restlessness. He sleeps but four hours tains naturally led him to speak of the Andes.