« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
we (Papists) apostatized, and how can it be It is more than probable that this pretended proved?” William, instead of entering into a con. order of the Emperor for the torture of these troversy which might have proved worse than harmless Friends, was a mere forgery, got up by useless, gently reproved him for his wrath, say- the Inquisitor and his abettors to answer their ing, “ Friend, it becometh not a spiritual man to evil designs. The narrative proceeds : “ The be so furious, but meek, peaceable and gentle;" | hangman, according to order, put an iron screw at which the countenance of the priest fell, and upon my thumbs and screwed them bard, and he had little more to say. The Inquisitor then bade me tell out. Then he slacked it a little, demanded of William what his opinion was of and again screwed them harder than before ; but wliat they called the sacrament, to which he this not answering their purpose, he was comwisely answered, that “ Christ said the flesh manded to proceed further. Accordingly be profiteth little. It is the spirit that quickeneth.” tied a small cord about my wrists behind my So ignorant of the holy Scriptures was this In- back, and another cord around my ancles with a quisitor, that he seemed quite surprised and at block of wood between my feet. Then he drew a loss about the words, and turning to the priest, me up on the ladder and tied my hands to it, and asked “How is that?” The priest, but little then forced my body quite from the ladder. At more knowing than his superior, studied awhile the first pull my left arm was put out of joint and then said he remembered there was such a with a loud crack, being tied up shorter than the saying. Much more passed, of which no ac- other; and the executioner was ordered to put count has been preserved ; and then the Inquisi- it in again. He accordingly slacked the cords, tor plainly asked William if he would turn and then they proceeded to question me, having Catholic ? To which he made this sensible three things especially to ask. First, Why I reply—“If I should do so for fear or favor of asked the student if one should come and say he you, the Lord not requiring it of me, I should intended to buy something of them, would they not have peace in my conscience, and the dis- kill him ? Second: Why we had desired to be pleasure of the Lord would be more intoler- set over the water at the town, and who was the able than yours. Compelling people does but author of it? Third : Why I had written down make them hypocrites, and can not truly change some of the names of the garrisons and other the heart.”
places, notwithstanding I had them in the maps. Thus were they sifted and tempted from day “ The Inquisitor would also force me to tell to day, for a week, when their persecutors being whether John Philly was an engineer, a gunner unable to find any thing on wbich to ground or a minister. The suspicion of his being a their accusation, determined to resort to the minister was put into their heads by an Irishcruel expedient of the rack, in the hope of mak- man who acted as interpreter between me and ing them accuse themselves. Of this, William them, and who had an implacable hatred to Eng. Moore, who appears to have been chiefly under lishmen, and especially to ministers, as I afterexamination, and the principal sufferer, gives wards plainly understood from his own mouth. the following narrative, viz. :
I answered, and kept to it, that he was a hus"Notwithstanding our innocence, the gover- bandman and a maltman, and that I knew him nor would have us racked, which from the rela- | not until he came to Amsterdam. The Inquisition I had heard of it seemed a cruel torture ; tor then asked me if I had a mind to go to the and in those days I often poured forth my sup- Turks and become one of them? I said I had plications to the Lord with tears. On the eighth rather die than be one. day they made ready benches to sit on, lighted “In the mean time my body was so racked, the candle and put John out of his room, and that my chin was close to my breast, and my sent for me, the Inquisitor sitting there with mouth so closed that I was almost choked and two other officers, and the marshal and hang- could not well speak, and I should not wish any man.
one to experience the painful torture I endured; "The Inquisitor began by saying, “William, and when the cords were slacked my sufferings that you may not.think we deal with you as ty- were almost as great as when they pulled them. rants, we will now lay the matter before you, Yet still they would be questioning me so that that you may tell what you know in time, for if I asked them where was their Christian love, you be racked you will be but a miserable man, and whether they were doing to me, as they and must have your head cut off besides.' I would wish to be done unto. The doors being told him, I had done no evil that I knew of, shut and guarded, I spoke and cried aloud in nor had I any such thing in my heart against order that the people might hear, and bear witthem.' Then be read a few lines, which were ness what they were doing to me. They seemed to this import, We, Leopold, Emperor, &c., &c., determined to force something out of me, and I having been informed that twoimpeached persons, told them that by such means they might compel John Phillly and William Moore, have been found persons to say more than they knew, as I be. by our frontier garrisons, our desire is that they lieved many bad done, in order to be out of their should be racked, to know their intent.'” pain. I had rather they bad beheaded me at once, as they threatened to do, than to torture nothing be offered with a view to popularity, but me in the manner they did—but they would in humility, and the fear of the Lord. not do that then, for the Inquisitor would have 9. Let none run, in their own wills, to disturb me to confess myself guilty, which I suppose or interrupt any people in their worship; or prewould bave satisfied them, even though they had sume to prophesy, in their own spirits, against known I confessed to a lie. At length I told any nation, town, city, people, or person. them it was for the love of our religion that we 10. Let Ministers, when they travel in the came to these places; and then they left off, service of truth, be careful not to make their thinking this was crime enough, though the visits burthensome, or the gospel chargeable. Inquisitor threatened that I should be racked 11. Let Ministers and Elders be careful to again on the third day.
keep their whole conversation unspotted, being - They then brought in John Philly, who not examples of meekness, temperance, patience and seeing me and having heard me cry out a little charity. . before, supposed I had been hanged on the pri. 12. And lastly, as prayer and thanksgiving vate gallows and put out of the way. But he are an especial part of worship, they must be was resigned and steadfast, being confident in performed in spirit and in truth, with a right the Lord, who had sealed it upon his mind, understanding seasoned with grace. Therefore before he came forth, that he should have his / let Ministers be careful how and what they offer life for a prey. They put four questions to him in prayer, avoiding many words and repetitions ; to answer, and his thumbs were screwed and he and let all be cautious of too often repeating the was twice drawn upon the ladder, when he cried high and holy name of God, or his attributes, by out, Innocent. They asked the interpreter what a long conclusion : neither let prayer be in a that was; and when he told them, they were formal and customary way to conclude a meeting, smitten in their consciences and left off. Prob- nor without an awful sense of divine influence. ably they gave over tormenting John the sooner, because if there had been any evil design in us
For Friends' Intelligencer. they would have been more likely to get it out. In No. 38 of your paper, I find an extract of me, whom they appeared to take more plea- from the message of Governor Adams, to tbe sure in torturing, as they could understand me Legislature of South Carolina, relative to slavery and I them.
and the slave trade, in which he says, “If the [To be continued.]
trade be piracy, the slave must be plunder, and
no ingenuity can avoid the logical pecessity of From the Discipline of London Yearly Meeting, 1792.
such a conclusion.” Now it the Governor be right
in his conclusion, by the same logic it is equally. ADVICES TO MINISTERS AND ELDERS.
conclusive that the produce of the labor of the 1. Let all be cautious of using unnecessary slave is plunder. preambles, and of laying too great stress on their Again he says, “ destroy the value of slave testimony, by too positively asserting a divine labor, and emancipation follows inevitably." motion; the baptizing power of truth accom- Here are the conclusions of a ruler in the South, panying the words, being the true evidence. of a man who “says my hopes and fortunes are
2. Let all be careful not to misquote or indissolubly associated with this form (the slave misapply the Holy Scriptures; and be frequent form) of society. If the Governor had not told in reading them.
us that his hopes and fortunes were so intimately 3. Let Ministers be careful how they enter upon connected with slavery, we might see by the drift disputed points in their testimony; or make such of his message, that he desired to continue it to objections as they do not clearly answer; or give almost an indefinite period of time, asserting that repeated expectations of coming to a conclusion. it is a divine institution.
4. Let all be cautious of hurting meetings by 1. Now, my friends, we are a people differing from unnecessary additions towards the conclusion, bim in profession, for we believe slavery to be when the meeting was left well before.
one of the greatest outrages committed on man, 5. Let all avoid unbecoming tones, sounds, and a sin in the sight of the divine Creator. gestures, and all affectation, which are not agree-Therefore it behooves us to consider whether the able to Christian gravity.
| premises and conclusions of our Southern brother 6. Men and women are advised against travel be true or false ; for if true, we are like unto him ling as companions in the work of the Ministry, in perpetuating the evil of slavery, though unlike to'avoid all occasions of offence.
him as regards the rightfulness of it, for we be7. Let all beware of too much familiarity, lieve it to be wrong. Therefore it behooves us, which, biassing the judgment, and producing an again, to adopt some means by which we as a undue attachment, tends to hurt.
society may be washed clean from the sin of 8. Let Ministering Friends be careful not to slavery. And before I give you my plan, I will hurt each other's service in meetings; but let make a few remarks on the possibility of carrying every one have a tender regard for others. Let it out--the possibility ofobtaining the raw material,
It appears from the message above named that
THE PROPHET ISAIAH. the British dominions produce more cotton now
[Continued) than was grown in the United States in 1820, or By faithfulness to the revealings of the spirit 35 years ago, and that in 1855, 202 millions of of prophecy were the perceptions of this servant pounds were shipped to Great Britain of free of the Lord enlarged and made exceedingly clear. cotton.
In the effulgence of heavenly vision he exclaimThis annual produce of the East will find its ed, “I saw the Lord sitting upon a throne, high way to the highest market. Again, it is known and lifted up, and his train filled the temple ; that there is a considerable amount produced by above it stood the seraphim with outstretched small planters in Texas and elsewhere in the wings, and one cried and said, Holy, Holy, Holy States, which if proper agencies were employed Lord God of hosts, the whole earth is full of his could be collected.
| glory; and the posts of the door moved at the As regards groceries, little need be said, for it voice of him that spake.” Then he saw his wretchis well known that the West Indies are generally edness as a man, and said, “Woe is me, I am unfree, and if there was a demand, those goods done; I am a man of unclean lips, I dwell in the would flow to us. Thus we see that the raw | midst of a people of unclean lips, for nine eyes material can be bad. Now for the plan. I would have seen the King, the Lord of hosts. Then flew desire it to be a Yearly Meeting concern, that one of the seraphim unto me, having a live coalin every member might be enlisted in the good his hand, which he had taken from off the altar, work. Then let the Yearly Meeting appoint a and he laid it upon my mouth and said, Lo, this judicious committee to ascertain the amount likely hath touched thy lips, thy iniquity is taken to be necessary to establish a factory to manu-away, thy sin purged.” After the ordeal of facture cotton goods, and a store or stores to vend purification had passed by, the query was prethem and other free articles, and to report; then sented, “whom shall we send, and who will go another committee to solicit donations, to raise for us?” “ Here am I, send me.” Now he was the desired amount. When this is done let a com- prepared and willing to convey messages from mittee be appointed out of the manufacturing the Almighty, to admonish and encourage his and mercantile class of society (for they are most brethren, to warn them against the spoiler, and suitable, as their labor would not be much to caution them to beware of the treacherous changed) to establish and carry on the work, sub-dealer, to guard them against delusions through ject to the advice and control of the representa- whatever channel they might come, and he said tive committee, who should hold the funds, con- to them in the name of the Lord, " the leaders tract with, and pay the former committee (or I of the people cause them to err, and they that might say agents) for their labor, and report the are led of them are destroyed.” He saw the state of the concern to the Yearly Meeting. This mighty torrent of evils that abounded amongst is a synopsis of my plan for washing our hands them, and the avenues by which they entered ; clean of the blood of the slave, and finally the and proffered a remedy that should be equal and abolition of the system ; for we having put the efficient for all, in the child promised, the son candle in the candle-stick, the people seeing the given, whose name should be called Wonderful, light would come and join us in the good work, Counsellor, Mighty God, the everlasting Father, so that slave labor would be unprofitable, and in the Prince of Peace. He should teach the whole the language of the Governor, “emancipation counsel of God, and lead in the way everlasting. follows inevitably." I urge this on your consider-Of the increase of his government and peace ation. I urge it on the serious consideration of there should be no end; upon him should the every Friend, it being a peaceful and lawful spirit of the Almighty rest, the spirit of wisdom means, for we see the government is in the slave- and understanding, the spirit of counsel and holding power. 350,000 slaveholders shaping night, and kpowledge in the fear of the Lord. the destinies of the nation, and desiring to extend To bim should the gathering of the people be, the area of slavery and fill the vacancy by re- and every man should sit under his vive, and opening the foreign slave trade, and shall we his fig tree, and none could make them afraid ; continue to assist them by our support? or under the shadow of his wing he would gather shall we withdraw that support by adopting the the Gentiles, and his rest should be glorious. proper plan, or some other on the same principles? Then anthems of praise would ascend from the İ respectfully ask that the above may have a altar of purified hearts, “ Sing unto the Lord, place in your paper.
A FRIEND. for he hath done excellent things, this is known
in all the earth;" he hath caused the arrogancy
of the haughty to cease, he hath laid low the “ The rose of Florida, the most beautiful of terrible, saying in his majesty, “I will make a flowers, emits no fragrance; the bird of Paradise, man more precious than fine guld, yea, than the the most beautiful of birls, gives no song; the golden wedge of Ophir.” cypress of Greece, the finest of trees, yields no Such was the state of this holy Seer; his heart fruit."
I being illuminated by grace and enlarged in love,
clothed with the wisdom of the Highest, moved Thou lightest the path of the student with by his power, and enlightened by his spirit, he thy brilliant ray, thou sheddest a genial light looked far down the vista of future ages, and be- over the chequered life of the seaman, and thou held the blessings of that glorious era, when deignest even to enter the humble cottage of shadows should flee before substance, and truth the peasant, scattering smiles along his toilsome take the place of ceremonies, when there would way. This carth would indeed be a dreary place, be no necessity of saying to a neighbor or a a wilderness for the mind to dwell in, were it not brother, how shall we know the Lord, for him- for the sunny spots occasioned by thy presence. self would be their teacher, and all should know Then cherish friendship-true friendship-for him from the least to the greatest ; he would put a true friend is a priceless treasure, but alas ! too his law in the heart, and print it in the thoughts seldom found. so plain they that run might read. Then the "A friend is worth all hazards we can run. Lord would be their everlasting light, their God, Poor is the friendless master of a world : their glory. Kings should come to it, and
A world in purchase for a friend is gain; princes to the brightness of its arising; the na
Angels from friendship gather half their joy." tions of those that are saved must walk in it, and so brilliant should be its inshinings, “ The light
THE LATEST PROMISE OF THE IRON AGE. of the moon would be as the light of the sun,' It would require some little measure of conand the light of the sun sevenfold, as the light sideration to determine what characteristic would of seven days."
best express the spirit of the present age. When
the attention is fixed upon the doings in AusFRIENDS' INTELLIGENCER. tralia and California, golden seems to be not
altogether an inappropriate epithet. A few days PHILADELPHIA FIRST MONTH 3, 1857.
since, we chanced to be present in a large meet
ing, in which a ci-devant lecturer, who assumed In our paper last week a typographical error
the nom de guerre of Parallax-Paradox, no occurred in the date of the notice of the death doubt he meant-challenged the collective forces of John Wickham, which should read 1856 of science to a tourney, undertaking to prove instead of 1826. .
against them all, that our good old jolly round
world is fat: whereupon, for a little time, we Died, On the 30th of 11th mo. 1856, aged about were constrained to feel that the age was a very forty-seven, Sarah W. Evans, wife of Nathan Evans, brazen one. Glancing from the brazen oracle to of Evesham, New Jersey, and daughter of Joshua and its hearers, the suspicion presently arose, that Sarah Roberts of the same place. - At his residence near Moorestown, N. J., on
on wooden might prove more apt than either brazen the 13th of 11tb mo. 1856, BENJAMIN WÁRRINGTON, or golden. On the fast banks of the Cam, again, in the 83d year of his age. His patient waiting until the idea always presents itself that mercurial is the period of his departure should arrive, and his quiet the proper designation. But then, in moments and peaceful close, evince the truth of the declaration, of quiet reflection, that huge tubular bridge. " see in what peace a Christian can die.” He was a constant attendant at all meetings of Wig
which carries railway-trains from Caernarvon to which he was a member, and an elder nearly all the Anglessey, across an intervening arm of the sea, latter half of his long and peaceful life.
comes back to the mind; and that mighty leviaHis house was, to an unusual extent, the home and than, too, which is building at Millwall, and which resting place of Friends travelling in Truth's service,
promises, after a short interval of preparation, to also the welcome retreat of all Friends who chose to P favor him with their company, for truly he seemed rush round the
ed rush round the world every three months, with a to think it a favor.
burden of 25,000 tons in its ferruginous shell.
Yes, there is in the composition of this wondrous For Friends' Intelligencer.
age an ingredient of higher importance than Friendship-sacred friendsbip-were it not for either wood or mercury, gold or brass, and which thy benign influence how many pleasant places does very much more to confer upon it a prewould be rendered desolate, how many hearts dominant feature. The age is really an iron lonely and miserable. The desert places of earth one. Iron, in the hands of science, is doing more are brightened by thy smiles, and the weary sons for the benefit of humanity, and for the advance of and daughters of toil are rendered happy by thy civilization, than any other material agent that presence.
has been engaged in beneficent service since the None but the purest and holiest feelings should civilized history of mankind began. be offered at thy shrine; and the unballowed. The peculiarity which is chiefly operative in things of earth should come within thy reach rendering iron of high value in the constructive only to be transformed into beauty and purity by arts, is the extraordinary tenacity with wbich the the influence of thy power. Thou hast been little molecules of the metal hold together. They called a golden chain, and truly, for what brighter grasp each other so tightly, that it requires a link than thine can cheer the way-worn traveller very powerful wrench to tear them asunder. An over life's tempestuous sea ?
liron bar, of the same size as an oak beam, that would be crushed by a weight of 400 pouzds,, several impurities which cannot endure heat, and will bear 2000 pounds, and come out of the trial becomes somewhat light and spongy. Then it is unscathed. A square piece of sound-wrought placed in alternate layers, with cokc or charcoal, iron, one inch thick and one inch long, is capa- and lime, and the whole is subjected to a refining ble of sustaining a weight of eleven tons concen- fire of a blast-furnace. The corrosive oxygen of tred upon its middle.
the ore, under this treatment, capriciously finds But there are other properties accompanying that it has a much stronger affection for one of this fivefold oak-power of iron, which are of the new-comers, the charcoal, than for its old scarcely inferior importance in a practical point associate, the sturdy metal; and so takes up with of view. By the instrumentality of ihe steam- its fresh companion, and flies away with it in the roller and steam-hammer, and by the power of state of vapor, vanishing through the air. The heat, the metal can be fashioned into any shape flint and clay, in the same way, make the disthat is required; and by the processes of weldcovery that they are near relatives of the lime, ing and riveting, masses can be provided of any and forthwith strike up a sort of family union, size. It seems literally that art is now able to forming among them an earthy scum or slag. oppose to the rude forces of pature iron structures The iron, fairly put upon its mettle by this base capable of resisting any amount of destructive desertion, waxes furiously hot, and melts into a violence they can bring into play. The hollow liquid. The superintendents of the process, beam which lies across the Menai Strait allows catching it at this advantage, snatch away the railway-trains, laden with hundreds of tons, to earthy scum from an upper opening in the furbe shot through it almost without causing it to nace, and draw off the molten mass through a bend from the straight line. The Great Bri- lower one, into channels and moulds prepared tain steam-ship remained stranded for months on for its reception. When it runs into these moulds the rocky coast of Ireland, amidst the fury of it has lost the principal part of the impurities the Atlantic breakers, almost without a strain. with which it was combined ; it still, however," The Great Eastern steam-ship, when completed, retains enough to interfere with its constructional if taken up by its extreme ends, an eighth of a integrity. It has still mingled with its mass five mile asunder, with 25,000 tons banging from per cent. of carbon, and smaller quantities of its middle, would sustain the weight as if it were sulphur, phosphorus, and other similar ingredi. no more than twenty-five ounces. The utmost ents, which have the effect of rendering its grain violence of winds and waves will no doubt be coarse, and its consistence brittle. When it has trifles when compared with its powers of endu- cooled in the moulds, in this semi-purified state, rancc. Even the hurricane bursting broadside it constitutes the crude pig.iron, or cast-iron of upon the marine giant, will scarcely disturb its the manufacturers. This cast iron has three equanimity as it floats upon the ocean. Such | times less tenacity, and once and a half less reare the strength and the adaptability of iron ! siliency, or power of recovering its original con
Then, too, iron is dug from the ground. It dition, when slightly interfered with, than the lies ready for use upon the earth in inexhaustible metal possesses in its purest form. masses, which require only to be taken from In order that cast iron may be brought into their natural repositories, and to be prepared for the purest condition the metal can assume, it is the uses to which mechanics desire to apply again melted in a fierce furnace, and then, when them. There, however, is the rub: they must molten, it is splashed about with the end of an be prepared before they can be used. The iron rod. Corrosive oxygen floating round in strength and malleability of the metal are en- the air, thus invited, enters again upon its old tirely dependent upon its purity; and the native pranks; seizes more of the carbon, sulphur, and ore contains various eartby minerals besides the phosphorus, and flies off with them as vapor. metallic iron. It is composed of flint, clay, The remains of other less abundant impurities carbon, sulphur, and phosphorus, besides that collect into a slight scum, and there then resubtile corrosive agent which holds its court un mains tolerably pure iron, which is taken from seen in the transparent atmosphere, and which the furnace as it consolidates in cooling, and chemists call oxygen—that oxygen which is the trensferred to the anvil, to be there knocked and lurking principle of rust. All these things are kneaded by the hammer, until it gets dense and mingled together, in what seems to be inextrica close-grained, or rather close-fibred, under the ble confusion, in iron ore. The workers of the repeated assaults. This process of preparing the metal, however, know the confusion must not be cast iron for the operations of the forge, by agi. inextricable, and accordingly, by the persevering tating it when in a molten state, is expressively effort of ingenuity and skill, they have devised designated by the term puddling. When the cast a way to extricate the giant from its entangle- iron has lost in the puddling four out of five per ment. First, they roast the ore; that is, they cent. of carbon, it has been changed into steel. expose it to considerable heat, by making heaps Steel is a carburet of iron, containing one pound of mixed coal and ore, and setting fire to "the of carbon to every pinety-nine pounds of iron. mass. The roasted ore gets to be deprived of When the remaining one per cent. of carbon has