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petcncy, with tranquillity of mind. Never play it any game of chance. Avoid temptationthrough fear yon may not withstand it. Earn money before you spend it. Never run in debt unless you see a way to get out again. Do not marry until you are able to support a wife. Never speak ill of any one. Be just before you are generous. Keep yourself innocent, if you would be happy. Save when you are young, to spend when you are old. Read over the above at least once a week.
BY HANNAH LLOYD.
lithe natd heart must be smitten ere the springs of life can flow,
As the waters locked in Horeb gushed beneath the prophet's blow,
If the veii before the temple where our idols are enshrined,
Most be rent in twain to teach us, we' are weak, and
frail, and blind; If the whirlwind and the fire must the still small voice
Wakening in our souls the echo, earth is bat a failing reed;
If the waves which overwhelm us may not in their
wrath be stayed. Grant us still to feel, oh Father, "It is I—be notafraid."
If beside our household altars we grow weary of our trust,
If the wing of faith is broken, and her pinions trail in dust;
If we faint beneath onr burdens, as we vainly question why,
All our springs of consolation, and our wells of hope are dry I
If our cup Horn Marah's fountain be replenished o'er and o'er,
Till the dregs are drops of bitter, earth has not a solace for;
Though our strength be born of suffering—though our
hearts be sore dismayed, Oh sustain us with thy presence—"It is I, be not
If our pleasant pictures fading, leave a background of despair,
Let a ray oi light from Heaven beam upon the darkness there;
As in some old time-worn painting which the dust has
gathered o'er, Light discloses to the gazer beauty all unknown before; So the bright rays piercing downward through the mist
which round us lies, May illume lire's darkened canvas, and reveal before
Ulimpses sweet of pleasant waters, where our footsteps
shall be stayed, As we hearken to the whisper—"It is I, be not afraid."
It may be the spirit strengthens, and the soul grows
pure and while, When the clouds of sorrow darken, and all starless is
That wit hiu their gloom is gathered, gentle and refreshing rain,
Every little germ of patience quickening into life again!
But we tain would come before Thee, ere the evil days draw nigh,
Ere the sun and moon are darkened, or the clouds are in our sky;
While life's silver cord is binding us to gladness and to mirth,
And its golden bowl is filling from the choicest founts of earth.
While the fragrance and the beauty of our morning round us lies,
We would of the heart's libation pour to Thee a sacrifice;
Trustful that the hand which scatters blessings every
morning new, Would rehll the urn of offering, as a floweret with the
Pure and sweet the exhalations from a grateful heart to Heaven,
Unto Thee then be the incense of our Cardiphonia given;
Ere the noontide sun shall wither, or the gathering
twilight hour, Closes the outpouring chalice of the morn's expanded
THE DROP OF WATER.
BT miOHAED HAM.
How mean 'mid all this glorious space ; how valueless am I!"
A little drop of water said, as trembling in the sky, It downward fell, in haste to meet the intermediate sea,
As if the watery mass its goal and sepulchre should be.
But, ere of no account, within the watery mass it fell— It found a shelter and a home, the oyster's concave shell;
And there that little drop became a hard and precious gem,
Meet ornament for royal wreath, for Persia's diadem.
Cheer up, faint heart, that hear'st the tale, and though
thy lot may seem Contemptible, yet not of it as nothing worth esteem; Nor fear that thou, exempt from care of providence,
An undistinguishable drop in nature's boundless sea.
The power that called thee into life has skill to make thee live,
A place of refuge can provide, another being give; Can cloth thy perishable form with beauty rich and rare,
And, " when He makes his jewels up," grant thee a station there.
A RAT STORY.
Walter Colton, in his diary of a voyage to California in a man of war, entitled "Deck and Port," relates the following rat story:—"I have always felt some regard for a rat since my cruise in the Constellation. Wo were fitting out for sea at Norfolk, and taking in water and provisions. A plank was resting on the sills of one of the ports, which communicated with the wharf. On a bright moonlight evening, we discovered two | rats on the plank coming into the ship. The I foremost was leading the other by a straw, one ! end of which he held in his mouth. We managed | to capture them both, and found to our surprise, [ the one led by the other was blind. His f'aith! ful friend was trying to get him on board, where he would have comfortable quarters during a 'three years' cruise. We felt no disposition to kill either, and landed them both on the wharf. How many there are in the world, to whom the fidelity of that rat readeth a lesson V
THE SEEDS AND CUTTINGS RECENTLY OBTAINED BY THE PATENT OFFICE.
The following extracts are made from the Patent Office report:—
Nut trees, Fruits and Vines.
The Persian walnut, or Maderia nut, (Juglam regia) originally a native of Persia, or the north of China, has been somewhat extensively distributed, and appears to be well adapted to the climate of the middle and southern latitudes of the United States. A tree of the "titmouse" or "thin shelled" variety (Juglans regia tencra) about twenty years planted, forty-five feet in height, and fifteen inches in diameter, standing on the premises of Cornel Peter Force, in the city of Washington, is perfectly hardy, and bears yearly an abundance of excellent nuts. This is considered the most valuable of all the walnuts, as the tree begins to bear in eight or ten years from planting the seed; and the fruit is very delicate, keeps well, and is rich in oil.
In Cashmere, where the walnut is the subject of careful cultivation, there are four varieties: the kanak, or wild, the nut of which is diminutive, with a thick shell and scanty kernel; the wantu, having a large nut, with a thick and hard shell and a deficient kernel; the denu, also a large nut, with a thick and rather hard shell, and a kernel large, good, and easily extracted; and the kaghazi, so called from its shell being nearly as thin as paper. The latter, which may be readily broken by the hand, is the largest of all, having a kernel easily extracted, aud producing an excellent oil. Its superiority is said to be attributed to its having been originally engrafted, but it is now raised from seeds alone, and does not degenerate. The nuts, after being steeped in water eight days, are planted in the beginning of March, and the shoot generally makes its appearance in about forty days. If reared by grafts, the process is performed when the plant, is five years old. The head being cut off horizontally, at a convenient height, the stock is partially split, or opened, and the scion inserted in a similar manner to that adopted by our " cleft method" in grafting the apple or pear; but clay mortar, worked up with rice husks, is put round it, and kept from washing away, by being enveloped in large slips of birch bark.
In Cashmere, the walnut tree begins to fruit, ordinarily, when seven years old; but two or three years more elapse before it is in full bearing. The average annual number of nuts brought to maturity on a single tree often amounts to 25,000. It has been observed that, after a few seasons of full bearing, the trees fall off in producing fruit, and run, with great luxuriance, to leaf and branch. To this latter condition the
Cashmereans apply the appellation of " must," and, to remedy the evil, cut off all the small branches, bringing the tree to the state of a pollard.
The year following, shoots and leaves alone are produced, which are succeeded the next season by an abundant crop of nuts. The cut ends of the branches swell into knots or knobs, which are somewhat unsightly in the tree until they are concealed by the growth of the young branches and leaves. When ripe, the fruit of the Wantu walnut is retailed in the city at the rate of about two cents a hundred. The nuts of the Denu are sold for about three cents per hundred. It is a common practice for the country people to crack the walnuts at home and carry the kernels alone to market, where they are sold to oil pressers, for extracting their oil. The kernels yield half their weight in oil; and the other half, which consists of oil cake, is much valued as food for cows in winter, when it is usually exchanged for its weight of rough rice.
About 1,150,000 pounds of walnut kernels are annually consigned to the oil-press in Cashmere, producing a large amount of oil and cake, besides a considerable quantity eaten by man, or consumed by other modes. Walnut oil, in that country, is preferred to linseed oil, for all the purposes to which the latter is applied. It is employed in cookery, and also for burning in lamps, without much clogging the week or yielding much smoke. It is exported to Thibet, and brings a considerable profit. By ancient custom, the crop of nuts was equally divided between the government and the owner of the tree, but at present, the former takes three fourths; yet, even under this oppression, the cultivation of this product is extended, and Cashmere, in proportion to its surfuce, produces a much larger quantity than any portion of the globe.
The Persian walnut attains the largest size in a deep, loamy soil, rather dry than moist; but the fruit has the best flavor, and produces the most oil, when it is grown in a limy soil, or among calcareous rocks or stones. The site in which Colonel Force's tree Btands was formerly occupied by a brick kiln. In wet bottomed land, whatever may be the character of the surface, it will not thrive. The nuts may be planted in a drill about six inches apart, and one-fourth of an inch below the surface, any time between the period of ripening and early spring, provided there is no danger from rats or other vermin of the field; the nuts may also be pressed gently into the ground, even with the surface, and covered over with straw or leaves; and, to afford them further protection, light poles or boards may be placed over the whole until spring. The only attention required in their culture the first year is to keep the young plants free from weeds, and, about the middle of summer, to shorten their tap or main roots, six or eight inches below the cats, by inserting a spade on each side of the drills, in a slanting direction, so as to cut off their points, in order to induce them to throw out more fibres, to facilitate their transportation. Early in the spring of the second year they may be transplanted to a distance of five or six feet apart, where they may remain until they are removed to their permanent sites.
In cases where this tree is to be grown for fruit, on dry soils or rocky situations, the nut ought to be planted where it is finally to remain, on account of the tap root, which will thus have its full influence on the vigor and" prosperity of its future growth, by descending to the subsoil for the nourishment it could not otherwise obtain. On the contrary, when there is a moist or otherwise unfavorable subsoil, if planted where it is finally to remain, a tile, slate or fiat stone should be placed under the nut, a depth of three or four inches, in order to give the tap root a horizontal course.
When planted as orchards, the trees may be set a rod apart, an acre of which could contain one hundred and sixty in the square form, or one hundred and eighty in quincuncem. Estimating the product of each tree at a bushel of nuts, and supposing it will produce that quantity in twelve or fifteen years after planting, and considering that the amount imported into this country is valued at least at $100,000 per annum, the inducements for its culture by the farmers and planters of the Middle and Southern States would appear to be sufficiently ample for their immediate attention.
THE FIRST RAGGED SCHOOL.
The Scotch pique themselves a little on having taken the first step in this movement, and have good reason for their sclf-gratulation. No doubt, so far as the British Isles are concerned, the first of these institutions originated in the north; but few of us are perhaps aware that, in the little town of Weimar, 'where,' as Professor Blackie hath it, ' fair Peace her bloodless victories tells,' such an institution flourished seven-and-thirty years ago.
The life of Frederick Perthes, which has been lately translated, has presented to the English public a picture of G-crman life—a picture of a good man's mind, and of domestic happiness such as has been seldom seen; and among the various subjects of interest treated of in these volumes, public and private, secular and theological the chapter on the first Ragged School and its founder is one of the most attractive. One thing very notable is, that John Falk, to whom the honor is due of having been the first in this good work, was not a man of any great intellectual power—a large heart, a disinterested, warm, unselfish nature, united with complete devotion to the one object, insured success;
though in his literary undertakings he had previously been a butt for the ridicule of his learned countrymen. Falk was a native of West Prussia, and had come to reside in Weimar, 'when his compassion was excited by the number of children left destitute by the battles of Jena, Lutzen, and Leipsic, which had left them fatherless, and who now wandered, like wild beasts of the forest, in the neighborhood of these scenes of horror. These young savages were the wreck of Napoleon's armies—dark-eyed boys from southern France and sunny Italy, besides a multitude from all the tribes of Germany. Of these, Falk collected more than 300, and took them into his own house, and resolved to devote his life to the task of reclaiming them, and giving them the blessings of education and an honest calling. To do so, besides his own devotion and energy, large funds were necessary; and part of his upopularity may well be ascribed, not only to his eccentricities, his riding his hobby very hard, but to his being a bold and untiring beggar—a bore, in short—the burden of his song being always 'give, give.' Falk wisely said, speaking of the abuses of the time, 'nor will matters be mended so long as men regard preaching and the hearing of preaching as a Christian act, whereas Christian action is itself the true sermon.' He acted up to this principle, and night and day gave himself to the work. He had much to disappoint, but still more to encourage him, and was determined never to see difficulties. When his house was sold by the proprietor, he naturally found no one very willing to receive him and his 300 children into another: he therefore resolved to build, and to do the whole by the hands of his children ; 'so that,' as he said, 'every tile in the roof, every nail in the walls, every lock on the doors, every chair and every table in the rooms, shall be a witness to their industry.'
To any one familiar with our Kagged Schools, the following description, given by Perthes, of the first Ragged School, which he visited in 1822, is very significant: 'About fifty journeymen and apprentices, all of them former inmates of the Ragged Hospital, were working at the new building as masons and carpenters. They were served by boys still in the institution: horrid, cannibal-like faces they all had, with the wolf of the desert unmistakably imprinted on their foreheads. In the expression of many, however, there were traces of a new life; and Falk says it is a real pleasure to see how the claws and the shaggy tufts gradually fall off.'
Falk's work and life-labor was crowned with great success. No doubt, many of his proteges returned to their wild ways, still a much larger number grew up sober and industrious citizens; and many a thriving artisan, in his happy and peaceful home, blessed the memory of his benefactor, who had taught him the first lesson of rectitude and self-respect. Also that has taken place of which he was himself so confident— the idea which possessed him has spread throughout Christian Europe; and though the name of the whimsical John Falk is seldom heard, the desire of his heart is accomplished. Wherever there is want and misery, there also there is a door open for the children of the destitute to learn the great lesson how to live for this world and for the next.— Chambers' Journal. VOL. XIV.
The late severe weather has heen very destructive to vessels on the coast and elsewhere, The New York papers of Tuesday contain several accounts of the loss of merchant ships, hrigs. schooners and sloops.
The British ship Lord Ashhurton, from Toulon for St. Johns, N. B. was totally lost on Grand Manan, on the 19th inst. All the officers were lost, and only eight men out of twenty-nine were saved, and they badly frozen.
The ship Manlius from New Castle for St. John, was tot-illy lost on Grand Manan.—The crew were rescued, after being over a week in the boat and in the woods.
Flour And Meal—The market for Flour is dull. Standard and good brands are held at $5 75 a 5 87. Sales of better brands for home consumption at $6 10 a 6 35, and extra and fancy brands at $6 50 a 7 25. There is very liitle export demand. Rye Flour is held at $4 00 per barrel. Corn Meal is selling at $3 10 a 3 19 per bbl.
Grain.— Wheat is dull, but prices are steady. Sales of prime Pennsylvania red are making at $1 40 a $1 44, and $1 50 a 1 60 for good white. Rye is steady; sales of Penna. at 82c. Corn is in fair request, at 65c for new yellow afloat, 67c for old, and 63 a 64c in the cars and in store. Oats are scarce; sales of Pennsylvania at 46 a 47c per bushel.
FRIENDS having buisness communications or visiting in the vi inity of Cecil Monthly Meet ing, a branch of Southern Quarter, may reach that section cheaply, pleasantly and expeditiously, by taking a ticket by cars from Philadelphia at 1 o'clock P. M., to Sassafras River, on 3rd 5th and 7th days. Fare to Sassafras Hivtr $1 50. Conveyance to be had of Richard Turner, at Betterton Land.ng on Sassafras River, to any part of the neighborhood.
~k» URPHY'S SCHOOL.—This Institutien having |\X been in successful operation for the last 20 years, as a day school, will now receive six or eight female pupils, (girls under 13 years of age preferred,) as boarders in the family. Attention will be paid to health, morals, &c. They will be desired to attend Friends'Meeting on First days, accompanied by one of their teachers, also mid-week Meetings if required by parents or guardians. Terms $35 00 per quarter of twelve weeks, (one-half payable in advance) including board, washing, &c. For further particulars enquire of LET1TIA MURPHY, Principal.
SARAH C. WALKER, Assistant.
N. 6. Plain and fancy needle-work taught.
3d mo., 21st, 1857,-^t.pd.
n HESTERFIELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR \J YOUNG MEN AND BOYS.—The Summer Session of this institution will commence the l6lh of 5th mo. 1857, and continue twenty weeks.
Terms.—$70 per session, one half payable in advance, the other in the middle of the term.
No extra charges. For further particulars address.
HENRY W. RIDGWAY, Crosswicks P. O., Burlington Co., N. J.
F-'LDRIDGE'S HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.—The i next Term of this Institution will commence on the ISth of 5th month next and continue 20 weeks.
Scholars of both sexes will be received during the coming Term.
All the branches of a liberal English education are thoroughly taught in this institution ; also the elements of the Lati.-i and French languages.
Terms $70 per session. To those studying Latin or French an additional charge will be made of $3 for each language.
No other extra charges except for the use of Classical and Mathematical Books and Instruments.
A daily Stage passes the door to and from Philadelphia.
For further particulars address the Principal for a Circular.
ALLEN FLITCRAFT, Eldiidge's Hill, Salem County, N. J.
GREEN LAWN BOARDING SCHOOL FUR GIRLS, near Unionville, Chester County, Pa. The summer sessiorj of this school will commence or the fourth of Fifth month next, and continue twentyweeks. The course of instruction, by competent female teachers, will be extensive in all the usual branches comprising a thorough English Education. Drawing included. Terms fifty-five dollars per session, one half in advance. Fancy needlewoik at an extra charge of three dollars. The use of all Class Books, Globes, Maps, Planisphere, Physiological Charts, Pen? and Ink, two dollars per session. Those wishing to enter will please give their names as early as possiblf. For circulars address the Principal, Unionville Post Office. EDITH B. CHALFANT.
3mo . 28. 3t. Principal.
ON DON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR
YOUI^G MEN AND BOYS It is intended to
commence the Summer session of this Institution on the 1st 2d day in the 5th mo. next. Lectures will be delivered on various subjects, by the teacher. Also, on Anatomy and Physiology, by a medical practitioner; the former illustrated by appropriate apparatus: the latter by plates adapted to the purpose.
Terms; 65 dollars for 20 weeks. No extra charge except for the Latin language, which will be 5 dollars. For Circulars, including references, and further particulars, address
BENJAMIN SWAYNE, Principal, London Grove P. O., Chester 3d mo. 14, 1857.
BYBERRY BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. The fourth session of this school, taught by Jane Hillborx and Sisters, will commence on the 1st Second day in the Fifth month, and continue twenty weeks. The usual branches of a liberal English Education Will be taught.
Terms: $60 per session, one half payable in advance, the other half at the end of the term. For Circulars, containing particulars, address,
JANE HILLBORN, Byberry P. O., Pa.
3d mo. 14, 1857—8t.
PHILADELPHIA, FOURTH MONTH 18, 1857.
EDITED BT AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE, No. 100 South Fifth Street, PHILADELPHIA. Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay able in advana. Three copies sent to one address for Five Dollars.
Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
EXTRACT FROM MEMOIR OF PRISCILLA GTJRNEY. fCorcluded from page 51.J
TJdnl Month 11th.—Elizabeth J. Fry records:—
Dearest Priscilla said to this effect, that the experience of her illness had greatly confirmed and deepened her in the foundation and principles of Friends, more particularly as it respected the ministry She expressed how
entirely she felt her dependence on the Lord alone, and how little she felt the want of outward ministry; though what came in the life was refreshing and sweet. She also expressed, this morning, a great desire for the Friends of the family, that they might hold fast their principles.
Villi.—Our dearest Priscilla is brought to the lowest and most tried state of body; yet she expresses that the Lord manifests his power to be sufficient to keep and sustain her in this time of her great need. She has said that, through all her sufferings and low estate, she is enabled to cleave fast to the cross. She told E. F. that she trusted that she should not be utterly cast down, and yesterday morning expressed an earnest desire and prayer that she might be enabled in every thing to give thanks, and she quoted part of the 10th verse of the 00th of Isaiah. It is beautiful to see her entire submission to the will of tbe Lord in everything. It is so evident to what hand she wholly yields herself: her faith, her hope, her trust, and her patience never fail. I beard her to-day pray over something she was taking, "I desire to be thankful for all the mercies mingled in the cup of suffering. Thy mercies are many indeed." And after asking who was to sit up with her, she paused, and then said, "Dearest Lord, grant thy blessing upon this night, and give me thy help." She prayed that the Lord would be with her in her deep distress, and that the deliverance from it might be in his own time. "In tby own time, Lord."
16th.—We thought yesterday the lowest day that has yet been passed through. In this suffering state she said to R. that the Lord was still sufficient for her. E. F ministered to her from the 40th Psalm, "Make no tarrying,oh my God : be thou our help, and deliverer." Priscilla said, " Amen."
19th.—She desired messages of great love and interest to several relatives. She said to E. F. that having nearly lost the use of her speech made her feel the exceeding importance of the government of the tongue in health.
25th.—Our dearest Priscilla has sunk during the past week into the arms of death. Her powers of body have been escaping her: she has been scarcely able to speak, and, when she could, has been heard with difficulty. She has much liked our reading to her, several times in the day, in the Bible or hymns, also Samuel Scott's Diary, John Richardson's Journal, and, for a change, the history of the various Moravian missionary stations. Though she has appeared so death-like, we have found the powers of her mind surprisingly alive. On Friday morning we moved her on to the couch, which she left no more. We endeavored to get her to-bed at night; but finding her much exhausted by the attempt, I asked her to hold up her hand if she preferred remaining on the couch, whicb?jsh^lid. The appearance of approaching death incYeased so much that we all assembled round her. Her speech was gone, and she had entered the valley of the shadow of death. The night was deeply serious and awful; yet she Tevived sufficiently for us to have interesting communication with her during yesterday, and the effect of her spirit npon us was delightful, though in silence and death. She made ub understand we were to read, by pointing to C. and making signs: 13th of Corinthians was chosen. Fowell, after reading, spoke very forcibly of the security of the love of God towards her, that though she might, through great weakness and illness, lose the sense and knowledge of it herself, yet his love was unmeasurable, unutterable, and that neither life nor death, neither principalities nor powers, nor any other creature, could separate her from his love: that it depended not on our sense of it; that nothing in us could shake it, and that he did feel most strongly and powerfully that she 'was in the bands of the God of love. She held his hand, and by feeble squeezes indicated her