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said, to our mutual satisfaction, and from thence we went to Hollyhead, in the Isle of Anglesea, where we arrived the next day about the 10th hour in the forenoon, and the next day, about two in the afternoon, we set sail, and arrived in Dublin Bay, in about twenty-four hours, for which we were thankful.
At the time of our landing there was a ship in the buy with a great many Friars, going to France, being sent out of Ireland by virtue of a law lately made there. And John Everot having something to say in some meetings after we landed, against several tenets, opinions, and practices of the Papists, a report was raised that William Penn had preached among those Monks and Friars at our landing, and had converted some of them; one of whom, being more zealous than the rest, was now with William Pcun, preaching mightily against the Papists, meaning John Everot.
This was reverse to a report formerly invented against William Penn, that he himself was a Jesuit, and died so in Pennsylvania many years ago; and not only reported, but printed and published, and also confuted by his appearing soon after in England.
On the 6th of Third month we went to Dublin; and on the 8th, being the first of the week, was the half year meeting there, where we were greatly comforted, not only in the enjoyment of the blessed presence of the Lord, but also in observing the unity, mildness and order which appeared among Friends in the management of the affairs of the church on that occasion.
Great was the resort of people of all ranks, qualities and professions, to our meetings, chiefly on account of our friend William Penn, who was ever furnished by the Truth fully to answer their expectations; many of the clergy were there, and the people with oue voice spake well of what they heard; and of the clergy, the Dean of Derry was one; who being there several times, was asked by his Bishop whether he had heard any thing but blasphemy and nonsense, and whether he took off his hat in time of prayer to join with us? He answered that he had heard no blasphemy nor nonsense, but the everlasting Truth; and did not only take off his hat at prayer, but his heart said amen to what he heard:" yet he proved like the stony ground, and brought forth no fruit. He said, "though he could die for the principles of religion the Quakers professed, yet to lose his living and character for some incidents they are tenacious of, as plain language, plain habits, and other distinguishing particulars, he did not think these of sufficient weight, or reasonable," and so came no further in the way of Truth, but proved unfaithful in the way of small things.
In the intervals of meetings William Penn visited the Lords and Justices of Ireland, and chief ministers of government there, in which he was very serviceable to Truth and Friends.
But the envy of Satan soon began to work against Truth and us, in such tools as he then had; for one John Plympton, a journeyman woolcomber, and teacher among a few general Baptists, soon after we came there, published an abusive paper against Friends in general, and William Penn in particular; wherein he treated him with language much below common civility, calling him a wilful.and desperate liar, &c.
Upon this several of us went to the chief elders of that people, and afterwards to that meeting, and enquired whether this work was by their consent; and they in a very modest manner and with concern, answered that it was altogether his own work, in which they had no hand, but disowned him therein. And finding him an impertinent wrangler, of little consequence, we took no further notice of him at that time, but afterwards published a sheet called" Gospel Truths;" drawn up chiefly by William Penn, and signed by himself and several others, of whom 1 was one. Plympton also published a paper which he called a " Quaker no Christian;" which William Penn answered by another, entitled " The Quaker a Christian." He also reprinted the eighth and ninth chapters of his primitive Christianity revived; which gave the people a general satisfaction that Plymptom's charges were groundless. And as William Penn's travels through the nation at that time made the envy of the priests to boil against the Truth and us, the bishop of Cork wrote a book against the above sheet, entitled " Gospel Truths;" which gave occasion for much controversy, and many other books to be written.
[Having now accomplished the principal part of a concern that has lived with me for years, in publishing the early life of Thomas Story in "Friends' Intelligencer," and as I shall probably be from home some weeks, I will not be able to continue it as heretofore regularly. But should it meet with approbation I am willing to continue it, though it is a heavy tax upon my time .in my travels. I find it has been a welI come visitor among our most reliable Friends, | and even among too many circumstanced like the " Dean of Derry," above spoken of; but not so acceptable to those who may be compared to the ancient Athenians, Acts. xvii. 21. I hope, however, that our paper may ever abound with substantial, useful matter, and promote the cause of Truth, especially among our young people. The whole work I find has been published a few years ago in " Friends' Library," but this edition is scarce and dear. The abridgment of Kendall is out of print, and I have met with very few who were acquainted with the life of Thomas Story.] Jos. Foulke.
Liverpool, a city nearly as large as New York, is without a daily paper. .
"/ have learned in whatever etatt I am, therewith to be content."—[phil. 4: 11.
Father, I know that all my life
Is portioned out for me,
I do not fear to see.
I ask Thee for a thoughtful love,
To meet the glad with joyful smiles,
And a heart at leisure from itself,
I ask Thee for the daily strength,
To none who ask denied;
While keeping at Thy side,
If Thou be glorified.
And if some tbinsrs I do not ask
In my cup of blessings be,
With grateful love to Thee—
Than to please Thee perfectly.
In a service which Thy love appoints,
There are no bonds for me,
That makes Thy children "free;"
Is a life of liberty
Anna L. Waring.
BY MRS. L. B. StOOnXNBY.
Art thou a Christian? Though thy cot
A wealth is thine which earth denies;
A treasure boundless as the skies.
Heir of high Heaven! how canst thou sigh
For gilded dross and vanity?
Art thou a Christian, doomed to roam
O'er trackless wilds uncheered to go,
With none to share an exile's woe?
How canst thou then a stranger be
Surrounded by his family?
Art thou a Christian, 'mid the stiife
Thy heaven-born faith its shield shall spread,
To be always intending to live a new life, but never to find time to set about, is as if a man should put off eating, and drinking and sleeping, from one day and nigbt to another, till he is starved and destroyed.—Tilotson.
THE FORCE OF PREJUDICE.
The greater part of the opinions of mankind, and generally those opinions which are of the greatest importance, and on which depend our present and future happiness, are formed in youth. These early opinions, too, are the most lasting; for ideas which are impressed on us in the cradle, scarcely quit us in the grave. But when opinions are almost universal, as well as early; when we see the bulk of mankind adopt them, and but very few oppose them, they " grow with our growth, and strengthen with our strength;" and the few who oppose them are considered as enthusiasts and fanatics, or fools and infidels. From having a contemptible opinion of their abilities, we begin to impeach their motives; and when we cannot answer their arguments by reason, we begin to think of silencing them by force, and thus the rack and the faggot have been called to the aid of what has been called reason and scripture. This no I doubt, might be the case again, were it not that, happily, we are divided into so many sects, that no one has a majority over all the others, ! and a coalition of the weaker sects becomes absolutely necessary, in order to resist the en| croachments of the stronger. But opinions, whether true or false, good or bad, when adopted without examination, are but prejudices, according to the literal meaning of the term. To prejudge, is to adopt an opinion before we examine it. But according to the constitution of things, it is absolutely necessary, that in our nonage, we should, at least for a time, adopt the opinions of our superiors; without this, the world would hardly go on, and great confusion would ensue. But it is an indispensable duty to examine our opinions, as soon as we arrive at an age to think for ourselves;—to call no man master;—to pin our faith on no man's sleeve; and it is owing to a contrary doctrine, that is, implicit obedience to authority, that a foundation has been laid for all the bigotry, intolerance and persecution, which has cursed the world for so many centuries, but which is now giving way before the doctrine of free inquiry.
At first view it appears wonderful, that we should be so sharp-sighted to the prejudices of others, while we are so blind to our own. We look with pity, and almost with contempt, on the Roman Catholic, with his indulgences, bis auricular confession, his relics, his purgatory, his penance, and a thousand other absurdities ;—we wonder that the light of the gospel which some of them now read, and the force of reason which some of them now hear, are not both together sufficient to open their eyes ; but we never reflect that we ourselves are laboring under prejudices equally strong, and equally contrary to revelation and reason. The fact is, they refuse to examine the soundness of their own opinions, and of the opinions opposite to them. They will not hear their opinions attacked without anger, and they will not examine an opinion against which they are prejudiced: the same is the case with ut.
Now, had this been the case with all, and at all times, mankind would never have emerged from the barbarism of the dark ages; but all the absurdities of the Roman Catholic faith, mentioned above, together with the ordeal by battle, by hot and cold water, by the hot ploughshare, &c. and exorcism, and the doctrine of the Pope's infallibility, and the horrors of the inquisition, and chivalry, crusades and holy wars would have continued to this day.
But history informs us, that prejudices, however strong, and universal, are not invulnerable; and that public opinion has been, and may still farther be enlightened; and we may ratioually infer that we have not yet arrived at the summit of human knowledge and excellence, and that we may have far to go, before we arrive at the knowledge and virtues of the primitive Christians.
THE PREACHER AND THE ROBBERS.
A Methodist preacher, several years ago, in Ireland, was journeying to the village where he had to dispense the word of life, according to the usual routine of his duty, and was stopped on his way by three robbers. One of them seized his bridle-reins, another presented a pistol and demanded his money, and tho third was a mere looker-on.
The grave and devoted man looked each and all of them in the face, and with great gravity and seriousness said:
"Friends, can you pray to God before you commit this deed'( Can you ask God to bless you in your undertakings to-day I"
These questions startled them for a moment. Recovering themselves, one said: "We have no time to answer such questions; we want your money; we must have our will.''
"lama poor preacher of the Gospel," was the reply ; "if you give rae nothing, do not try to take from me the little I have. However, satisfy your thirst, ruin me, and answer it before the God whom I faithfully serve; the little money I have shall be given you."
A few shillings was all he had to give.
«' Have you not a watch V
"Well, then, give it to us."
In taking his watch from his pocket his saddlebags were displayed.
•' What have you got here?" was the question asked again.
"I cannot say I have nothing in them but religious books, because I have a pair of shoes and a change of lineD also.''
"We must have them."
The preacher dismounted. The saddle-bags
were taken possession of, and no further demands were made. Instantly the preacher began to unbutton his great coat, and to throw it off his shoulders, at the same time asking:
"Will you have my great coat f"
"No," was the reply; "you are a generous man, and we will not take it."
He then addressed them as follows:
"I have given you everything you asked for, and would have given more than you asked for; now I have only one favor to ask of you."
"What is that?"
"That you will kneel down and allow me to pray with you, and pray to Almighty God in your behalf; to ask him to turn your hearts and put you upon better ways."
"I'll have nothing to do with the man's things," said the ringleader of them.
"Nor I either," said another of them.
"Here, take your watch; take your saddlebags ; if we have anything to do with you the judgments of God will overtake us."
So all the articles were returned. That, however, did not satisfy the godly man. He urged prayer upon them. He kneeled down; one of the robbers kneeled with him; one prayed, the ] other wept, confessed his sin, and said it was the first time in his life he had done such a thing, and should be the last How far he kept his word is known only to Him to whom the darkness and the light are alike; to Him whose eyelids try the children of men.
The study of astronomy expands and strengthens the mental faculties and relieves the mind of vulgar fears. To observe tbe sun gradually change its form and assume the appearance of the new moon, or disappear entirely, remaining for a few moments like a black orb suspended in the heavens; to see the full moon, without any known cause, suddenly fade away into obscurity and darkness, or to behold that starry visitant, the comet, wbeeling its rapid and erratic flight through the heavens, with its enormous train, are phenomena well calculated to strike tbe ignorant with horror.
Hence we are not surprised at being informed by ancient historians, that one eclipse of the moon portended the end of the Assyrian Empire and the establishment of the Babylonian, and that another Whs the precursor of the great famine at Rome, and of the Peloponesian war: that one eclipse of the sun foretokened the plague at Athens, and another the taking of Jerusalem by the Saracens. But the light of modern science has dispelled these delusions, and none but the grossly ignorant are any longer dismayed at the signs of the heavens. The solar eclipse no longer perplexes rulers with the fear of change; no longer the rushing comet, "from his horrid hair, shakes pestilence and war;" and the enlightened astronomer, while viewing the little meteors darting through the atmosphere, feels no alarm lest the stars are leaving their orbs.
The study of this science calls into exercise, and thus improves, the highest mental powers. The mightiest energies of a Kepler, a Halley, a Newton, and a host of others, aided by the boundless resources of mathematics, have been furnished with full employment in tracing the laws which regulate the movements of the spheres. The Author of our being never designed that our every effort, from the cradle to the grave, should be directed to the sole purpose of supplying the wants of the body. He furnished us with a mind as well as with a body, and made an essential part of our happiness to depend upon its due improvement.
Exercise is the means by which all our faculties are improved, and what other science can furnish the mind with contemplations so grand, so overpowering as the system of astronomy? To look upon the earth, on which we dwell, rolling incessantly upon its axis, presenting its every side to the sun, that every region and clime may be illuminated with its beams; to look upon that sun itself, of a magnitude equal to nearly fourteen hundred thousand such worlds as ours, illuminating with a flood of radiance, not only the world on which we dwell, but other and more distant worlds, and sending forth an influence which, at the distance of eighteen hundred millions of miles, binds the most remote planet in its perpetual circuit around him, furnish the mind with subjects for the most profound thought and meditation.
To look upon those stars which we call fixed, and of whose immeasurable distance we scarce can form the faintest notion, which circulate not around our sun, or borrow light from his beams, and which can be no other than suns themselves, radiant and glorious as ours, surrounded, perhaps, like our own, with their attendant retinue of worlds, the abodes, we must believe, of rational and immortal existence; to reflect upon the space within which they roll, and consider that beyond all that the eye of man, aided by the telescope, has ever viewed, worlds may roll afar, occupying an extent of space compared with which all that has ever met the eye of man may shrink into insignificance, give rise to contemplations which cannot but ennoble the mind, by employing its highest faculties upon objects worthy of their exercise.
But beyond and above all that is lofty in the contemplation of this mighty scene, it is here that we trace, on a grand and most magnificent scale, the handiwork of Him whom the heaven, and heaven of heavens, cannot contain. This universe in all its splendor, in all its immensity, is the kingdom of Jehovah. What endlessly
varied scenes of loveliness and beauty these innumerable worlds may exhibit, or who dwell happy there, it is not ours to know; but enough is known to fix upon us the conviction of limitless power, of unerring wisdom, of ineffable goodness.—J. A. Gillett.
SUGAR FROM THE CHINESE SUGAR CANE.
"Dr. D. Lee, of the Southern Cultivator, has shown us a sample of one or two pounds of well granulated and well-tested Sugar, made by him at the plantation of Mr. W. J. Eve, of this city, as the result of his first experiment with the juice of the Chinese sugar cane. This result is the more interesting from the fact, that scientific gentlemen in Boston have expressed the opinion that this plant contains no cane sugar, but grape or fruit sugar only. Dr. Lee's knowledge of chemistry has enabled him to correct this error, and demonstrate that the Chinese cane is nearly as rich in crystallisable sugar as that of the best cane grown in Louisiana."
The sugar above referred to was defecated by the use of a little cream of lime, four tablespoonfuls to three gallons of the recently expressed juice of the cane, put in while the juice was cold; but which was immediately heated nearly to the boiling; point, to form a thick scum. This being removed by a skimmer, the liquid was filtered or strained through a cloth bag into another pan or boiler, to separate fine particles not removable by the skimmer. Knowing that the juice of this plant contains a good deal of green coloring matter, (chlorophylle') glucose and caseine, and the usual aamount of albumen and mucilage, all of which ought to be removed, I took extra pains in clarifying the syrup before attempting to crystallise sugar from it. The caseine is the most difficult of removal, whether in the true sugar cane of Louisiana, or in the Sorghum. Dr. Evans, in his Sugar Planter's Manual, recommends a solution of nut galls (tannic acid.') Another gentleman uses a little vinegar to coagulate the curd-like matter. I have not tested either sufficiently to warrant me in recommending them; yet I name them, because, in skilful hands, both attain the ends sought. Where a whole plant is crushed to express its sugar, the latter is necessarily far more contaminated with other substances than is the limpid sap of the sugar maple. Hence any one, even Indians, can make fair sugar from the saccharine liquid obtained by tapping the sugar tree of the Northern and Middle States; but sugar making from beet roots, and canes of whatever kind, is a more complicated process. It will, therefore, take some little time for farmers to learn the best ways and means to produce good sugar from either the Chinese or African cane. Of the latter, Mr. Peters has 40 acres, and 70 of the former, which I have recently seen. The African seed was latest planted, and the crop is not ready to grind; it is much more like the true tropical cane than is the Sorghum. And I saw at Gov. Hammond's, a few days since, two vigorous plants growing from the two separate joints of the cane which had been cut off from the parent root, and planted precisely as cane joints are planted in Florida. This fact goes far to prove a close relationship between the two sugar-bearing plants, and Gov. H. regards them as one species. The accident of not bearing seed, but blossoms only, in the Florida cane, is ascribed to the long practice, in India and China, of cutting off the heads of the true cane early, to increase the sugar in the stems below. Both starch and sugar are largly consumed in plants while forming their numerous seeds. Gov. Hammond commences operations this week on a crop 10 acres, which is lute, owing to the late arrival of Mr. Wray, who has a very complete apparatus for making sugar in a small way. Mr. W. has a patent for his process for making syrup and sugar from whatever plants saccharine juice may be extracted. The practical value of his plan has yet to be tested in this country. Messrs. Hammond and Peters will soon put into the market over sixty thousand gallons of good syrup, while there are many whose crops range from ten to one hundred barrels. W here the syrup is properly manufactured, it sells as high as Stuart's best. After deciding to my own satisfaction the best way to clarify syrup for making sugar, or pure syrup, I will write you the particulars.—D. Lee, Athens, Ga.
LIBERIA A COFFEE RAISING COUNTRY.
The attention of capitalists and the public in general of the United States has recently been called to an important and interesting consideration, whether as regards its national and commercial or its economical and philanthropic features, for it abundantly possesses them all. We refer to publications made by the Rev. H. Roy Scott, in which he treats of the superior advantages and facilities presented by Liberia as a c«ffee raising country. He has resided both in Liberia and Brazil, and has thus enjoyed opportunities for judging as to the comparative circumstances of the two regions which entitle his opinion to respect. He claims for the Liberian coast a decided superiority in point of soil over the coffee raising districts of Brazil, and evidences in support of this claim the facts, that in the former country the coffee tree grows much larger than in the latter, and bears twice a year to the hitter's once. In point of cost of production, of ease and cheapness of transporting the crop to market, and other minor but not unimportant matters, he yields the preference decidedly to the African colony. In answer to the possible interrogatory, why have not all these great advantages been before now availed of 1 he says
that the poverty of the colored colonists, necessitating their immediate resort to labor for their own daily support, is the true reason why Liberia is not now a great coffee growing region. What is wanted is capital to establish coffee farms, which would pay, he thinks, at least thirty-three per cent, beyond the present profits of the Brazilian planters. The philanthropic classes of our country should urge this measure with their might; for it offers one, if not the most hopeful of all the resorts for the establishment of the colony upon a permanent and prosperous basis, whilst at the same time it would benefit every interest in the United States that should in any way be connected with it.
Flour Afd Meal.—The Flour market continues ull, but prices are steady. Standard and good brands are nominal at $5 a 5 12 per brand, and at j ;.(.
lor small lots for home consumption j extra family and fancy lots are held at $5 76 a 0 60. Nothing doing in Rye Flour or Corn Meal; we quote the former at $4 25 and the latter at $3 00 per barrel.
Grain.—There is a light supply of Wheat offering, but the demand for it is limited. Sales of good red were made at $1 13 a $ 1 15 per bushel, and good white at$l 12 a $1 27 per bushel. Some 400 bushels inferior red is reported at 102c in store. Sales of Rye at 75 a 78 c. Corn is still very dull—sales of old j el low at 68 a 69 eta., and 5000 bushels dry new at 54 a 57 cts. Oats—sales of Southern at 33 a 35 e per bushel, and Penna. at 34 c. A sale of Barley Malt at $1.
Clovrrseed is scarce at 5 25 a 5 37 per 04 lbs. Nothing doing in Timothy or Flaxseed. A sale of the latter at $1 35.
ClHESTKRFlELD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR ; YOUNG MEN AND HOYS—The Winter session of this Institution will commence on the 16th ot 11th month 1857, and continue twenty weeks.
Terms—$70 per session, one half payable inadvance, the other in the middle ol the session.
No extra charges. For further information address HENRY W.RlDGWAY,Cro«swicks P. O., Burlington Co., N. J. 10th mo. 3—3 m.
BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, near theCheltou Hills Citation, on the North Pennsylvania Railroad.
Gayjier Heacock will open a school 12th mo. 7th, and continue 16 weeks, where the usual branches of an English education will be taught, and every attention paid to the health and comfort of the children.
Terms $40. No extra charges. Books furnished at the usual prices.
Address JOSEPH HEACOCK,
Jenkintown P. O., Montgomery Co., Penna. 9 mo. 26—8 t.
LONDON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG MEN AND BOYS. It is intended to commence the next Session of this Institution on the 2d of 11th mo., 1857. Terms: $65 for twenty weeks. For reference and further particulars, inquire for circulars of BENJ. SWAYNE, Principal. London Grove, P. O., Chester County, Pa.
Merrihew 4 Thompson, Prs.,Lodge 8t, North fide Penna. Bank.