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murmur meokly, "nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt!"
Who now should gather them to be a conquering people, and rule them with the pomp and splendor their imagination had so often pictured? How bitter must have been their disappointment, for their faith saw not beyond the tomb; they could not comprehend a spiritual kingdom.
Truly, said Jesus, "It is expedient for you that I go away," and in the mountains of Galilee the voice whose memory they still worshipped again saluted them: "All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth." Then truly he is king! They had not been deceived; and he who showed himself superior to men by submission, had indeed a kingdom, a throne on the right hand of God! But came there no murmur that they must tread the path of life alone, exposed to all the temptations and sorrows which make it a weary wilderness? That clear, spiritual eye saw at one glance the far sketch of the future, and the calm music of his voice warbled over the dark waters of life: " Lo, I am with you alway, even to the end of the world." A.
For Friends' Intelligencer.
The History of Moses.
TCoocluded from page 615.J
To enumerate or to tell you of the many " statutes and judgments," the meat offerings, drink offerings, burnt offerings, and sacrifices which were observed and thought necessary for the government and purification of tbe Israelites, would be entering more minutely into their history than we have time or space for.
For the same reason we may pass over the numerous wars in which they were engaged with the old inhabitants of the land through which they passed; all of which may not only be interesting but instructive at some future period when you may be able to see how admirably this wilderness journey portrays the experience of the Christian mind in its pilgrimage from the house of bondage or the dominion of self-will, to the land of Canaan flowing with milk and honey, or to that state of entire resignation to the divine will, wherein peace flows as a river, and righteousness as the waves of the sea. Because they were " a stiff necked and rebellious" people, their sufferings and difficulties were greatly increased, and for this reason most of those who were brought out of Egypt did not reach the land promised to their father Abraham, the faithful, but died in the wilderness. Their children who were not accountable for the sins of their parents, with Caleb and Joshua, who walked in the path of obedience, entered it and shared the divine blessing. Even Moses, who had been so greatly
favored, it is said, saw it only from the Mount of Abarim, because at the waters of Meribah he had not adhered strictly to the commandment which he had received, and smote the rock instead of speaking in the name of the Lord.
Moses being aware that the time was drawing near when he would be "gathered as Aaron had been gathered," said, Let the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation who may go out and in before them, and lead them out and bring them in, that they may not be as sheep without a shepherd. "And the Lord said, take thee Joshua, the son of Nun, in whom is the spirit, and lay tbine hand upon him, and give him charge before Eleazar, the priest, and before all the congregation." And Moses did as he was bidden. It was now about forty years since they left Egypt, and in the presence of " all Israel" Moses briefly rehearsed what had befallen them during that period. He reminded them of the many mercies which had been shewn them, and brought into view what they would have to suffer because of their disobedience. He told them he had besought the Lord after this manner, " 0 Lord God, thou hast begun to show thy servant thy greatness and thy mighty hand; for what God is there in heaven or in earth that can do according to thy works, and according to thy might? I pray thee, let me go over and see the good land that is beyond Jordan, that goodly mountain, and Lebanon; and He said unto me, get thou up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold it with thine eyes, for thou shalt not go over this Jordan ; but charge Joshua, and encourage and strengthen him, for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see." Moses also exhorted them to take heed and keep the soul with all diligence, and beware that they forgot not the Almighty hand which had led them through that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents and scorpions and drought, which had brought water out of the flinty rock, and fed them with manna that their fathers knew not, that they might be humbled and proved and receive good at their latter end; and addressing the whole nation as one man he said, " When ye go over Jordan and dwell in the land which the Lord giveth you to inherit, observe and hear all these words which I command thee, that it may go well with thee and with thy children after thee forever, when thou dost that which is good and right in the sight of the Lord thy God. The commandment which I command thee this day is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off. It is not in heaven, that thou shouldst say, who shall go up for us to bring it unto us that we may hear it and do it; neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldst say, who shall go over the sea for us and bring it unto us that we may hear it and do it J
but the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth and in thy heart that thou mayest do it." Observe, dear children, that Moses directed them to the word within them, just as you are often recommended in this day, to take heed to the gpirit of Truth, which is the word " very nigh unto us," in the heart and in the mouth, that would preserve from evil if we would attend to its teachings; for when we do wrong, we feel its reproofs Tike a warning voice; and when we do "good and right," we are peaceful and happy.
Moses further said, " I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in; also the Lord hath said unto me, thou shalt not go over this Jordan."' And Moses called unto Joshua and said, be strong and of good courage, for thou must go with this people unto the land promised to their fathers, and the Lord goes before thee ; He will be with thee. He will not fail thee, neither forsake thee; fear not, neither be dismayed." And foreseeing the evil which they would commit after they became rich and full and " waxen fat," he told them how they would turn aside from the way which he had commanded, and " go after the gods of the strangers;" he therefore directed the Levites, who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to take the book containing the law, and put it inside the ark, that it might be there as a witness against them. He wrote a song the same day, and taught it to the children of Israel. It commences with this beautiful language, setting forth the mercies of Him against whom they had rebelled. "Give ear, 0 ye heavens, and 1 will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my speech shall distil as the dew, as the small rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers upon the tender grass; because I will publish the name of the Lord, ascribe ye greatness unto our God. He is the Rock, his work is perfect; for all his ways are judgment, a God of Truth without iniquity, just and right is he. They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children, they are a perverse and crooked generation. Do ye thus requite the Lord, 0 foolish people and unwise? is it not He, thy father, that hath bought thee? hath He not made thee, and established thee ?" &c. We have not room here to insert the whole of it, but will refer you to the thirty second chapter of Deuteronomy, where you can read it for yourselves. And in the next chapter, the thirty third, you will find "the blessing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death." Ending with " The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms. He shall thrust out tho enemy from before thee and shall destroy them. Israel then shall dwell in safety alone, the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a laud of corn and wine, also His heavens shall drop down dew. Happy art thou, 0 Israel; who
is like unto thee, 0 people paved by the Lord, the shield of thy help, and who is the sword of thy excellency ! and thine enemies shall be found liars unto thee; and thou shalt tread upon their high places."
Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the-top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. He saw all parts of the land promised to the seed of Abraham, and then this servant of the Lord died and was buried in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor; but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day. Although Moses was one hundred and twenty years old, his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated ; and it is recorded that " there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face in all the signs and wondors which he was sent to do in Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land, and in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror, which Moses showed in the sight of of all Israel." T.
FRIENDS' I INTELLIGENCES.
PHILADELPHIA,TWELFTH MONTH 19,1857.
Died, On First day the 6th inst., Mark Raker, aged nearly eighty-one years ; a member of Green street Monthly Meeting, Philadelphia. His close was marked with the peaceful assuranee that his work was finished. Upon being asked if there was anything in his way, he replied, " Oh! no, I see, as it were, the Lord upon his high and holy throne, and angels waiting to receive me."
, On First day the 6th inst., William Wayne,
ased 72 years, a member of the Monthly Meeting of Friends, of Philadelphia, held on Race st.
, On the evening of the 8th inst., William
Marriott, in the*56th year of his age.
, In Mill Creek, New Castle Co., Delaware,
on the 21st of 11th month, 1857, Rebecca, wife of Samuel Loyd, in the 53rd year of her age.
Heard ye not the joyful language,
As ye stood around that bier? "Come ye blessed of my Father
Come and be partakers here." E.
, Suddenly after a short illness, on 6th day
morning the 27tu ult., Eliza W. Cook,-wife of Marcellus S. Cook, and daughter of Thomas Branson, aged 31 years ; a member of Fall Creek Monthly Meeting, Indiana.
In the death of this lovely and promising young woman, society has sustained a great loss. She had long felt a presentment that her time on earth would be short, and was daily concerned to live in a state of acceptance with her heavenly Father. The example ; of her consistency and faithfulness in the attendance of our religious meetings will long live in the memory of her friends, and the patience and meekness of her spirit were touching in the extreme to those who visited her during her last illness, which was such as would awaken the deepest sympathy, as she left two infants only a few weeks old. The propriety with which she discharged the various duties of a prudent wife and tender mother renders her loss an irreparable one to her own family, but they have the consolation and assurance that through suffering and trial her spirit was purified and prepared to ascend unto God who gave it. C. S.
For FriendV Intelligencer.
This is the title of a work just issued from the press of Appleton, of New York, and already on the shelves of Friends' Library. It is from the pen of Edward L. Youmans, who is favorably known as an author by his Chemical Charts and School Books. This interesting man is a native of New York State. Some years since he became quite blind, in consequence of an attack of illness, and sought in the absence of the stimulus afforded by the sense of sight, to fill his mind with objects of contemplation, by the study of the Physical Sciences. With the aid of an attached sister as a reader, he mastered most of the works on Physics and Chemistry, and as his eye-sight was gradually restored under the treatment of a skilful surgeon, he became qualified to disseminate the knowledge he had gained, as a lecturer and writer. In his first efforts at writing, he was obliged to employ a working-machine, in consequence of his defective vision, but has since greatly improved in eye-sight and in facility in writing.
From an acquaintance with this talented man, and with his wide-spread reputation, the writer of this notice had formed a high estimate of his capacity for popularizing knowledge, and was prepared to find in the " Hand-Book of Household Science" a valuable accession to our popular literature. In this he is not disappointed; the style of the book is easy and flowing, and is most attractive to persons unaccustomed to concentrate their minds on systematic disquisitions, and yet it is comprehensive in the principles announced, and reasonably accurate in its statements of facts. Recent discoveries, and, in some instances, the results of investigations which are not yet found in the ordinary works of reference, are here inserted, and aid in giving a character of freshness to the work which must add much to its usefulness and popularity.
From the first chapter on heat, the following extracts are taken, as illustrating the manner in which the subject is treated:—
"Temperature and Character.
The effect of cold is to benumb the body and blunt the sensibility; while warmth opens the avenues of sensation, and increases the susceptibility to external impressions. Thus, the intensity with which the outward world acts upon the inward through the censory channels, is regulated by temperature. In cold countries the passions are torpid and sluggish, and man is plodding, austere, stolid and unfeeling. With the barrenness of the earth, there ia sterility of thought, poverty of invention, and coldness of fancy. On the other hand, the inhabitants of
torrid regions possess feverish sensibilities. They are indolent and effeminate, yet capable of furious action; capricious in taste, often ingenious in device, they are extravagant and wild in imagination, delighting in the gorgeous, the dazzling, and the marvellous. In the medium heat of temperate climates, these marked excesses of character disappear; there is moderation without stupidity, and active enterprise without fierce impetuosity. Society has more freedom and justice, and the individual more constancy and principle; with loftiness of thought, there is also chastening of the imagination. By comparing the effects of the climate in torrid, temperate and frigid zones, we observe the determining influence of external conditions, not only upon the physical nature of man, but over the mind itself.
"We may appeal to individual experience for the enervating effects of hot climates, or to the common understanding of men as to the great control which atmospheric changes exercise, not only over the intellectual powers, but on our bodily well-being. It is within a narrow range of climate that great men have been born. In the earth's southern hemisphere, as yet, not one has appeared; and in the northern, they come only within certain parallels of latitude. I am not speaking of that class of men who, in all ages and in every country, have risen to an ephemeral elevation, and have sunk again into their native insignificance so soon as the causes which had forced them from obscurity ceased, but of that other class of whom God makes but one in a century, and gives him a power of enchantment over his fellows, so that by a word, or even by a look, he can electrify, and guide, and govern mankind.
"Influence of tlie supply of Fuel.
"The abundance or scarcity of the supply of fuel, as it controls the amount of artificial heat, exerts a powerful influence upon the condition of the people in various ways; indeed, it may involve the health and personal comfort of whole nations, to such an extent, as even to contribute to the formation of national character. Where fuel is scarce houses are small, and their occupants crowded together; the external air is as much as possible excluded; the body becomes dwarfed, and the intellect dull. The diminutive Laplander spends his long dreary winter in a hut heated by a smoky lamp of putrid oil; an arrangement which afflicts the whole nation with blear eyes. Scarcity of fuel has not been without its effect in forming the manners of the polished Parisians, by transferring to the theatre and the caf^s those attractions, which, in countries where fuel is common and cheap, belong essentially to the domestic hearth. .
"Reason of" blowing hot and Mowing cold." "It was stated that when air or gases are condensed, heat is set free; on the contrary, when they are expanded, their capacity for latent heat is increased, it is absorbed, and cold is produced. This is a main cause of the danger when streams of air reach us through cracks and apertures, although a part of the mischief is caused by conduction. This peril is expressed in the old distich—
If cold air reach you through a hole,
"Air, spouting in upon us in this manner, not only cools by conduction and evaporation, but, having been condensed in its passage through the chink, it expands again, and thus absorbs heat. This is also familiarly illustrated by the process of cooling and warming by the breath. If we wish to cool any thing by breathing on it, the air is compressed by forcing it out through a narrow aperture between the lips; as it then rarifies, it takes heat from any thing upon which it strikes. If we desire to warm any thing with the breath, as cold hands, for example, we open the mouth and impel upon it the warm air from the lungs without disturbance from compression.
"Advantages of open fife-places.—They pro mote ventilation—afford a cheerful fireside influence—warm objects, without disturbing the condition of the air—and may furnish warm air from without.
"Disadvantages of open fire-places.—They are uncleanly—require frequent attention—are'not economical—are apt to strain the eyes—heat apartments unequally—are liable to smoke.
"Advantages of stoves.—They cost but little— are profitable—are quickly heated—and consume fuel economically.
"Disadvantages of stoves.—They afford no ventilation—if not of heavy metal plates, they quickly lose their heat—yield fluctuating temperatures—are liable to over-heat the air—are liable to leakage of gases—and are not cleanly."
A long disquisition on different methods of heating houses, closes with the following summing up:
"Advantages of hot air furnaces.—They are out of the way, and save space, are cleanly, give but little trouble, may afford abundant ventilation, need waste but little heat, and warm the whole house.
"Disadvantages of hot air furnaces.—They are liable to scorch the air, cannot be easily adapted to heat, more or less space, are liable ho leakage of foul gases, and they dry and parch the air if copious moisture is not supplied.
"Advantages of Jiol water apparatus.—They do not burn or scorch the air—give excellent ventilation—do not waste heat—and they warm the whole house. These remarks do not apply to those which heat rooms by radiation from coils of pipe.
"Disadvantages of hot water apparatus.—They
are expensive in first cost—if adapted for an average range of temperature, they may fail in extreme cold weather, as may also furnaces, and may give a dry and parched air if moisture be not supplied."
Although, as its name implies, this work is eminently practical and adapted to explain and improve many of our daily pursuits, yet it is not exclusively addressed to this purpose; the beautiful harmonies of the material universe, and the correspondence between the external world and the intelligence which is eo admirably adapted to its study and contemplation, are eloquently portrayed by a student of nature, who is evidently no stranger to the highest import of the physical sciences.
In future numbers we may present additional extracts from " The Band-book," and will close our present notice of it by mentioning, that among the subjects treated, are the following: Light, composition and influence of color, harmony of colors in furniture, &c.; vision, the construction and use of spectacles; arrangements for lighting gas burners, <fcc.; air and ventilation, aliments, different kinds of food, with their special adaptations; "the Vegetarian Question ;" cooking and cooking utensils; cleansing properties and uses of soap; bathing; use of dentifrices; disinfecting agents; poisons and their antidotes. Numerous wood-cuts illustrate the difficult parts of the work, and it is followed by a series of questions, to be answered by reference to the text, which adapt it to use in the schools. P.
From the Watchman and Reflector.
There is a beautiful story told of a pious Quaker lady, who was much addicted to smoking tobacco. She had indulged herself in this habit, until it had increased so much upon her that she was not only smoking her pipe a large portion of the day, but frequsntly sat up in her bed for this purpose in the night. After one ofthese nocturnal entertainments she fell asleep, and dreamed she died and approached lieaven. Meeting an angel, she asked him if her name was written in the _.. book of life. He disappeared, but replied on returning that he could not find it. 'Oh,' said she, 'do look again, it must be there.' He examined again, but returned with a sorrowful countenance saying, ' it is not there.' 'Oh,' said she in agony, ' it must be there, I have an assurance it is there, do look again.' The angel was moved to tears by her entreaties, and again left her to renew his search; after a long absence he came back, his face radiant with joy, and exclaimed,' We have found it, but it was so clouded with tobacco smoke that we could hardly sec it.' The lady upon awaking threw away her pipe and never indulged in smoking again.
Now by this we may observe, that though the gift may be such aa may, in itself, be proper to be offered, yet there is a qualification necessary in him that offereth, before he ought to offer; and that is reconciliation to a brother justly offended by him: you are therefore to know that this person and his accomplices have given just cause of offence, not only to one brother but to the community, by setting up and continuing a separate meeting, in opposition and contempt of his brethren at tbis time, and have thus imposed themselves and insulted this meeting, where they ought not to have come in this manner. Since then he that offereth an offering unto God, as he who prayeth doth, or pretendeth to do, is not acceptable until he be reconciled, even to a single brother, if justly offended, such an one must needs also be unacceptable unto the Almighty, whilst he standeth in opposition to the whole community and body of his brethren, throughout this nation and elsewhere, contrary to the order of Christ, in whose name alone he ought to pray. And this is the reason of the behaviour of them, who have thus publicly denied him and his performance at this time; lest by joining with him, as now stated, they should make themselves parties to his sin before the most High."
This plunged him and them into a furious rage, and they began (many at the same time) to bawl out aloud some pretences to a justification of their conduct herein; but the multitude immediately dispersed, and would not hear them, and they were then like madmen. I said no more to any of them, but went immediately into the passage that leads out of the court, in order to face them as they came out of the meeting house; when Thomas Kent, coming towards me in a great rage, said, "I had charged him with more than I could prove." I looked upon him and said, "I both could and would prove all that, and much more to his disadvantage, if, by contending, he would make it needful:" and then he shrunk and went off grumbling.
Then I went to Theodore Ecolestone's, where I was invited to dine, and in great peace in my mind; but soon after that peace withdrew, and a very great uneasiness appeared. This remained but a short time, till my peace returned; and in that my mind settled with great consolation. And then I observed that the uneasiness and dissatisfaction was the state of those opposers; and my peace confirmed me that I had done my duty, and that it was my present reward for. tbat work the Lord had required and enabled me to perforin, for his glory and the justification of his people at that time.
This had such effect upon Thomas Kent, that he came the next dajrjo the morning meeting; and seeming in a very low and humble mind, desiring to be reconciled to Friends; and offered
to bring back most of his said rueetiug. But one of the Friends of the morning meeting asked him if he expected to return as a preacher among us? And he owning that he did, the same Friend then said, "That he could not be received as such, till he had given ample satisfaction for his outgoings, and what he had done, in testimony of his sincere repentance:" which he did not comply with at that time, but never troubled our meetings any more as I can remember. [Here follows a debate with a priest on water baptism, after which he accompanies Gilbert Mollyson (Robert Barclay's wife's brother) to Peter the Great, Czar of Muscovy, to present him some of Robert Barclay's Apologies in Latin. After an interesting conversation with this eminent personage, he says in conclusion :] When this great Prince had in a good degree furnished himself with useful knowledge in natural things, necessary for the civilizing and improving the barbarous people of his kingdom and nation, he returned thither, accomplished with experience in many particulars, to the great advancement thereof in general. But since I may have occation to make mention of him again, in proper time and place, in the sequel of these accounts, I shall leave him at present and proceed to some other matters.
During my continuance in London, I employed myself in conveyancing, and the like; and having more business than I could manage alone, I had several clerks or apprentices offered, both in London and from the North, and considerable sums of money with them; but could not accept of any lest it should prove too great a confinement from my calling in the Truth. For though I was willing to take pains for my necessary support, and the charges of my travels, yet I suffered much in my mind by reason of confinement; since the calling of God cannot be rightly and fully answered by p.uy one too much entangled in other concerns, though lawful and gainful, and to the view of reason needful. And here I stayed, attending the city meetings, and sometimes visiting those of tlic neighborhood in the country, until the year 1698, when having a letter from William Penn, then at Bristol, desiring me to meet him and John Everotat Holly Head, in Wales, at a day certain, in order to go for Ireland, I accordingly set forward from London on the 2?th of the Second month; and that night went to Brickhill; and thence by Daventry, Coventry, Litchfield, Stone, Namptwitch and Chester, to Aberconway, in Wales; meeting in the way, with a great shower of snow, high wind and loud thunder, very unusual concomitants at that time of the year, (the third of the Third month*). But the inconvenience of that, was soon forgotten; for in about half an hour, reaching Conway, I there met with my friends a-fpre
* Fifth month May, old style.