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commonly directed to the value of time; his first desires, to be enabled to live every day, as though it were the first and the last day of his life—the first, as if beginning with new vigor to serve the Lord; and the last, as though no time would be allowed him here to perform what he now neglected, or to amend that which he had done amiss.
The value he set upon time may be learned from a short extract from one of his lectures, in which he requests the students to make their necessary visits to him as short as possible. "I ( have not time to converse long with each of my visitors. I can truly say, that when I devote an j hour of my life to any one, I feel that I have , made him a large present, for an hour is worth' more to me than much money." He refers not j here to those who needed his advice, and who remained no longer than was necessary, but to those who came without any especial business, or who tarried long after it had been completed.
The little we know of his deportment in the family circle, is contained in an extract of a letter from a friend of his who lived in his house. "At our table," says he, "the conversation was always profitable; Francke never suffered the subject to be trivial, nor did he give us opportunity (if so inclined) to wander from one thing to another; but employed the time either in communicating interesting intelligence in reference to the church, or engaged us in conversation on some practical topic. Sometimes he caused his little grand-children to read a passage from Scripture for eaoh of us who sat at the table. Thus were our eating and drinking sanctified. In his house, peace and-quietness reigned; there was no noise there, no anger, no bitterness, no evil speaking. All the domestic virtues were in lively exercise, and the direction of the apostle seemed to be fully obeyed, "whether ye eat or drink or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God."
The extraordinary exertions, bodily and mental, which Francke had made, began gradually to undermine his excellent constitution, before he had passed the meridian of life. In 1725 he was attacked with a painful and tedious disease, from which he was never entirely relieved. In a state of mind which breathed more of heaven than earth, he endured the sufferings which were wearing away his strength and preparing his spirit for its emancipation. He died on the 8th of June, 1727, in the 65th year of his age.
The history of the character and labors of Francke is full of instruction; but it is so easy for those who read biography to discover and apply its lessons, that any minute detail of them is unnecessary. One truth taught us by his life is, that the ways of religion are those of happiness. It is a too general impression, especially with the young, that piety cannot be attended with enjoyment, because it demands such sacrifices of
personal feeling. Consideration would show them, however, that so far from being a correct opinion, the very reverse is true. The Christian derives pleasure from self-denial and sacrifices, because by enduring them he honors Him who is dearer to his soul than all things else. He has also the satisfaction of knowing that they tend to make the world less dear—to deliver him from a slavish dependence upon external objects for consolation—and fit him for higher and holier enjoyment. This is illustrated in the life of Francke. There appears never to have been a time after his conversion, though he was often in the midst of severe trials, when his peace and happiness were not more pure and complete than the highest that the world affords. This is the declaration of Jesus to his followers;—"Verily I say unto you, there is no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God's sake, who shall not receive manifold more in this present life, and in the world to come life everlasting."
In closing this very limited account, it may be interesting to the reader to state, that the Orphan House is at this time flourishing, and still doing a great deal of good. It has, in the course of time, accumulated considerable property, by the proceeds of which, and of the mercantile departments, it supports itself without the assistance of individuals. Its schools are still large, and the orphan and widow both find a refuge within its hospitable walls. The founder is not forgotten in the midst of all its usefulness. His birth-day is yearly celebrated; and on these occasions the excellencies of his character are made the subject of eloquent addresses, and are thus impressed upon the minds of each succeeding company of youth, who feel the benefits of his benevolence.
"The memory of the just is blessed." Better to have such an eulogy as is contained in the history of the Orphan House, than to be the conqueror of the world! Better to be embalmed, as Francke, in the grateful recollection of thousands, than to sleep under the proudest monument that has ever covered the remains of earthly greatness! S.
For Friends' Intelligencer.
77ic History of Moses.
In a former number of this paper there was something like a promise to its juvenile readers, that they Bhould be told more about a little child who was found by the daughter of the king of Egypt, in an ark made of bulrushes, and who was given by the princess to a Hebrew woman to take care of.
In the second book of the Bible called Exodus, we read that the child grew; and after a time the nurse, who you may remember was his own mother, brought him to Pharaoh's daughter, and she adopted him as her son, ami called him Moses, "because," she said, "she drew him out of the water." We have no further particulars ab'iut his boyhood, but conclude it was passed with the royal household under the guidance of his adopted mother. But, "when he was grown," we are told, ho went out among his brethren, the Hebrews, and saw they were burdened; he also saw an Egyptian smiting one of them. His anger kindled into a fierce passion, and he slew the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. Had he reflected for a few minutes, we cannot suppose he would have committed such a dreadful crime; for on the following or " second day," seeing two men striving together, he would have persuaded them to desist, and said unto him that did the wrong, "wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?" but his appeal could have no good effect, for he, himself, had been guilty of a greater crime; so the man could inquire of him, " who made thee a prince and a judge over us intendest thou to kill me as thou killedst the Egyptian?" Moses must have suffered, before this, the reproofs of his own conscience, but when he found "the thing was known," and that the king also knew it, and "sought to slay him," he was very fearful, and immediately left the place, and dwelt in Midian. As he sat by a well, seven daughters of the priest of Midian came to water their father's flock. The shepherds of the place, it appears, had an objection to their doing so, and would have prevented them, but Moses arose and helped them fill the troughs with water, whereby they accomplished their purpose and returned home much sooner than usual. When they came to their father Jethro, he said, "how is it that ye are come so soon to day ?" They answered, "an Egyptian delivered us out of the hands of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us and watered the flock." Then he asked, " Where is he 1 why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread." Moses was well pleased with their hospitality, and "was content to dwell" with them. He afterward married Zipporah, one of the priest's daughters, and became the keeper of his father-in-law's flock. As he " led the flock to the back side of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked and beheld the bush burned with fire, and was not consumed. And Moses said, I will now turn aside and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, he called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said Moses, Moses, and he said, here am I;" and the Lord answered, "Draw not nigh hither, put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground." He told him, moreover, that he
was the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, and it is said Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God. Now, dear children, you rightly conclude that this was a wonderful display of the presence and power of Almighty God. To see a bush burning and not consumed! Do you wish that you might witness so great a manifestation of heavenly light? Well, in order to receive the deep instruction contained in this remarkable occurrence with Moses, we will give it a spiritual interpretation, and see how admirably it is adapted to that mind that has been brought into a retired and quiet place, comparable to the back side of the desert, where was found the mount of Horeb, or the mountain of God. While at this mountain a bright light is discernible, like unto a bush on fire; and as the attention is arrested, and there is a "turning aside" from everything else to see this "great sight," and to know why " the bush is not burnt," the voice of the Lord is heard calling from the j midst of this "burning bush," or bright light, by a familiar name, as Moses, Moses. If there is a response in the language "here am I," the command is given, to "put off" the shoes from off thy feet, for the ground whereon thou standest, is holy ground;" that is, put away thy carnal reasonings and understanding, for the state thou
art now in, the place where thou standest, is
j adapted to spiritual communion, therefore listen
1 to Him who now speaks, for " I am the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob." God is a spirit, and we become acquainted with Him through the revealingsof His spirit to our spirits, which are made by impressions so clear that they are readily understood by the attentive
j mind. He is himself the teacher of his people. And if, like Moses, we are disposed to listen to
j his " still small voice" in the secret of the soul, we shall be instructed in what He would have us do; and although our mission may differ widely from that of Moses, yet it is just as important for us to obey the divine will, as it was for him, for in no other way can we please our Heavenly Father and become good men and women. It is said that "Moses hid his face, and was afraid to look upon God." There is no doubt he was impressed with a reverential sense of the greatness of the Divine Being, and that he was about to receive a commission under which he was greatly humbled. This we may infer from what followed ; so certain did he feel that his brethren, the children of Israel would not believe he was sent by the Lord, to deliver them from bondage. "Who am I that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?" The reply unto him was, «' certainly I will be with thee, and this shall be a token unto thee that I have sent thee, when thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain."—" Say unto the children of Israel, I Am hath sent me unto you." "Go, gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, the Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you and seen that which is done to you in Egypt, and I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt, unto the land of the Canaanites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey."
Moses yet doubting his ability to convince them of his authority, signs were given him to prove the power of Him who sent him. Still, he would have been excused, saying, "I am not eloquent, neither heretofore nor since thou hast spoken unto thy servant; but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue." Let us notice what was now said unto Moses, for by it we may be instructed that the Lord never requires anything of us that he will not abilitate us to perform, if we only watch closely his commands and do whatsoever he bids us do. "Who hath made man's mouth? or who maketh the dumb or deaf, or the seeing of the blind ? have not I, the Lord? "Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth and teach thee what thou shalt say." Then Moses said, " Send I pray thee by the hand of him whom thou wilt send." But if, as in compassion to Moses, although it is represented the Lord was displeased with his continued reluctance, yet he was willing that his brother Aaron who was coming to meet him, and who could "speak well," should go with him, and be as mouth for him. This pleased Moses, and he then went to his father-in-law and asked his permission to go into Egypt, to see if his brethren " were still alive." Jethrosaid, "go in peace." Aaron and Moses met in the wilderness, in the mount of God. And Moses told his brother all that had happened unto him, and what he had been directed to do; and "they went and gathered all the children of Israel, and Aaron spake all the words which the Lord had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in sight of the people." "And the people believed, and when they heard the Lord had visited them and had looked upon their affliction, they bowed their heads and worshipped." A further account of what happened to Moses will have to be left for another chapter
To the Editors of Friend*' Intelligencer. Mt. Pleasant, Henry Co., Iowa., 10th mo. 28, 1857.
I have for some time thought of the Intelligencer as a channel through which to address those Friends who may be looking towards the west with a view to making provision for their rising families. It is to be regretted that many who have emigrated, from the fact that we have had no established meetings, have scattered themselves, and hence although there are many Friends, there are in a very few places enough to sustain meetings. Living.thus isolated, their
interest is lost in Society, much, very much to the loss of their children. I have come to the conclusion that if a synopsis of the principal localities, where a few Friends had settled, were from time to time published, those emigrating would be induced to settle more in communities, and meetings would spring up for the benefit of all.
The readers of the Intelligencer are generally aware that already there is a meeting established in this county, a branch of Baltimore Yearly Meeting. There are now in Mt. Pleasant and its vicinity some eight families and parts of families. Most of these have come within the last six months. Some of us are now looking to the establishment of a meeting for worship among us.
For the encouragement of those looking to a western home, I felt disposed to invite attention to this locality, and will note some leading branches of business for which there seems to be an opening here. We have a population of some six thousand, and have a place beautifully and healthfully situated, at the crossing of two very important railroads, on one of which the cars are running, and the other in progress of completion.
There is now an opportunity to purchase a neat drug store with a good run of business, goods all fresh, the store only opened last spring with entirely new stock. This, I think, an excellent opening for one who wishes that branch of business. There is ample field for the hardware trade. Stove and tin business may be made very profitable ; almost any branch of mechanism would remunerate handsomely. Dealers in furniture say they are not at all able to supply the demand; a furniture factory making one hundred dollars worth per day say they cannot at alt supply the demand for their products. We have no regular chair factory, hence these are now imported.
Steam flouring mills arc much wanted and are very profitable, likewise an establishment for the manufacture of agricultural implements would yield immense profits. I believe there is no point that would reward honest industry in this department more abundantly. I cannot, of course, in a communication of this character, give all the information that may be sought; suffice it to say that I believe there is no department ot industrial pursuit that will not fully remunerate if attentively pursued. 1 have not yet said anything of the farming or agricultural interests. Situated in the southern part of our State, we certainly have all the advantages, as far as mildness of climate is concerned, that any part Cju offer. It is now, and for the next six mouths or year will be a very advantageous time to purchaseland, especially improved farms, as the present monetary crisis must depress the price of property. 1 may say with respect to our seasons, that planting here is three or four weeks earlier than the same latitude east, and takiug the present season as a sample, our frosts are later in the fall. Our first frost was on the night of the 18th inst. Our prairies are yet covered with excellent pasture, and often in this latitude cattle do well and need little food until the first of the 12th mo., subsisting almost entirely on the rich pasturage atforded by the luxuriant plains.
For Friends' Intelligencer.
In youth, my heart was tender, susceptible and free, I plucked tbe roses from the thorn, the blossom from cbe tree,
1 loved tbe tangled wild-wood, the lone sequestered dell
Where the waters through the ravine in soothing murmurs fell,
For my heart was then untutor'd by the world's corroding touch,
And though Fortune gave but little, yet Hope still
promised much, 1 follow'd long her shadow, through sun-light and
through shade, And the Image still grew brighter her gilded pencil
'Till in the hour propitious, I gained the promised joy, And Hope then gently whispered, " 'tis bliss without alloy."
But, while my heart still cheered me, and I felt the joyous thrill
•' The golden bowl was broken;" the "wheel" of
hie stood still. But oh! the tie thus severed, has loosed my hold on
And age has found me lonely, beside a silent hearth. Yet the cheerful voice of childhood falls pleasant on my ear,
And a daughter's love is left me to dry the falling tear.
For these and daily favors my soul is wont to give The tribute of a grateful heait to Him who bade me live;
Live, when the " lift of life was fled," and all was illi-.n around,
The " waters of the flood," had spread and covered all the ground.
'Twas then a " new creation" was opened to my view,
He was a God judgment—a God of mercy too.
Is that his "presence" may go "with me through my passage to the grave.
10(A mo., 1857. R. H.
HARRY'S AND LIZZIE'S MORNING HYMN.
The morning sun is shining
Bright in the eastern sky,
Around our casement high;
The busy bee is winging,
'Mid sweets her flowery way,
Their joyous morning lay.
Who is it sends the morning
To chase away the night,—
With various hues so bright?
'Tis God, who gives each blessing.
Our life, our health, our joy: His love our hearts possessing
Is bliss without alloy.
Then let our supplication
Go up before his face, With praise for our salvation
And earnest prayer for grace
On all our way to guide us
That, whate'er else betide us,
May mingle our young voices
While heaven's host rejoices
For Friends' Intelligencer.
EXTRACTS OF LETTERS FROM A YOUNG PENN-
No. 4. Cassel, Sept. 15th, 1855. To one of his very young friends. My dear A.—For fear thee may think I have forgotten thee, and in order that thee may have something to remind thee occasionally of me, I send thee this little memento called the "Rose of Berlin,"* which thee can keep among thy collection of engravings, and when at any time thee is turning them over, bestow a few thoughts upon thy absent brother friend. If thee can make to turn all the Dutch names into English, it is more than I can do, although I have been at most of the places:—
Two different views of the King's palace called "Konigl Schloss," one view of the old palace called "Pallace des Konig," a view of the residence of tbe superior oflicer of the Prussian Army called "Admiralitats Gerbade," the "Shanspicl haus," (theatre) is the large building in the square, called "Gensd'armes markt," the opera haus, " Kreigsministerium," office of tbe ministry of war, Zephaus Arsenal, the Museum, new Museum, University and the palace of the Prince of Prussia, are all beautiful buildings. The Braden burger Thor (Brandenburg gate) is the gate we pass through going to the park. Over the gate is the car of Victory, which is a beautiful piece of bronze; this car was carried off by Napoleon when he invaded Prussia, but when peace was restored between the two nations, the car was returned to its original place.
Krolles garden is in the park, and is a most delightful place in summer; it is resorted to by by thousands every day, who roam around the park and listen to the music that is constantly being played there. Denkmar Ton Friedrighs d' Grosen, monument of Frederick the Great.
•A little fancy packet containing very many engravings.
Although Frederio was a man of very common appearance, he did more for the advancement of Prussia than any monarch she has ever had. Under his direction Berlin attained its present extent and beauty. It was he who had all the principal buildings erected, and the city surrounded by a strong wall. He also extended his improvements to the cities surrounding Berlin. At Potsdam he built a large and magnificent palace, and had it surrounded by extensive gardens, laid out in the most tasteful manner, and planted with the choicest trees and shrubbery, and interspersed with statuary and fountains, and rarest flowers. He called the place Sans Souci, (without sorrow.) I spent a day there with a family by name of Townsend, from New York, and think it the most delightful place I ever was in.
Frederic the Great was exceedingly plain in his domestic habits, and very social and kind to his subjects. The school children were even familiar with him, and when he would be riding along they would catch him by his coat, and sometimes take hold of his horse's tail. One holiday he was surrounded by a number of boys who were talking and being merry with him, when he shook his stick at them and told them to go off to school, when they set up a great laugh and cried, Oh ! he's King and don't know there is no school to-day. Withal he was a great man; and is universally revered by the Prussians, and they have manifested their veneration for him by erecting to bis memory the finest bronze statue in the world.
There are many things different here from America. Here, instead of a family occupying a whole house, they live upon one floor, so that a house three stories high would contain three families. In that manner the richest people live. Instead of a family taking breakfast in the morning, each one takes a cup of ooffee and a piece of bread and butter. This is the way I have lived since I have been in Europe; in the morning I take my cup of coffee and bread and butter in my room ; at dinner all dine at the same table; and in the evening take what they wish in their rooms or at a restaurant. It was strange at first, but I have got accustomed to it now. My love to all thy young friends.
Thy brother friend,
When thou art calumniated, and falsely reproached, ask thyself these questions—Can I wait God's time to vindicate me? and content myself though the world never knew my innooence, so as my God and my conscience can attest it?
THE GREAT PURPOSE OF LIFE.
If men could live in this world one thousand or five thousand years, still the great purpose which should control and animate their being, would not be materially affected by the advanced state. But the utmost of the present life bears no comparison to the terms to which we have referred. Man wakes in the morning, passes his day, and then sleeps in death. He has no real assurance of a longer probation than the present moment which dawns to his existence. This admitted, with the doctrine of the immortality of his being, and the possibility of his eternity proving one of glory or shame, is there not reason to urge upon his serious thought the great purpose for which he should live, and to awaken him to an immediate apprehension of that object? To glorify God and enjoy him forever, as the purpose of life, elucidates the noble, the dignified, and the manly, in human character and condition, and fills the sphere of his being with brighter and purer reflections than otherwise ever beamed on the vision and the hope of the soul. This is real life, developing as it does the object of creation and redemption beside. It needs no elaborate appeal or argument to convince of this duty. No one is so lost to refined sense and feeling, and to high, moral consciousness to imagine that the purpose of life can be met in any other way. There must be, somewhere, a centre on which the mind can place the real and hopeful of its existence. This centre, nothing in the experience and the enjoyment of the world, has ever determined. It was not found in any acquirements of wealth and honor, or in whatever else adds to the pleasure and enjoyment of the passing day. The most splendid, or even gorgeous realities of life, are but bubbles which soon break, and are lost in the vaster element which absorbs the fondest expectations, and the loftier cherishiugs of merely worldly hope. The end of ambition, in myriads of instances, has been gained, but the blaze of straw soon burns out, and sad disappointment and chagrin seizes hold of the mind. But there is a purpose of life which connects itself with a sublime reality, one which passes on with an increasingly glorious anticipation. This is man's religious state. His life, spirit, and manhood consecrated to goodness, charity and faith. With such an object stimulating and controlling his being, he moves within the circle of the Divine influence, and emits a light and generates a warmth as perceptible to his surroundings, as is the influence of the great light when nature smiles to receive his beams. There are motives which should influence in all this. That of gratitude to God is the highest. Good will to man, blessing to society, and the soul's own security and happiness are by no means indifferent promptings which should urge - to the accom