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which I answered. But neither the letter or answer were printed.
And the time of the County Meeting for Cumberland being come, John Banks, that good, old and valiaut soldier and warrior for truth on earth, offered his services as a representative for the County, to the Yearly Meeting at London, then approaching; and the meeting thought fit to name me for the other, though I did not deem myself fit for the charge. But the meeting insisting upon it, by persuasions I yielded; and the rather, since I was to go with a companion so experienced and able in that service : and wc set forward on the 11th day of the third month, 1693 ; and by several stages and meetings, went to Walton Abby on the 23d, and on the 28th to our friend George Barr, in Berry street in Edmonton; where we had the satisfaction to meet with our eminent and honorable friend William Penn, which was the first time I saw him; and, with whom, at that time, I contracted so near a friendship, in the life of truth,and tendering love thereof in many tears, as never wore out till his dying day; and in which his memory still lives, as a sweet savour in my mind, as a faithful servant of the Lord, a man of God indeed in his time, and of whom I shall have occasion to make mention in the sequel.
On the 4th day of the Fourth month we arrived at London ; and the Lord gave his church and people, there assembled from all parts of the nation, and from Scotland, Ireland, &c, many comfortable seasons of his divine life-giving presence, to our great edification, confirmation, and rejoicing; when Ibecame nearly acquainted with divers of the most eminent elders of that day, both in the city and country, to my great satisfaction, and to theirs also; for mutual love and esteem was not wanting, but adorned our conversation, as in the most early and primitive times.
And in a particular manner, I became nearly united in the divine love and life of truth with my much esteemed friend Thomas W ilson, then of Cumberland, and afterwards of Ireland; who was to me the most able and powerful Minister of the word of life in the age. [About this time Thomas Wilson accepted him as a companion on a religious visit to the west. They set out from London on the 24th of Fourth month, and visited Uxbridge, Wickham, Oxford, and twenty-one other places, ending at Penrith, from whence he returned to his father's house at Justicetown.]
(To be continued.)
Forgiveness is the economy of the heart. A Christian will find it cheaper to pardon than to resent. Forgiveness saves the expense of anger, the cost of hatred, the waste of spirits.
VALUE OP THE SABBATH. Br Albert Barnes. The rational views of the writer on the day of rest, which he in common with most religious sects calls the Sabbath, and probably recognises as a holy day, are interesting and worthy of af tention. While we do not unite in ascribing more holiness to one day than another, we are often led to regret that the opportunity which this day furnishes for religious improvement, as well as bodily rest, should not be more fully appreciated by many than it is. Ed.
The Sabbath presents itself in two aspects: as a day of rest from worldly toil and care, and a day of leisure to be employed in higher and nobler pursuits. Its primary aspect is that of a day of rest from worldly toil. It meets man as a season in which the cares of life are to be suspended. The plow is to be left standing in the furrow ; the store is to be closed; the sound of the hammer and of the mill is to be hushed; the loom is to stand still; and the voice of worldly amusements is to die away.
The marts of commerce, thronged on other days, are to be vacated; the judge is to descend from the bench ; the noi3e of debate in the halls of legislation is to cease; the lawyer is to lay aside his brief; the wayfaring man is to pause in his journey; and the streets of the usually crowded capital, and of the busy village, are to unite in solemn stillness with the remote hamlet, and with the lonely cottage, standing far from the busy haunts of men, in a suspension from the toils and agitations which pertain to this world.
The elementary notion is that of rest from worldly toils and cares; rest for the body; rest for the wearied mind. If the body has been worn down with fatigue through other days, by travelling, or by hard labor; if the intellect has been exhausted by distracting mercantile pursuits, or by conflicts at the bar, or by stern application in the pursuits of science; if the passions have been lashed into excitement by the storms of political strife; if the affections of the heart have been jarred and dislocated in the jostlings and conflicts of the world; if the memory has been taxed by severe mental effort, the Sabbath is designed to furnish for each and all of these a season of repose.
It is presumed that it is equally needful for a Cincinnatus at his plow, and Washington at Mount Vernon; for Milton in taxing the powers of the mind to the utmost, in producing that "which may live in after times, and which the world will not willingly lot die;" for Locke in investigating, with profound application, the laws of the mind; for Newton in determining the laws by which the worlds are moved; for Howard in a continued intensity of zeal on an elevation which would have been passion in other men; for Pym and Hampden in the stormy scenes of debate, when toiling to lay the foundations and to determine the conditions of civil liberty.
Wherever mind and body are taxed and exhausted by toil, (and it is meant in the laws of our being that they shall everywhere be employed,) there the Sabbath is designed to come as a day of rest. The ship will glide along the sea, for its course cannot be arrested, and the Sabbath of the mariner may often be different from that of a dweller in a palace or a cottage, and different from that which the seamen feels that he needs.
The sun and the stars will hold on their way, and the grass will grow, and the flower will open its petals to the light, and the streams will roll on to the ocean, for there is need that the laws of nature should be uniform; and suns, and planets, and streams, and the fibres of plants, experience no exhaustion, and He who directs them all fiioteth not nor is weary; but man is weary and needs rest.
The other aspect in which the Sabbath meets man, is that of a day to be devoted to other than worldly pursuits. He who made us would have as little consulted the laws of our being by appointing a day for mere indolence and inaction, as he would had he designated no day of rest. We have other interests than those which are connected with mere labor, whether of body or mind. We sustain other relations than those whieh pertain to business, to gold, to honor, to pleasure.
We have not only a body, but a soul; not only an intellect, but a heart; not only an imagination, but a conscience. We are not merely working animals, but are intelligent and accountable moral agents; we live not only here, but are to live hereafter; we are not only plowmen, mechanics, merchants, lawyers, physicians, ministers of religion, professors and teachers; but we are sons, brothers, husbands, and fathers. We are not only men with understandings, but men with sympathies and affections; iu a world, too, where there is the amplest room for the play of our faculties.
Our Maker formed no susceptibility of the soul which he did not design should be developed, and for the development of which he has not made ample arrangements. The bodily powers, the muscles, the organs of sense, the whole frame, the intellect, the memory, the imagination, the social affections, the sympathetic powers and every faculty which we possess, he designs should be fully developed. He would not have the one stinted that the other may expand to a monstrous growth.
He would not have us mere intellectual beings, cultivating the mind for purposes of cunning and self-glory, like Iago; nor mere working ani
mals; nor cold, calculating lovers of gold, like Shylock ; nor mere creatures of the imagination, formed under the sole influence of poetry and novels; nor mere weepers; nor living only to enjoy mirth, and to laugh at the follies of mankind, as is fabled of Democritus.
There is not a faculty of our nature pertaining to body or mind ; demonstrative or imaginative; individual or social; binding us to home and kindred, or to the world at large; uniting us to this world or the next; or exciting in our minds an interest in the flower, in the running stream, or in the meanest creature that creeps or flies, which it is not designed that wo should cultivate, if we would secure the perfection of our being.
To man, with these relations and these high powers to cultivate, the Sabbath comes as a day of leisure; that he may more fully show, on such a day of rest, that he is distinguished from beasts of burden, and creatures governed by instinct, and those incapable of moral feeling, and those destined to no higher being, and those not knowing how to aspire to fellowship with God. The bird, indeed, will build its nest upon the Sabbath, and the beaver its dam, and the bee its cell, and the lion will hunt his prey; for they have no higher nature than is indicated by these things.
Hut man has a higher nature than the birds of the air, and the beasts of the forest, and the world would have been sadly disjointed and incomplete, if there had been no arrangements to develop it. The Sabbath is one of those arrangements. It is a simple thing to command a man to rest one day in seven, but most of the great results which we see, depend upon very simple arrangements. The law which controls the falling pebble is a simple law, but all these worlds are kept in their places by it.
The laws which we see developed in the prism, blending the different rays in a beam of light, are simple laws; but all the beauty of the green lawn, of the variegated flowers, of the clouds at evening, of the lips, the'eheek, the eye; and all that we admire upon the canvass, when the pencil of Rubens or Raphael touches it, is to be traced to those simple laws. It is one of the ways in which nature works, to bring out most wonderful results from the operation of the simplest laws.
The teacher, whether of science, morals, or religion, is exerting an untold influence. The mind comes under his care in that plastic state that makes it susceptible of being moulded into almost any form, and turned in almost any direction. "As the twig is bent, the tree's inclined." Says one, " Yoi\ may build temples of marble, and they will perish. You may erect statues of brass, and they will crumble to dust. But he who works upon the human mind, implanting noble thoughts and generous impulses, is rearing structures that shall never perish. He is writing upon tables whose material is indestructible; which age will not efface, but will brighten and brighten to all eternity."—Massachusetts Teacher.
FRIENDS' 1NTELLIGEN C E B.
PHILADELPHIA, ELEVENTH MONTH 21,1857
We have received a sample of syrup from the Sorghum or Chinese Sugar Cane, manufactured by Asa Matlack, of Moorestown, N. J., which is superior in color and flavor to any we have seen, and equal to the finest steam syrup. From 375 stocks of the cane, taken without selection and deprived of leaves and seed, (with a mill and press of his own construction,) he obtained eighteen gallons of juice, which yielded three gallons of syrup; and he is confident, with a proper apparatus, the quantity would have been much greater. The soil of New Jersey appears well suited to the production of the cane; our friend believes it would be a profitable crop, and from the general interest manifested in its cultivation, we are iuduced to hope it will eventually supersede slave sugar.
Married, On the 12th inst , by Friends' ceremony, at her brother's, Craig Ridgway, near Bordentown, New Jersey, Ellis Branson, of Philadelphia, to Susan Ridgway, daughter of the late Andrew C. Ridgway, of Monmouth County, N. J.
, At Greenbank, Delaware county, on Fifth
day the 12th inst., Samuel S. Bunting, of Philadelphia, to Annk H., daughter of Isaac Hibberd, of the former place.
, On 15th of 10th mo., according to the order
of the religious Society of Friends, Jabez H.jenkins, of this city, to Hannah A. Holt, of Plymouth, Montgomery Co., Penna.
Died, Suddenly, on 4th day evening, the 20th of 10th mo. 1857, Isaac Pahry, in the 84th year of his age, a member and Elder of Horsham Monthly Meeting.
A more extended notice or memoir of tjie long and valuable life of our deceased friend will shortly appear in our columns.
, On the 9th of 9th month last, Elizabeth I.ip
Pihcott, widow of the late Benjamin H. Lippincotl, at an advanced age: a member of Pilesgrove Monthly Meeting.
, On the 21st of 10th month, Martin W.rulon,
of Swedesborougb, Gloucester county, N. J.
, On First day morning last, Lvcretia M.
Clement, daughter of Isaac and Mary S. Clement, of Clarksboro', a member of Upper Greenwich meeting.
, At Quakertown,New Jersey, on the 29th day
of Eighth month last, Rebecca Cliffton Hampton, daughter ol Mori is and Am) C. Hampton, in the fourteenth year of her age.
And on the 31st of the same month, (only two days subsequently,) her uncle Josbph Cliffton.
They were inmates of the same dwelling, the former having resided with the latter almost from infancy.
The writer has ever disapproved of lengthy obituaries, (excepting in especial cases) and has for some time feared that it was becoming too much of a prattler amongst Friends; but yet believing of a truth, that "The memory of the just is blessed," and that the mournful ocenrrence calling this forth is worthy of more than a passing notice, he has been induced to depart from his preference for brevity.
From papers found since her decease, it appears that the youthful subject of this memoir, without the knowledge of any other person, commenced a Diary when she was about thirteen years of age, remarking, " I have lately felt a sense of my Heavenly Father, that if I do wrong it displeases him, and that ( need to have great watchfulness over my behaviour. I have to-day commenced reading the life of Catharine Phillips."
2d mo. 12. "Being Fifth day of the week, I went to meetinz, and tried to think of Our Father which art in Heaven," &c.
3d. mo. 6. An entry recor Is a visit to her father's, and the convalescence of an invalid brother, closing with, " which I hope lie is thankful for."
3d. mo. 28. Another entry contains this remark, "I am very thankful for all the mercies I receive from the One who giveth all things."
On separate sheets of paper, penned, as the dates show, previous to the commencement of her " Diary," she had made various entries, all breathing the same spirit.
The following, bearing a date when she was about nine years of age, cannot be called poetry, though it was the form she chose for the expression of her ideas Their child like simplicity, and grateful sense of obligation, possess a charm sufficient to atone for the want of symmetry.
The flowers are lovely And beautiful th<-y are, And, in the spring, those lovely violets That bloom so beautiful. Oh! beautiful are the Creator's works, He made the flowers and all living things. The roses too, he made That bloom so beautiful in summer, The green grass, that is so lovely to the eye, And the green trees to give us shade. Oh! how much obliged we ought to be. Amongst other entries we find, " Oh pray to the Lord to help you do his will, he is the only one who can help you irr the time of trial." "Oh, think of his goodness in providing so many things for our comfort."
She had recorded numerous other sentiments of like character, but one more must suffice. The following, written when she was near twelve years of age, is the only effusion of the kind that she submitted to the eyes of any other than herself j in such retirement and privacy did she thus give vent to her feelings.
My dear Aunt,—" This little piece I write for thee. The great Almighty God, who gives the trees, and all the fruits thereof for us to live upon, ought we not to praise His goodness, and His wondrous works to the children of men? He is the only one who can help us in the time of trial. Oh! I pray that we may all be taken to the heavenly land when our time is run."
Her uncle and herself were devotedly attached to each other, and, repeatedly during their illness, expressed more anxiety on account of each other, than lor themselves. His close was a very tranquil one, brightened by the expression, " There is nothing in my way."
One who knew him well, has truly remarked that "we rarely record the death of one whose whole life has been so free from guile, and in whom the Christian's virtues shone so conspicuously. He possessed much energy and activity of character, with untiring perseverance, which was exerted for the comfort and happiness of all within his reach."
He was an efficient membe'r of ouf religious Society, filling, at the time of his death, the offices of Clerk, elder, and overseer. Not only the Monthly Meeting of which he was a member, but the social circle in which he moved, as well as the immediate neighborhood, will deeply feel his loss. J. M. E.
Philadelphia, Eleventh mo., 1857.
, On the 30th of 9th month, William C.
Worthington, member of Deer Creek Monthly Meeting, (Md.) aged 28 years.
Being possessed naturally of a very affectionate and sympathizing disposition, united with much decision of character, this dear young friend was esteemed and beloved by all who knew him.
He had early been taught in the school of affliction, and during his youth had experienced many visitations of his heavenly Father's love, to which, however, he did not wholly yield, until one by one his earthly idols were removed. About three months previous to his own demise, his dear and amiable companion was removed by death. This stroke from the hand of his Heavenly Father, though keenly felt, was submitted to without a murmur, in the full belief that she was mercifully " taken ftom trouble to come."
It was not until a few months previous to his departure that his disease, which was that of the lungs, manifested itself in such manner as first to occasion alarm with his friends; but owing to its often flattering aspect, they, as well as himself, indulged a hope of his final recovery, and it was only within a few weeks of his death that he was forced to relinquish all earthly prospects, and to fix his gaze upon that eternal world to which he was surely hastening. Thoughts of the awful change awaiting him now occupied his mind, accompanied at times with much depression of spirits, but with a faith unwavering—faith that the earnest petitions he had been enabled to offer the Father of mercies would finally be granted, and that he would yet be permitted to have an evidence of that acceptance which his soul longed for.
He would often desire to have the Bible read to him, and took comfort in its many precious promises.
To his beloved sister, who sat with him, a few weeks previous to the close, he said, " The fear of death has been taken away, and this gives me confidence to believe that all will be well with me in the end, but I desire a brighter evidence ;" he was told that it would be granted at the needful time. Some time after, on her entering his room, he said, " sister, He has not come yet, but still I trust him, though what have I ever done for God? I haVe done nothing to honor my Maker, yet his goodness and mercy have followed me all the days of my life; all my afflictions have been in mercy." About this time he manifested some desire to continue longer, saying that he " loved the society of his friends, and if it was the will of bis Heavenly Father he would like to mingle with them a little longer." A few days after, his weakness increasing, he said, "I shall not iast much longer," and Heaven is all I desire now; it is sweet, the thought of being there; I long to be with my Saviour who has done all for me. The love of God! how it fills my heart; all my doubts have been removed, and now I have no wish to live unless it be to serve my Maker, who has removed all my burdens so gently that I cannot tell how or when."
To a friend be said, with a countenance beaming with the love that animated his spirit, " Live to God," there is nothing else worth living for. 1 would not exchange my bright prospects of Heaven for all the glory of this world. Oh ! that you may all experience the joy, the perfect peace, that now fills my heart. And thus he continued to the end, affording to his friends the comforting assurance that the earnest longings of
his soul had been realized, and that death was "swallowed up in victory." [saiah 25 : 8. "The redeemed of the Lord shall return and come with singing unto Zion, and everlasting joy shall be upon their head; they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away." Isaiah 51 : 11. M.
AUGUSTUS HERMANN FRANClCE.
At a certain time when our supplies were a train exhausted, I was conversing with my assistants upon the state of our affairs, and recalling to mind the Lord's mercies to us in timo past, and rejoicing with them in the hope of continued assistance, and in the privilege of casting all our cares upon " Him who careth for us." We prayed together, and committed all our concerns into his hands. The same hour the Lord moved the heart of a friend of ours to think of us, and to determine to send a donation of 300 dollars to the Orphan House, which we received the next day. On a similar occasion, shortly after, I received a letter containing a check for 250 dollars, which was from a physician on the other side of the sea, who had heard something of the Orphan House. This was not a little encouraging to me; fur it convinced me, that the Lord, rather than suffer our plan to fail, would raise up friends for me in other countries. One evening the Steward informed me that he had paid out the last of his money. I replied to him that I rejoiced at this, for God would surely gladden our hearts again by providing what was necessary. And I was not disappointed ; for the next morning I received the sum of 200 dollars.
"On a certain occasion when I was not a little straightened in my circumstances, I was walking in my garden along a path which was planted on both sides with lilies, now in full bloom. As I was thinking with myself those words of our Lord came unto my mind: 'Consider the lilies of the field how they grow,' &c. 'If God so clothe the grass which is in the field, shall he not much more clothe you?' &c. I determined to obey this exhortation, and said mentally, 'I will Lord, according to thy word, give up all anxious thoughts for the things of time; but leave me not without assistance; let it come to pass I pray according as thou hast promised.' When I returned to the house, I found that during my absence some money had been received tor me; and shortly after another donation arrived, which quite relieved me for the time, and taught me in connection with many similar instances, to trust in God for the future."
The following incident illustrates two or three statements already made. One of my orphan children who had been a long time in the Orphan House, was about, on a certain occasion, to go to visit his friends, and came and asked me for two dollars to pay his expenses by the way. I told him I should be glad to give them to him, but had not more than half a dollar in the world. This he could scarcely believe, as he had never discovered the least signs of poverty at the Orphan House. I assured him of my willingness to give him the money if I had it, and told him to return to me again after a short time, thinking I might obtain it for him. I thought as he left me of going to borrow it; but being engaged in a piece of business which could not be postponed, and knowing that the Lord could easily supply this little sum, if it was his will, I kept my seat. Scarcely a quarter of an hour
had elapsed, when a person came in, bringinJft'ttrB wants of every living thin
me 20 dollars, and saying that he had received it over and above his ordinary annuity, and wished to devote it to the use of the orphans. I was now enabled to give the boy his 2 dollars, which I did most cheerfully."
The contributors to this noble institution were of every station, and almost every character. The king of Prussia took a lively interest in its success, presented it with a large quantity of building materials, 1,000 dollars in money twice, and allowed the institution many privileges. Besides him, officers, civil and military, preachers and teachers, citizens, servants, merchants, widows and orphans gave it their support. Many who were not able to give money, gave their labor. An apothecary supplied the House with medicines for a long time free of expense, and even a chimney sweeper gave a written obligation to Francke to clean the chimneys gratuitously as long as he lived. We cannot wonder that his efforts proved successful, when the Lord opened the hearts of so many to assist him.
The blessing which Francke seems to have esteemed as highly, if not more so than any other, was, that he had been favored with assistants and laborers who looked upon the work with something of his own feelings. Without such men he would have been unable to carry on this enterprise. In speaking of them he says, that they were men of self-denial, faith and prayer, who did not expend their time and labor merely for the sake of reward, but considered themselves as serving the Lord, and doing good to man.
During Francke's life, the Orphan House continued to increase in extent, and in the number of the children supported and instructed in it, so that in 1727, the year that he died, there were in all the schools two thousand two hundred pupils. One hundred and thirty-four orphans lived in the House, and about a hundred and sixty other children, together with two hundred and fifty indigent students, daily ate at the public tables of the establishment without charge.
The feelings with which Francke regarded this great work, now in successful operation, may be given in his own words: "Why should I not give all the honor of this work to God, and acknowledge that its success belongs not to me, nor any other "worm of dust, but to Him
who rules on high, and who is the King of kings, He has enabled me, his dependent creature, to rely on his support, and not on the help of man, and thus become the instrument of accomplishing so much. Upon him has my soul rested, to Him have I looked in time of trial, and I have found by experience, that he will not desert, nor put to shame those who trust in Him.
The Lord has taught me what the Scriptures mean when they say, "the eyes of all wait on thee, and thou givest them their meat in due season; thou openest thy hand, and satisfiest
me in a way that I knew not of, supplying every necessary means at every stage of its progress: to Him therefore I attribute all the success, and to Him shall be all the praise."
The question will probably be asked by many, "Can such an example be held up as proper for our imitation? Would not the feeling with which one should undertake so extensive a work as the building of the Orphan House, without any fund; in hand, or any human source from which to draw, be rather rashness and credulity than faith 1" It may be answered,—not in the circumstances of Francke. It is to be noted, that he did not commence this extensive plan at once. Years bad elapsed since he first entered upon his benevolent work, and during that time he had been gradually led forward by a gracious Providence, who supplied the means, and pointed out the path in which he should go, in a way surprising even to himself. These striking and continued expressions of the Divine approbation, each succeeding one more clear, seem to have fixed in the mind of Francke the conviction, that the work was of God, and would not come to nought. He was prepared, by this conviction, to take any step which was indicated as the will of that Providence to whose guidance he committed all his ways, in the belief that God would not desert a work which he had so far evidently approved and blessed. That he was far from a rash and presumptuous calculation upon the assistance of heaven, may be gathered from the advice which he frequently gave his pupils, "never, under the pretext of faith in God, to engage in undertakings, or place themselves in dangers, where there was no clearly marked call of Providence: but with 'their loins girt about,' to wait the directions of their Master, both where and how they should labor."
The habits of Francke, as must have appeared from the amount of labor he accomplished, were those of intense exertion. Scarcely any one department in which he labored, would bo considered by most men as sufficient of itself. He was frugal in diet, sparing in sleep, and constant in devotion. That is, he obeyed the Scripture rule of "praying always," or in other words, preserving always a prayerful state of mind. His first thoughts, as he himself states, were