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To the Yearly Meeting now sitting :—
The Committee haviug in charge the Fair Hill Boarding School Property, have again a favorable report to make of the present condition of the Property and School.
The average number of pupils has been about fifty, with an increased number of Friends' children at the present, when oompared with the preceding term.
Since our last report the School Room has been enlarged, and bath rooms added at the expense of the occupants, thereby promoting the comfort and health of the inmates.
The Committee appointed at a former sitting to consider the subject brought up from Nottingham Quarterly Meeting, produced the following report, which was approved by the Meeting, and the Clerk was directed to furnish that Quarterly Meeting with the judgment of this Meeting upon the subject.
To the Yearly Meeting now sitting :—
The Committee appointed to consider and report their judgment upon the subject brought up from Nottingham Quarterly Meeting in relation to the words "improper Monuments," as used in our Discipline in regard to placing grave stones in our burying grounds, report, That we agree in the judgment, that they are intended to, and properly apply to such only as are of a character involving our testimony for the maintenance of simplicity and plainness; and that those that arc of such dimensions as only to admit of placing thereon the name and date of the birth and death of the deceased, may in future be admitted in our burying grounds.
Baltimore 10th month 21th, 1857.
The Committe appointed at a former sitting to prepare Essays of Epistles, as way may open, to the several Yearly Meetings with which we correspond, now produced one, embodying the Minute on the Exercises of this Meeting, which was approved, and the Clerks were directed to transcribe it, sign it on behalf of the Meeting, and forward it to the Yearly Meetings of New York, Philadelphia, Gennessee, Ohio and Indiana respectively.
Having been favored throughout the several sittings of the Yearly Meeting with the comforting evidence of the presence of the great Head of the Church, under whose cementing and solemnizing influence we have been enabled to transact the various concerns of Society in a spirit of much brotherly love and condescension, adjourned,—to meet at the usual time next year, if so permitted.
Benjamin Hallowell, Clerk.
What a world of gossip would be prevented, if it was only remembered that a person who tells you of the faults of others, intends to tell others of your faults.
All virtues have their approximate place and rank in Scripture. They are introduced as individually beautiful, and as reciprocally connected. But perhaps no Christian grace ever sat to the hand of a more consummate master than charity. Her incomparable painter, St. Paul, has drawn her at full length in all her fair proportions. Every attitude is full of grace, every lineament of beauty. The whole delineation is perfect and entire, wanting nothing.
Who can look at this finished piece without blushing at his own want of likeness to it ?— Yet if this conscious dissimilitude indnce a cordial desire of resemblance,-the humiliation will be salutary. Perhaps a more frequent contemplation of this exquisite figure, accompanied with earnest endeavors for a growing resemblance, would gradually lead us not barely to admire the portrait, but would at length assimilate us to the divine original.
"Though I speak with the tongues of men j and of angels, and have not charity, I am be'come as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though 1 have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, aud all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself; is not puffed up, doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinkcth no evil; rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth ; bearcth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all | things.
| Charity never faileth; but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.
When I was a child I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass darkly, but then face to face; now I know in part, but then shall I know even as also I am known. And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity."
LIFE S TROUBLES.
We may compare the troubles which we have to undergo in the course of this life to a great bundle of faggots, far too large for us to lift. But God does not require us to carry the whole at once; he mercifully unties the bundle, and I gives us first one stick, which we are to cany today, and then another which we are to carry tomorrow, and 80 on. This wc might easily manage, if we would only take the burden appointed for us each day; but we choose to increase our troubles by carrying yesterday's stick over again to-day, and adding to-morrow's burdens to our load before we are required to bear it.
THINK YE 'TWAS MEANT THAT MAN SHOULD FIND NO SPELL.
Think ye 'twas meant that man should find no spell.
Of joy and beauty in the song-birds lay?
A warning tale ol bloom that must decay?
Were it not worse than vain to close our eyes,
Unto the azure sky and golden light,
And glorious day must darken into night?
Wiser and better with a thankful mind,
And with a gentle heart to seek and find,
"Give to bun that aakath thee, and from him that would borrow of tbee turn not thou away."—Matt. 6: 4.
O stay not thy hand when the winter winds rude,
When the heart-stricken wanderer asks thee for bread,
When the Saviour of men raised his finger to heal,
Oh scan not too closely the frailties of those
For FrlendV Intelligencer. "ARE 0AK8 PRODUCED WITHOUT ACORNS?"
Mankind find it much easier to take principles upon hearsay, and build theories upon them, than to investigate the truth of these principles for themselves. Thus false premises are often started with, and as a consequence the proposition being unsound, the fabric erected thereon will not stand the test of examination. In Friends' Intelligencer of 10th mo. 10th, page 476, is an article over the signature of 8. L. E. E., taken from the New York Tribune, and headed by the editor, ' Are oaks produced without acorns V The first proposition of the writer, that 1 it is a well known fact, that the removal of one species of forest is followed by a growth of one entirely different,' is not correct in the sense designed by the writer. It is only true under certain circumstances and not as a general law. Superficial observers have seen the spring
ing up of the pine in the worn out fields of the southern States, and this has been considered as proof of the proposition; when the fact is, that the mere cutting off the forest does not produce this effect. This only takes place when the roots and seeds of the first forest are all destroyed, and the soil re-reduced, and deprived of its potash, that oaks cannot grow in it. The seeds of the pine having been carried on to it by the wind and other causes, and finding a congenial soil and one adapted to their growth, they occupy and flourish in it. In the sandy pine lands of New Jersey, the oak cannot succeed under any circumstances, for only the dwarf oak can grow there. On the shores of the Chesapeake Bay, where more loam is found in the soil, a mixture of oak and pine is often met with. Here on cutting off all the timber and leaving it so, the oak will prevail over the pine, because the former sprouts from the stump, while the latter does not, but must be renewed from seed. If, after taking off the wood, the ground is cleared and cultivated in corn a year or two, and tLen left, the seeds of the pine being placed in a condition to grow, it succeeds, while the oak is destroyed by cultivation. Some of the land just alluded to, has been cut over several times, and by following the above method, pine is kept there; being considered more valuable. There are many places where oak timber has been several times cut oft, as fuel for furnaces, where oak is always renewed. Where the soil is strong enough for oak to grow freely, oak generally succeeds, even where pine is in the vicinity to furnish seed, because oak will sprout from the stumps of former trees, and overshadow the young pine, which is only produced from seed. Where laud is cultivated so as to reduce its fertility, and destroy the roots and seeds of the oak, then by throwing it out of cultivation the pine may succeed, because its leaves are never eaten by cattle, and it will grow where scarcely any thing else will.
The latter part of the proposition is equally at variance with every theory of vegetable growth, now acknowledged by scientific men. Where the leaves of the forest and all refuse material? of growth are left to decay on the soil, the existence of the forest cannot exhaust the soil of "the materials for growth," for they are not carried away, but left in a condition to improve rather than exhaust it. Orchards of fruit trees, where the fruit and leaves are taken away, do exhaust the soil as well as our usual crops ot grain, but the surplus growth of the forest or the prairie is still added to the soil, and we have no reaf on to suppose that it becomes unfitted for any kind of growth.
The second proposition is no doubt true, " that seeds buried in the ground below a certain depth, retain th«i* vitality for years, and when under favorable circumstances, germinate as surely as the seed of the past year." Many kinds of seed* retain their vitality a long time without being buried. It is said that the seed of the stone pine has been kept forty years, and then grew readily, and we have no reason to suppose that it would not have retained its vitality a longer time.
The writer then advances a new theory by way of query, a theory, it would seem, based more on fancy than fact. He asks, " May not the removal of the dense foliage admit the warmth of the sun, and thereby wake from their long sleep the germs from the forests of past centuries, supplied with more perfected materials for a more perfect growth than their progenitors, they to run their course and give place to a yet more advanced species, in accordance with the great law of improvement?" This theory appears tobesubstantially the same as that that supposes man to be only an improved monkey, and the monkey himself to be derived from some still lower order of creation. As if the Crentor could not or did not make man at once a perfect being, as we are told in Moses' account of the creation. This account represents the Creator as having made every plant and every herb of the field whose seed was in itself, and our experience testifies that every plant and every herb still brings forth and continues itself by seed. Shall we, with this evidence before us, suggest new theories, and set aside this testimony before we have reason to doubt its correctness? We may say, " How or when the first oak was made we know not," but have we not faith to believe that God created not only the oak, but every thing we see on this earth, and Miat they are continued by laws then given, and to which they are still subject? We may imagino that " the great law of improvement," as we suppose, warrants the suggestion that " this long sleep may have imparted to the buried germ a strength and vigor to be obtained only in this way, thereby producing a tree quite unlike its successor," but where is the evidence? A more rational method would be to produce facts that could be substantiated, upon which to found a new theory, before setting aside an old one. Many persons have supposed they have struck upon an idea, calculated to achieve some great improvement in mechanics or science, and have 9pent years of thought upon it, when if they had first made themselves acquainted with what others have done in the same direction, they would at once have seen the folly of continuing the investigation. The idea of a perpetual motion has been entertained by many, and much time spent upon it, when the exercise of a little good common sense applied to the universal law in mechanics, of gravitation and friction, would shew them that no power could be produced which could of itself overcome them.
But there is still another suggestion advanced, one at least new to me, it is this: "May not the spirit or life-principle remain intactible and in
visible, disrobed of material substance, yet retaining its power to draw from its surroundings a body j and may not this account for the fact that such germs are destitute of the leaves which invariably attend the newly planted acorn?" If the ' life-principle' is ' disrobed of material substance,' what are ' its surroundings,' and how can it retain power to form ' a body,' and where is 'the fact that such germs are destitute of leaves?' Until such facts are produced and well attested, it is certainly unsafe and highly improper to form theories upon conjecture. The intelligence of the age forbids it, the deductions of science do not support it, and is it not a mark of skepticism to deny the deductions of science, and when pressed by its advocates to say, ' perhaps so; we don't deny it, we only ask men to think V
But there is still another view of the matter, in which the writer has shown a want of consistency. He supposes that' the germs from the forests of past centuries' arc thereby ' supplied with more perfect materials' after their ' long sleep,' and then seems to think that' it may yet prove a valuable auxiliary to a more rapid improvement in the productions of the earth.' How a ' rapid improvement' can be had, when it requires the 'long sleep' of 'centuries' for the germ to be 'supplied' with ' materials for a more perfect growth,' is not easy to conceive. Did the ' peach pits,' ' buried for at least 30 years,' produce fruit more perfect than their ' progenitors,' or did the wheat said to have been found in the hand of an Egyptian mummy, and supposed to have been buried for 3000 years, produce more perfect grain than then grew in Egypt or than now grows here? I think not. It is certainly wrong in principle, and unjust in practice, to set aside long established theories and generally received opinions, until such are proved to be erroneous, not by mere conjecture, but positive facts well sustained. Y. T.
Waterford, Viryinia, 10th mo., 1357.
Philadelphia, Saturday, May 1th, 1886.
In the proceedings of the United States Senate on the 25th, we notice the following:
Mr. Buchanan said he rose to present the memorial of the Yearly Meeting of the Religions Society of Friends, which had been recently held in the city of Philadelphia, remonstrating against the admission of Arkansas into the Union, whilst a provision remained in her Constitution which admits -of and may perpetuate slavery. This Yearly Meeting embraced within its jurisdiction the greater part of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, the whole of the State of Delaware, and the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The language of this memorial was perfectly respectful. Indeed, it could not be otherwise, considering the source from whence it emanated. It breathed throughout the pure and Christian spirit which had always animated the Society of Friends; and although he did not concur with them in opinion, their memorial was entitled to be received with great respect.
When the highly respectable committee which had charge of this memorial called upon him this morning, and requested him to present it to the Senate, he had felt it to be his duty to inform them in what relation he stood to the question. He stated to them that he had been requested by the Delegates from Arkansas to take charge of the application of that Territory to be admitted into the Union, and that he had cheerfully taken upon himself the performance of.this duty. He also read to them the 8th section of the act of Congress of the 6th of March, 1820, containing the famous Missouri compromise; and informed them that the whole Territory of Arkansas was south of the parallel of 36 degrees and a half of north latitude; and that he regarded this compromise, considering the exciting and alarming circumstances under which it was made, and the dangers to the existence of the Union which it had removed, to be almost as sacred as a constitutional provision. That there might be no mistake on the subject, he had also informed them, that in presenting their memorial he should feel it to be his duty to state these facts to the Senate. With this course on his part they were satisfied, and still continued their request that he might present the memorial. He now did so with great pleasure. He hoped it might be received by the Senate with all the respect it so highly deserved. He asked that it might be read ; and as the question of the admission of Arkansas was no longer before us, he moved that it might be laid upon the table. The memorial was accordingly read, and was ordered to be laid upon the table.
We subjoin the memorial of the Yearly Meeting referred to.
To the Senate and House of Representatives of United States of America, in Congress assembled—
The Memorial of the Yearly Meeting of the religious Society of Friends, held in Philadelphia, for the greater part of Pennsylvania and New Jersey; all Delaware, and the Eastern Shore of Maryland; by adjournments from the 11th day of the 4th month to the 16th of the same, inclusive, 1836,
Respectfully Represents, That your memorialists are aware of the importance of approaching Congress at this period, on the subject of Slavery. Impressed with a solemn sense of duty, and emboldened by that conscious innocence which integrity of intention and purity of motive inspire, they as free citizens of our be
loved country, avail themselves of their constitutional right, respectfully to address you.
The Religions Society of Friends for a long course of years, have held an unwavering testimony against Slavery. Our forefathers were repeatedly and respectfully heard by Yours, in the Legislative Halls of our Nation, on this deeply affecting subject.
They passed through good and also through evil report in their Christian labors in this cause. Through all their trials they stood steadfast in their purpose, sustained by the consoling evidence that they sought in singleness of heart the prosperity and real happiness of all their beloved fellow-citizens of a common country.
We, their descendants, are animated by the same spirit, and actuated by the same motives which influenced them in pleading the cause of the oppressed.
We do not deem it required of us at this time to delineate the suffering and violation of human rights, which stand inseparably connected with the unrighteous practice of holding our fellow men in unconditional bondage.
It is with feelings of no ordinary character we have observed recent efforts to lull the consciences of men into a state of false security, by endeavoring to prove the lawfulness of Slavery from Scripture authority—in the very face of Christ's sermon on the Mount, and his positive command: "and as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise;" and this too by some who make a high profession of Christianity.
We reverence the precepts of our divino Lawgiver—these, combined with his spotless example, will forever stand as a protest against all unhallowed attempts to render the influence of Scripture authority subservient to the purposes of injustice and oppression.
In the application now pending before you, for the admission of the Territory of Arkansas into the confederacy of these United States, we observe with deep concern a provision in her proposed Constitution, which admits of, and may perpetuate Slavery. Against the admission of said State, with such provisions, we do respectfully yet earnestly remonstrate.
If we, as a nation, act in accordance with the principles of justice, then may we confidently hope that Divine mercy will be spread as a mantle over our land.
Believing that righteousness alone exalteth a nation, we earnestly desire, that you may be directed in your deliberations by that wisdom which is from above.
Signed by direction, and on behalf of the Yearly Meeting.
Joseph Parrish, Clerk of the Men's Meeting.
Clerk of the Women's Meeting.
A little boy named John Roberts, baving been set to weed in a gentleman's garden, and observing some very beautiful peaches on a tree which prow upon a wall, was strongly tempted to pluck one.
"If it tastes but half as nice as it looks," thought he, " how delightful it must be!"
He stood for an instant, gazing on the tree, while his mother's words "touch nothing that does not belong to you," came vividly to his mind. He withdrew his eyes from the tempting object, and with great diligence pursued his occupation. The fruit was forgotten, and it was with pleasure that he now perceived he had nearly reached the end of the bed which he had been ordered to clear. Collecting in his hands the heap of weeds he had laid beside him, he returned to deposit them in the wheelbarrow, which stood near the peach tree. Again the glowing fruit met his eye, more beautiful and more tempting than ever, for he was hot and thirsty. He stood still; his heart beat; his mother's command was heard no more ; his resolution was gone! He looked around ; there was no one but himself in the garden. "They never can miss one out of so many," said he to himself. He made a step, only one; he was now within reach of the prize; he darted forth his hand to seize it, when at the very moment, a sparrow from a neighboring tree, calling to his companion, seemed to his startling ear to say, "Jem ! Jem 1" He sprang back to the walk, his hand fell to his side, his whole frame Bhook; and no sooner had he recovered himself, than he fled from the spot.
In a short time afterwards he began thus to reason with himself.
"If asparrow could frighten me thus, I may be sure that whatl was going to do was very wicked."
And now he worked with greater diligence than ever, nor once again trusted himself to gaze on the fruit which had so nearly led him to commit so great a fault. The sparrow chirped again as he was leaving the garden, but he no longer fled at the sound.
"You may cry Jem, Jem !" said he, looking steadily at the tree in which several perched, "as often as you like ; T don't care for you now; but this I will say, I will never forget how good a friend one of you has been to me, and 1 will rob none of your nests again."
INFLUENZA OF OLDEN TIME.
The following is a true extract from the records of the First Church in Roxbury.
"1647." 'At the time appointed the Synod assembled. But at that time the hand of the Lord was very strong among us, by sicknesse; it being an extreme hot timeby thunder weather, and unwholesome. At the beginning of which weather, we had a great thunder storme in the
night which at Dorchester slew 3 oxen in the field, without any remarkable signe what it wa? that killed them.
"From that time forward a great sickness epidemical did the Lord lay upon us, so that the greatest part of a town was sick at once, whole familys sick, young and old, scarce any escaping, English or Indian. The manner of the sicknesse was a very drye cold, with some tincture of a feaver, and full of malignity, and very dangerous if not well regarded by keeping a low diet, the body soluble, warme, sweating, Ac. At which time of visitation, blessed Mris. Winthrop the Governor's wife dyed.
"God's rods are teaching—the epidemical sicknesse of colds doth rightly, by a divine hand, tell the churches what the epidemical spirituil disease is. Lord help us to see it—and to have such colds in the height of the heat of summer shows us that in the height of the means of grace, peace, and liberty of ordinances, &c. yet may we then fall into malignant and mortal colds, apoplexys, &c."—Boston paper.
Flour Aid Meal.—Their is a limited inquiry for Flour. Salea to retailers and bakers, for fresL ground at $5 37 a $5 SO per bbl., and fancy brands from $6} up to $7. Rye Flour is held at $4 50 per bbl. Small sales of Corn Meal, at $3 a 3 25.
Grain.—The receipts of Wheat continue ligh'. with a slightly increased demand for it. Southern red is held at $1 18 a $1 28, and $1 30 a $1 35 for good white; only a few samples are selling. Rye sells at 75 c. Com is dull, with sales cf j el low at 75 ct9. afloat. Sales of new yellow were made at 56 cents. Ours are in fair supply at 33 cents per bushel.
Clovebseed — The demand hts fallen off, with sales at 4 75 a 5 00 per 61 lbs. Last sales of Timothy at 2; per busbel. Of Flaxseed the market is bare at $1 40 cents per bushel.
CHESTKRFIF.LD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG MEN AND BOYS—The Winter session of this Institution will commence on the 16th of 11th month 1857, and continue twenty weeks.
Terms—$70 per session, one hal f payable in advance, the other in the middle of the session.
No extra charges. For further information address HENRY W.RIDGWAY.Crosswicks P. O., Burlington Co., N. J. 10th mo. 3—3 m.
B" OARDING^SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, near theCheltou Hills Station, on the North Pennsylvania Railroad.
Gayner Heacock will open a school 12th mo. 7th, and continue 16 weeks, where the usual branches of an English education will be taught, and every attention paid te the health and comfort of the childrenTerms $40. No extra charges. Books furnished at the usual prices.
Address JOSEPH HEACOCK,
Jenkintown P. O., Montgomery Co., Penna. 9 mo. 26—8 t.
LONDON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG MEN AND BOYS. It is intended to commence the next Session of this Institution on th^ 2d of 11th mo., 1857. Terms: $65 for twenty weeks. For reference and further particulars, inquire for circulars of BENJ. SWAYNE, Principal. London Grove, P. O., Chester County, Pa.