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were opened to us, which was not sparingly, we opened to them, and they seemed troubled to part with us, and took us by the hands, praying that the Lord might be with us and prosper us. About the first hour that afternoon we arrived' at Chanery, but found no further concern on that | side; and after a little refreshment, we crossed the river, and that night lodged at Nairn.
But that night Thomas Rudd became concerned to return to Inverness, to speak to the: priest; and in the morning he and John Bow- 1 stead went to that place, where Thomas Rudd (as they said) warned the priest not to deceive that people any longer; with some other matters of religious import. The priest was indifferently patient; but his clerk used some light and indecent expressions, pretending to argue several points with them. But their business was not | to dispute aUhat time, but to deliver a message ; ( which having done they were clear. But the people flocked about them as before, with expressions of gladness at their return.
In the mean time Robert Girard and I went to Forress, where we had appointed to stay till they should return to us; and finding a concern upon me, I went to the house of William Falconer, (the priest before mentioned,) and Robert Girard with me; and there was one that was steward to a nobleman with bim, and some others besides his own family. He seemed to receive us with respect; nevertheless, in a short time there appeared a cloud of darkness. But I set quiet and inward a little, and the truth arose as a standard against it, and the opposing darkness vanished, and truth reigned in me alone; and then I began to speak concerning the many divisions in the pretended Christian world, happening upon the pouring forth of the seventh phial by the angel of God, mentioned in the book of the Revelations of John (Rev. xvi. 17-19.) That the pretended Christian church, with all her varied false notions, opinions and doctrines, is that Babylon. That her three great divisions are the Papacy, the Prelacy, and the Presbytery, with their several subdivisions and confusions; who, being departed from the spirit of Christ, the Prince of Peace, into the spirit of envy and persecution, were now, and from the time of that phial, warring and destroying each other, contrary both to the nature and end of that religion they profess, which is love. I was answered, "That the Bishop of Rome, under pretense of being the successor of Peter, and, as such infallible, hath usurped a dictatorship over the Christian world, in matters of religion; and imposed a multitude of anti-Christian errors, by unreasonable force, upon mankind. But God having committed his whole will unto writing in the Holy Scriptures, and in the course of his providence preserved them unto us, we have our whole duty declared therein, as our rule and guide in matters of religion; so that we are not
to expect the manifestations of the spirit, as in times past, that dispensation being now ceased."
I replied, " That what he said of the Bishop of Rome, was true; and that the Scriptures are the most excellent books extant; which were given from time to time, by the word of the Lord, which is the spirit of Christ. But men may read and speak the Truth contained in the Scriptures one to another, and the readers and speakers remain still ignorant of the word of the Lord, and of the things themselves intended to be signified by the words; and, not being sent of God, (as the Scriptures send no man,) cannot profit the bearers, but are themselves transgressors in so doing, unless they were sent by the influence, power, and virtue of the same Word that did dictate the matters of the Scriptures unto the holy penmen thereof; as appears by the 23d chapter of the prophecy of Jeremiah. And then I called for a Bible and read: (Jeremiah xxiii. 28-32) so that it is contrary to the declared mind of God, that any should use his words to others, as his ministers, who are not sent by himself so to do; for though they have been his words unto others, those who use them without his command, are charged by him as thieves; especially such as make merchandize of them to the people.
As to the dispensation of the spirit being now ceased, I am sorry to hear it is so; for I can show thee to whom it is ceased, but not to the Church of Christ. Then I turned to the 3d chapter of the prophecy of Micah, and read, "Hear, I pray you, 0 heads of Jacob, and yo princes of the house of Israel, is it not for you to know judgment ?" &c.
[Here T. S. argued from this chapter, 1—4, 9-12, v. 7 and 8th verses. Romans i. 29-31, and John xiv. 23, by which he established his position in the premises to the silencing of opposition; he concludes with the following paragraph page 70.]
The auditory heard what was said with patience, and none made any answer but the Priest; and all that he said was (and that a little pleasantly) " such as you, going about with such chapters, may do much mischief." To whom I replied, " That inasmuch as he was then silenced by the temporal powers that then were, he would do well never to look after that employment any more, or think to enrich himself thereby; and, the rather, since he had a competent estate independent of it; which the Lord would bless to him and his family, if he disclaimed that ungodly practice of preaching for hire, and was silent in the things of God till the Lord should send him, if it might pleaso him so to do." The Priest's wife seemed well pleased with what I said to him, and he made no reply. And so a little after, we departed in peace, and in friendship with them, aud went to our inn.
Soon after came Thomas Rudd and John Bowstead back to us from Inverness; and the next morning being the first day of the First month (1692,) we went to Elgin; and thence to Fochabers, (or Castle Gordon,) and there we lodged; and, in the morning, Thomas Rudd and John Bowstead went through the streets, Thomas Rudd delivering his message as at other places; and from thence we went to Keith where he did likewise.
On the second day of the First month we came to Kintone; where, in our road to Inverness, we had seen one John Gellie; of whom take this account. He was a priest's son, (by Mary, sister of Andrew Jeffrey, of Kingwells, an eminent Friend) and had been convinced of Truth some years; and had behaved as becomes Truth, so far as could be observed by his neighbors. And Aaron Atkinson, (a young man belonging to the border meeting in Cumberland, who had lately come forth with a testimony to Truth,) being at Kilmuck Meeting, to which John Gellie belonged, had some expressions in his testimony there by way of prophecy, that the Lord would raise up some one person in these parts who should be instrumental in the hand of the Lord to bear a more eminent testimony for him and his glorious Truth, than many who had lived there before; and at the same time this John Gellie was much affected and broken; and some time after, in the same meeting, he wns so concerned that he cried aloud under the weight of his exercise; and after the meeting was over, would not be at rest till he called in the most ancient and solid Friends, and others coming in also, he had what they called a dreadful testimony, against the payers of tythes, and all collusion, equivocation, and underhand dealings in the same, with which Friends then present were generally satisfied.
But there being some particular persons belonging to the meeting, whom he thought guilty in that respect, he took upon him, in his own' will and zeal, and not in the council of God, to speak to them concerning the same, and they, not regarding what he said, so much as he expected, or desired, he took such offence that he separated himself from the meeting, calling those Friends apostates, and many other opprobrious and reproachful names; and did some hurt among the weak for a time. But the wise and just God was pleased to manifest him, and so the weak escaped the snare. For in a short time he began to utter ridiculous and false prophecies; and, among others, that, at such a time, his mother should die: in consequence of which she, a poor weak woman, took her bed at the time predicted by her son, and several persons attended to see the event; and at the supposed hour of her departure, the pretended prophet laid his hand on her breast and said, "Come up soul j" and so drawing his finger all along up to
her throat, " now," said he, "'tis departing," upon which the silly woman cried out, " Good Lord receive my spirit:" nevertheless it continued in her; for she did not die, but rose up, ashamed to have been subjected to such vain imaginations.
After this he took a short pipe with tobacco, and going through the streets of Kintone, cried out, " This is the ram's horn that was sounded when the walls of Jericho fell down to the ground ;" with several other senseless practices, by whiuh he appeared to bo grossly deceived by the adversary.
When we went to his mother's house, he was not within, but quickly came to us, and seemed to receive us with friendship; but in a short space he began to utter his enthusiastic notions, which grieved us.
[This T. S. says is the true Ranter, the account continues on page 71 and 72. lie concludes as follows :]
This I have related as an instance of the goodness and justice of God; of his goodness in raising an instrument to testify against those things amiss among his people, that they might be reformed; of his justice, in breaking the rod of correction, when it began to rob the Lord of his glory, and usurp dominion over his heritage. From which satanic practice the Lord preserve all that call upon his holy name every where.
(To be continued.)
PHILADELPHIA,ELEVENTH MONTH 14,1857.
Married,—In this city, on the 29th of 10th mo., last, by Friends' ceremony, at the residence ol GeoM. Bond, Samuel Forman to Deborah R. DeverEll, all of Philadelphia.
, In Winchester, Va., on the 20th ult. by
Friends' ceremony, J. Edward Walker of Waterford, Loudon County, Va., to Cornelia H. daughter of Hugh Sidwell, of the former place.
Extracts from the Minutes of our Yearly Meeting, held in Baltimore, by adjournments, from, the twenty-sixth of the Tenth month to the twenty-ninth of the same, inclusive, 18!'7.
At a Yearly Meeting of Friends held in Baltimore for the Western Shore of Maryland, and the adjacent parts of Pennsylvania and Virginia/ by adjournments, from the 26th of the Tent month, to the 29th of the same, inclusive, 1857
Certificates and Minutes for the following Friends, who are acceptably in attendance with, us from within the limits of other Yearly Meetings, were received and read, viz:
John Hunt, a minister from Burlington Monthly Meeting, N. J.
Rachel W. Moore, a minister from Green street M. M., Philadelphia.
Catharine P. Foulke, a minister from Richland M. M., Pcnna.
Amos Jones, a minister from Makefield M. M.. Pennsylvania.
Mark Palmer, an Elder, companion of Amos Jones, from Falls Monthly Meeting, Pennsylvania.
Wm. P. Jones, an Elder from Wilmington M. M., Delaware.
Jazer Garretson, an Elder from Smithfield M. M., Ohio.
Allen Flitcraft, a memher from Piles Grove M. M., New Jersey.
Juo. Wilson Moore, a member from Green street M. M., Philadelphia.
Gilbert Lawrence, an Elder from Flushing M. M., Long Island.
Joseph M. Wilson, a member from Clear Creek M. M.
Acceptable Epistles from our brethren of New York, Philadelphia, Genessee, Ohio and Indiana were received and read to our edification and encouragement; and a Committee was appointed to prepare Essays of Epistles, as way may open therefor, to these several Yearly Meetings, and report to a future sitting.
The Committee on Indian Concerns produced the following Report, which was read and was very satisfactory.
To the Yeurly Meeting now sitting:
The Committee on Indian Concerns report, That during the past year they have not made a I visit to the Indians at Cattaraugus, but have re-1 ceived frequent communications from them, ask ing advice and requesting the continuance of the care of Friends.
Information was forwarded to the Committee in the 11th month last, that notices had been served upon the Indians of a considerable portion of their lands having been sold for taxes, and they further stated, this matter had been so managed, that no application had been made to them for the payment of these taxes; nor had auy notice been given of the sale, until a warning was sei ved upon them to remove off. On our receipt of this information, they were advised to bring the matter, by petition, before the Legislature of New'York, and the attention of the Commissioner of Indian affairs at Washington, as the legal guardian and protector of these Indians, was solicited to the case. George W. Manypenny, the Commissioner, as soon as he was informed of the transaction, wrote to the Governor of New York, laid the case before him, and requested his attention to it.
On the meeting of the Legislature, the Governor, in an official communication, called their attention to the subject, and by the documents submitted to them, with the petition of the Indians, it appeared, that on an alleged claim for taxes, amounting to $1,406 70, thirty-one
thousand eight hundred acres of some of the improved and most valuable land of the Senecas had been sold iu the manner here stated, at prices varying from two cents to about ten cents per aore, and averaging less than eight cents per aore.
These facts and circumstances being fully exposed, and explained in the petition of the Indians, their complaint was referred to a Committee, who after a patient and thorough examination, reported, that the assessment "on which said lands had been sold for taxes by the Comptroller, were made without authority of Law." The Committeefurtherreported, "From a careful examination of the several Treaties heretofore made with the Senecas, and decisions of the highest Courts of this State and of the United States, your Committee are clearly of the opinion, that the Senecas do not hold the title to the Cattaraugus and Allegany Reservations under the State of New York, nor under the United States, but their Title is original, absolute and exclusive. And as the Senecas are not citizens of this State, and have no Representative in our Legislature, we can claim no right to Tax them." »
Upon receiving this Report, the Legislature passed a Law for the relief of those Indians, in which it is enacted:
"The Title of every lot or parcel of the Allegany Reservation and of every lot and) parcel of the Cattaraugus Reservation as has been heretofore sold by the Comptroller for Taxes, is hereby released by the State to the Seneca Nation of Indians residing on said Reservations." And further; "no Tax shall hereafter be assesed or imposed on either of said Reservations, or any part thereof, for any purposes whatever, so long as said Reservations remain the property of the Seneca Nation, and all acts of the Legislature of this State conflicting with the provision of this Section are hereby repealed."
The statements in this Report, and the provisions in the Bill that accompanied it, manifest a benevolent and laudable disposition on the part of the constituted authorities of the State of New York, to protect the Senecas in their just rights, and to insure to them their property, and any authority in that State to tax those Indians is disclaimed. It is acknowledged that the land owned by them never belonged to the State of New York ; and it is also conceded, that the right of these Indians to their land never was affected or impaired by the fraudulent Treaty of 1838, and that it remains to be theirs, "with the same right and Title in all things as they had and possessed therein, immediately be/ore the date of that Treaty, and that the Ogden Company have no right in or. to it, save only a right to purchase it."
In addition to these admissions on the part of the constituted authorities of the State of New York, the following assurances were given to those Indians by Dewitt Clinton, when Governor:—"You may retain your lands as long as you please—no man can deprive you of them without your consent. The State will protect you in the enjoyment of your property." Added to this, in a solemn declaration addressed to them by General Washington, when he was President of the United States, he said : " Hear well, and let it he heard by every person, in your Nation, the President of the United States declares, that the General Government considers itself bound to protect you by the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, in 1784."
With all these assurances and guarantees, the Title of the Senecas to the Lands they occupy rests upon the most impregnable foundation that any Title can be placed, and the investigations that became necessary by the recent attempt to take from them their comfortable homes, have led to more full information respecting their Title to the land they claim, and has also placed before the country the important fact, that their Title, which is pronouncedjto be " original, absolute and exclusive," has been solemnly guaranteed to them both- by the States of New York and Massachusetts, and also by the Government of the United States.
In addition to this attempt to obtain possession of their lands, there has lately been an other intrigue to get up an Emigration party amongst them, under the representation of a Cayuga, who acted a prominent part in effeoting the disastrous remoral of about 230 in the year 1846; and who has been representing to them that they own valuable lands in Kansas, preferable to their present residence, to which they might remove and claim. Notwithstanding these continued efforts to keep them in a condition of uneasiness, they are represented to be steadily improving at Cattaraugus, in their domestic and social condition. Their females are withdrawn from field labor, and occupy themselves in their appropriate domestic concerns— their houses are therefore rendered more comfortable and are kept in much better condition than formerly. There appears to be no longer any opposition to their new form of Constitutional Government, and they are living in more harmony than at any time since the Treaty of 1838. In a letter from one of them who had been reoently appointed to take a Census of the Inhabitants at Cattaraugus, after remarking that the people are now all happily united, and adding that their roads have been put in good travelling order, he says :—" I have visited all the families for taking a Census under the authority of the United States' Indian Agent; I found the people generally well and in a prosperous condition—they are rapidly improving their lands and farms, and the corn looks well and delightful; their other crops of suoh things
as families use, will be plenty this year, but our wheat has been somewhat affected by the wevil —this insect I find is come into this country." The writer of this letter is a good practical farmer, and has near 100 acres of land cleared and under cultivation.
The Orphan Asylum has now under its care 50 children, who are kindly provided for; and such of them as are old enough, are receiving school education. There are also on this Reservation seven schools, which are well attended, and the whole number receiving education is reported to be 251.
Signed by direction and on behalf of the Committee,
10</i month 25, 1857.
The Committee was continued, and encouraged to embrace every right opening of being useful j to these people, who have been so. long objects of interesting concern to Friends.
Nottingham Quarterly Meeting informs, that l the time of holding their Quarterly Meeting of j Ministers and Elders is changed from one to i two o'clock, on the same days on which it has been hitherto held.
At the opening of the afternoon sitting, John i Needles, on behalf of the Representatives, reported, that they had conferred together, and were united in proposing Benjamin Hallowell for Clerk, and Caleb Stabler for Assistant Clerk; which was approved by the meeting, and the ; Friends named were accordingly appointed I Clerks to this meeting for the present year.
Answer to the \Qth Query.. ! Jane Wain, an Elder, and Member of West j Branch Monthly and Particular Meetings, departed this life on the 10th of the 9th month, 1856, aged 65 years.
Robert Wilson, an Elder, and Member of Centre Monthly and Preparative Meetings, departed this life on the 9th of the 10th month,
1856, in the 74th year of his age.
William Cleaver, a Minister and Member of West Branch Monthly and Particular Meetings, departed this life on the 30th of the 3d month,
1857, in the 46th year of his age.
Eliza Marsh, an Elder, and Member of Baltimore Monthly and Western District Preparative Meetings, departed this life on the 4th day of the 4th month, 1857, in the 57th year of her age.
Jonathan Jessup, an Elder of York Monthly Meeting, departed this life on the 19th day of the 8th month, 1857, in the 80th year of his age.
There has been established during the past year, a Particular, Preparative and Monthly Meeting, as well as a Preparative Meeting of Ministers and Elders, at Prairie Grove, Henry County, State of Iowa, as a branch of Fairfax Quarterly Meetiug. The Monthly Meeting is called Prairie Grove Monthly Meeting, and is held on the last 7th day in each month. The mid-week meeting is held on 5th day. No meeting is held on 5th day of the week of the Monthly Meeting, the Preparative Meeting being held the week preceding. All the meetings commence at 11 o'clock.
28th of the month and ith of the week.
The following Minute of the exercise of the Meeting was produced and read, and was satisfactory, viz:
While engaged in the consideration of the interesting concerns'connected with the welfare of our religious Society, we have been favored with renewed evidence that God still mercifully aids all those, who, in true humility of heart, are concerned to draw nigh unto Him and earnestly seek for that heavenly food which He alone can bestow.
The effects of true spiritual worship, are to bring the soul into union with God, to wean it from its attachment to the perishing things of time, and to fix the affections on those enduring riches which result from obedience to the "law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus." It is therefore not only our reasonable duty, but among our highest privileges, to assemble ourselves together for the purpose of acknowledging our allegiance to Him from whom are all our blessings, and the meeting was introduced into a feeling of deep exercise and travail that our members may become more and more alive to this duty, and thus be fuller partakers of the high and pure enjoyment which its performance affords to the truly devoted soul. A concern was also felt that those who regularly attend their meetings, and keep up the external appearances of religion, may show by their humble deportment, and sweetness of disposition, that on these occasions they have been with Christ. This will give the forcible invitation, "follow me as 1 follow Christ," and will tend to gather the lambs to the same fold, to mingle with them in their silent devotions.
Wo have at this time entered renewedly into sympathy with those of our members who may be under discouragement from their remoteness from meetings, or from the smallness of their numbers when assembled. Let these be encouraged by the remembrance that the promise of the Divine Master to be in their midst, was to the two or three who were gathered in his name.
Howover great may have been the blessings dispensed to the church by means of a living Gospel Ministry, we are assured that no outward Ministry is indispensable to our growth in the spiritual life. Robert Barclay says of his experience in this respect," when 1 came into the
silent assemblies of God's people, I felt a secret power amongst them which touched my heart, and as I gave way unto it, I found the evil weakening in me, and the good raised up." Many of the present day can bear testimony to the interesting truth, that though the numbers may be small on these occasions, the Gospel stream is often felt to flow sweetly through the heart, and the promise of the Master's presence with all rightly gathered assemblies, is joyfully realized, and known by the breaking of the bread of life to the hungry soul.
Friends were earnestly invited to come more fully and unreservedly under the teachings and guidance of the Spirit of truth, in all their duties and transactions of life, in a full conviction that Godliness is profitable unto all things; and that careful attention to the limitations of truth in temporal business, will preserve from such desolating extravagances and entanglements as have been recently experienced. By giving up the heart fully to serve the Lord, we would be enabled to bear the many precious testimonies which were borne by those who have gone before us, upon the same ground of conviction that they did ; and our minds would be kept so continually alive, as to discover the approach of the enemy of our soul's peace, under all its varied and speoious transformations.
We have at this time been introduced into a lively concern for the preservation and spiritual advancement of our younger members. Among the many temptatious to which the young are exposed, the pernicious publications which abound in the present day, and the example of depraved associates, have .been shewn to be exceedingly seductive and dangerous. In order to guard against these, they have been earnestly enjoined to select for their readiug those books only that will enlighten the understanding and improve the heart; and in their intercourse with the world, to turn away from profane and impure conversation, which, by corrupting the innocent mind, prepares it for that downward course which leads to misery and ruin. It is our earnest desire that this interesting class, everywhere, by the early surrender of their wills to the Divine government, may be prepared for the enjoyment of that true and permanent happiness designed for them by a gracious Creator—which happiness cannot be experienced unless the moral and spiritual faculties be cultivated, and the government of Christ be established in the soul.
The frequent perusal of the Sacred Volume was also earnestly recommended to all, as a means of religious improvement, which, through the influence of the Holy Spirit, has been blessed to many.
The following report from the Standing Com-, mittee on the Fair Hill Boarding School Property was produced and read, and was satisfactory, viz: