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retired to our lodging, and in an upper room had a meeting among ourselves, and some few more. And our landlady, not having been able to move out of her chamber for many weeks before, came up to us and staid during the meeting,- to her great satisfaction, as she openly declared soon after. Glory be to the Lord, who is ever ready to do good to all who faithfully wait on him for his pure grace, and the virtue of it ; which is able to refresh both soul and body, when it pleases him to move by the same in his poor creatures.
After refreshment at the inn, we went that evening to Inverness; where some of the people taking us for Dutchmen, came to enquire after news, martial affairs being then much in agitation between the French and Confederates ; but finding what wc were, their expectation failed.
The next morning being the Seventh day of the week, Thomas Rudd walked through the streets alone, very early ; and afterwards we went all up together into the market place, where there were many Highlanders in their usual dress, and armed; who, together with the other people, flocked about us, John Bowstead preached unto them; and the testimony of Truth had a fluent passage. They were respectful above expectations; and when any boys, or other particulars, moved the least incivility or light behaviour toward us, others were forward to correct or reprehend them : and whenever we went out of our inn, into the streets, on any occasion, the people flocked after us.
On the same day in the afternoon, divers young men, of the better rank, (as they are accounted) came to discourse us on several points of religion; to whom, in the main, through the Truth, we gave satisfaction; only one John Stewart, a Presbyterian, abruptly darted in a question about the Almighty's decreeing some men and angels to eternal damnation; and I being most concerned at that time, in discourse, declined that subject until other matters, more suitable for the auditory, were fully discussed; and then I told him, "That it was more proper and necessary for him to make his own calling and election sure, than to be too curious about questions of so mysterious import; and withal, that he ought not to wrest the Scriptures, which were in the main designed to remove these conceits of the Jews that they were the only chosen of God, by covenant with Abram and the Fathers, and through the mediation of Moses at Mount Sinai, by which they slighted Christ, the elect seed of God, and the Gospel of salvation offered unto themselves, and the work of the same, at that time, taking place among the Gentiles: those Scriptures in the epistle to the Romans, then adduced, having no relation at all to the decree of any particular man or order ofi men as such, or angel or order of angels, to destruction from eternity; for that would never com
port with the unchangeable and glorious attribute of divine goodness, essential to the Almighty;' with some other matter suiting that point. And the young man, being frustrated of his expectation, went away in a sullen rancour; not like one on the right hand, if such a decree had been; but the Lord preserved us in the spirit of meekness and charity. This gave me occasion to observe, how hard it is for such as are prepossessed with anti chrifctian notions and conceits to embrace the Truth, or apply themselves to virtue; and how the enemy of their souls rages in their own hearts, when anything appears to discover his deceit in any measure; how, through envy, (moving the same in them) does he blind their eye, and keep them in the dark, to their utter destruction. For no sooner can one offer to resist that notion of predestination, as they hold it, or form an argument against it, how clearly, calmly, rationally, and truly so ever, but they generally fly up like fiery serpents, ready through rage, if it were in their power, to set the very course of nature Oh fire, kindling it with the fire of hell.
(To be continued.)
PHILADELPHIA, ELEVENTH MONTH 7,1657.
Married,—In Brooklyn, L. I., on 3d day, 10th mo. 13th, at the residence of Daniel G. Haviland, according to the order of the Society of Friends, John D. Hicks, of New York City, to Caroline Haviland.
Died.—On the 10th of 10th mo., at the residence of her son, George W. Atkinson, in Burlington Co., N. J., Sarah Atkinson, in the 80th year of her age, a member of Mount Holly Monthly Meeting of Friends.
A Stated Meeting of the Committee of Management of the Library Association of Friends, will be held in the Library Room on Fourth day evening next, the Uth inst., at half past seven o'clock.
Jacob M. Ellis, Clerk.
Phila. XUh mo. 1th, 1857.
From the North American and U. S. Gazette.
These words have been upon many lips for some time past. Truly we may say that terrible times are these—that a panic has seized those in the business world in our great cities—the Atlantio cities, at least—bringing to mind the scripture language " That all faces are gathering blackness, men's hearts failing for fear."
Only a few of the multitude now on the stage of action can recur to anything like the present crisis; but some can remember other terrible and wasting times, the suspension of specie payments consequent on the war of 1812, and the re
vulsions of 1836 and 1837. We will leave the discussion of the causes of those revulsions to other pens. But will it not prove a profitable lesson to us to ponder on the procuring causes of our present great uionied troubles?
Some of those whose recollection can go back for half a century, have been noting with anxiety the growing extravagance of our times—have seen a luxurious manner of living increasing, until nearly all have been straining every nerve to make appearances. To live as handsomely, dress as richly, give as elegant parties, and drive as fine horses as our neighbors, whether we could afford it or not, has been the order of the day. AVhat reaching and overreaching, what speculations and contrivance to get money have been entered into by those thus deluded by outward show.
Do we live in the manner which most premotes human happiness? Are we satisfied with tired enjoying the comforts and all the necessaries of life? Or are we making all the glitter and show we can to catch our neighbors' eyes, and excite their admiration? Do we dress for real comfort, at the same time neatly and rationally? Other motives certainly influence many. To be the most richly and most fashionably dressed, to attract the gaze and admiration of the multitude in promenading the thronged and most frequented streets, are not these the motives which induce many to run up large bills at the stores and millinery shops in our cities and towns? Are these bills punctually paid, even at the end of the year? Developements, caused by some failures of large and apparently prosperous houses, have proved the contrary! Some, even many, have been shining or making a display in worse than borrowed plumes; in gewgaws and finery unpaid for, by which delinquency has been hastened, if not altogether induced, to some long respected citizens, fathers and husbands being unable "to foot the bills."
"Nothing to wear." Who has not frequently heard this exclamation, by those who had plently of good and even handsome clothing, long before the poem with this title, setting forth the extremes of fashion and folly, was written? We may charitably hope, for the honor of womankind, that the number of such as " Flora McFlimsey" is small. But how has the contagion spread, until "wherewithal we shall be clothed" is an absorbing subject with multitudes—until "the town has tinged the country, and the spot becomes a stain upon the vestal robe." Go where we will, we find an apeing of the fashion.
Very many are now paying the penalty of their extravagance, and may they learn wisdomby the things they are now suffering! Some may ask how is this wisdom to be displayed? Let us tell them not topurchase any articles un
til they have the money in hand to pay for them. The trust system fosters extravagance. Beautiful goods arc displayed, imaginary wants rise up, and having good credit with the shopkeepers, large debts are contracted, and garments, often worn out or spoiled, are discarded long before they are paid for!
What can this lead to but trouble and embarrassment? How much domestic disquiet has its origin in these habits? May the bitterness of the cup which many are now partaking of never be forgotten until a cure has been wrought. Let us all be willing to circumscribe our wants, so as to "live within the bounds of our circumstances," be these what they may. Let us not be too proud to do this. Our honor and honesty are both infringed upon when we deviate from this excellent rule.
Is it at all necessary to our comfort to bo attired in silks and laces? To wear the costly jewels and the most rare furs? Only to a taste perverted by fashion can any pleasure be taken in outvieing each other in these respects.
We have heard of patriotic women in other times and other ages, women who were willing to make sacrifices for the benefit of their country. Now, a sacrifice, if it deserves the appellation, of the silks and laces would relieve our beloved country from its indebtedness to foreign lands, would prevent millions of specie from crossing the ocean to enrich them at our expense, and enable our people to pay their debts at home. Could all these great results be achieved by women? Most certainly. If the handsome prints and manufactures of our country were deemed good enough for our own ladies to wear— if they were patriotic enough thus to encourage industry, and practice economy at home, it would not bo long before the complicated wheels of our commercial machinery would move more easily, and the terrible embarrassments of the present time pass by.
This appeal is intended especially for the women of our land. Not that the husbands and fathers are clear in relation to extravagant living. Some of them are fond of the show and the glitter, as well as " the weaker sex," as they are often pleased to designate us. Many of them love their wives and daughters, and have been so indulgent th;it they scarcely have said nay to any request, however exorbitant. The time has now come when they must make a stand. The signs of the times can no longer be mistaken. Retrenchment must be practised. Scarcely any one will escape altogether from losses consequent upon the present destructive crisis.
Then let us " remember the poor," as another inducement to forego needless expenditure. To many of them the coming winter forebodes distress and starvation.
A Woman or Philadelphia.
"Sit upright! sit upright, my son!" said a lady to her son George, who had formed a wretched hahit of bending whenever he sat down to read. His mother had told him that he could not breathe right unless he sat upright. But it was of no use; bend over he would in spite of all his mother could say.
"Sit upright, George I" cried the teacher, as George bent over his copy book at school. "If you don't sit upright, like Charles, you will ruin your health, and possibly die of consumption."
This startled George. He did not want to die, and he felt alarmed. So after school he said to his teacher—
"Pleaso explain to me how bending over when I sit can cause me to have the consumption?"
"That I will, George," replied his teacher, with a cordial smile. "There is an element in the air called oxygen, which is necessary to make your blood circulate, and to help it purify itself by throwing off what is called carbon. When you stoop you cannot take in a sufficient quantity of air to accomplish these purposes; hence the blood remains bad, and the air cells in your lungs inflame. The cough comes on. Next the lungs ulcerate and then you die. Give the lungs room to inspire plenty of air, and you will not be injured by study. Do you understand the matter now, George?"
"I think I do, and I will try to sit upright hereafter," said George.
Nothing is more common than the practice of forming false opinions from insufficient data. It is a fruitful source of the differences oxisting on various subjects in agriculture.
A single trial may be followed by certain effects. They may be accidental, and not occur again; or they may often occur, and yet have no connection with the supposed cause. A solitary proof of this sort.should never be received as anything more than a suggestion for further trial. If, on being repeated, the same effect follows, the probability is increased; but it is only by many trials under all possible circumstances, that an indisputable connexion between cause and effect is established—a mode of proof, known as the experimentum crucis of', the Baconian philosophy.
Wc may adduce a few examples. Some years ago, the theory was advanced that electricity was a most important agent in the growth of plants. It was found that a grape vine, planted at the foot of a lightning rod, made a growth several times greater than another vine in a similar soi! a fc.v yards distant. This Whs thought to be proof positive—" no doubt at all,"
but the electricity streaming down the rod stimulated a most vigorous growth of the vine. An experiment to prove the same theory, was made by burying a copper wire a foot or more beneath the soil, the ends of which passed upwards like lightning rods, and terminated in 'sharp points. The row of beans planted over the buried wire, was twice as large as any other I beans in the garden —another "indisputable proof" of electrical influence. It was found, however, by more careful examination and other experiments, that the rapid growth of the vine was solely owing to the deep and loose bed of earth, made by digging the large hole in which the lower end of the rod was buried; and that the loose earth of the trench in which the wire was laid, was the sole cause of the fine appearance of the row of beans.
The luxuriant appearance of the grass under the shade of a tree standing in a pasture, was pointed out recently as a proof of the theory that "shade is the best manure." The tall green growth at this spot, was indeed in strong contrast with the short pasturage elsewhere; but a further examination proved that other trees growing in adjoining fields not occupied as pastures, exhibited no such appearance; and that the larger crop in the shade was a result of the amount of top dressing the land had received here, from the numerous cattle which had made the shade of this tree a resort for several hours each day,—with the added reason that cattle always prefer grass grown in the sun, to shaded pasturage, especially if that shaded portion has been stimulated by fresh manure; and hence this grass was not gnawed so short as the other.
A striking instance of this fallacious mode of reasoning occurs in the origin of the opinion that wheat turns to chess—the more remarkable on account of the singular combination of causes to favor such an opinion. A farmer sows a field of wheat; a part of it is injured by winter ; chess is found growing abundantly on the injured spots and no where else; and the first doubtful thought is that the wheat by partial injury has been changed into chess plants. But so bold a conclusion needs stronger and additional proof.— This is found in the fact that if the wheat was eaten off early in the season by cattle, chess springs up in its place; that if injured seed is sown, the same result often takes place; and especially that when apparently clean wheat is sown, plentiful crops of chess immediately follow. The application, however, of Bacon's experimentum crueis, which requires that the experiment should fit the theory in all possible variations, proves the fallacy of the opinion of transmutation. For it is found that there are 'many parts of the world where the chess plant is entirely unknown, but which are equally liable to the changes of weather producing winter-killing, and where cattle are as liable to break into wheat fields, as here. It has also heen ascertained, that the chess plant will grow and perfect its seed, in a dense growth of wheat and other plants, unperceived, and thus fill the ground with its seed; but that when this shading is removed, as by the winter-killing of the wbeat, or its destruction by cattle, the chess plants will spring up several feet high and spread abroad in every direction, bearing many thousand fold, and that this remarkable property alone is sufficient to account for the supposed change of the wheat to chess. It is likewise found, that from the smallness of the chess seel, it frequently exists unperceived in great numbers in what is supposed to be clean seed wheat, and is thus often largely sown, unknown to the farmer; and that its extreme hardiness enables it to escape injury during its dissemination in manure, and in the dung of cattle and other animals. The fact that with all tht se adverse circumstances, many farmers in various parts of this State, have succeeded, by many years of great care, in entirely eradicating the weed from their seed and from their sjils, shows beyond a doubt that some other explanation than transmutation must be adopted for the appearance of fields of chess where wheat only has been sown.
We could adduce other instances; but these may be sufficient to show the importance of forming opinions with great care, and not until a thorough course of accurate experiments has been resorted to,—whether it be in the estimate of the value of manures, different modes of planting and cultivation, the profitableness of different breeds of animals, or any other important question in farm economy.— Country Gentleman.
For Friends' InU'lligenocr.
Being interested in the short account of a little boy whose name was Joseph, which was published in the Intelligencer, for " The Children," by their friend " H.," I hoped they would do as she wished them to, and either read or have read to them the remainder of his history, which was very remarkable. If so, they found that he became a great man in Egypt, and that the Lord blessed him and " made all that he did to prosper," and yet, notwithstanding this, he was thrown into prison and was there a long time. But after awhile, the king of Egypt had a dream which troubled him, and he called together the wise men of his kingdom, but not one of them could tell him what it meant. Then the chief butler, who had been in prison with Joseph, but who had forgotten to " show kindness" unto him after he, himself, had been set at liberty, remembered the young Hebrew who had correctly interpreted the dreams that he and the chief baker had both in one night." Pharaoh immediately si Hi fo« Joseph, and told him, that he had heard that he could " understand a dream
to interpret it." Joseph answered, " It is not in me; God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace." Let us, dear children, here remark, that Joseph did not ascribe to himself any peculiar power as a man, but acknowledged it as the gift of his heavenly Father, who had been with him during all the troubles he had met with since his brethren had sold him to the Ishmaelites. It was by attention to the instructions of this internal gift or spirit, that Joseph was enabled to see what the Lord designed to show to Pharaoh through his dream.
The king was so impressed with the truth of what Joseph told him, that he said unto his servants, " can we find such a one as this is? a man in whom the spirit of God is?" And he at once arrayed him in royal vestures, and proclaimed him ruler over all the land of Egypt, saying, "Only in the throne will I bo greater than thou." At this time Joseph was thirty years old. According to the predictions of Joseph, there were seven years of great plenty throughout the country; and he caused houses to be erected in which to store away the superabundant produce. He '* gathered corn as the sand of the sea, till he left numbering, for it was without number." At the expiration of the seven years the dearth came as Joseph had said, and " thepe"ple cried to Pharaoh' for bread," and he directed them to go to Joseph and to do as he should bid them. Joseph "opened all the store-houses and sold unto them." "And all countries came into Kgypt to buy corn, for the famine w< so sore in all lands."
Now when Jacob, the father of Joseph, saw there was food in Egypt, he advised his sons to go down and buy, that they " might live and not die." They accordingly went, but had no idea that in the governor they should find the brother whom they had so cruelly treated. When Joseph saw them heknew them, and although he " spake roughly" in order to disguise his feelings, yet his heart yearned toward them. If you have read the history attentively, you may remember how he dealt with them and required them to bring to him their youngest brother, Benjamin, whom he dearly loved. Viewing, perhaps, the governor of Egypt as a despot, no wonder that they were troubled at the thought that some harm might happen unto Benjamin, if " the lad should leave his father," and that this added grief might bring dowu his " grey hairs with sorrow to the grave;" and remembering the great wrong they had done their aged parent, it is not strange that in this time of "proving" they should say " one to another, we arc verily guilty concerningour brother, in thatwesawthe anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us."
But after Benjamin was taken to Joseph and they were sufficiently " proved," how touch'.Dgly ! is described the manner of his making himself known unto them, when he could no longer refrain himself, but caused every man to go out that they might be alone. How thrilling the exclamation, "I am Joseph; doth my father yet live?" "Como near to me, I pray you." "I am Joseph, ynur brother, whom ye sold into Egypt." This affecting interview was ended by his sending them for his father, bidding them to "haste" and " tarry not." The dear old patriarch had so long mourned his son, that he could not at once believe his children who had before deceived him—but when he :< saw the wagons which Joseph had sent, his spirit revived, and he said, It is enough, Joseph my son is yetalive, I will go and see him before I die." "In the visions of the night" God spake unto Jacob "and said, Jacob, Jacob. He answered, here am I. And he said, I am God, the God of thy father; fear not to go down into Egypt, for I will there make of thee a greit nation." So Jacob and all his household went down and dwelt in the land of Egypt, and Pharaoh received him kindly. In the course of seventeen years, Jacob, who is also called Israel, died, and, as he desired, was buried in a cave in the field of Machpelah, in the land of Canaan. After which the brethren of Joseph feared that he would "now hate them" and repay them the evil which they had committed, but "Joseph wept when they spake unto him, and said, Fear not, I will nourish you and your little ones; and be comforted them and spake kindly unto them." AVhat a beautiful lesson may we learn from the conduct of Joseph ; who, although he had been so unkindly treated by his brothers, could not only forgive, but could " speak kindly unto them" and take care of them and their children.
Joseph died at the advanced age of 110 years, and " his body was embalmed and put in a coffin, in Egypt." ' The Hebrews, or the Israelites, as the descendants of Jacob or Israel are generally called, became, as the Lord had promised, " a great nation." "A new king then arose up who knew not Joseph," and perceiving that they were " exceedingly mighty," he became afraid of them. He therefore appointed taskmasters over them, and in many ways oppressed them; but what seemed the most cruel of all. he commanded that all the little children that were boys "should be thrown into the river" as soon as they were born. See how wicked the mind of man may become, when it is moved by the spirit of envy and jealousy.
The wife of Levi, when she saw her son was "a goodly child," could not bear the thought of his being " thrown into the river ;" but when he was three months old, knowing she could not continue to secrete him much longer, she concluded to make an ark of bulrushes and daub it with slime and pitch, and put her darling child in it, and place it on the flags at the brink of the river. She did so, and "his sister
stood afar off" to see what would become of him.
They no doubt knew that the king's daughter was in the habit of bathing in the river, and hoped that she might see the poor little creature thus exposed to danger, and in pity spare his life. So it proved. When she and her maidens came down to the river's side, she espied " the ark among the flags and sent her maid to fetch it." When she "opened it she saw the child, and behold, the babe wept" She was moved with compassion, and said, "This is one of the Hebrew's children." His sister, who we may believe had beeu eagerly watching all that had been done, came up to the princess and asked her if she should go and bring a Hebrew woman to nurse the child; she replied, " go," and " the maid went and called her mother." And Pharaoh's daughter said unto the woman, "Take this child rfway and nurse it for mc, and I will give thee thy wages."
Now about this little child I intended to tell you, but as I have made such a long story, will have to defer it till another time, when, if you are interested, I would like to show you how, through his obedience to the divine comniand, he became instrumental in the deliverance of his people from the land of bondage.
[To be continued. |
ITymn to the Spirit of God, called Narayena, i. e.
Of space expanded and of endless time,
Beyond the stretch of laboring thought sublime. Bad'st uproar into beauteous order start, Before Heaven was, Thou art.
Ere spheres beneath us rolled, or spheres above, Ere earth in firmamental ether hung,
Thou fat'st alone; till through thy mystic love Things unexisting to existence sprung And grateful descant sung j —
What first impelled thee to exert thy might 1
Goodness unlimited. What glorious light
What proved it first? On ! guide my fancy right,
That fearless it may soar on wings of fire,
Omniscient Spirit! whose all-ruling power
Bids from each sense bright emanations beam, Glows in the rainbow, sparkles in the stream, Smiles in the bud, and glistens in the flower That crowns each vernal bower, Sighs in the gale and warbles in the throat
Of every bird that hails the bloomy spring, Or tells his tone in many a liquid note
Whilst envious aitists touch the rival string,
In dulcet juice lrom clustering fruit distils