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She continued able to ride out until the day before her death. Early on the morning of her last day here, she had much to communicate. About 5 o'clock, she desired the children brought in, saying, she wished to talk to them, and strength was given her to do it, in an impressive manner. To her beloved one she said, "my dear, thee has been a devoted and an affectionate husband ; I leave thee a beautiful home, not a tree but we have planted or walked together under its shade ; they will every one remind thee of me; how often we have walked together over our farm, and now I am leaving all, and can thee not give me up I" She spoke most affectionately to her daughters, desiring them to do everything for their father's comfort. When her son, aged about thirteen, came in, she alluded to having heard his cheerful voice when about his work, and encouraged him to cultivate that cheer- J fulness of disposition, and said, " I feel for thee, my son, because thy temptations will be greater than the rest; oh, never be tempted to wrong doing, never give up to using bad language, or make use of tobacco; will thee promise me? No, I recall that, for fear thee may break it; but remember it is thy dying mother's request for thee j not to do it. Always remember thy dear uncle John, how good he was, and he never made use of any of these things; think of him and try to be like him." When her youngest child was taken to her she exclaimed, " Oh, my darling child, my angel boy, thee has thy mother's dying blessing; how often have I felt like holding him in my arms and taking him with me; but no, the privation would be too great for his father and all of them; I know they love him and he will be cared for." She conversed sweetly about an hour, then asked if they had any questions to ask her, and after a pause said, "Now my dear children, I want you all to leave the room, I feel that I am done." After taking a sweet sleep she requested to be taken down stairs, saying she wished her family to be around her, and many friends would call through the day, and she wished to see them all; it was the First day of the week and a glorious one to her. The lovely invalid's mission was accomplished, and she was quietly waiting for the angel messenger to conduct her home; while the family were at dinner, she spoke to her husband about her funeral; said she wanted every thing plain and in moderation; he knew her sentiments, that it was no time on such occasions to make a great display. She proposed being taken to the Meeting House, "saying some may think our home is large enough, but there are poor women in Crosswicka, who have done for me and I have done for them; I know they love me, and will not perhaps be able to get out here; let it be at a suitable hour, and give plenty of time." She frequently desired that all might be quiet, saying if she could only pass away, that all was so bright and beautiful. When her
husband, in the anguish of bis spirit, exclaimed, "Oh, shall we not hear ber voice again?" she calmly said, "my daar, I have nothing more to say, my work is done, can you not all give me up now? you must, you must; oh! Heavenly Father I pray thee let me go." A friend who sat by her said, "a little more patience and thou wilt soon be released," and her sister E. remarked "thy sun will go down in brightness," and just at the hour of sunset, her spirit was set free, to enter upon the realities of the higher life. Thus has passed away another beloved one, and although her sun went down in the meridian of life, yet as was testified on the solemn occasion of her interment, with all her sprightliness and ber joyousness, she had laid up rich treasure; yes, day by day, little by little, did she lay up these priceless treasures in heaven, until they became a vast inheritance.
For Friends' Intelligencer.
What would have become of us without the outward helps with which we are furnished?
This is a query that has been asked by more than one mind, impressed with the strength and encouragement derived from the Scriptures, and other outward advantages, which surround us. Without designing in the least to detract from the value of these excellent writings, and "outward helps," the answer is, Our great Creator is sufficient for his own work, and had we not been favoured with these instrumental aids, the deficiency would doubtless have been supplied.
Our salvation certainly does not depend upon anything without us, but upon obedience to the divine love written upon the heart. I do not believe that it was ever intended we should rely upon men or books for spiritual instruction. The Lord is the teacher of his children, himself, and as comforting and encouraging as we often find passages of Scripture to be, these would be nothing more to us than a dead letter, did not a degree of the same inspiration in which they are penned illumine our understandings, and enable us to see the force and beauty of the truth contained in them. And in the^ame way arc we helped forward, by those who being "endued with power from on high," declare in our hearing the gospel which they have received, though the revelation of the spirit. These, however, cannot do more than direct us to the heavenly Teacher, "the spirit of truth, which leads and guides into all truth." This divine power alone can open the blind eye, or unstop the deaf ear, or heal our spiritual maladies. Therefore, while I acknowledge with gratitude the great blessings we enjoy, in the possession of the Scriptures of truth, and other good books, also in a living outward ministry, together with the association of those who are pure in heart, and humble in spirit, I still believe that had any or all these been denied us, our heavenly Father, would not have left us comfortless.
But being furnished with them, we are accountable for a just appreciation and right use of them. Let us see to it then, that our advancement keep pace with our means of improvement, and show our estimation of the many blessings conferred upon us, by a correspondent zeal in doing all required of us, that we may fulfil the duties of our day, and be prepared for that exalted state of being which awaits all who lore the Lord, and .keep his commandments.
10/A, Mo. 12th, 1857. T.
Doylaloum, lOmo. 14th, 1857. Wm. W. Moore, Pub. Friends' Intelligencer.
Esteemed Friend,—I send thee a copy of the certificate brought by my ancestor, Thos. Watson, on his emigration to America. Ho Bettled near Bristol, in Bucks Co., and a few years afterward removed to Buckingham, where he died. Many of his descendants are yet living in the vicinity, and the most of them have been active members of our Soeiety. J. W.
From our Monthly Meeting at Pardsay Cragg, in Cumberland, 23c/ of 1th mo. 1701:
To Friends in Pennsylvania, or where this may come: •
Dear Friends—Unto you is the salutation of true and unfeigned love in our Lord Jesus Christ, heartily wishing an exercise in that which tends to his glory and your eternal peace.
The occasion of these lines is on behalf of our friend the bearer hereof, Thomas Watson, of Cockermouth, with his wife and children, who for some considerable time past has had desires to remove himself and family into Pennsylvania, which he also regularly acquainted Friends with, and now his resolution continuing, doth this day request our certificate with them. He was descended of honest parents, and such as served truth in their day; we can likewise say, that himself and family have hitherto walked truth-like and have been orderly in their conversation for anything we know, and that they now leave us in unity with them, and we desire Friends wherever their lot may be, to be helpful and advising of them in anything that truth requires. «
Signed in and on behalf of said Meeting by your friends and brethren.
Since nothing is more certain than death, nor more uncertain than the time of dying, it will be the first and chiefest part of wisdom in thee, to be always preparing for that which must certainly come, and which may happen to thee any hour of thy life. Thou shalt not hasten thy death by being still ready, but sweeten it.
For Friends' Intelligencer. AUGUSTUS HERMANN FRANCKE. f Continued from pmgo 502.)
In the performance of his duties as a professor, there was the same desire to do good, and to promote the best interests of those under his care. The lectures which he directed more especially to the spiritual improvement of his pupils, were those which he called parenelic, which were delivered to .ill the students, at a time when they were not in attendance upon the other professors. In these he did not confine himself to any fixed plan, but varied bis subjects as he deemed expedient. They were all, however, eminently practical. He addressed his young hearers, as a father would his children, giving them directions as to their habits, studies, conversation, devotions; setting before them their difficulties and the way to overcome them; reproving plainly, yet kindly, those who acted improperly; and exhorting them to diligence in the pursuit of knowledge, and especially to sincere piety. He not only interested himself in the moral and intellectual improvement of his pupils, but employed a part of every day in giving advice to them in reference to their plans of life, and in providing for the temporal necessities of such of them as were poor. He was as a father to them all, in whom they could confide, and the effect of his labors was happy in the highest degree.
Francke made use of his pen as an auxiliary in the labors of his professorship. One of his works caused him no little trouble. This was a monthly periodical entitled "Biblical Observations," the object of which was to correct some mis-translations in the German version of the Bible made by Luther, and to give the practical application of the passages as corrected. The circumstances attending the publication of this work arc not a little interesting, as they display so much of that self-denying spirit, which always attends a high degree of piety. He was meditating, he tells us, on a certain occasion, upon that passage in the 2nd Epistle to the Corinthians, in which it is said, that " God is able to I make all grace abound towards you, that ye, j having all sufficiency in all things, may be able to abound unto every good work." "How can God do this," was his inquiry, and one of much interest to him, as he was frequently compelled to allow the poor whom he would gladly have assisted, to go away unrelieved. Just at this time he received a letter from a friend, informing him that he had been reduced by misfortune to poverty and distress, and requesting of him some assistance. This moved the heart of Francke still more; and after praying over the subject, the plan of the " Biblical Observations" struck him as the most likely to enable him to do anything for his relief. His employments were however at this time so pressing, that every part of the day was devoted to some particular object, none of which could be set aside; and it seemed likely still that his plan would fail. But he, ever fertile in expedients, determined to take the time which he usually spent at his evening meal for this purpose ; and was thus enabled to finish tbe numbers with punctuality.
The sentiments of the work appears to have been correct and scriptural, and his criticisms were no doubt well founded. Still the work was unacceptable both to some of his friends, and to his foes; first, because he seemed to manifeat a want of respect for Luther, in finding fault with some of his translations; and second, because he issued his work in monthly numbers, which was uncommon at that time, except with works of a very frivolous character. He sent some of these numbers for distribution, and for sale, to a I friend of his at Berlin, a man of sincere piety, but of an ardent temperament. They seem to have struck him unfavorably; for he replied to Francke in a letter containing the severest reproof. The answer of Francke is characteristic.
"It gives me much pleasure, dear brother, that you have reproved me; for you have done so with a sincere love to me, and to the church of God. I am therefore not displeased with your severity ; on the contrary it has given me a higher esteem for you than I have ever before felt. I beseech you ever to deal thus with me, and without the least reserve to tell me of my. faults and ray indiscretions. All that I complain of between us is, that we so unfrequently tell each other our failings, and that when we do, our feelings are so often excited thereby. Some time ago you wrote to me, exhorting me to awake and be diligent in the service of the Lord; and for that advice I sincerely thanked you. You have now reproved me, and I thank you still more." He now relates to him the causes of his undertaking the work, and states his reasons for publishing it in the way he did. .
"In this whole affair," he continued, "I have not sowed to myself, and did not expect to reap to myself. My object was the honor of, God, and the spiritual as well as the temporal good of men ; and this being the case, I feel no regret for what I have done, nor any desire to discontinue this effort. I am not accustomed to lay up a single farthing for myself; if I have food and raiment, I am content; and these my Heavenly Father constantly supplies me." He concludes in the following language. "Your letter has been of much service to me, in leading me to self examination—to prayer—to the exercise of caution and sincerity in my conduct. I again thank you for your plainness and frankness with me. May the Lord reward you! In time to come watch over me, and do not spare me when you find any thing blame-worthy. I should not have defended myself, nor mentioned! what led to this publication, had I not supposed
it wrong to leave you prejudiced against, and ignorant of the reasons which influenced me. I cannot but hope that your opinion will now change. Will it not my brother? Can we not be again joined in heart? The friend for whom I have been laboring, has been compelled even to sell his Bible. Will you not do something for his relief? May the Lord Jesus be your support and strength!"
This truly humble and Christian reply, completely changed the views and feelings of his friend, who acknowledged Ms error in writing so hastily, and sent a donation for the benefit of the afflicted individual. It may be added that the income of the work was such as to enable him to fulfil completely his benevolent intentions.
Freedom from persecution was not the lot of Francke. Feeling it incumbent upon him to hold up to his hearers the necessity of individual purity aud holiness, and to show that where the fruit was not good, the tree could not be good, he was exposed to persecution from the ministers of Halle, who construed what he said as aimed against themselves. The old terms of fanatic, heretic, and pietist were freely used against him by the orthodox party, but these attacks had little effect either upon him or his labors. His peace of mind, and confidence in the rectitude of his course never forsook him. The reproaches of his enemies served only to make him more guarded in all his deportment, and so far from fixing any stigma upon his character, they rather served to create friends for him, by leading men to examine the grounds of accusation against him. "All the machinations of his enemies," says his biographer, "were powerless against that faith which he exercised, and never destroyed that peace of his which "the world can neither give nor take away."
It is sometimes permitted to those who live in entire devotion to the service of God, to behold extensive and blessed results, from the use of means apparently insignificant. This was the case with Francke in his labors, and especially in his efforts for the poor. He was not rich, yet he commenced and completed an establishment as extensive as almost any other of its kind in Europe, with which his name will ever be associated, and by which his memory will no doubt reach to distant generations. His faith seems indeed to have been a living principle, enabling him, with full assurance of success when in the path of duty, to undertake that which promised to do good. The secret of his usefulness was, that he "committed his ways to the Lord," and "leaned not to his own understanding." This truth will be fully exemplified in the history of the Orphan House of which he was the founder.
It was then customary at Halle for the poor to call at stated times, at the houses of their benefactors, to receive alms. In the suburb of Glaucha, tbey generally came once a week ; and on these occasions Francke was in the habit of giving them food, &c. A company of beggars is in general a disgusting sight, and the feelings of pity which they excite are often mingled with those of disapprobation. Such, however, were not the emotions of Francke, as week after week they assembled before his house in considerable numbers. He saw indeed many among them whose vices were the sole cause of their misery, whose condition was truly wretched, being almost lost to the common feelings of humanity. But there was another class not less miserable, but less guilty, who interested his feelings much more, and these were the children and youth, who were growing up in the midst of the most pernicious influences, and becoming daily more depraved.
One day as they collected before his door, having long meditated some plan fordoing them good without coming to any particular result, | he went out and brought them into his house and caused them to be seated, the older people on one side, and the children on the other. He then began to question the children upon the Catechism, and to inquire into their knowledge of Divine truth, in a kind and engaging manner, I permitting the parents and older persons to hear.; After continuing this a quarter of an hour, he made a short prayer and dismissed them, after • distributing to them their usual alms. Ho requested them to come in a similar way every week, that he might impart to them spiritual and temporal food at the same time. This was in the year 1694, about the time that he entered upon the duties of his professorship.
In examining the children on these occasions he found among them the most deplorable ignorance. His first desire of course was to give them some proper ideas of the nature of religion, as the foundation of all moral improvement; and as a preparatory step to this, he determined to give them the means of instruction. He distributed to their parents a small sum of money weekly; sufficient to enable them to send their children to school. He soon discovered that this plan was not about to secure his object; for many of them used the money for other purposes, and neglected their children; and of those who came to school, very few received any particular advantage.
Another classof poor, to wit, those whose feelings ■would not suffer them to beg, but who were not the les* in need of aid, interested his feelings. To relieve their necessities, and to support the charity he had already begun to the poor children, he obtained a box and sent it around weekly among the pious students and others, for contributions. The collection thus made was very small, and soon ceased altogether, on account of the poverty of the contributors.' He then
fastened up a box in his house, above which he placed this inscription, "whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God, in him." And below this, "Every man as he hath purposed in his heart, so let him give, not grudgingly or of necessity; for God loveth a cheerful giver." This box was more successful than the former, for frequent donations were made to it, by those who came into his house.
About three months afterward, some person deposited in the box at one time the sum of four dollars and sixteen grosochen,* for the poor. When Francke saw this sum, he was much delighted, and said in joyful faith, "this is a considerable capital, worthy to be laid out in some important undertaking. I will commence a charity school therewith." This resolution was no sooner adopted than he began to put it in execution. He purchased books to the amount of two dollars, and engaged an indigent student, for a small sum, to teach the children, he might collect two hours daily. The children received the books gladly, and came willingly to school; but of the 27 wdo received them, ouly four or five returned on the second day; their parents or themselves having disposed of their books, and being on this acoount ashamed to come again. This misfortune at the outset did not 'however discourage Francke. Ho expended the remainder of his money in books, and took care that the children should not take them home with them.
(To be continued.)
Communicated for Friends' Intelligencer.
Extract of a letter from SARAIt L. Grubb, written on the decease of her mother. Dated Bury, \2th mo. 1st, 1819.
"While I was busied in my family affairs, my loved parent was taken ill, andalas ! in one week from this seizure, she was gone for ever. Dear creature; she was very sweet in her spirit, and soon gave herself up, saying that deatlf had no terrors for her; and sometimes her joy was so great in the prospect of a glorious eternity, that she sang praises with a melodious voice, unto her God, so that it was delightful to be with her.
We are indeed tossed and tried; our building seems to be shaken to the very foundation ; yet I believe that there is a foundation that can never be removed; and if we are but found thereon, all our besetment and every storm, as from the north and the south winds, will but have a tendency to fix us firmer on this invincible
♦A German Rix dollar is about 70 cents American Currency ; and the Groschen is nearly equal to 3 cents. Money was at that time in Prussia much more valuable than at present, which will partly account for the amount accomplished by this small sum.
Jock, so that I wish we may take courage to commit all to the Lord, in that humbled state wherein we can say, "though he slay me, yet will I trust in him."
I have long been persuaded that trouble does not leave us as it finds us; we are either more intimately united to that purity which is uncreated, or we are more widely separated therefrom j now, in proportion to the tenderness of spirit which becomes ours under suffering, so are we grown and growing in the heavenly image, and holy likeness; so that I know of nothing so desirable as a broken heart and a contrite spirit; and, if we wait in passiveness on the Lord, I believe he will give it." J. S. W.
Ercildoun, 10/A mo., 1857.
PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 31, 1857.
The actual condition of the people of color in Canada, has often been a subjeot of enquiry among those who arc interested in their advancement.
The persecutions to which they have long been subjected in the United States, have driven many of them to seek an asylum under the government of the British Queen, and a large portion of them have escaped from Slavery in the Southern States.
With a view of ascertaining the present condition of this class of the population of Canada, the proprietors of the New York Tribune dispatched a special correspondent, represented as "a distinguished professional gentleman, who has entered upon the duty without prejudice or partiality to influence his conclusions."
Testimony from such a source is worthy of credit, and the first letter of this correspondent, copied from the Now York Tribune, will be found in the present number.
Married, On the 1st inst., by Friends' ceremony, at the residence of Peter Lukens, Plymouth, Montgomery County, Penna., Dr. Henry Winterbottom, of this City, and Marv Ann Lukens, of the former place.
, On the 14th inst., Charles H. Marot, of
Philadelphia, to Hannah S. Griscom, daughter of Wm. Griscom, of Deptford Township, Gloucester Co., N. J.
Died, at the residence of her husband, John L. Rogers, Moorestown, N. J., Ann L. Rogers, in the 57th year of her age.
In the quiet fulfilment of daily duties she led an innocent inoffensive life, through watchfulness endeavoring so to move as to be ready when the summons came—" Steward, give an account of thy stewardship, thou mayest be no longer steward." The
parting farewell to her family was a very impressive scene, giving each separately such advice as became a Christian mother on the verge of eternity. She had all things in readiness needful for the body when life was extinct, and desired all in connection with her interment shouid be simply plain. Her end was peace.
, On 3d day, the 4th of 8th month last, at her
residence in Newtown Township, Delaware Co., Pa., Hannah, relict of Eli Lewis, in the 64th year of her age. Her remains were interred on the Fifth day following at Friends' Burial Ground, attended by a very large concourse of vaiious denominations.
The writer, then in a distant clime, keenly feels the sad void occasioned by her removsl, and can never cease to remember with gratitude the oft refreshing streams that would flow forth, invigorating and animating the drooping sprits, as bright gleams of sunshine on a cloudy day, dispel the gloom which surrounds it, on beholding the sterling integrity of her true friendship, and the beautiful lustre of her practical example, her unbounded love and charity, never wearying when mingling in the happy circle of which she was always the centre, around the domestic hearth, where her loss will be deepest felt. The heart droops despondingly in the reflection that she is no longer with us, that we shall see her no more to refresh hope, no more to dispel gloom, no more to enrich friendship or gladden the heart. But she has closed her labors, and passed, we trust, to a happy eternity.
Philadelphia, 10(A mo., 13<A, 1887.
In the meantime, John Bowstead, being a bold, able bodied man, pressed through the crowd, and taking Thomas Rudd by the arm, advanced him into the street; where some of the multitude pointed at a stone, by the Cross, where be might stand a little above the people, and they were then a little quiet, expecting, as we supposed by the rumors moving in the city, to have heard some judgment denounced, or prophecy declared; but Thomas having only some short warnings for them, some of them mocked, others threw a pack of old cards among us, with some scoffing words: yet others among them were put upon a more serious consideration, what could engage us thus to appear in a place of so imminent danger? Others whispering said, "This is he who went through London with a message, and shortly after there was an earthquake there." And by several circumstances, we perceived it became a general amusement to the inhabitants of all ranks; and many, as well of the greater as lesser quality, would gladly have known the result of the matter.
From the Cross we went down the Highstreet and Canon gate, 'till we came to the Tolbooth, over against which stood several companies of soldiers, drawn up in order in the street; to whom Thomas Rudd spake some words, by way of warning, as before; and I did not observe that any of them offered the least opposition, either by word, deed or gesture : but as we were passing by them, intending to go to our lodgings, there came a certain civil officer