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activity, to have found out this inference, and ingrafted it into my soul.
"Thou hast taught me, Holy Father, by thy prophets, that the way of holiness, in the times of the gospel, or under the kingdom of the Messiah, shall be a highway, a plain and easy path; so that the wayfaring man, or a stranger though a fool, shall not err therein. And thou hast called the poor and the ignorant, the mean and the foolish things of this world, to the knowledge of thyself, and thy son, and taught them to receive and partake of the salvation which thou hast provided. But how can such weak creatures ever take in so strange, so difficult and 1 so abstruse a doctrine as this; in the explication and defence whereof, multitudes of men, even men of learning and piety, have lost themselves in infinite subtilties of dispute, and endless mazes of darkness? And can this strange and perplexing notion of three real persons going to make up one true God be so necessary and so important a part of the Christian doctrine, which, in the Old Testament and the New, is represented as so plain and so easy even to the meanest understandings?"
PHILADELPHIA, TENTH MONTH 3, 1857.
The difficulties in the commercial world, and the derangement in monetary affairs, which now exist throughout the country, and particularly in our large cities, should bring every individual to a serious consideration both of their causes and remedy.
It is a law in the physical, as well as in I he moral world, that when correct principles are violated, the penalty of such violation must sooner or later be paid, and no attentive readers of the signs of the times will have failed to observe iLat a disposition to extravagance, and a making haste to bo rich, have more or less extended through every department of society.
The love of display, induces a desire for accumulation beyond what the limitations of truth prescribe—speculation is often resorted to— the day of reckoning approaches—and bankruptcy and ruin follow.
In the history of the past, there is abundant evidence, that an inordinate desire for the accumulation of riches has always prevailed in the human family, and has always produced the same results. As it is now, so it was in the days of the Apostle: "They that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish
and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition. The love of money is the root of all evil, which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith and pierced themselves through with many sorrows."
It is probable there are some sufferers from this state of things who lack the teachings of experience, and have incautiously extended their business, while others have been induced from the force of circumstances which surrounded them, to enlarge their operations, not merely from sordid motives, but for a desire to furnish employment for others. These have our sympathy, and we may hope that a more healthy state of affairs will enable them to recover from their embarrassments, and avoid in future the dangers they have experienced. In the midst of the general gloom that now overshadows the mercantile community, and more or less affects nearly every class among us, it would perhaps be unsuitable to indulge in censure at the extravagance of dress, furniture and equipage which has so generally prevailed, and from which many bearing our name are not exempt. But it is wise to pause, and survey the picture which this state of things has revealed, and see whether there is not something to be done by every individual.
The advances of luxury are so insidious, and the line which divides it from comfort and suitable accommodation so difficult to define, that even those whose desires are in good measure bounded by the limitations of true wisdom, are in danger of sliding, little by little, into things which at one time were clearly seen to be inconsistent and unnecessary. By erecting a barrier for ourselves, and saying, thus far we will go and no farther, this danger may be escaped; and although such a course may subject those who adopt it to the charge of singularity, they will be privileged to enjoy all the real comforts of life, and being good stewards over the remainder, will enjoy the luxury of doing good, and a peace which cannot in the nature of things be found in mere animal gratification.
Let then, each of us enquire how far we have indulged in extravagance, eitherin dress, in furniture, or in our style of living, and how much we can do by a consistent example for those who may not be so blessed with temporal goods as ourselves? It appears to us there never has been a time when there was more need that the Chris. tiaa testimony to moderation should be exalted among men by a faithful example, and to those who have been blessed with an education in the simple habits and practices of the Society of Friends, the obligation rests with peculiar force to " lettheir moderation be known unto all men."
, On 5th day, 17th of 9th month, Lotd Jones,
a member of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, in the 93d year of his age.
Died, On the 7th of 8th mo. 1857, Emma Ruth, daughter of M. S. and E. S. Wright, aged 3 months.
, At the residence of her brother, in La Fayette
County, Wisconsin, on the 15th of 8th month, 1857, in the 35th year of her age, Elizabeth S. Wright, wife of M. S. Wright, and daughter of William Shepherd, of Carrol County, Md.
Little more than a year ago, the subject of this notice left the home of her childhood, with the husband of her choice, to find a home in the West, with bright vision of peace and happiness. But alas! in a few months we laid her in the bosom of the quiet prairie. That fell destroyer, consumption, marked her for his own. She had contracted a cold and cough before she left Maryland, from which she never entirely recovered. After her health became so delicate that it was feared she would not live long, she was very anxious to get to her old home, if only to die in the midst of her family and friends, surrounded by all the endearing scenes of her childhood. But after the death of her babe, she gave up this hope, saying she " could not survive the shock." On 3rd day evening she thought she was dying, and called us all around her bed, and spoke calmly and sweetly about her approaching change, saying, that " tor more than a year past she had endeavored to do what she thought to be her duty, and although she was far from being perfect, she felt assured that all would be well with her." At another time she said she did not wish to " linger long, and hoped she would soon be released." She seemed to feel humble and nnworthy, but not to have one doubt or fear on her mind. At one time when she thought she was going, she requested us to bid her farewell, and kiss her each in turn, saying with great emphasis to one of her brothers when he came," Farewell, my dear brother Solomon, I hope thoul't meet me in heaven I" with something similar to all the rest. Oh! that these solemn scenes may have a salutary and lasting effect upon us all. Seventh day the 15th, and about six o'clock in the evening, she departed without the least struggle.
Throughout all her sickness she evinced an unusual degree of patience and resignation, bearing her various trials with a fortitude and sweetness of temper surprising to us all, showing clearly that she had received strength from One who is able and willing to save and sustain all who humbly and sincerely ask for his protecting care, and that her Heavenly Father, in his boundless love and mercy, had prepared her for a reception into his glorious presence.
Since her separation from her own meeting, which was Pike Creek, Md., she often said with great feeling, " What a privilege it would be to unite with them again in religious worship in our little silent meetings at home." It is a great comfort to us in our grief to believe that she is enjoying the " rest prepared for the people of God." S.
Sliullsburg, La Fayette Co., Wis., Mi mo. \ith, 1857.
, At his residence near Medford, on the 11th of
9th mo., after a short illness, William Ballinger, in the 63d year of his age, a member of Medford Monthly Meeting of Friends.
, On the 9th of 9th month, Elizabeth W. CorLiss, widow of the late Henry P. Corlies, in the 52nd year of her age, a member of Philadelphia Monthly Meeting.
But, considering their weak and carnal state, and incapacity then to reach the knowledge of divine mysteries, the Apostle had in their initiation into the Christian religion related to them the sayings of Christ on that subject; and they had been in the practice, or rather abuse of it, till the time of the writing of this epistle ; * if that place be carefully and impartially observed, without prepossession or prejudice, and compared with other Scriptures, it will appear, that there is not any positive command for it at all, much less is it made a standing ordinance, but left to the option and discretion of his disciples; to whom it was first mentioned how often they should do it, and, consequently, also, how long they should continue it; as appears by the same text now adduced, viz: This do as often as ye do it, in remembrance of me.
But, to set this matter in a clearer light, it is well known that at the time of the redemption of the Jews from their Egyptian slavery, the Passover, with the paschal lamb, was instituted as a standing ordinance, in commemoration of it, until Christ, the lamb of God, and antitype of that figure, should come: but as Israel, offending the Lord, was afterwards sent into captivity, under the Babylonians, they could not, in that state, and under that government, celebrate it in form; and therefore they invented another way to keep that great deliverance in memory, which was this:
The father, or chief of the family, at the proper time of the paschal supper, took bread, and blessed it, saying: "Blessed be thou, 0 Lord our God, who gives us the fruit of the earth ;" then dividing it among the company, in like manner also he took the cup, and, blessing it, said, " Blessed be thou, 0 Lord, who gives us the fruit of the vine." This they did in a solemn manner, remembering their Egyptian slavery and deliverance, lamenting their present state, acknowledging their sins, and the justice of God in their punishment, and hopes of his merey, from his former kind dealings and gracious promises.
The Jews being thus initiated into the practice, upon so solemn an occasion as the Lord's being pleased to remember them with redemption a second time, the succeeding generations continued it, as incident to the Passover, until the Lord Christ, the Antitype, (as well of the paschal lamb, as of the bread and wine) did come; who, when he appeared, was declared by John the Baptist to be the Lamb of God that
* Epistle to the Corinthians—Reply to Dr. Gilpin on the Sacrament.
taketh away the sin of the world, (John i. 29,) and he declared himself to be the bread of life, the living bread which came down from Heaven: proclaiming also, and that very emphatically, that his flesh is meat indeed, and his blood is drink indeed; that except they ate his flesh and drank his blood, they had no life in them. And all this was meant of the spirit of Christ and not of his flesh; It is the spirit that quickcneth, the flesh proflteth nothing—John vi. 32— 35, 48—58, 63.
The time drawing near, when the Lamb of God was to be slain, and offered as a sacrifice, declaring the mercy of God the Father, who sent him in love to the whole world, he then said to his disciples, With desire 1 have desired to eat this Passover with you lie/ore 1 suffer. And, at the time of it, as father and chief of his flock and family, he celebrated the Passover in form, with this difference only, that whereas the Jews, until that time, in the celebration of it, had looked back to the type, and outward deliverance from Egypt, the Lord now directs them to himself, as the antitype of all figures; and tolls them he would not any more eat thereof, (the Passover,) until it should be fulfilled in the kingdom of God; nor drink of the fruit of the vine, until that day when he should drink it new with them in his Father's kingdom.
Which eating and drinkimg in the kingdom of God cannot relate to the material bread and wine; which can only be exhibited as symbols of the outward body of Christ, and the blood of that holy body; which, to be eat and drank in a natural sense, proflteth nothing. But to the all-quickening virtue and power of his holy Spirit, which is all in all, and true feeding to the commonwealih of the whole Israel of God. And therefore this Passover, or any part, or relative to it, whether bread, wine, or any other matter in it, could be of no further use or obligation to the Disciples of Christ, than till they should experience in themselves his divine and spiritual appearance and coming in them; and to be the same to their souls, or minds, which natural food and drink is to tbe body; its support, strength, nourishment, and means of duration: which divine coming of Christ, as such, can mean no other than his being made manifest in a spiritual administration: for as he is that eternal spirit of essential truth, and word, wisdom and power of God, it is not strictly proper to say of him, in that sense, that he shall come or go any-, where, but be made manifest; for as such he ever was, is, and will be, omnipresent, and never absent from any place or time.
His coming, then, must intend his powerful manifestation where he already is, and not a locomotive coming from where he is, to any other place to where ho was not before; for the heaven of heavens cannot contain him.—2 Chron. ii. 6.
Seeing, then, this was only the Passover, and the terms of the application of it to hitnself, not institutive of any new commandment or ordinance, but a liberty to do or not do it at discretion, this do ye as oft as ye drink it in remembrance of me, laid no obligation on them to do it any more-at all; it being ended by the manifestation of its antitype; and, in the nature of the thing, could be of no further obligation or reasonable use, when Christ himself was witnessed in them to be that eternal, everlasting, never-failing divine substance.
■ But the Apostle Paul, whose concern for the Jews, and zeal for the conversion of the Gentiles, to whom in an especial manner, he was sent, engaged him to become all things to all men, that by all means he might gain some, recommended to the Corinthians the practice of the Passover, with the new application of it to Christ, at the time of their first believing in him by that Apostle's ministry; that, being yet carnally minded, they might have an outward communion until the true communion should be made known, which their state, at that time, could not bear, as in point of prudence only he practised some other legal rites at some times, which in his doctrine he condemned at other times, where the state of the people were able to bear it.
And it is much more likely, considering the nature and end of the Gospel, and its excellency above the law and all legal and typical rites, as substances excel shadows, that the Apostle, observing how much some of the Corinthians had abused the Passover in practice, and their very carnal state under it, was rather by that epistle endeavoring to supersede it, and bring them off to the living substance ; where he saith to such among them as were already sanctified, and to whom he inscribed his epistle, /speak as to wise men,judge ye what I say: The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? For we being many, are one bread and one body, for we are all partakers of that one bread.
It is plain, therefore, that the communion of the sanctified and wise in Corinth, stood not in the bread which perishcth, nor in the wine of the grape which some of the Corinthians were carnally abusinsr, but in the quickening spirit and power of Christ, the true, living, life-giving, and life preserving bread, which daily couces from Heaven, into all the sanctified and saved of the Lord.
This is that spirit that quickens and preserves to life eternal; the flesh proflteth nothing: and since it it so, much less does any symbol of the flesh profit, but the divine substance only. This is that substance of which the Apostle draws the comparison, we being many are one bread: for as wheat consists of many particular grains, each containing a distinct principle of life after
its kind, and all of the same nature, which,
The substance of this was what I observed to the Doctor, though I have in this place expatiated somewhat further on this subject, and generally applied the Scriptures, to which he made little other reply, than by telling me in a very calm and familiar manner, that as he had always'bclieved it to be an ordinance of Christ, he had solemnly used it a8 such, and found comfort in it—to wliich I returned, that I did not doubt but that he might have some satisfaction in it, since he believed it a remaining ordinance, and did it under that apprehension. Whosoever in his heart believes anything to be a standing duty in the church of Christ, which ever had any countenauce in it by practice, and performs it faithfully according to his belief and understanding, may find a satisfaction in it.
But since God in his mercy is pleased to afford the living substance without the use of those meaus which are supposed to lead to an end already attained, they can be no more a duty to such; and that is the real case among the true Quakers who love and fear the Lord sincerely.
As to the other point, viz. baptism, he said but little; for he knew very well that, in strictness, they were not so much as in the form of water baptism. And I only asked him the question, whether he did believe it necessary to salvation? He answered, that he did not think it absolutely necessary. Then, said I, we shall not need to say any more about it, and so the whole matter ended, as to those points.
Then he said something concerning the books I had sent him, speaking slightly of them, but thought that about prayer, written, I think, by George Keith, the best; and said, that seeing the Quakers pretended that they did not know, before they went to meetings, whether they should preach or pray, or what way in either, and yet travelled in strange places, how could they speak to the states of the people, or be joined with in prayer?
To tbis I answered, that such as went to meeting empty of all things, and waited upon God, were filled with his holy spirit, who knows all states at all times and places: and if the preacher attend to Him as he ought, and delivers those matters open to him at the time, the
Lord both gives the word, and makes the application to every state, in every particular person, which no preacher or instrument is able to do.
And as to joining in pniyer, all right prayer is by the aid of the spirit of Christ, the mediator between God and man. which in that respect is called the spirit of prayer and of supplication; and, as such is promised of the Father to the church, and received by her. And her unity in prayer stands not so much in the form of words, though sound and pertinent, as in the nature, virtue and influence of the holy spirit of Christ, her holy head, life, law-giver and comforter.
The Doctor did not oppose this, but only said, I had given him better satisfaction, in that point, than he had found in the book ; and, afterwards he was much more free and familiar with me than before, or than I expected, and so we parted in friendship, and I returned in peace and gladness.
(To be continued.)
Jor the Children.
"I shall never, never be good; there's no use trying!" cried Julia, throwing herself impatiently down on the hearth-rug, and covering her face with her hands. She had just been reproved and punished by her mother for quarrelling with her brothers and sisters. Julia had resolved agaiu and again to conquer her temper, but it had always proved too strong for her, and now she was tempted at last to cease her endeavors iu despair.
Her Uncle George was sitting in the room with a book in his hand, apparently taking no notice of what was passing. But he heard the little girl's bitter e^cKniation, and saw the tears which trickled through her fingers. He had himself known too much of inward struggles not to feel for one engaged in them, though only a child, and, without addressing himself particularly to her, he read aloud from his book the following fable:—
"A fountain, day after day, threw up its limpid waters, in a vain attempt to reach the clouds. One instant they seemed to rise higher than ever, then sank back again into the basin with a murmuring sound; something seemed ever to draw them down to the earth; they only rose to fall again. The sun looked down from the bright sky, glancing in pity on the vain efforts of the fountain. He smiled on it, and its waters sparkled in his ray; then softly, silently, he drew a portion of them up towards himself, rising in thin vapor to the shining clouds above; he had conquered the attraction which earth had before, by the power of his bright, warm beams!"
He closed the book, approached his little niece, and laid his hand gently on her shoulder. "Learn a lesson of hope from this fountain, i my love. You are in yourself as little able to
rise to holiness and heaven, as its waters were to reach the sky; hut ask help from Hira who can draw you to himself, who has the will and the power to make you holy and happy; in His strength you can rise above the temptations of this world, and then shine in his glory for ever!"—The Carrier Dove.
TO A FRIEND ON A RELIGIOUS VISIT.
When winter's course has run,
Leaves upward seek the sun;
Where hard may seem each heart,
For he shall find an entering part,
What he sends forth void onnot be,
Where idols fill the land,
Of silver, gold, or stone,
Stand for his cross and throne;
Strike, where He aims the blow,
Though on the naked rock;
For all the thirsty flock.
Bring forth thy barley bread,
Thy fishes spread to view,
Deem not thy loaves too few;
Though darkness be around,
The truth-winged arrow shall be found,
"Draw at a venture," as the word
Within thy inner soul is heard.
Cast, when he bids thee cast,
Though wearily the night has passed,
Thy net shall compass, if he choose,
More than the multitude can use.
Where meet the proud and vain,
Some message to the low
It is not thine to know,—
If mid the lowly train,
Openings on Avarice spring,
Has brought its poisoned sting,
Amid the gathered crowd,
Anxious for word on word,'
Where whisperings are not heard j
Though to thy inward view,
Open all states appear;
Stands visible and clear—
When all thy work is done,
And the sure penny earned,
Whose fire the offering burned —
Within a month past another, terrible marine disaster has occurred, the particulars of which have been extensively published. The steam ship Central America from Aspinwall, California, was foundered at sea on the 12 th of 9th month.
It is difficult to realize the anguish^which prevailed among the passengers and crew at the awful moment when nearly 450 human beings, were suddenly launched into eternity!
By the heroic conduct of the commander, Captain Herndon, and the obediance to hia orders which was observed by the passengers and crew, all the women and children were rescued by the bark Marine, Captain Burt. We have selected from the sad details several statements which convey some idea of the scene.
The amount of gold in the Central America is estimated at not less than $2,000,000, nearly all of which went down with the steamer—Ed. Statement Of Captain' Badger.
Captain Badger, one of the rescued passengers of the Central America, states that the gale increased until 2 o'clock on Friday, the 11th, when it was perceived that the engine had stopped, and the ship fell off into the trough of the sea, which caused her to make considerable water around her lee shaft and the lee lower dead-lights. It was afterwards ascertained that the cause of the stoppage of the engines was the neglect of the fire and engine department in getting coal along from the bunkers to the fire-room fast enough to keep up the fires; consequently all the engines stopped, as well as all the pumps attached to the engines. The deck pumps were out of order, and at Capt. , Badger's suggestion companies were organized, while the steward's gangs and deck hands went down to pass the coal along. By this time the fires were put out, and the water became so heated in the hold of the ship, and the steam engendered was so great, that they were compelled to abandon passing the coal. The ship then lay at the mercy of the waves, but still did not labor hard. We then started several gangs , at bailing as the only hope of saving the ship.