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exceedingly anxious to impress the public with the belief that the best mode ot getting rid of the rat is to hunt hira with terriers, states that a dairy-farmer in Limerick poisoned his calves and pigs by giving them the skim-milk at which rats had drunk when under the pangs produced by arsenic. One mode of clearing them out of a house is either to singe the hair of a devoted rat, or else to dip his hind-quarters into tar, and then turn him loose, when the whole community will take their leave for a while ; but this is only a temporary expedient, and in the interim the offenders are left to multiply, and perchance transfer their ravages to another part of the domain where they are equally mischievous. The same objection applies to the remedy of pounding the common dog's-tongue, when gathered in full sap, and laying it in their haunts. They retire only to return. The Germans turn the rat himself into a police-officer to warn off his burglarious brethren. Dr. Shaw, in his General Zoology, states that a gentleman who travelled through Mecklenburg about thirty years ago saw one at a post-house with a bell about its neck, which the landlord assured him had frightened away the whole of the "whiskered vermin" which previously had infested the place. Mr. Neele says that at Bangkok, the Siamese capital, the people are in the habit of keeping tame rats, which walk about the room, and crawl up the legs of the inmates, who pet them as they would a dog. They are caught young, and, attaining a monstrous size by good feeding, take the place of our cats, and entirely free the house of their own kind. But the most effectual and in the end the cheapest remedy is an expert rat-catcher. Cunning as an experienced old rat becomes, he is invaribly checkmated when man fairly tries a game of skill with him. The well-trained professor of the art, who by long habit has grown familiar with his adversary's haunt* and tactics, his hopes and fears, his partialities and antipathies, will cleA out a house or a farmyard, where a novice would merely catch a few unwary adventurers and put the rest upon their guard. The majority of the world have, happily for themselves, a better office, and the regular practitioner might justly address the amateur in much the same words that the musician employed to Frederick the Great, when the royal flute player was expecting to be complimented on his performance: "It would be a discredit to your Majesty to play as well as I."
"Uncle James," however, is of a different opinion. This author considers that every man should be his own rat-catcher, which he evidently believes to be the most improving, dignified, and fascinating calling under the sun, as he considers rats themselves to be the crying evil of the day, second only in his estimation to the grand injustice of the old corn-law. Indeed we cannot see from his own premises how the evil can be
second to any great destructive principle, earthquakes included. He takes a siugle pair of rats, and proves satisfactorily that in three years, if undisturbed, they will have thirteen litters of eight each at a birth, and that the young will begin littering again when six months old : by this calculation he increases the original pair at the end of three years to six hundred and fiftysix thousand eight hundred and eight. Calculating that ten rats eat as much in one day as a man, which we think is rather under than over the fact, the consumption of these rats would be equal " to that of sixty-four thousaud six hundred and eight men the year round, and leave eight rats in the year to spare." Now, if a couple of rats could occasion such devastation in three years after the original pair marched out of the ark, how comes it that the descendants of the myriads which ages ago co-existed among us have not eaten up the earth and the fulness thereof? Uncle James conveniently forgets that animals do not multiply according to arithmetical progression, but simply in proportion to the food provided for them. He must not, however, be expected to be wiser than Malthus on the subject of animal reproduction, and ho has the additional incentive to error, that he evidently paints up his horrors for an artful purpose. There can be no sort of doubt that he has several well-bred terriers to dispose of, and hence the following panacea for all the evils which afflict society.
"A dog, to be of sound service, ought to be of six to thirteen pounds weight; over that they become too unwieldy. I would also recommend above all others the London rat-killing terrier: he is as hard as steel, courageous as a lion, and as handsome as a racehorse! [Uncle James is a Londoner of course.] Let the farmers in each parish meet and pass resolutions calling upon their representatives in parliament to take the tax off rat-killing dogs. Let them devise plans for procuring some well-bred terriers and ferrets, and spread the young ones about among their men. Let there be a reward offered of so much per head for dead rats, and let there be one person in each parish appointed to pay for the same. Rats are valuable for manure ; let there be a pit in each locality, and let this mau stick up an announcement every week, in some conspicuous place, as to the number of rats killed, and by whom. Then, what will be the result? Why, a spirit of emulation will rise up among the villagers, and they will be ransacking every hole and corner for rats. Thus will a tone of cheerful enterprise, activity, and pleasantry come in among them, 'with a fund of conversation; and instead of that crawling, dogged monotony which characterizes their general gait and manner, they will meet their employers and go to their labor with joyous steps and smiling countenances."
The coming man, so long expected, is it seems the rat-catcher. Here is manure multiplied, agriculture improved, food husbanded,* smiling, enlightened, and conversible peasantry—and all the result of rat-catching. But a difficulty has been over-looked. Whon the entire population is converted into rat-catchers, rats must shortly, like the dodo, be extinct. For a while we shall become an exporting country, but this resource must fail us at last, and England's glory will expire with its rats. Then once more we shall have a sullen, silent, discontented peasantry; "their fund of conversation" will be exhausted, or at best the villagers will be reduced to talk with a sigh of the golden age, never to be renewed, when the country enjoyed the unspeakable blessing of rat-catching. In short, we fear that Uncle James has been so exclusively devoted to the science *>f rat-catching, that he has neglected to cultivate the inferior art of reasoning; but, interested as we suspect it to be, we join in his commendation of the virtues of the terrier. The expedition with which a clever dog will put his victims out of their misery is such that a terrier not four pounds in weight has killed four hundred rats within two hours. By this we may estimate the destruction dealt to the race by that nimble animal, " hard as steel, courageous as a lion, and handsome as a race-horse." A custom has sprung up within the last twenty years of watching these dogs worry rats in a pit, and there are private arenas of the kind where our fair countrywomen, leaning over the cushioned circle, will witness with admiration the cleverest of their husbands' or brothers' terriers. "Uncle James" might commend their taste, and think the sport calculated to furnish them with "a fund of conversation, and a spirit of cheerful enterprise and pleasantry;" but except the fact had proved it to be otherwise, we should have supposed that there was not an educated man in Great Britain who would not have been shocked at this novel propensity of English ladies.
For the Children.
We had a holiday, and a party of the girls were going to Pine Grove to spend the day, carrying a lunch to eat under the trees. The day was fine; and after the sun had dried up the dew, about a dozen little girls might have been seen streaming down the south road with baskets on their arms, chatting as merrily as swallows on a barn roof. Reaching the grove, we played and skipped about like squirrels until dinnertime, when we were hungry enough; and each was anxious to know what each had stowed away in her little basket.
Two or three of the oldest proposed making a table of a flat rock, and to take upon themselves the business of spreading it, while we the smaller girls, they said, might go and play. None of
us relished the plan, but none had the courage to say so; so we unwillingly gave up our baskets, and were sent off—not so far, however, as not to see the baskets unloaded and hear all the great girls said. Pies, tarts, cookies and cakes came forth in plenty. "Oh, oh," we cried in the distance, "how good, how tempting!" Who brought this V and "Who brought that V And of course every child who had anything particularly nice, was quite ready to say whom it belonged to. By and by a little basket was opened, and a brown towel lull of cookies dropped out. My heart beat.
"A brown towel I" cried one of the large girls. "How vulgar! I couldn't eat a cooky out of a brown towel. Hadn't hermother a nice napkin, I should like to know ?"-'"brown towel!" echoed the other, throwing it clown on the grass as if it had been a spider. "Whose is it i" eagerly asked the little girls lookirfg on. Trembling and mortified, I drew my suu-bonnct over my face, and turned away; for it was mine. "You are the brown towel," said Fanny Haven, twitching me by the sleeve "I don't believe but you are." "Never mind if she is," said Hatty Stone, taking my hand; "they'll be glad enough of a brown towel some time." But my enjoyment was gone. To be laughed at by the great girls, and perhaps to be nicknamed "brown towel." All lunch-time I was frightened, and ashamed lest they should speak of it again. How I wished I was at home. And how anxiously I watched a chance to seize my poor towel, and cram it into the basket.
In the afternoon we went down to the river, and finding a pebbly strip of beach, some of the girls pulled off their shoes and stockings and waded into the water. When they came out, all dripping, their delicate little kerchiefs and nice napkins did not answer at all to wipe with. What should they do 'I "JD, where's the brown towel?" cried one. "Yes, yes; I speak for the brown towel," cried half a dozen voices at the highest pitch, and all hands were stretched towards Hatty Stone, who was opening my basket to take it out. "Didn't I tell you so?" cried Hatty. Never was one towel in such demand. "Dear me," cried one of the large girls, " how soon the foolish little napkins are used up: there is some substance to this. It makes an impression."
Poor little me, I was pleased enough. Nothing proved more truly serviceable in all our walk than my poor despised towel. Besides water, it took off mud and pitch also. Without its help some of the party would have cut sorry figures going home.
I have not forgotten the lesson of the brown towel—never to be ashamed of things because people laugh at them. Brown hands—do not despise them ; for they are the strong, toiling, busy hands which support the world. Give me the look of a good brown, honest face, not afraid
to weather the storms of life. It is the substantia], homespun qualities of character, which make character worth anything. Do not despise, or be ashain ed of them.— The Ch ilcl 's J "aper.'
Professor Morse, of telegraphic celebrity, writing from on board the steamship Niagara, with reference to the failure of the Atlantic telegraph cable, says : " Our accident will delay the enterprise, but will not defeat it; I consider it a settled fact, from all I have seen, that it is perfectly practicable; it will surely be accomplished. There is no insurmountable difficulty that has for a moment appeared, none that has shaken my faith in it in the slightest degree. My report to the company as co-electrician shows everything right in that department; we got an electric current through till the moment of parting, so that electric connection was per'. feet; and yet the farther we paid out, the feebler were the currents, indicating a difficulty, which, however, 1 do not consider serious, while it is of a nature to require attentive investigation. The amount of cable when it was parted was three hundred and thirty-four nautical or three hundred and eighty-four geographical miles, and the depth of the oceau at that place was two thousand fathoms, ascertained by the Cyclops yesterday in sounding. This is as deep, within two or three hundred fathoms, as any part of the track we were pursuing to Newfoundland, and the length of submarine cable paid out is the longest as yet laid in the world."
Flour Aud Meal.—The Flour market is very dull. Holders are offering standard brands at $5 62 a I $5 87. Sales to retailers and bakers, for fresh ground at $53 a $6i per bbl. and lancy brands, from $61 up to $Sj. Rye Flour is now selling at $4 37 per bbl., and Corn Meal is held at i?4 per barrel,
Grain.—The receipts of Wheat have fallen off, and prices have again slightly advanced. Good red is held at $1 32 a $1 30, and $1 40 a $1 45 for good white; only a few samples were offered. Rye is held at 76 cts. Corn is scarce, w ith small sales of jellow at 80 c. Oats are in fair supply. New Delaware are celling at 34 a 35 cents, and Penna. at 37 a 38 cents per bushel.
term will commence on the 2d of 11th mo. next, and continue twenty weeks. The course of instruction embraces alj the usual branches, comprising a thorough English Education, Drawing included. Terms: $57, including Board, Washing, TuitioD, use of Hooks, Pens, Ink and Lights. The French, Latin and Greek Languages taught at $5 each, extra, by experienced and competent teachers, one a native of New Hampshire, and a graduate of a popular College in that State, whose qualifications have gained her a place amongst the highest rank of teachers. The house is large, and in every way calculated to secure health and comfort to thirty-five or forty pupils.
For Circulars, address—
EDITH B. CHALFANT, Principal.
tlnion-Ville, P. O., Chester County, Pa. 9th mo. 5th, 1857.—8 t.
LONDON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG MEN AND BOYS. It is intended to commence the next Session of this Institution on the 2d of 11th mo., 1857. Terms: $65 for twenty weeks. For reference and further particulars, inquire for circulars of BENJ. SWAYNE, Principal. London Grove, P. O., Chester County, Pa.
ELDRIDGE HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.—The Winter session (for the education of young men and boys) of this Institution, will open on the 9th of 11th mo., and continue 20 weeks.
The branches of a liberal English education are thoroughly taught by the most approved methods ot teaching founded on experience.
Also the elements of the Latin and French languages. Terms, $70 per session.
Those wishing to enter will please make early ap-_ plication.
For full particulars address the Principal for a circular. ■
Eldridge Hill, Salem County N. J. 8 mo. 29, 1857—8 w.
THOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, near theChel_|j ton Hills Station, on the North Pennsylvania Railroad
Gayner Heacock will open a school 12th mo. 7th, and continue 16 weeks, where the usual branches of an English education will be taught, and every attention paid to the health and comfort of the children.
Terms $40. No extra charges. Books furnished at the usual prices.
Address JOSEPH HEACOCK,
Jenkintown P. O., Montgomery Co., Penna.
9 mo. 26—8 t.
GREEN LAWN SEMINARY is situated near Union-Ville, Chester County, Pa., nine miles south west of West Chester, and sixteen north west frcm Wilmington; daily stages to and from the latter, and tri-weekly from the former place. The winter
this School will commence on 2d day the 9th of 11th month, 1S57, and continue Twenty weeks. Terms §70 per session. Those desirous of entering will please make early application. For circulars giving further information, address either of the undersigned.
DANIEL FOULKE, Principal. HUGH FOULKE, Jr., Teacher. Spring House P. O. Montgomery County, Pa. 8 mo. 22, 1857—8 w.
17<RANKFORD SELECT SEMINARY.—This In. J stitution, having been in successful operation for the last twenty years, will now receive six or eight female pupils as boarders in the family. Age under thirteen years preferred.
Careful attention will be paid to health, morals,&c. and they will be required to attend Friends' Meeting on First days, accompanied by one of their teachers, also mid week meetings if desired by parents or guardians. Terms moderate.
LETITIA MURPHY Principal. SARAH C. WALKER Assistant. No. 158 Frankford St. Frankford, Pa. References. John Child, 510 Arch Street. Thomas T. Child, 452 N. 2d Street below Poplar. Julia Yerkes, 909 N. 4th Street above Poplar. Wm. C. Murphy, 43 S. 4th Street above Chestnut. Charles Murphy, 820 N. 12th Street below Parrish.
Merrlhew t Thompson, Prs.,Lodge St., North side Penna. Bask
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY~WM. W. MOORE, No. 324 South Fifth Street, PHILADELPHIA, Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, payablt in advance. Three copies sent to one address for Five Dollars.
Communications must be addressed to the Publishe1 free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made
EXTRACTS FROM THE LIFE OF MARY DUDLEY. (Continued from page 435.)
The following letter was written in the year 1790, and so manifests the continuance of affectionate and Christian solicitude on behalf of her friends on the continent, that it appears calculated to prove an acceptable termination to the present chapter.
"My beloved friend, L. Majolier;
"Were I to tell thee and thy dear wife, with my other valued friends at Congenies, that I have not ceased to love you, as often as the sensible renewings of Christian fellowship refresh my mind, our converse in this way would be frequent; but though 1 may, through continued gracious regard, be indulged with this symptom of having passed from death unto life, love to the brethren, I seem but seldom under qualification to help any of my fellow professors in their spiritual travail; being often brought very low, not only in mind but in body; instructed by frequent chastisements of love, that I have no continuing city here. You, my dear friends, know some of my many infirmities, and I often gratefully remember how affectionately you sympathized with me, and endeavored, by your friendly care, to alleviate such as I was tried with while among you; yea the remembrance of having been with you is pleasant, and there are seasons when I seem so to visit you in spirit, to feel with and for you, that I am as though personally among you, joying (if I may use the words of an apostle) and rejoicing, to behold the steadfastness of some: among these hast thou, beloved Louis, refreshed my mind, in believing that the visitation of divine love has not been extended in vain; but, that in yielding obedience to the heavenly vision, thou hast known an advancement in the line of righteousness, and an increase in stability and peace. Go on, my endeared friend; the sense that often impressed my heart while . with thee now revives, even that much depends
on thy perseverance; not only thy own and precious companion's welfare, but that of the little flock, mercifully gathered by the everlasting Shepherd, under whose holy guidance I view thee delegated to lead them, designed in the forcible language of example to encourage them, 'to follow Christ.' Ah ! my dear brother, how much is implied in being a follower of Christ, how deep ought the dwelling of such to be, in order that a full conformity may be wrought to His will, by a total renunciation of our own under every appearance. The work of thorough subjection is truly a great work, and it is to be expected, in the refining process, that deep sufferings and closely-proving conflicts should attend the exercised spirit. 'Ye shall indeed drink of my cup,' was *he blessed Master's language, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with; this is sealed in the experience of His tribulated servants; they measurably partake of the dispensations so largely filled up by him, when in the prepared body, and herein their union with Him is effected; but, blessed be His Dame, there is ajconsoling declaration gone forth, if we suffer, we shall also reign with Sim. There are seasons when such baptized sons and daughters, know, even here, through the resurrection of life, something of this sort, when truth rising into dominion over all in their hearts, they are made as kings and priests unto God; and there is a season approaching, when, being unclothed of these mortal bodies, such shall be clothed upon with immortality and eternal life. My heart has been unexpectedly filled to thee my dear friend, and I have given my pen libarty; if any thing can be gathered up from these broken hints, which may serve as an encouragement to thee in thy trying allotment, I shall be glad, for surely I would encourage thee; mayest thou put on strength in the Lord's name, and trusting therein find it a strong tower, yea, an impregnable fortress, where the enemy cannot hurt, though he may roar and greatly disquiet. Remember the laoguage applied to the true church, and which belongs to every living member therein, ' He reproved kings for thy sake, sayiug, touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm.' And now having relieved my mind a little towards one, I feel a renewed salutation to you, my endeared friends, who were collectively the objects of our visit; a visit to which love was the moving cause, and the consoling attendant the extension of this pure principle my mind is often drawn towards you, in fervent affectionate solicitude, that the good work mercifully begun may abundantly prosper, and He who has been the Alpha become the glorious Omega, perfecting the new creation, and fulfilling His gracious purpose, by making you a people to his praise. It is, dear friends, and many of you have seen it, a gradual work ; it begins, as in the first of outward creation, with that heavenly command, 1 Let there be light.' There are those among
of our minds while with you, and which I believe I with awfulness and many fears, now presented we all now feel to be the cement of a union, not j as the immediate requiring of her great Master, broken or impaired by external separation. In j and early in the 6th mo. she laid before her
Monthly Meeting a concern to visit Friends in Dunkirk, Guernsey, and some parts of the north j of England and Scotland, having in prospect to hold meetings also with those not in profession with our Society. The trial which it was to her affectionate feelings, and the conflicts she endured, when thus about to leave her husband and children, are somewhat described in the following extract from a letter, dated
"6th mo. 23d, 1792. Tby sympathy in my present important prospect is truly consoling,
you who have intelligibly heard this in the secret and thy encouragement to follow apprehended
of your souls, and, through illuminating grace have clearly distinguished the way wherein you should walk : now this light is to be attended to, according to what the apostle tells the believers, 'to which ye do well to take heed,' because it shines more and more unto the perfect day. While we simply follow it, we come under the description of walking in the day, and stumble not; but are by regular gradations introduced into the acceptable state of children of the Lord; taught of Him, and established in righteousness. It is, my beloved friends, this desirable state of establishment in the right way, that my spirit! renewedly craves for you and for myself; that every visited mind among you may become redeemed; every called, a chosen disciple, by unreserved dedication of heart to the pure unerring leadings of the only sure guide. Wait, in the silence of all flesh; for the further unfoldings of the divine law; seek to know a taking root downward; and as you come to witness the sap of heavenly grace to nourish and strengthen the root, you will in due season be qualified to bring forth fruit to the Lord's praise, 'First the blade, then the ear, after that the full com in the ear,' ripening under holy influence, and by the ma
duty is strengthening. Ah! my progress has indeed been slow, and my experience comparatively small; but how much has it cost my nature, yea, almost its destruction, to be in the degree I am, loosened from my precious domestic ties. When a gracious Masterdemands the sacrifice of obedience, what struggles do I renewedly feel to give up all; at this moment I am even ready to question whether that faith to which all things are possible will be victorious, or rather the small grain will so increase as to give the victory."
On the 1st of the 8th mo. she sailed from Waterford,' being accompanied by her dear friends Elizabeth Pim and Edward Hatton, who both felt bound to the service.
"We found that our dear friends Martha Routh and Christiana Hustler were daily expected from Dunkirk, and that a vessel was likely to sail for that place in the morning. We had before thought only of Calais, but R. B. recommending this, in preference, we changed our original intention, and set sail on 4th day morning the 12th, with a favorable breeze; but this soon slackened, so that we were above twelve hours on the sea, suffered much from sickness.
turing rays of the Sun of righteousness prepared i The gates of the town being shut when we got to be finally gathered into the garner. Oh ! how into harbor, we were obliged to remain on board my spirit longs for the safe advancement of the J all night. On reaching the house of our kind beloved youth among you. May the enriching i friend William Rotch, next morning, we found showers of celestial rain descend to preserve and it was their usual meeting day; but not feeling nourish them; and may the further advanced, ourselves equal to sitting down profitably, so
those in the meridian and the decline of life, wait in humble resignation to know their spirits renewedly seasoned with the salt of the kingdom; that this may produce its salutary effects, enabling to minister grace, suitable example, and precept to the younger. Finally, beloved friends, farewell in the Lord ! may He 1 be sanctified in them who come nigh' Him, and the
gracious purpose of His will be effected, by pre-! freshment
soon after a voyage, it was deferred to six in the evening, when we assembled, and though but a small number it felt a time of solemnity.
"On conferring together next morning, it seemed consonant to all our feelings to sit with the few families, and we began at that of our kind host, with whom, his wife and two daughters we were favored to feel spiritual re
paring for himself ' a gloriou* church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing.' In the fresh feeling of undiminished love I am your cordial friend, Maby Dudley.
A service for which my dear mother had long been preparing, and which the contemplated
"In proceeding with this engagement much exercise attended, and the truth of the Scripture •assertion was sensibly enforced, 'ye have need of patience:' but I had afresh to consider that it is part of the laborer's business to break up the fallow ground, as well as to sow the seed; this