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battle of Guilford Court House, and he was able to narrate with great force the trials of that early period in our history, and the innumerable dangers attending his journey from Guilford Court House hither—the way beset with all the perils of an unexplored country, and with hostile tribes of Indians which were scattered through the unbroken forests With a naturally retentive memory which served him up to the time of his death, it may be added that the calmness for which he was remarkable, as well as his known reliability and truthfulness, rendered him a safe umpire in all disputes in reference to questions beyond the reach of ordinary life and memory.
As a citizen Mr. Jessop was universally respected. He possessed a large share of public spirit, and on no occasion were his services required by his townsmen, that those services were not cheerfully placed at their disposal, with all the advantages that a clear head and an active and energetic disposition could bring in addition.
His genial disposition we may likewise be permitted to allude to; for we design in this notice to do more tharrchromcle the demise of a universally esteemed citizen. Our design is to point our young men to the uprightness of our late friend's character, his freedom from prejudices, his avoidance of all the contentions and brawls which frequently disturb neighborhoods and communities, and to his having lived to an age far beyond that permitted most men lo reach, without a single enemy, respected by the entire community; and at length lying down to bis rest as peacefully as he had lived. We should desire to point our young men to all the noble .traits of his characrer, with the assurance that if they emulate those traits, they too may come to be respected as our deceased friend has been; and if they pursue an adverse course they must surely entail upon themselves the execrations of the community, which th.o gloom and silence of the grave will scarcely have the effect to hush or restrain. We point to his virtues, to his geuerosity, to his kindness to the poor and the afflicted, to his rare social qualities, and, indeed, to all that could endear a'man to bis relatives and friends, and the' community in which he lives, as worthy of imitation; and we trust that a lesson may be gathered from them.
The age of Mr. Jessop was eighty-five years, ten months and nineteen days.
One rose upon a bush, though but a little one, and though not yet blown, proves that which bears it to bo a true rose tree.
There is a peculiar majesty in unaffected plainness; a substantial beauty, which needs neither patch nor paint.—Lamont.
[Correspondence of the Public Ledger.]
Grand Island City,?
I arrived here on the 16th instant, from on board the comfortable and elegant steamer North Star, passing through Lakes St. Clair and Huron and the rapids of Saut Ste. Marie, which connect the waters of Lake Superior with those of the romantic Huron—being but four days from Philadelphia, via Cleveland. I am perfectly charmed and delighted with my trip. It' is really unaccountable that the citizens of the Atlantic cities should prefer continuing their yearly pilgrimagm to Saratoga, Newport, Cape May and other expensive and worn out fashionable places of resort, when here every attractive inducement, both in the salubrity of the climate and the beauties of nature, invites the tourist.
The pictured rocks, towering majestically above the waters, are alone worthy of a trip across the Atlantic ; while the boundless expanse of waters of Lake Superior, with its rugged, picturesque and lofty shores, presents a scene of beauty and magnificence unequalled in American scenery.
"Boundless and deep, the forests weave
And threatening cliffs, like giants, heave
This town, or city in embryo, is situated on a deep and capacious bay, expanding a distance of two to three miles in width and seven miles In length, opposite to a beautiful island, covered with every variety of tree composing an American forest, and named Grand Island,from which this bay and town derives its name. The w;iter is from twenty to eighty fathoms deep; such is indeed the magnitude of the harbor, together with its being completely land-locked, that the combined fleets of New York, Boston and Philadelphia could ride upon its waters in perfect security; this, in connection with the fact that, on the entire range of coast, extending nearly four hundred miles, there are but two ports of any extended capacity—this being one—it is, easy to predict ! that this city is destined to be the Chicago of Lake Superior.
From the shores of the town the land gradually ascends about a mile to a bluff of some . Seventy feet, upon which is the table-land, of rich, alluvial soil. From this point you have a splendid view of the lake, whose waters are spread out before you like a boundless sea.
As you progress farther south, you have a sight of Munwing Fulls—a rapid stream comes rushing wildly along, like an unmanaged and frightened steed, is precipitated some fifty feet, upon a plateau of rocks below, and there gathering strength, it makes a second leap of about thirty feet into a deep ravine ; when, apparently exhausted by its erratic course, it slowly winds ■away and loses itself in the mighty waters of the lake—presenting a scene at once beautiful and grand.
The great object of attraction is the Pictured Rocks—a. series of sandstone cliffs, extending twelve miles immediately above the town. From mineral causes and the constant oozing of the waters, they assume every color of the rainbow. Among the most prominent features of this truly wonderful geological phenomena are, the Chapel the Doric Rock and the Grand Portal; occasionally a cascade of foaming waters may be seen dashing from the verge of the overhanging precipice, in a sheet of white foam.
As you coast along the base of the rocks rising perpendicularly two or three hundred feet ahove the dark green waters of the Lake—worn into innumerable caverns, grottoes, and forms of most unique and fantastic shapes, by the ageless lashings of its waves—you become intensely impressed with the beauty and grandeur of the scene before you.
The Chapel, so called from its peculiar Gothic form, consists of a vaulted apartment, similar to the name it bears; there are four massive and curiously-wrought pillars, supporting a heavy entablature of solid stone, and presentiner the appearance of a work of art, with the shape of ascending steps, leading to that which is not dissimilar to a pulpit desk; and one would really suppose it to have been fashioned by the hand of man for a place of public worship. Upon the top of this entablature, extending to the very verge is a fine growth of pine, spruce, and maple, which adds to and completes the beauty of the whole.
The Grand Portal and the Doric Rock, are objects of sublimity beyond description. The immense caverns extend some four hundred feet into a huge mass of rock in the form of an amphitheatre—rising to a height of two hundred and fifty feet; resembling somewhat, but in much larger proportions, the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral, London. In the rear of this extraordinary cavern, an entrance has been excavated by the action of the Lake, leaving a vaulted passage, resting on two immense pillars, sufficiently large for the passage of a canoe.
We cannot attempt to describe our feelings, while rowing under this stupendous canopy of variegated rock, with the dirge-like swell of" the lashing waves and the echoing of one's voice startling us with unearthly sounds.
It is impossible for us to portray, by any combination of words, this astonishing work of nature's architecture.
As we sailed out into the Lake, a mile or two distant, tho entire range of shore was presented to our view. Its projecting promontories and salient angles, its high raised battlements and
turrcted walls, reminded us of a high castle of some feudal lord of the middle ages.
It is a matter of surprise that no artist has ever visited this magnificent bay, and given to the world that which is so eminently worthy of his pencil.
While sailing along we threw out a trowling line, aud caught some twenty-three lake trout, weighing six to thirteen pounds each. The waters of this Lake abound with the white fish, equal in flavor to the Salmon, the Siskawit, Pickerel and Herring. The fisheries are a largo source of wealth to this region of country, and have become a profitable branch of business to those engaged in it—they sell readily at ten dollars a barrel; and it is no uncommon occurrence for three fishermen with nets to catch five to eight barrels in a day. The value of this source of industry has already attracted the attention of the Atlantic fishermen, and many of them, with their families, are emigrating to the shores of this Lake.
A road will be finished in a few weeks to Bay de Noc, at the head of Lake Michigan, a distance of thirty-six miles, which will immediately bring an extensive trade from Chicago, and shorten the trip one to two days from Philadelphia.
There is also being erected a large Hotel. The Lake House, is capable of. comfortably accommodating three hundred persons. We learn that rooms have already been engaged by the fashion and elite of the South and West, when it is to be hoped that our citizens will avail themselves of the opportunity of visiting the truly delightful spot. The invalid in quest of an invigorating atmosphere, the man of business from the pent-up, enervating miasma of eastern cities, the sportsman seeking the numerous fish of its pure and crystal waters, or the game of its virgin forests^ the lover of the grand and picturesque, may all constantly find here new objects of interest, and new scenes of beauty. ,
N. H. G.
For Friends' Intelligencer.
Reader! hast thou ever stood on some tall city house top, on a moon-light night in summer '( Hast thou not felt the cool south wind kissing thy brow, and revelled in the mystic-fleeting clouds that drift dreamily across the moon, hanging like a rliglity shield in the deep azure; revelled in these, and in the swift changes of the electricity, that one moment flushes the western sky, and the next steals softly o'er a bank of clouds that lie afar off to the dreamy, balmy south? Hast thou never watched the still changes of the night, beauteous in semi-darkness, ever glorious in gloom, or in the efflulgcnce of thi.= harvest moon'!
Then hast thou lost much, and more if thou hast not or cannot turn from such a scene back upon the dreary waste of roofs, and think of the vague longings, the unstilled yearnings which go to make the life under those roofs, think of the electric light of life flashing across the horizon, reddening, warming the feelings with a gentle flush, filling the mind with the radiance of thought. Turn once more from the troulous expanse of life, the centre-point of the calm, deep sky, where the moon has risen, majestic, quiet, still as the fixed stars to our eyes. Then think of the power that is sending it coursing through the clear boundlessness of space, swifter than mortal eye can follow, so swift that only the mind, God-given, can grasp the measure of its speed, and know that the same hand that curves the unerring orbits of the planets, is bending to His all-powerful will the course in which the soul of man shall travel, till its God-like mission accomplished it shall find peace and calm and rest.
THE GREAT EASTERN.
"It is not easy," says the Times, "to convey an adequate idea of a vessel that is 18,000 tons larger than the largest ship in the world." Her length between perpendiculars is 680 feet, on the upper deck G9'2, nearly double the length of the height of St. Paul's, and more than double that of the United States new screw frigates about which so much has been lately said.—Nearly 8,000 tons of plate iron have already been used in her construction, and 4,000 tons of machinery, boilers, shafting, and iron work, have still to be introduced before she will be ready for launching. These arc already on the ground, and are rapidly dropping into their appointed places; and during the present month the launching, or, more properly, the lowering into the water, is expected to take place. Her engineer, who designed the Great Britain1, has given to every part of the huge fabric the stamp of deep thought and thorough scientific investigation. Built on the principle of an iron beam, a complete double ship, one hull inside of the other and the space between a complete cellular tissue of iron plates rivetted together, after the design of the Britannia Tubular Bridge, she is the strongest ship in the world, would beach without injury, and might be lifted by a chain round the centre, if such could be procured strong enough, without straining or injuriously deflecting the line of the keel. Her great length therefore is no detriment to her strength, whilst in the most violent Atlantic storms, she would rest always upon three, and generally on four of the longest waves, two hundred feet long. She will consequently not pitch, and will roil less than any vessel that ever swam. The arrangements of
the partitions between the two hulls are so peculiar, that whilst she would oppose the transverse plates on their sides to any collision or floating mass of ice she might encounter, each section of six feet square is under the control of the engineers, who can fill or empty any of the -portion between the two hulls with water, at pleasure. By this arrangement, the vessel can suit her displacement to any exigency that may occur, and as her coals are consumed, can ballast herself with water to suit the reduction of her weight; or if she sprung a leak, could withdraw the water from between the two hulls, and lighten the vessel by the turn of a valve, or changing the position of a handle. Her safety from collision, either with any future monster of the deep like herself, or rocks of ice, is, indeed, as far as any human foresight can divine, almost perfect; with fifty feet torn from her sides she would be comparatively unscathed; cut in two, neither end would necessarily sink; and with two or three of her compartments filled with water, she would be scarcely inconvenienced.
She will carry 12,000 tons of coal, and 8,000 tons of merchandise. One great object in carrying so large a quantity of coal is, to avoid the enormous expense of foreign coaling stations, and the freight of fuel in other vessels to supply steamers for the homeward voyage. Some years back the average price of coal for the West India steamers was £3 sterling per ton, though their home supply was obtained for 15s., and at the same period (1851) the Oriental Company had in their employ four hundred sailing vessels transporting English coal to their foreign depots between Southampton and Hong Kong, many of them having to double the Cape of Good Hope, and making the average price of their coal 42s., per ton, against 14s., the home price. The Great Eastern avoids all this, and will save .£9,000 per voyage between Europe and Australia on her coals alone, and by carrying sufficient for the return trip. Another great element of safety and economy, is the employment of different systems of propulsion in different parts of the vessel, the eugines being in separate compartments, and perfectly distinct; an accident occurring to one set of engines cannot therefore affect the other.
She combines all the advantages of a paddlewheel steamer with a screw propeller and a beautifully modeled clipper; and whilst her steadiness in the water will assist the efficiency of her paddle wheels, her six masts, spreading whole acres of canvass, and her four powerful screw engines, will be her main dependence. In dimensions she is double the length and breadth of Noah's Ark, as given in the book of Genesis, and four times the tonnage, and would find room for a greater variety of characters or specimens of natural history. Should an unfortunate craft ever come in contact with her while in motion, the blow would be decisive, and she mighUprove, if taken from the pursuits of peace and the rerequireirionts of commerce, a powerful engine of war. Her immense capacity, 22,000 tons, her own weight, 12,000 tons, and her probable high rate of speed of twenty miles per hour, with solid iron bows, nearly as sharp as a knife, would cut through the moat formidable man-of-war without damage to herself. She could not be caught, could run down any ship, and, biding her time, could demolish a fleet.
Some of the separate dimensions of this huge mass of floating iron, and the machinery by which she is propelled, strike the mind with a more majestic idea of her proportions, than the size of her hull, or the tonnage of her register. Take, for instance, the paddle wheels and engines by which they are made to revolve. The wheels themselves are fifty-six feet in diameter, and one hundred and fourteen feet over all. Four engines, with cylinders six feet two inches in diameter, fourteen feet stroke, and fifty feet high, assist in turning these cyclopean wheels. Each revolution causes the vessel to advance nearly fifty yards; and with only ten revolutions per minute, and usual allowance of eleven per cent, for slip, the Great Eastern will cross the Atlantic to New York in six and a half days. Magnificent as these proportions of paddle wheels arc, they are, however, far inferior i# power and efficiency to the screw propeller. Four engines, the cylinders of which are seven feet in diameter, and weighing each thirty tons, the whole of a nominal horse power of 1,600 horses, but capable of working three times this, or nearly 5,000 horses, are connected to the horizontal shaft, to the outer end of which the propeller blades arc attached. This shaft, merely for the transmission of the power, is one hundred and sixty feet long, and weighs sixty tons, the diameter of the screw itself being twenty-four feet, and capable of propelling the tessel alone at'the rate of fifteen knots per hour, or across the Atlantic in eight days.
Some most interesting statistics have been published of other portions of this triton amongst the minnows, but I fear I am tiring your patience with these particulars. I would therefore merely add, that not only have all her dimensions and details been arranged on the most scientific principles, combined, as far as possible, with the practical experiment of twenty years of ocean steaming, but the little points of comfort and ease have not been forgotten, and everything has been arranged to make ocean traveling as pleasurable and popular as our lake and river steaming has lately become. Not only will her large size and freedom from pitching and rolling motion, so distressing to most passengers, almost if not quite do away with sea-sickness, but the poked up little dens that have been dignified by the name of state-rooms will be ex
changed for apartments second in size, refinement, and convenience, to nothing that we are accustomed to on land. The bed rooms are seven feet six inches high, and the principal saloons, of which there are ten, are seventy feet long, and from twelve to fourteen feet high. For exercise and amusement, the level floor of the upper deck affords the ample space of an acre and a half for every variety of amusement. Morning calls can scarcely be exchanged without a considerable draw upon the time and locomotive powers of the ladies, whilst the gentlemen will have ample scope for every variety of athletic and social occupation.
Del. Co. Republican.
"And thoy sha I teach no niore every man his neighbor, and every inun his brother, saying, Know the Lord , for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, aalth the Lord; for I will forgive their iniquity, and 1 will remember their sin no more."—Jeuemiah xxxi. 34.
When will the glorious day arrive
That all shall know the Lord?
About the written word;
When all who name the Saviour's name, , Iniquity will shun,'
And by their holy live3 proclaim
When each his neighbor will prefer,
And selfishness shall cease,
The gospel they profess;
When man no longer will be led
By feeble man astray,
The Light, the Truth, the Way.
The selfish Priest no longer then
The Christian garb shall wear,
With loud and lengthy prayer.
Then all the mystery of svn
In worldly wisdom wrought,
That glorious day will surely come,
By Christ himself foretold,
Even so the restless tide
Give to thy pleading child
For thou canst quell the strife j
And asked ol thee to guide,
Father, I never called
But thou thy >vayward child
POOR LITTLE JIM.
The cottage was a thatched one, the outside old and mean,
But all within that little rot was wondrous neat and clean;
The night was dark and stormy, the wind was howling wild,
As a patient mother sat beside the death-bed of her child;
A little worn-out creature, his once bright eyes grown dim—
It was a collier's wife and child, they called him little Jim.
And oh! to see the briny tears fast hurrying down her cheek,
As she offered up the prayer, in thought, she was
afraid to speak, Lest she might waken one she loved far better than
For she had all a mother's heart, had that poor collier's wife.
With hands uplifted, see, she kneels beside the sufferer's bed,
And prays that He would spare her boy, and take
herself instead. She gets her answer from the child; soft fall the words
"Mother, the angels do so smile, and beckon little Jim;
I have no pain, dear mother, now, but oh! I am so dry,
Ju3t moisten poor Jim's lips again, and, mother, don't you cry."
With gentle, trembling haste she held the liquid to his lip;
He smiled to thank her, as he took each little, tiny sip.
"Tell father, when he comes from work, I said good night to him;
And, mother, now I'll go to sleep." Alas ! poor little Jim!
She knew that he was dying; that the child she loved so dear,
Had uttered the last words she might ever hope to hear.
The cottage door is opened, the collier's step is heard, The father and the mother meet, yet neither speak a
word. • He felt that all was over, he knew his child was dead, He took the candle in his hand and walked toward
His quivering lips gave token of the grief he'd fain conceal,
And see, his wife has joined—the stricken couple kneel;
With hearts bowed down by sadness, they humbly ask of Him,
In heaven once more again to meet their own poor little Jim.
From the Quarterly Review
A Treatise on the Nature, Fecundity, -and Devastating Character of the Rat, and its cruel Cost to the Nation, with the Lest Means for its Extermination. By Uncle James.
[Continued from page 415.]
The rat, as we have said, has many enemies; the weasel, the pole-cat, the otter, the dog, the cat, and the snake hunt him remorselessly all over the world. Man, however, is his most relentless and destructive enemy. In some places he is killed for food, as in China, where dried split rats are sold as a dainty. The chiffonnicrs of Paris feed on them without reluctance. Nor is rat-pie altogether obsolete in our own country. The gipsies continue to eat such as are caught in stacks and barns, and a distinguished surgeon of our time frequently had them served up at his table. They feed chiefly upon grain; and it is merely the repulsive idea which attaches to this animal under every form that causes it to be rejected by the same man who esteems the lobster, the crab, and the shrimp as a, delicacy, although he knows that they are the scavengers of the sea. They were not always so nice in the navy. An old captain in her Majesty's service informs us that on one' occasion, when returning from India, the vessel was infested with rate, which made great ravages among the biscuit. Jack, to compensate for his lost provisions, had all the spoilers he could kHl put into pies, and considered them an extraordinary delicacy. At the siege of Malta, when the French were hard pressed, rats fetched a dollar apiece; but the famished garrison marked their sense of the excellence of those which are delicately fed by offering a double price for every one caught in a granary. Man directs his hostility against the rat, however, chiefly because he considers him a nuisance; and the gin and poison, cold iron and theCbowl, a dismal alternative, are accordinglypresented to him; with the former he is not so easily caught, and will never enter a trap or touch a gin in which any of his kind have fretted or rubbed. Poison is a more effectual method;but is not always safe. Rats which have been beguiled into partaking of arsenic instantly make for the water to quench their intolerable thirst, and, though they usually withdraw from the house, they may resort in their agony to an indoor cistern, and remain there to pollute it.* The writer who calls himself "Uncle James," and who, for a reason that will shortly appear, is
* A single dead rat beneath a floor will render a room uninhabitable. A financier of European celebrity found his drawing room intolerable. He supposed that the drains were out of order, and went to a great expense to remedy the evil. The annoyance continued, and a rat-catcher guessed the cause of the mischief. On pulling up the boards a dead rat was discovered near the bell-wire. The bell had been rung as h« was passing, and the crank had caught and strangled him.