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brance of my want of dedication in these meetings.

"Second day morning. We had a little nitting among ourselves, desiring to feel our way from, or detention in this city, rightly ordered; we were afresh helped to believe, that, as the eye was kept single, He who had led forth would continue to preserve us. We went to tea with a family named Decknatel—a widow, her son and two daughters; these were educated in the Anabaptist profession, her husband having been a preacher among this sect, but since his death they have not joined in communion with any particular people, but kept themselves select, except going sometimes to the Moravian worship. A sweet influence prevailed in the house, and a good deal of religious conversation occurred, J. Vanderwerf being with us to interpret. They believe in the sufficiency of the spirit of truth to lead into all truth, though they seem not fully to have entered into that rest where there is a ceasing from our own works, as they sing hymns sometimes, and have an instrument of music in their house. They were very desirous of understanding us, and our errand—it seemed strange to them for me to leave a husband and seven children, but feeling liberty to enter a little into the cause, and some particulars of my convincement, &c, as the remembrance arose with renewed thankfulness, they appeared not only fully satisfied, but to comprehend the language. This conversation introduced to a solemn silence, in which they readily joined, and we had each to unite in the testimony that the salutation of ' peace unto it' belonged to this house : this memorable season closed in awful supplication, and we parted under a feeling of that pure love which throws down the narrow barriers of nominal distinction, and baptizes into the unity of the one Spirit.

"9th. At four o'clock this afternoon we had another public meeting, which was well attended as to numbers, but the people were unsettled in time of silence; the doctrine of truth ran clearly, and a hope was raised that some felt a testimony to it in their own minds.

"10th. Left Amsterdam with J. V. jun. and Frederick Mentz, in a carriage boat, the usual way of travelling in this country; it is drawn along a canal by a horse, and consists of a small cabin, calculated to hold seven or eight, and a larger room which will contain about thirty people, with seats to accommodate all the passengers, and light sufficient to work by. We arrived at Utrecht between three and four o'clock, felt exercised respecting a meeting here, but, not living enough by faith, and looking too muoh outward, discouragement prevailed.

"11th. Set off from Utrecht in a post wagon, and travelled over deep roads, through a woody country thickly inhabited, though the land is poor, and we found but indifferent lodging and

entertainment until we reached Dusseldorf, on the evening of the 13th, where we got to a good inn.

"14th. Concluded to stay this day, to feel whether bound or dismissed from hence; in the forenoon called on Michael David Wetterboar, whom our friends Decknatel recommended us to see, we also drank tea with him, and found him an inward retired man, living pretty much alone, and not knowing that he has any companions in this large place, where superstition seems to reign. We had a season of solid retirement after tea, and some profitable conversation through R. G. in French.

"15th. Went off the direct course about eighteen miles to Elbcrfeld, expecting to find some seeking people; we were directed to a person named Smith, with whom we spent a little time; he speaks English and was civil, but seemed fearful of engaging to be our interpreter: he informed us there were some mystics in the town, who met together on first days, but we found no way to get into their company. In the morning we walked out, G. D. and I one way, and R. and S. G. another, but though we called in at some houses, no way opened for a meeting, we therefore returned to Dusseldorf to tea. M. D. W. spent the evening with us, and we had a season of spiritual refreshment in the feeling of Christian liberty and love, under which we parted.

"17th. Left Dusseldorf about half past-six, and got to Cologne to dinner—a dark place of popish superstition, crosses and images appearing almost every where in and about it: we all felt oppressed and glad to leave this place; reached Bonn, a smaller town, where similar idolatry prevailed : G. D. and R. G. walking out saw the Host, as it is called, carrying about, and the people kneeling to it.

"18th. Rode through a beautiful valley of vineyards, and other plantations, bounded on one side with richly cultivated mountains, and on the other side by the Rhine, on each side of which, towns and villages thickly appeared, also some monasteries and ruins, altogether forming as diversified and lovely a scene as I ever rode through; but in this day's journey I found nature unusually oppressed, so that it was hard to bear the motion, and my illness increased so much, that when I saw a town on the other side the Rhine, not knowing it was our destination, I thought it looked a desirable resting place, and wished to get to it; when the driver turned the carriage that way, and it proved to be Nieuvied, a place to which we had recommendations.*

* Copy of one of the Introductory Letters given by the

family of Decknatel. Mr Dear Brother;

"I give this address by these Friends, whom they call Quakers, from England; perhaps they will call in their journey at Nieuvied—though you cannot speak

Here we got to a comfortable inn, like a private lodging, kept by Moravians, who received us cordially, and we took up our quarters with them.

•"19th. I was very ill, so as to lie in bed all day, low in mind as well as in body; dear S. G. indisposed also, and we felt glad in this state to be in a quiet asylum.

"20th. First day, my complaints continuing I was not able to go out, my dear companions sat at my bed-side where, in a season of quiet refreshment, we remembered with comfort that it was when the disciples walked together and were sad, that their great Master joined Himself to them.

"21st. A day of distress every way, mostly iu bed during the forenoon : after dinner went to see the Moravian establishment, the Schools for girls and boys, &c, but so low that nothing seemed capable of cheering me; my faith and patience are so tried that I am often ready to fear the honor of the great name, and that excellent cause which through every discouragement is dear to my heart, may suffer by my engaging in this embassy. I feel, myself so insufficient for the work, and even at seasons when holy help is near, qualified to do so little, tfiat I am ready to query for what am I sent? Yet I remember there are various vessels in a house, and it may sometimes seem proper to the Master to call for one of the smallest, to use as He pleases—to convey what He appoints; and if care be only taken to have this vessel kept clean, though it may not be often called for, or able to contain much, it may answer some little purpose, by having a place in the house; and help to fill up some corner, which a larger one could not so easily get into. I know that I sought not this, that 1 ventured not without feeling the weight of 'Woe is unto me if I preach not the gospel' where the holy finger is pleased to point: and the remembrance of these baptisms, with the renewal of frequent close conflicts, raise a hope through all, that though the sea may be permitted to swell, aud the waves rise exceedingly high, the poor vessel will be preserved from becoming a wreck amidst the storms, and the little cargo be safely landed at last.

23d. We called this morning on an old man, belonging to a sect who call themselves inspired—a little conversation through an interpreter proved rather satisfactory. At seven in the evening we went to sit with these people in their meeting, expecting, from the account received of them, that they sat mostly in silence, but we found it far otherwise. They remained awhile still, with apparent solemnity, then all kneeled down, and used words as prayer, afterwards singing, then one of them read part of a

with them but by an interpreter, yet you may have an agreeable feeling and influence in silence, through the favors of the Lord, which you desire. I salute you with renewed affection. J. D.

chapter and expounded—we sat still until they had concluded, when a few words were, as well as the language admitted, conveyed to them. On the whole we were not sorry we obtained this acquaintance with their manner of worship, as others denominated them Quakers, and we were now able to unfold to them the difference between us. We have abundance to discourage us within and without, many fears, and no outward help but the comfort we find in being closely banded together; and beside the suffering we are dipped into, no apparent prospect of these tending to gather many, if any, from the barren mountains; for let us feel as we may, we have since leaving Utrecht been unable to convey our meaning to the people in general, and appointed no meeting, —what our passing through, and being as gazing stocks may do, must be left; it wilj, I trust, increase our humiliation, if no other good be done.

(To be continued.)


The excitable peevishness that kindles at trifles, that roughens the daily experience of a million families, that scatters its bitter stings at the table and by the hearth-stone, that introduces a prickle into the whole clothing and movement of life, what does this, but unmixed harm? What ingredient does it furnish but gall? its fine woundings may be of little consequence in some given case, and its tiny darts easily extracted; but, when habitually carried into the whole texture of life, it destroys more peace than plague and famine and the sword. It is a deeper anguish than grief or the gasp of death; it is a sharper pang than the afflicted moan with; it is a heavier pressure from human hands, than you feel when the Almighty " hath touched you."

A Memorial of Shappaqua Monthly Meeting, concerning our belovedfriend, Jacob L. Mott, deceased.

Feeling deeply sensible of the great loss we have sustained in the removal, by death, of tbis our beloved friend, and believing the remembrance of those who have been examples of faithfulness to manifested duty, has a tendency to strengthen and encourage others to " walk by the same rule and mind the same thing," we feel it right to prepare a memorial concerning him, fully believing he has received an entrance into that heavenly kingdom which is the reward of the righteous.

He was born in the city of New York, on the 13th of 9th month, 1784. His parents were Jacob and Deborah L. Mott, the latter a worthy member of our Society, who was much concerned for her children, and it is believed her example and care had a good effect upon our deceased friend.

| Although not addicted to gross evils, he was prone to levity and mirth; and his testimony is rememhered, that when returning home from such pastimes; the convictions of truth on his mind were so strong, that tears of contrition have fallen from his eyes, as he passed through the streets of the city, when little was to he heard hut the watchman at his post. Early in life submitting to these visitations of his Heavenly Father's love, he was drawn to attend the meetings of Friends ; and he writes of himself, as a brand plucked from the burning, and a monument of the mercy of God.'

He was married the 6th of 8th month, 1806, to Hannah Riker, with whom he lived in great harmony and mutual affection for fifty years. It may be truly said of him, he was an affectionate husband, a tender parent, and a kind neighbor, being cheerful in his deportment and upright in his dealings%mong men ; he was much beloved by those who knew him.

He was received a member of New York Monthly Meeting, at his own request, in the 4th month, 1807, being in the 23d year of his age.

It appears to have been his practice to commit to writing some of the exercises of his mind, on various subjects, and we believe nothing can describe him more pertinently than some extracts from them.

After taking the responsibilities of a family, and entering into business, he says : "I had many close trials, besetments, and temptations, iu which my religious faith was closely tried. I now see very clearly that many, or at least some of the difficulties-and troubles that I have experienced might have been avoided, had I always attended to the revelations of the spirit of truth in my younger years; they were brought about by my unfaithfulness; I wandered from my inward guide, and was almost forgetful of the day of my espousal. But blessed be Israel's God; thauksgiving and praise be ascribed unto him, although I wandered from the fold and went into the wilderness, he followed me, and kept close to me, and, giving me strengtb to resist temptation, preserved me from falling into the hands of the enemy, and thus renewed my faith, enabling me to bear up the testimonies of our Society. Although a part of the time I resided out of the city, I seldom missed attending a meeting, notwithstanding I had to row a boat ten miles to get there, and sometimes returned the same day."

In the summer of 1814 he settled within the compass of this Monthly Meeting, and became a member of it, by certificate, and when health permitted was diligent in attending meeting, although living nearly ten miles from it. In recording the faithfulness and perseverance of our dear friend is this particular, we desire not to eulogize him, but to stimulate others to press through difficulties in the peformance of this reasonable duty.

Having experienced the benefit resulting from an early dedication to the service of his Divine Master, he was often deeply concerned for the welfare of others, and sometimes in meetings) it seemed right for him to express it; but feeling that the call and qualification for the solemn work of the ministry are of God, he put it off from time to time, until about the thirty-first year of his age, when, in a public meeting at Shappaqua, he appeared in supplication for the preservation of himself and the assembly, under the weight of which he was deeply bumbled, keeping in view the testimony of our Holy Pattern, " my doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me." His communications were sound and edifying. He experienced the sustaining hand of Almighty Goodness to be as a wall of defense around about.him, preserving him in the faith, for which he was concerned earnestly to contend. His ministry was acknowledged, and he was recommended as a member of the meeting of ministers and elders in 1830. "This," he says, "again increased my responsibility, as now 1 •was at liberty, if I felt a concern to visit Friends of other niedtings, to open it to the Monthly Meeting." Feeling himself a monument of mercy, raised up in order to proclaim the goodness and mercy of God, he endeavored to stir up the pure mind in others, by testifying of his grace, the word nigh in the heart, aud in the mouth. He was frequently concerned to visit meetings, in our own and neighboring Yearly Meetings, we believe to the satisfaction of his friends^ and it is evident he realized the truth of his own language, "that the Good Master never 1 sends his servants out in their own strength, but amply supplies wisdom out of his inexhaustible : treasury."

He was zealous for the maintenance of good order and the right administration of our discii pline, being deeply concerned for the prosperity i of our Society.

Earnest und affectionate were his appeals to the rising generation, to come forward iu faithfulness to the requisitions of their Heavenly Father.

"On you," he writes, " must depend the future prosperity and character of our Society. If you aje faithful, some of you 'ere long will be called to fill prominent stations in the militant church. It is therefore peculiarly necessary that you should be established in the great principles of the Christian religion, in which is involved your own welfare, and that of your fellow men, who at times may be adopting the language, 1 who shall show us any good?' If you examine history, you will find in all ages it has been those who have been faithful to the light of Christ wilhin, that have been made instruments in the hand of God, in gathering to the church. Be faithful in the little, and you shall be made rulers over more, and, under the guidance or that there may not be monsters of the deep to whom the presence of this intrusive foreigner may be an offence unpardonable, and who will drive it out and destroy it whenever it appears. It cannot be asserted positively that the cable will endure the pressure of the water, which, at a depth of two miles, is estimated to befive thousand { pounds to the square inch. It is not positively known that, throughout the entire coil, there may not be defects in the gutta percha coating of the wires, that will only be discovered when the cable is entirely submerged in water. None can say whether the mere weight of the cable itself, when suspended from a ship for several miles, may not be sufficient to break it. All of these doubtful points are parts of the grand problem to be solved. The experiment has hardly been begun yet. We may have to wait long before we can decide positively on success or failure.

We must, however, contemplate the possibility of an entire failure; but not fintil years have elapsed", millions have been expended, and the absolute impracticability of the undertaking is fully established. The world will not readily abandon a project of such magnificence. Science may shrug its shoulders and croakers may scold; but there will be a persistence in the effort to carry out the grand idea, at least for some years. Each failure will teach something new, and it may require a long time before the attempt can be properly made; but the delays will be advantageous and conducive to the permanence of the work, if it is ever accomplished. And even should it fail completely, the world will be the wiser for the experiment, and the thought, the labor, the time and the money expended on the undertaking, will not have been thrown away. But we prefer not to think of a total failure, and we hope still to be able to give the readers of | the Bulletin, at three o'clock on some fine afternoon this fall, the substance of the news of London and Liverpool at five or six on the same afternoon.—livening Bulletin.

But, ere of no account, within the watery mass it fell— It found a shelter and a home, the oyster's concave shell;

And there that little drop became a hard and precious gem,

Meet ornament for royal wreath, for Persia's diadem.

Cheer up, faint heart, that hear'st the tale, and though

thy lot may seem Contemptible, yet not of it as nothing worth esteem; Nor fear that thon, exempt from care of Providence,

shalt be

An undistinguishable drop in nature's boundless sea.

The power that called thee into life has skill to make thee live,

A place of refuge can provide, another being give; Can clothe thy perishable form with beauty rich and rare,

And, "when He makes his jewels up," grant thee a station there.

A man passes for what he is [worth. Very idle is all curiosity concerning other people's estimate of us, and idle is all fear of remaining unknown. If a man know that he can do anything—that he can do it better than any one else—he has a pledge of the acknowledgement of that fact by all persons.—Emerson.


fiv Richard Mant.

How mean -mid all this glorious space; how valueless am I!

A little drop of water said, as, trembling in the sky, It downward fell, in haste to meet the intermediate sea,

As if the watery mass its goal and sepulchre should be.

From the Quarterly Review

A Treatise on the Nature, Fecundity, and Devastating Character of the Rat, and its cruel Cost to tlte Nation, with the best Means for ita Extermination. By Uncle James. London, 1S50.

Boswell relates that the wits, who assembled at the house of Sir Joshua Reynolds to hear Grainger's poem on the "Sugar-cane" read in manuscript, burst into laughter when, after much pompous blank-verse, a new paragraph commenced with the invocation—

"Now Muse, let's sing of rats." But, if a mean topic for the bard, they are an interesting subject to the naturalist, an anxious one to the agriculturist, and of some importance to everybody. Though it was no easy matter to throw around them a halo of poetry, and to elevate them into epic dignity—a difficulty which was noways surmounted by calling them, as Grainger subsequently did, "the whiskered vermin race"—yet there was nothing with which they had a more serious practical connection than the " Sugar-cane." It was reckoned that in Jamaica they consumed a twentieth part of the entire crop, and 30,000 were destroyed in one year in a single plantation. In fact rats are to the earth what sparrows are to the air—universally present. Unlike their feathered analogues we rarely see them, and consequently have little idea of the liberality with which they are distributed over every portion of the habitable globe. They swarm in myriads in the vast network of sewers under our feet, and by means of our house-drains have free access to our basements, under which they burrow; in the walls they establish.a series of hidden passages; they rove beneath the floors and the roof, and thus establish themselves above, below, and beside us. In the remote islands of the Pacific they equally abound, and are sometimes the only inhabitants. But we shall not attempt to write the universal history of the rat. It is enough if we narrate his doings in Great Britain.

There are in England two kinds of land-rats the old English black rat, and the Norwegian or brown rat. According to Mr. Waterton the black rat is the native and proper inhabitant of the island; the brown rat not only an interloper and exterminator, but a Whig rat—a combination which he thinks perfectly consistent. In his charming Essays on Natural History he says:

"Though I am not aware that there are any minutes in the zoological archives of this country which point out to us the precise time at which this insatiate and mischievous little brute first appeared among us, still there is a tradition current in this part of the country (Yorkshire) that it actually came over in the same ship which conveyed the new dynasty to these shores. My father, who was of the first order of field naturalists, was always positive upon this point, and he maintained firmly that it did accompany the House of Hanover in its emigration from Germany to England."

Having thus given the "little brute" a bad name, he pertinaciously hunts him through the two volumes of his Essays; nay, he does more; for, on account of his Whiggisin, he is the only wild animal banished forever from Waterton Hall, that happy home for all other fowls of the air and beasts of the field, against which gamekeepers wage war as vermin. In Carpenter's edition of Cuvier, however, an account is given of the brown rat, or Surmulot, which if true, entirely disposes of this pretty account of his advent. We are there told that he originally came from Persia, where be lives in burrows, and that he did not set out on his travels until the year 1727, when an earthquake induced him to swim the Volga, and enter Europe by way of Astrakan.* When once he had set foot in England, he no doubt treated his weaker brother and predecessor, the black rat, much as the Stuart dynasty was treated by the House of Hanover. Though the black rat was not himself an usurper, but rather an emigrant, who took pasaession of an unoccupied territory, his reign is also said by some to have been contemporaneous with an earlier change in the royal line of England, for he is asserted to have come over in the train of the Conqueror. He still abounds in Normandy, and to this day is known in Wales under the name of Llyoden Ffancon—the French mouse.

Rats are no exception to the law which, Wordsworth says, prevails among "all the creatures of flood and field."

* The history of the migrations of the rat is involved in doubt, and none of the accounts can be relied on. Goldsmith had been assured that the Norway rat, as it is called, though it was quite unknown in that country when it established itself in England, came to us from the coasts of Ireland, whither it had been carried in the ships that traded in provisions to Gibraltar.

"The good old rule Sufficeth them—the simple plan, That they should take who have the power, And they should keep who can."

but the black rat has kept more than is common ly imagined. Mr. Waterton is mistaken when he adopts the popular notion that the old English breed which came in with the Conqueror is almost totally annihilated by his brown cousin. The first comer has no more been destroyed by the subsequent invader, than the Celt is annihilated by the triumphant Saxon. As we find the former still holding their ground in Cornwall, Wales, and the Highlands of Scotland, so we find the black rat flourishing in certain localities. In tho neighborhood of the Tower, in Whitbread's brewery, and in the Whitechapel sugarrefineries, he still holds his own, and wo be to any brown trespasser who ventures into his precincts. The weaker animal has learnt that union is strength, and, acting in masses, they attack their powerful foe as fearlessly as a flight of swallows does a hawk; but if an equal number of the two breeds are placed together in a cage without food, the chances are that all the black rats will have disappeared before morning, and, even though well fed, the brown Brobdignags invariably eat off the long and delicate ears of their little brethren, just as a gourmand, after a substantial meal, amuses his appetite with a wafer-biscut.

The rapid spread of the rat is due to the fearlessness with which he will follow man and his commissariat wherever he goes. Scarcely a ship leaves a port for a distant voyage but it takes in its complement of rats as regularly as the passengers, and injthisjmanner the destructive little animal has not only distributed himself over the entire globe, but, like an enterprising traveller, continually passes from one country to another. The colony of four-footed depredators, which ships itself free of expense, makes, for instance, a voyage to Calcutta, wheuce many of the body will again go to sea, and land perhaps at some uninhabited island where the vessel may have touched for water. In this manner many a hoary old wanderer has circumnavigated the globe oftener than Captain Cook, and Bet his paws on twenty different shores. The rat-catcher to the East India Company has often destroyed as many as five hundred in a ship newly arrived from Calcutta. The genuine ship-rat is a more delicate animal than tSe brown rat, and has so strong a resemblance to the old Norman breed, that we cannot help thinking they are intimately related. The same fine large ear, sharp nose, long tail, dark fur, and small size, characterise both, and a like antipathy exists between them and the Norwegian species. It is by no means uncommon to find distinct colonies of the two kinds in the same ship—the one confining itself to the stem, the other to the stern, of the vessel. The

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