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no way of preserving potatoes fit to eat except by keeping them in darkness.—iV. Y. Tribune.
If thy servant be faulty, strive rather to *onvince him of his error, than to discover thy passion ; and when he is sensible, forgive him.
Suppress tales in the general; but where a matter requires notice, encourage the complaint, and right the aggrieved.—Penn.
OH, WEEP NOT FOR THE DEAD!
Oh, weep not for the dead!
When all beside are fled. Weep for the spirit withering In its cold, cheerless sorrowing; Weep for the young and lovely one, Whom ruin darkly level! on; But never let a tear be shed For them the pure enfranchised dead.
Oh, weep not for the dead! No more for them the blighting chill, The thousand shades of earthly ill,
The thousand thorns we tread: Weep for the life-charm early flown, The spirit broken, bleeding, lone, Weep for the death-pangs of the heart Ere being from the bosom part; But never be a tear-drop given, To those who rest in yon blue heaven.
Scratch the green rind of a sapling, or wantonly twist it in the soil,
The scarred and crooked oak will tell of thee for centuries to come:
Even so mayest thou guide the mind to good, or lead it to the marrings of evil,
For disposition is builded up by the fashioning of first impressions:
Wherefore, though the voice of Instruction waiteth
for the ear of reason, Yet with its mother's milk the youpg child drinketh
« TO WHOM SHALL WE GO J"
By Eliza Follen.
When our purest delights are nipped in the blossom,
When error bewilders, and our path becomes dreary,
Despairing, " to whom shall we go ?'*
When the sad, thirsty spirit turns from the springs
0, blest be that Light which has parted the clouds,
For Friends' Intelligencer. EXTRACTS OF LETTERS FROM A YOUNG PENNSYLVANIAN NOW PRACTISING DENTISTRY IN GERMANY. No. 3.
Cassel, 9th mo. 10th, 1S55.
My dear Maternal Friend,—I was very mucll disappointed in not seeing you in Philadelphia before I left. When we separated in Baltimore, I hardly thought that I would cross the ocean before I saw you again, but so it was, and I am now in the centre almost of Germany.
Cassel is rather an old fashioned city, situated in a picturesque country, it contains a population of about forty thousand, and is the capital of Hesse Cassel, and residence of the Kur First (Elector.) Hesse -Cassel is what* is called an electorate, and the ruling offiter is.termed the Elector; the Germans call the State Kur, Hesse, and the officer Kur first. You Vill remember that it was Hesse Cassel that furnished the English government with Hessians to fight against the rebels in the United States during the war of independence. The arrangement was made between the English government and the grandfather of the present Elector. The Elector was to receive a certain price for each man that was killed, and the wounds were to be paid for according to a regular scale agreed upon. There are many curious stories about the old man—one is that he complained to the British government that they had been too careful of the lives of his men, and thereby deprived him of the revenue. I do not vouch for the truth of this, but 1 think that a man that would sell his subjects to fight the battles of another nation, would not be very scrupulous about making as much as possible by the speculation.
I have made some valuable acquaintances here in Cassel, and judging from their hospitable treatment, I am led to think there is ' sincerity in their professions.
The leading physician in the town has been exceedingly kind to me in introducing me to many influential families. His family is very agreeable. The Dr. is about completing a very large work upon the nervous system. He has been engaged upon it for the last twenty yefcrs. It includes the most minute microscopical observations of the brain that have ever been made. The work does not profess to treat upon the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system—the origin, course and distribution of the different sets of nerves—so much as it enters into the examination of the nature of the substances composing those nerves. It is really surprising to see the depths of his researches, and one can almost iinagine in looking over the plates that he has completed that we can see the much talked of " ani, mal spirits" in form upon the paper.
He thinks he will have the first edition out in about a year, and when it appears it will be certainly the greatest work of the kind thatbas,ever been before the public.
This is my third visit (professional) to Cassel, I have been here a week this time, and shall probably remain a month longer. I do nothing but operate upon the teeth, and confine my operations to about six or seven hours each day. I have rented rooms in Frankfort, and taken in with me a young man lately from the United States, though a native of Frankfort, which enabled us to get permission to practice there, which I believe would have been impossible under any other circumstances. The laws in regard to foreigners following any business in Frankfort are very strict, and it is necessary to move with caution.
Here in Cassel I have an individual permission from the Medical College, and I believe I could operate incessantly for six months, if I were to remain.
Frankfort is not a place of so much interest as some other cities in Germany that I have been in, but its central position, its being the seat of the German Diet, and the residence of some of the most wealthy men in the world, (the Rothschilds,) and the population generally being wealthy, reuder it a desirable place.
In a few hours, in almost any direction, we can arrive at some of the most charming places in Germany. A ride of an hour takes us to the Rhine, at Mayence, and in a few minutes more we arrive at Wies Baden, which is a charming spot, situated on the verge of the Taurus mountains, and is where the boiling springs are found, which have been resorted to for the last two thousand years, and have a great reputation for their beneficial effects in many chronic diseases. In another direction a ride of two or three hours takes us through a delightful country containing mountain scenery, rendered more interesting by Castle ruins upon their summit,—to the old city of Heidelberg, famous for its university: close to that is Manheim, the only regularly laid out city in Germany, and a couple of'hours further is Baden Baden, which is considered the paradise of Germany. Six or eight hours ride takes us into the mountain scenery of Switzerland, five hours bring us through a most lovely country to Cassel.
In an hour in almost any direction we can find charming rural resorts—old castles in ruins upon the mountains that were built from the ninth to the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
Near Wies Baden we find a part of the ruins of the great wall, built by the Romans, in the time of Augustus Cesar, to defend them from the encroachments of the Germans. These with the
numberless watering places within a very short distance from Frankfort, are all interesting to visit, and I have occupied most of my leisure time in that manner.
A part of the house occupied by Charlemagne is still standing in Frankfort, also the balcony from which Luther preached to the people. The house in which Goethe the great German poet was born, and many other relics that the people prize and make money out of.
16th. This is a beautiful Sunday. morning, the sun is shining into my rooms as pleasantly as it shines upon a May morning on the fields and woodlands of my native home. I sit and look out over the old fashioned tile covered houses, with their peaked gables standing high above the rest of the structure, and each appearing to vie with the others in grotesque appearance, and I can hardly realize the, fact that this is a European city.
I look over the landscape and see the park, the Fulda, the long rov<t of populars that for centuries have stood sentinels upon the roads leading from village to village, the distant hills with the shadows of the clouds dancing and playing about them, and I forget that I am in Germany, and find myself fashioning these hills and vallies to suit the view from some familiar spot at home. I sit and muse on days gone by, and 11 almost feel that those hills are my native hills j and that I am at home again. But I am aroused i from my reverie by the deep thundering tolling I of St. Martin's bell, and as I turn to see the church that has stood the storms of the last six hundred years, and listen to the tolling that for the last six centuries has echoed among the surrounding hills, I verily conclude that I am in Europe.
Hoping my next may be more interesting, I close with much to all my friends who enquire after me, and believe me truly your affectionate
SOUNDS PRODUCED IN ALL LIVING TISSUES.
O^r knowledge of physiology is progressing very rapidly. It is but a little more than a hundred years since Harvey discovered the circulation of blood, and overthrew the abominably crude notions previously entertained. The arteries are always found emptied of blood in dissections, except in case of death by lightning, as the powerful action of the heart and of the vessels themselves tends to this result; but the ancients had always taught that these passages were made to convey air only, or a certain imaginable fluid corresponding to the spirit. Discoveries have followed each other rapidly since the foundation was laid, and now, by the aid of chemistry, man has attained to a very tolerable degree of knowledge of himself.
Prof. Matteucei—we think that is the name, but the paragraph ia not at hand at this moment —has recently announced the discovery that animal muscles actually burn and disappear while working—a fact long suspected and theoretically acknowledged. The animal organization is analogous to a steam engine, the food being the fuel, and the lungs the furnace in which the oxygen of the air is united with carbon, producing carbonic acid to be expelled, like the same material from a chimney. This is known to be the source of animal heat, and of all the dynamic power or working energy of the animal organization; but it had not been previously proved that each individual part, each limb, for example, lost a portion of its substance with each muscular movement it performed, and that in proportion as each part, or the whole muscular system, is worked, the particles become worn out, or burned, and are removed to be replaced, of course, by others, • and in greater abundance and vigor, in case the exercise has been just sufficient for health, and the stomach and accompanying organs are in good condition, and supplied with material. We have not learned that Prof. M. who is represented to be a foreign so van of some note, has yet proved that the nervous matter of the brain is consumed in the same manner by head-work, but infer that this is presumed.
The table is one of the most important parts of every household. It is not only essential to physical good, but pregnant with moral and social lessons. But the tables of all households are not alike. Some are like the barbarian board, spread with the roughest fare, only to satisfy the physical appetite. Some bear the marks of ignorance and rudeness, being spread in disorder, and supplied with gross and hurtful food, around which gather in chaotic confusion the half swinish horde of the family. Some are heavily ladened with good, bad, and indifferent food, spread with a half cultured taste, and are approached in a half orderly and half disorderly manner by a family bearing marks of a transition state from barbarism to refinement. Some are spread with a refined and artistic taste, supplied with nutritious and wholesome food, prepared with a view to the laws of health and the pleasures of appetites, which is received by the family with quiet and refined social satisfaction. Nothing more surely indicates the state of culture and refinement in a family than its table. If it is set without order, giving the appearance of a shower of food rained on it in confusion, and piled up and overloaded at that, and then is partaken of as though it was the first meal ever eaten and the last expected, and as though it must all be eaten in one minute, launched in heedless and unmasticated confusion into craving stomachs,
every man, woman and child diving into the soup bowl, meat plate and bread tray at once, with no head to preside, and no hand to direct, it is clear that that family is not so far advanced from barbaric rudeness as is desirable.—Man ford'a Magazine.
The man who would be successful in the pursuit of business, and honored thereafter, must entertain a sacred regard for the principles of justice. It is known well that they form the basis of every transaction in the commercial world, and regulate the conduct of every upright man engaged in business. He is punctual in keeping all his engagements, no matter how trivial or unimportant they may seem to him.— He does nothing hurriedly; he employs no person to do that which he can easily do himself, and always has a place for everything, and everything is kept in its place. He is careful to leave nothing undone which ought to be done, keeps affairs and business matters to himself and from the view of those who are always trying to become acquainted with his neighbors' affairs. He is cautious in purchasing, to never buy more goods than there are prospects of selling; never buys on long credits when he is able to pay, and he prefers to pay cash instead of using time at all. He is punctual prompt and decisive with customers, is clear and explicit in all bargains; generally sells for small profits and takes less risks of losing; never trusts business matters to memory, but reduces them to writing j is careful to take a copy of all letters sent away. He extends the same courtesies towards his customers that he would to a guest in his house, or a stranger introduced in company. It is not the pompous civilities of formal etiquette that win the good will and respect, but the easy and natural habits which speak a more kindly feeling and reciprocated respect. Therefore, let every business man lay in a stock of civility, they will find it a good investment, one that will please and retain customers.—Keokuk Times.
The earnest mat wins way for himself, and earnestness and truth go together. Never affect to be other than you are—either richer or wiser. Never be ashamed to say, "I do not know." Men will then believe you when you say, " I do know." Never be ashamed to say, whether applied to time or money, "I cannot afford to waste an hour in the idleness to which you invite me." —" I cannot afford the guinea you ask me to throw away." Once establish yourself and your mode of life as what they really are, and your foot is on solid ground, whether for the gradual step onward, or for the sudden spring over a precipice..
Flour Awd Meal.—The Flour market continues depressed There is but little inquiry, either for export or home consumption, and only a few hundred barrels were disposed of at S6J for fresh ground from new. wheat, and S6 for old. Sales to retailers and bakers for fresh ground and fancy brands, from $7 up to $8 75. Rye Flour is now selling at $4 50 per bbl., and Corn Meal is held at $4 per barrel.
Grain.—The receipts of Wheat have materially increased, and prices favor buyers. Good red is held at $1 55 a $1 56 and $1 68 a 1 60 for good white, in ■tore. Rye is dull at 95 cts. Corn continues in fair request, and good yellow sells at 88 C, afloat and 86 a 87c in store. Oats continue dull; new Southern is selling at from 33 a 39 cents per bushel.
IiLDRIDGE HILL BOARDING SCHOOL.—The j Winter session (for the education of young men and boys) of this Institution, will open on the 9th of 11th mo., and continue 20 weeks.
The branches of a liberal English education are thoroughly taught by the most approved methods of teaching founded on experience. Also the elements of the Latin and French languages. Terms, $70 per session.
Those wishing to enter will please make early application.
For lull particulars address the Principal for a circular.
Eldridge Hill, Salem County N. J. 8 mo. 29, 1857—8 w.
FRANKFORD SELECT SEMINARY.—This Institution, having been in successful operation for the last twenty years, will now receive six or eight female pupils as boarders in the family. Age under thirteen years preferred.
Careful attention will be paid to health, morals,ic, and they will be required to attend Friends' Meeting on First days, accompanied by one of their teachers, also mid week meetings if desired by parents or guardians. Terms moderate.
LETITIA MURPHY Principal. SARAH C. WALKER Assistant. No. 158 Frankford St. Frankford, Pa. References. John Child, 510 Arch Street. Thomas T. Child, 452 N. 2d Street below Poplar. Julia Yerkes, 909 N. 4th Street-above Poplar. Wm. C. Murphy, 43 S. 4th Street above Chestnut. Charles Murphy, 820 N. 12th Street below Parrisb.
G\ WYNEDD BOARDING SCHOOL FOR YOUNG r MEN AND BOYS.—The next winter session of this School will commence on 2d day the 9th of 11th month, 1857, and continue Twenty weeks. Terms $70 per session. Those desirous of entering will please make early application. For circulars giving further information, address either of the undersigned.
DANIEL FOULKE, Principal. HUGH FOU LKE, Jr., Teacher. Spring House P. O. Montgomery County, Pa. 8 mo. 22, 1857—8 w.
1FRIENDS' SCHOOLS, (on Meeting House premises,
PRINGDALE BOARDING SCHOOL—This School, situated in Loudoun Co., Va., was founded by an Association of Friends belonging to Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, in order to afford to Friends' children, of both sexes, a guarded education in accordance with our religious principles and testimonies. The next session will open the 7th day of the Ninth month and close the 11th of Sixth month following.
Thorough instruction U given in the branches usually embraced in a good English education, and lectures are delivered on History, Natural Philosophy, and Chemistry. A philosophical apparatus, a cabinet of minerals, and a variety of instructive books, have been provided for the use of the school.
Experience confirms us in the belief, that in classing together boys and girls in the recitation room, we have adopted the right method, as it stimulates them to greater diligence, and improves their deportment. They have separate school rooms and play grounds, and do not associate, except in the presence ol their teachers. None are received as pupils except the children of Friends, or those living in Friends'families and intended to be educated as Friends.
Ternu.—For board, washing and tuition, per term of 40 weeks, $115, payable quarterly in advance. Pens, ink, lights, 4c, fifty cents per quarter. Drawing, and the French language each $3 per quarter. Books and stationery at the usual prices.
The stage from Washington to Winchester stops at Purcelville within two miles of the school. There is a daily stage from the Point of Rocks, on the Bait, and Ohio R. Road, to Leesburg, where a conveyance be bad to the school, a distance of 9 miles—
During the winter familiar lectures will be given on Philosophy, Chemistry, Physiology, &c, illustrated by appropriate apparatus; and in every particular an effort will be made to meet the wants of those entrusted to my care.
S. HAYHURST, Teacher.
Green Street Grammar School for Boys will re-open on Second day 31st inst., under the care of the undersigned. The higher branches of Mathematics, also more elementary studies will beembraced in the course of instruction in this school; and an effort will be made to render it worthy of patronage.
ANNA MORRIS, Teacher.
The Primary- School for Boys and Girls will also re-open under the care of Ann Bailey. Vacancies as they occur, will be filled by " Friends'" children, in the order of application.
Reftrcnas,—David Ellis, No. 617, Franklin St. above Green. Jane Johnson, No. 533 N. Fourth St.
Pkila. 8th mo. 13th, 1857.
FALLSINGTON BOARDING SCHOOL FOR
In this Institution will be taught all the branches of a thorough English education, and no efforts will be spared on the part of the Principals in promoting the comfort and happiness of those under their care.
Terms.—For tuition, board, washing, the use of books and stationery, $75 per session of 20 weeks. French and Drawing each $5 per session extra.
For further particulars and references address B. S. and E. LOWER, Fallsington, Bucks Co. Pa. 7th mo. lltb, 1857.—8 w.
Merrihew 4 Thompson, Frs., Lodge St., North side Penna. Bank
PHILADELPHIA, NINTH MONTH 5, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE,
Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, papable in advance. Three copies sent to one address for Five Dollars.
Communications roust he addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
EXTRACTS FROM THE LIFE OF MARY DUDLEY. (Coutinued from page 371.)
"I feel sensibly confirmed in the belief, that passing through Holland was the right way, for in couiiDg through the towns to this place, there has been so much love prevalent, that it has felt to me as though we were not among strangers, though with people of a strange speech ; and that there were many who could not be spoken to from something answering in their minds to what is felt by us, even without outward interpretation. A minister of the Calviuist church drank tea with us, this evening, and undertook to give notice of a meeting which is appointed for to-morrow. *
"Seventh day, 29th. The meeting was held at ten o'clock, G. D. and S. G. were strengthened to recommend inward waiting for the revelation of divine power, but there seemed little openness arcongVne few assembled ; several ministers of the Calvinistic church attended, and we took tea with one of them—many others were present, and a g'iod deal of religious conversation took place, wherein an explanation was entered into of our principles and testimonies; G. D. opening these clearly, and apparently to their satisfaction. I thought this was a season spent profitably, though as to my own feelings I am like one in prison ; may I be helped to resign myself into His hands who has, I trust, sent me out on this journey; for while my conflicts seem rather to increase than lessen, and the exeroise of my spirit almost weighs down the poor body, I do at times feel renewed confidence that I shall be preserved, and that those I have left will be taken care of.
"First day, 30th. A public meeting at four in the afternoon, it was very large, more coming than the house could hold; some liberty was felt by all of us in expressing what arose, but it was an exercising low time, a physician and his
wife came to tea with us, and expressed satisfac tion in our company, which we also felt in theirs' and parted from them in that love which throws down all distinctions of names in religion.
"Second day, 31st. After a solemn season with the only person we knew of here who makes any profession with us, we set of! in a treckschuyt, for Amsterdam, where we arrived the next evening, and met a kind reception from John Vanderwerf.
"Fourth day, attended the Monthly Meeting of the few Friends here, and light seeming to shine upon visiting these, in their own houses, we entered upon the service, which was so owned by the prevalence of gospel liberty and love that hard things were made comparatively easy. S. G. and I had never before spoken through an interpreter, which office J. V. jun. filled agreeably, and our minds were bowed in thankfulness to the Lord who manifests himself a present helper.
"The situation of those few sheep, as it were in a wilderness country, calls for near sympathy, and it is a favor when not only this feeling is extended, but a willingness accompanies to let it run as it flows. It is about four years since they were visited by G. D., S. Emlen, and J. Kendall; that life which is the crown of all profession is certainly low; the seed seems in a wintry state, scarcely shooting above ground, yet we have thought it is under the care of Him who can nourish and bring it forth, if it bo only allowed to lie under His cultivating hand, and not exposed too much to the chilling breath that surrounds; there are also some hidden, soekiuu minds in these parts—perhaps mixed with the various names to religion, and others who we find do not join with any denomination, but keep quietly among themselves, exemplary iu their conduct, doing good, and communicating of their outward blessings; plain in their appearance and manner ; one of these, after sitting in an opportunity where evident solemnity covered us, observed that though we could not understand each other, there was 'a fitting and unity within.'
"First day, 6th of 4 mo. We had two public meetings, one at half-past nine, the other at four —G. 1). and S. G. were favored to minister with gospel love and authority. I had fresh cause for confusion, and the acknowledgement that to me belongeth shame; pain still attends the remem