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to avail themselves thereof, a few years ago purchased a small tract of land with suitable buildings, contiguous to Goose Creek Meeting property, Loudoun county, Virginia. They obtained an act of incorporation from the State Legislature, by which a company was organized, under the name of the " Springdale Boarding School Association of Friends." This property is placed, free of rent, in charge of competent persons, on condition of their keeping such a school as is approved by the Trustees, and at such prices.
The school has been in operation now two years, under the general charge of our esteemed friend Samuel M. Jauney, and has more than equalled the expectations of its original projectors. Henry and Hannah Sutton, formerly of Croton Valley, New York, are Superintendents, and have charge of the boarding department. These Friends, as will be seen by their advertisement in the Intelligencer, will continue their interesting charge the ensuing year.
The school is situated in one of the most healthy and fertile districts in that rich county, where such provisions as are needed can be obtained upon very reasonable terms, thus enabling those in charge of the school to have the price of board low.
The school is for both boys and girls, the two sexes, under suitable and experienced teachers, occupying different ends of the building, but reciting in the same classes, and occasionally being allowed to mingle socially together, in presence of the teachers, or superintendents. This peculiarity in the mode of conducting the school has been attended, thus far, with the most happy results, " giving to the boys a refinement of manner, instead of that roughness so frequently acquired at boarding schools; and to the girls an unembarrassed and dignified ease of behaviour, which it was truly interesting to witness," was the language of one who attended the examination at the close of the last session. - The buildings are adapted to the accommodation of sixty scholars; thirty of each sex; and as this number is greater than can annually be supplied by the one Quarterly Meeting, the association would be willing, indeed, glad, for Friends in any part of our country to avail themselves of its low price, and the advantage of giving their children a liberal education, under circumstances so favorable to increase their attachment to society, and to its principles and testimonies.
The course of instruction embraces all the ordinary branches of a good English education, with a pretty extensive course of mathematics, natural and moral philosophy, astronomy, chemistry, botany, French and drawing.
The school is easy of access from all parts of our country. By taking tickets in Baltimore, at 7 o'clock in the morning, for the Point of Rocks, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, a stage will be in readiness to take passengers from there to
Leesburg, and thence to the school, where they arrive about 2 o'clock. Persons from the West would stop at the Point of Rocks, and go to the school by the same stage.
Circulars of the school, or any further information in regard thereto, may be obtained by addressing Samuel M. Janney, Purcelville, Loudoun county, Va., or Benjamin Hallnwell, Alexandria, Va. Chalkley Gillingham,
one of the Trustees.
Woodlawn, Fairfax Co. Va., Accotink Post Office.
7th mo. 19th, 1857.
We have just received a copy of extracts from the Minutes of New York Yearly Meeting of Friends, from which we take the following. At a Ytarly Meeting of Friends, held in New Torh by adjournments from the 2bth of 5th month to the 28lh of the same inclusive, 1857.
The Representatives from our several Quarterly Meetings being called, were all present but one, for whose absence a reason was assigned.
The following Friends from other Yearly Meetings are acceptably with us, with minutes of unity, and concurrence from their own Monthly or Quarterly Meetings, to wit: Samuel Townsend, a minister from Little Falls Monthly Meeting, Maryland; William W. Doran, a minister from Mount Holly-Monthly Meeting, N. J.; Miriam G. Gover, a minister from Fairfax Monthly Meeting, Virginia, endorsed by Fairfax Quarterly Meeting; Susan Walker, an elder from the same Monthly Meeting; John Smith, an elder and companion to the two last, from Fairfax Quarterly Meeting; Ann A. Townsend, a minister from the Monthly Meeting of Friends held at Green Street Philadelphia; Priscilla Townsend, a minister, and Charles Townsend, an elder and companion to Priscilla, his wife, from the same Meeting; and Catharine P. Foulke, a minister from Richland Monthly Meeting of Friends, Pennsylvania.
Epistles from our Friends of Philadelphia, Baltimore, Ohio, Indiana, and Genesee Yearly Meetings were received and read with much satisfaction; from one of which we make the following extracts: "The guarded education of our younger members, in order to preserve them from the evil that abounds in the world, and to promote the principles of righteousness, has again claimed our serious consideration. We are led to fear that the responsibility resting oil parents and guardians is not always fully appreciated. To them is committed the care of the young mind at a period when it is peculiarly susceptible of those good or evil impressions which, in most cases, mould the character and influence the destiny of the soul. How important, then, that the lawof kindness should prevail in every household, and that examples of holiness should be exhibited for imitation in every family. We fully believe that a divine blessing will rest upon those who faithfully fulfil this saored duty, watching with care the precious plants intrusted to their charge, seeking for ability and wisdom from on high, and relying upon divine grace as the efficient agent by which the great work is to be accomplished. Among the means suggested for advancing the best interest of the young, and preserving them from the seductive influences that surround them, the selection of suitable books was shown to be of great value." "The frequent perusal of the holy scriptures was affectionately recommended to all as a precious means of instruction in those spiritual truths which pertain to the highest interest of the soul. We have the testimony of the wise and good in every age of the Christian Church, that these sacred words are profitable for edification, exhortation, and example, and that they are able to make us 'wise unto salvation through faith that is in Christ Jesus.' That living faith, which 1 is the gift of God, and which works by love to the purifying of the heart,' will enable us to appreciate the holy character and divine mission of the Son of God, who, by the wonderful works God did by him, as well as by his sublime precepts, holy example, and .patient suffering, has glorified his Heavenly Father, and promoted the salvation of men. But the salvation which is thus affected for us is inward and spiritual, resulting from the change of heart, that new creation, which nothing short of divine power can effect; and which, if we remain faithful, must endure forever!"
A memorial of Shappaqua Monthly Meeting, endorsed by Purchase Quarterly Meeting, and approved by the Meeting for Sufferings concerning our late beloved Friend, Jacob L. Mott, was read, and, being acceptable to the Meeting was directed to be recorded.
Then adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning.
Third Day Morning.—The Meeting gathered near the time appointed, and entered into a consideration of the state of society as exhibited in the answers to the first and second queries. The deficiencies reported incited many concerned brethren to exhort us to more faithfulness in the discharge of our religious duties, under a weighty sense whereof the Meeting concluded to adjourn until 4 o'clock this afternoon.
Third Day Afternoon.—Friends again met, and resumed the consideration of the state of society as shown by the answers to the remaining queries, which were read and deliberately considered. A summary of them was prepared, united with, and adopted.
Then adjourned to 4 o'clock to-morrow afternoon.
Fourth Day Afternoon.—The Meeting again convened. The committee on the Indian Concern made the following report, which was accep
table to the Meeting, and they were encouraged to continue such care towards these Indians as they may deem useful to them:
As the report of the Indian committee, of New York Yearly Meeting, is of general interest to our readers, we extract it from the late minutes of that meeting.—Ed.
To the Yearly Meeting:
The committee on the Indian Concern report that they have, in connection with the committee of Baltimore Yearly Meeting, continued to extend such counsel to the Senecas as appeared to them to be'necessary.
The situation of these Indians, for the past few months, has been peculiarly trying, and called for much sympathy on the part of the committee.
It appears that in the year 1853, without notice to the Indians, the Comptroller of this State sold 13,300 acres of their land for unpaid highway taxes, assessed upon them for that purpose in the years 1845, 1846,1847, 1848, for which the parties purchasing paid only about 11 cents per acre. The time for the redemption of these lands being about to expire, the Indians were notified that, unless they came forward and paid up the consideration money, with the addition of 37i per cent., those lands would be forever forfeited.
On a representation of this state of things being made to the committee by the Indians, they were advised to present a petition to the Legislature, then shortly to meet, setting forth the hardship and injustice of their case in being thus deprived of their lands without their knowledge or consent. They accordingly presented a petition at its late session, in which, among other things, they represent, "That their lands were given to their forefathers by the Great Spirit, long before the white man ever saw or heard of the same, and from them have descended down to their children;" and further, "that the Senecas have been repeatedly acknowledged, both by the Government of this state and of the United States, as an Independent Nation, and that consequently the State of New York has no power to tax them." Their petition received the respectful consideration of the Legislature, when after a careful investigation of the matter, (in which it was acknowledged great injustice had been done the Indians,) an Act was passed, relieving them entirely from their difficulties, by the State assuming a settlement with the parties claiming the ownership of their lands.
The information the committee continue t<> receive regarding the steady progress and improvement of the Senecas, is to us satisfactory and encouraging, and we believe at no timehave they been so much alive to the importance of applying themselves to Agriculture and other industrial pursuits, and of living in harmony with each other, than at the present time. They are likewise manifesting an increased interest in educating their children; and they have at this time, by the fostering aid of the State, on both Reservations, seven schools, which we are informed are in the main well attended.
The Orphan Asylum located at Cattaraugus, which has been regarded with much interest by the friends of the Indians, has been completed, and is now in successful operation; and up to the first of the present year fifty destitute children had been admitted into the Institution, and partaken of its benefits.
Believing it will be acceptable to the Meeting, we herewith present an extract from a communication made to the committee by an educated Indian, who stands in the station of United States Interpreter to the Nation, as follows: "These Indians are no longer what they once were; time has changed, and they have changed with it; they look forward with confidence that the day is not distant when they will stand upon an equal footing with their white neighbors around them. Such is now the situation of the Senecas, and their improvement from year to year is more and more perceptible. In a word, they see clearly that they must become industrious agriculturists, or perish."
The late Commissioner of Indian Affairs at Washington, in order to become fully acquainted with the actual condition of the Senecas, made them a visit during the past summer, and having visited a number of them at their homes, and seeing their present improved condition, had a large number of them convened, when he delivered an address, and represented to them, among other things, "The responsible position the Seneca Nation now occupied before the world; told them he thought they were in a fair way to solve the problem, whether the Indians can be civilized in their communities ; and that if they persevered in their efforts, and succeeded, they would be the means of saving thousands of their race in the West, now degraded in ignorance. Philanthropists," he said, "seeing their success, would then be encouraged to exert stronger efforts to rescue the race from destruction; but if, on the contrary, the Senecas fall back, and return to their former habits, the disastrous consequences they would inflict upon themselves and their race cannot be estimated."
Iu conclusion, the committee would remark that they have been looking to a period when the Yearly Meeting might relinquish its care of these Indians, and properly withdraw from the concern; but from our experience during the past year, accompanied by the earnest desires, expressed by the Indians themselves, that we will not yet leave them, we believe that the
Meeting may, by a continuance of its care and oversight, be still useful to them.
On behalf of the Committee,
William C. White, Caroline Willets. New York, 5 Mo. 2blh, 1857.
Adjourned to 10 o'clock to-morrow morning.
Fifth Day Morning.—Friends again met. The minutes of the Meeting for Sufferings were read, and their proceedings were satisfactory to this meeting.
A memorial of our late beloved Friend Amy Dillingham, from Danby Monthly Meeting, endorsed by Easton Quarterly Meeting, and approved by the Meeting for Sufferings, was read, and, being satisfactory, is directed to be recorded.
The subject of providing better accommodations for the Yearly Meeting claimed the attention of the meeting, and resulted in the appointment of a committee to confer with the Monthly Meeting of Now York on the subject, and report next year.
Then adjourned to 4 o'clock this afternoon. • Fifth Day Afternoon.—The meeting assembled. The committee to consider the subject, and, if way opened, to prepare Essays of Epistles to our Friends of other Yearly Meetings with which wo correspond, produced one, which being read was satisfactory, directed to be transcribed, signed by the Clerk, and transmitted to those meetings respectively; and from which we make the following extract:
"A lively concern has been manifested among us, that there may be a recurrence to first principles, and an entire dependence upon the teachings of the Divine Spirit, as inwardly made known; being renewediy confirmed that, until this becomes our individual experience, we should fail to secure our own peace, or effectively advance our testimonies; among which, and one* that should be faithfully maintained, is that against a mercenary priesthood, which is effecting a widely extended influence over the human family, and by its teachings directing the attention to men, to books, and forms of belief, away from the teachings of the Christ within, 'the Grace of God' which brings salvation, redeeming the soul from the pollutions of the world. Hence the importance of living nearer the profession of our faith, in the all-sufficiency of the teachings of best wisdom, has been impressively urged in our hearing, as being the only way we shall be prepared to bear a faithful testimony against the many evils that abound, and go to retard the spread of the pure and peaceable kingdom of Christ.
"The accounts received at this time from our subordinate Meetings furnish evidence of the want of faithfulness on the part of many in the attendance of our religious meetings. The contemplation of which has occasioned much painful exeroise to those who are sensible of the great loss that ever follows the neglect of so momentous a duty as that of assembling together for purposes of social Divine worship, which the apostle assured the believers in his day was their reasonable duty ; and cannot doubt its being a duty equally incumbent on us, and, if faithfully performed, though there be but two or three assembled, these would witness the promise of the Divine Master, 'There am I in the midst of them.' With this encouraging promise, it was earnestly desired that none might neglect to sacrifice unto the Lord our God a portion of the time allowed us, by assembling together, thereby manifesting our devotion and gratitude to Him who careth for all the wants of his creatures.
"Among the evils which go to oppress the human race, War, Slavery, and Intemperance have been alluded to, and against which we have been feelingly admonished to bear a faithful testimony; and we were earnestly entreated to beware of the insidious practice of tale-bearing and detraction, which, if indulged in, is calculated to destroy our own peace, and create a distrust in each other's fidelity, which weakens tlfe bonds of love and affection, producing fruits and consequences we have had to deplore; and we were admonished to dwell near the fountain of Divine good, that we might be enabled to travel harmoniously together in the love and fellowship of the Gospel."
A committee was appointed to prepare and print extracts from the minutes of the proceedings of this meeting, including thetwo memorials now read, and also those two which were produced and read in the meeting in 1854 and 1855 ; and they are left at liberty to make such extracts from the Epistles, and other papers which have been read in this meeting, as they think will be useful; which extracts and memorials are for distribution to our subordinate Meetings and the families of Friends.
The business of the Meeting being brought to a close, we have gratefully to acknowledge that we have been, at times, blessed with the presence of the Holy Head of the Church, enabling us to dispose of the subjects which have claimed our attention in much brotherly love and condescension; and under this feeling we take an affectionate leave of each other, to meet again at the usual time next year, if it be the Divine Will.
Well may we say, " Our infelicity is of ourselves; since there is nothing we do that we should not do, but we know it, and yet do it."
The want of due consideration is the cause of all the unhappiness man brings upon himself. For'^his second thoughts rarely agree with the first; which pass not without a considerable retrenchment or correction. And yet that sensible warning is, too frequently, not precaution enough for his future conduct.—Pcnn.
For Friends' Intelligencer. EXTRACTS OF LETTERS FROM A YOUNG FENNSYLVANIAN NOW PRACTISING DENTISTRY IN GERMANY. No. 2.
Frankfort on the Main, Eighth mo. 27th, 1855.
Dear J.—Yours of the 22d, was received in due time, I have just returned from a visit to Cassel, where I have been spending some four or five weeks, on a professional visit.
When I last wrote, I spoke of the uncertainty of my permanent location, and I regret that I am still in as much doubt now as I was then. Frankfort is an excellent point, but I fear it will be impossible to obtain permission to practice here. Foreigners are excluded from engaging in any kind of business, and I think I shall not go to the trouble of trying to become a citizen.
My professional visit to Cassel, was very successful, and I was strongly solicited to make it a permanent residence. The place contains about 40,000 inhabitants. In three weeks I expect to go there again, to spend a few weeks more.
Frankfort is situated in the midst of the principal watering places in Germany. In a few hours we can ride to Baden, which is frequented every year by many thousands of visitors. In an hour and a half we can arrive at Wies Baden, which is the court residence of Nassau, and has been known as a bathing place for the last two thousand years. It is at this place the boiling springs are found. The waters have the property of. retaining their heat a long time, so much so, that it is necessary to fill the baths the day previous to their being used. The town is beautifully situated in a little valley, and contains some fine buildings, and a population of 30,000. I spent yesterday there in company with Consul Richer, enjoyed it very much, and expect to make it a professional visit in a short time.
I almost every day meet Americans from some part of the United States. A few weeks ago, Dr. S., of Philadelphia, called upon me.
In Cassel I met a family of Americans who had just arrived, and expect to spend a year in that place. There is but one American family living here, although many are passing through, constantly.
I have visited many of the German cities, and find much of interest in all of them. There are none but what contain antiquities of considerable curiosity, but they are all alike devoid of that business vitality, that go-a-headativeness, that get-out-of-my-way disposition, which one finds in all American cties. Here every one lives as if he expected to do something to-morrow, without any particular anxiety about having every thing done to-day. You \rill see a dozen men doing what in the same time two Americans would do.
The poor are satisfied to be poor, and appear to bear their situation in life as#if they neither desired nor expected to make any change, perfectly content to see others roll by them in extravagance and splendor. The rich live as if riches were made for them alone, entirely indifferent in regard to the privations of those by whom they are continually surrounded. Business is conducted without that humming, driving, rushing noise, which characterizes a place of trade in our country. Here instead of having so many steam engines to puff and steam and rattle off the work of a hundred or two hundred men, you will find that work done by piece-meal in obscene corners, by men and women who are content if they can obtain for their services the meagre sum of eight or ten cents per day. An old German farmer complained to us a few days ago, of being obliged to pay his hands, during hay and harvest time, the enormous sum of twelve kreuzcrs, eight cents, per day, and find them in victuals.
Cows, dogs, and donkeys, do the greater part of the hauling. Nearly all the milk and vegetable carts are drawn by dogs and donkeys. Cows are used for more heavy hauling, and it is surprising to see what heavy loads some of them will draw. The manner of harnessing them is very singular. A pad is passed over the forehead in front of the horns, and by means of straps a cross stick is attached to the traces, which are generally pieces of rope; this constisutes the whole harness, and you will see a couple of cows harnessed in this manner, doing almost as much work as a pair of horses. When I first saw the animals rigged in that style, I thought it extremely cruel; but since I see they bear it so good naturedly, and that some look fat and hearty upon it, I have concluded that it is not, so horrible after all; such is the force of custom. Things that one day shock and make us feel miserable, we will, in time, begin to look upon with almost comparative indifference.
I am availing myself of every opportunity of learning the German, and shall hope in a few months to be able to speak it. I am now frequently obliged to talk with persons who do not understand a word of English, and find that I get along with them better than I expected.
I have been favored with very good health since I left home.
Much love to my friends, and believe me truly yours, F. C.
How True !—It is not what people eat, but what they digest, that makes them strong. It is not what they gain, but what they save, that makes them rich. It is not what they read, but •what they remember, that makes them learned. It is not what they profess, but what they practice, that makes them righteous.
GIVE NOT THY TIME TO TEARS.
Give not thy time to tears;
Why should the being of a moment weep? Yet but a few short years,
And in the silent grave thy grief shall sleep. Life is a barren shore;
But soon the friendly bark of Death shall come, And waft thy spirit o'er
To the bright verge of thy eternal home. Yet but a few short years,—
A few short years perhaps with clouds o'ercast, And all thy griefs and fears
Will be to thee as creatures of the past. Give not thy time to tears;
Why should the being of a moment weep? Yet but a few short years,
And in the silent grave thy woes shall sleep. Youth is soon past and gone,
And manhood's fleeting days are quickly told; And even when age comes on,
Even latest age comes early to the old.
Many in childhood die,
Many in youth the world of shadows view, Many in manhood fly,
But those who live till wintry age—how few.
Oh, then, serenely wait j
The days of sorrow cannot last thee long— And soon thy present state
Will be but the remembrance of a song.
Give not thy time to tears;
Why should the being of a moment weep? Y'et but a few short years,
And in deep silence thou shalt sweetly sleep.
RECOLLECTIONS ON RETIRING TO REST.
A day—what a trifle—and yet the amount
Were it ours, might we have but another to live.
In whose service have we, through the day, been employed,
And what aie the pleasures we mostly enjoyed 1 Our desires and our wishes, to what did they tendTo the worlu we are in, or the world without end?
Hath the sense of His presence encompassed us'round. Without whom, not a sparrow can fall to the ground? Have our hearts tumed to Him with devotion most true,
Orbee u occupied only with things that we view?
Have we often reflected, how soon we must go
Let us thus, with ourselves, solemn conference hold.