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The Wood-thrush lives on worms, beetles, etc., and never commits depredations of any kind. Their residence is much more constant in the extreme south, than farther north.
The Blue-bird confines himself to the destruction of beetles, spiders, grubs, wire-worms, etc., and though they attack the sumac and wild cherry, and other wild berries, they do no injury to the fruits and vegetables of the garden.
The Golden-winged Woodpecker is reputed as a fruit-stealer, but " with all its faults," it is of great use to the horticulturalist.
The Red-headed Woodpecker, like the former, helps itself to fruits of all kinds, carrying off apples even in its bill; but this useful laborer is also worthy of its hire; it does much more good than evil.
The Downy Woodpecker, and perhaps some other species, come under the same category as those speiecs already described.— Germ. Tel.
An Indian, being among his white neighbors, asked for a little tobacco to smoke; and one of them, having some loose in his pocket, gave him a handful. The day following the Indian came back inquiring for the donor, saying he had found a quarter of a dollar, among the tobacco. Being told as it was given to him, he might as well keep it, he answered, pointing to his breast, "I got a good man and a bad man here; and the good man say, "It is not mine—I must return it to the owner." The bad man say, "Why he gave it to you; and it is your own now." The good man say, "That's not right; the tobacco is yours, not the money." The bad man say, "Never mind, you got it: go buy some dram." The good man say, " No, no, you must not do so." So I don't know what to do; and I think to go to sleep; but the good and the bad man keep talking all night, and trouble me; and now I bring the money back, I feel good."
It was the confession of a Christian man, "Often have I felt disturbed and rebuked by the recollection of remarks which have fallen from my lips, of an uncharitable and ill-natured tenor. Those to whom they were uttered may never have recalled them, and those of whom they may have been spoken may never have heard them; but my own memory has treasured them up, and they are now often reverted to with pain and humiliation. I may have thought, at the time, that they were justified by circumstances, and were no more than frank expressions of my convictions; and yet I cannot conceal from myself that they had in them a spice of malignity, of which I should have been ashamed." How many might, with propriety, make
a similar confession! The staple of conversation with many is this very freedom of remark on the conduct of others. Severe criticism on their acts, suspicion of their motives, doubts of their sincerity, exaggeration of their failings, unfair construction of their words, and, in general^ misrepresentation, more or less gross, of their conduct, are things which we daily observe in common conversation. None, we presume, are blameless in 'this matter; but the general prevalence of the evil diminishes not its criminality. The best men have need of caution, and are safest when they put a bridle on their tongue. All men are our brethren; they claim with us a common origin; they are pursuing the same sorrowful journey of life; their eyes as well as our own must soon close in the sleep of death; we must rest side by side with them in the grave, and appear with them at the judgment. If there were then no divine prohibition of evil speaking, our human sympathies should suggest tenderness of the reputation of others. Kindness, love, and forbearance better become us; and we should remember how assailable we ourselves are, and how sad it would be for us, if as we mete to others, it should be measured to us again.—Presbyterian.
(From tho Boston Bee.) They'd LIKE TO TRY.
General , of Mississippi, was a planter
of the old school, and the best stamp. He treated his slaves kindly, gave them abundant provision and clothing, and forbid his overseer to chastise them without his permission. The General was a church member, and daily had family prayers. He was anxious to have his slaves attend family worship, and many of them did so for a time. At length he was surprised and grieved to see that they all absented themselves from family worship. What it meant he could not conjecture. All his efforts to get them in proved abortive. They seemed determined not to co me. The General had a trusty female slave, who was the wife of a man belonging to a neighboring planter. This man's name was Isaac. He was a faithful, trusty servant, and Was promoted by his colored brethren to the dignity of an exhorter. Isaac was permitted usually to go to the General's plantation on Saturday night, and spend the Sabbath with his wife. On Sunday evening he went into family prayers, but none of the rest.
After prayers the General said to Isaac that he was much grieved that his servants would not come to prayers. "You see, Isaac, not one is in. Now, there must be some reason, and I want to know what it is. I thought Polly might have told you." Isaac was a good deal embarrassed, said he was sorry it was so; he told Polly they ought to come in. "But," said the General I" you know, Isaac, what is the matter. I won' insist on your telling me, but I would like to have you." "Well massa," said Isaac, "I will tell you, but you know I think they do wrong in not coming in. They say they don't believe you are a Christian." "Why," said the General, "I am surprised they think I'm not a Christian. Don't I treat them well, feed them and clothe them, and forbid the overseer to abuse them?" "Yes, Massa," said Isaac, "I know you do all this, but they -think there is something further back—they say if Massa was a Christian, he would give them their freedom." "Why, Isaac, what do they mean, they could'nt take care of themselves." "Yes, Massa," said Isaac, "but they'd like to try."
Flour Add Meal.—The Flour market continues very quiet. There is but little inquiry,either for export or home consumption, and only a few hundred barrels were disposed of at $7 25 a $7 50 for fresh ground superfine, and $7 75 for old stock extra. Sales to retailers and bakers from $6 75 up to $9 25. No change in Rye Flour or Corn Meal ; we quote the former at $4 621, and the latter at $4 per barrel.
Grain.—There is but little demand for Wheat, and no change to notice in prices. Southern $1 60 a 1 65 per bus. for red, and $1 70 a 1 72 for fair white. Rye is held at 95 cts. Corn continues in fair request, and yellow sold at 89 a 90 c, afloat and in store. Oats continue dull; new Southern is held at 40 c, per bus.
ERCILDOWN BOARDING SCHOOL FORG1RLS. The thirteenth session of this Institution will commence on the First day of Tenth mo. next. The usual branches comprising a thorough English education will be taught, and Scientific Lectures illustrated by appropriate apparatus will be delivered.
Terms are $55.00 per session of twenty weeks. Drawing, $5.00 extra. Those wishing places reserved lor them, are requested to make early application. All comrnuuications should be addressed to the Principal, Ercildown P. O. Chester Co. Pa.
SMEDLEY DARLINGTON, 8th mo. 10th, 1857.—4t. Principal.
AMALE TEACHKR, to take charge of the . male department, of Friends School, at Salem N. Jersey, is wanted.
The School to be opened about the 1st of 9th month next, apply to ELISHA BASSETT, or
8mo.l-4t ELIJAH WARE.
Salem N. J.
SPRINGDALE BOARDING SCHOOL—This School, situated in Loudoun Co., Va., was founded by an Association of Friends belonging to Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, in order to afford to Friends' children, of both sexes, a guarded education in accorpance with our religious principles and testimonies. The next session will open the 7th day of the Ninth month and close the 11th of Sixth month following.
Thorough instruction is given in the branches usually embraced in a good English education, and [ectures are delivered on History, Natural Philosophy, and Chemistry. A philosophical apparatus, a cabinet of minerals, and a variety of instructive books, have been provided for the use of the school.
Experience confirms us in the belief, that in classing together boys and girls in the recitation room, we have adopted the right method, as it stimulates them to greater diligence, and improves their deportment. They have separate school rooms and play grounds,
and do not associate, except in the presence of their teachers. None are received as pupils except the children of Friends, or those living in Friends'families and intended to be educated as Friends.
Terms.—For board, washing and tuition, per term of 40 weeks, $115, payable quarterly in advance. Pens, ink, lights, &c, fifty cents per quarter. Drawing, and the French language each $3 per quarter. Books and stationery at the usual prices.
The stage from Washington to Winchester stops at Purcelville within two miles of the school. There is a daily stage from the Point of Rocks, on the Bait, and Ohio R. Road, to Leesburg, where a conveyance may be had to the school, a distance of 9 miles.— Letters should be directed to Purcelville, Loudoun Co., Va. S. M. .TANNEY, Principal.
HENRY SUTTON » „ . . . .
7 mo. 11th, 1857.—8w.
ENESEE VALLEY BOARDING SCHOOL FOR J GIRLS, AT WHEATTLAND, MONROE CO.,
N. Y. The School Year is divided into Three Terms,
of fourteen weeks each.
The Fall Term will commence on the 3d of 8th mo.,
The Course of Instruction in this school, embraces j an elementary, practical, liberal, and thorough EngI lish Education, including Drawing. Lectures will be
given on the different branches of Natural Science, i which will be clearly and fully illustrated by experi| ments, with appropriate apparatus. '< The School is located in a healthy and pleasant
situation, within a hundred rods of Scottsville Station,
on the Genesee Valley Rail Road, ten miles south of
I It will be the aim of the Managers and Teachers to render the pupils as thorough as possible in the studies pursued, and also to inculcate habits of order and propriety of conduct. | No pains will be spared that tend to promote the best welfare of the pupils.
Terms, $42 per Session of 14 weeks, for Tuition, Board, Washing, Fuel, Pens and Ink,—one half payable in advance, the other half at the end of the Term.
Class Books furnished by the school, for the use of which $1.50 per Term will be charged. No extra charges, except for Languages, which will be $5 per Term for each. Stationery furnished at the usual prices.
Each Pupil will provide herself with a pair of Overshoes, Wash-Basin, Towels, Tooth-Brush and Cup. Each article of clothing to be distinctly marked.
Conduct-papers will be forwarded to the Parents or
STEPHEN COX, Principal,
1th mo. 25M, 1857.—4t.
I^ALLSINGTON BOARDING SCHOOL FOR GIRLS.—Bellah S. Lower and Esther Lower. Principals. The first session of this school will comj mence on the 14th of 9th mo. next, i In this Institution will be taught all the branches of a thorough English education, and no efforts will be I spared on the part of the Principals in promoting the comfort and happiness of those under their care.
Terms.—For tuition, board, washing, the use of books and stationery, $75 per session of 20 weeks. French and Drawing each $5 per session extra.
For further particulars and references address B. S. and E. LOWER, Fallsington, Bucks Co. Pa. 7th mo. 11th, 1857 8w.
Merrihew A Thompson, Prs., Lodge St, North side Pcnna.Euix. VOL. XIV.
FRIENDST IXTELLIG KXCEE.
PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 22, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY^R'M. W. MOORE, No. 324 South Fifth Street, PHILADELPHIA, Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay able in advance. Three copies sent to one address for Five Dollars.
Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
EXTRACTS FROM THE LIFE OF MARY DUDLEY (Continued from page 339.)
The state of her inind at this important period, will be best set forth by a further extract from the Memoir already alluded to.
"I now kept constantly to the Meetings of Friends, and began to feel a settlement of mind in real peace, which my tossed state for several years had caused me only transiently to possess; or, at least, not in the degree of which I now partook; not that all the work seemed requisite to commence anew, for assuredly Christ had been raised in my heart, though until now the government was not wltolly on His shoulders; but by this unreserved surrender to His pure guidance, the mystery of godliness was beginning to open in increasing light and power, and that spirituality which had been discovered was now in a measure possessed. The view I had been affected with on my first convincement, now cleared, and appeared so near being realized, that my mind almost without interruption dwelt under so awful a covering, that even all conversation impressed mo with fear, and I was held in deep inward attention for, and to, the revealings of life. In religious Meetings I was for tome time frequently affected even to trembling, when matter would present to my mind, as though 1 must deliver it, though seldom more than a very little; notwithstauding the love I felt was no universal, that I wauted all to be reached unto, but for this family (the Society of Friends) among whom I had tasted the soul•ustaiuiug bread, Oh ! how did I long fur them and their good.
"About this season, from a settled conviction of rectitude, I applied to be received into membership; and thought I might, when this privilege was granted, feel more strength should this solemn requiring be continued; but though my way was made so easy, that one visit only was ever paid me on this account, Friends being
quite satisfied in their minds respecting the work begun in me, yet while the previous deliberatio0 in the meeting took place, the fire of the Lord so burned in my heart, that I dared not but speak with my tongue. For several Meeting days I hesitated, not from wilful disobedience, but awful fear to move in so great a work, and felt consequent poverty, though not severe condemnation; but one day, about the eleventh month (I think) in the year 1773, sitting with Friends in their Meeting-hous. j,'.he Friars, Bristol (I had once in a little Wul' 7 meeting moved before, but never here, where •''te cross was great indeed,) my spirit bowed 'n awful reverence before the God of my life i few words so settled, that I could not an, y shake them from me. I sat and trembled exceedingly, and desired to be excused, till a valuable friend from America, (Robert Wallis,) then on a religious visit to that city, etood up, and spoke so encouragingly to my stai . that when he closed I stood on my feet, and t words impressing my mind, seemed to run thi gh me as a passive vessel; he almost instantly kneeled down, and supplicated for the preservation of the little ones; saying, 'Thou hast brought to the birth and given strength to bring forth,' &c. I could not stand while he was thus engaged, being as though my whole frame was shaken through the power of truth. When meeting closed I got as quickly as I could out of it, and walked a back way home, with such a covering of sweet peace, that I felt the evidence indisputably clear, that if I were then called out of time, an everlasting inheritance was sure : the whole creation wore the aspect of serenity, and the Creator of all things was my Friend. Oh ! on my return home and retiring to my chamber, how sweetly precious did the language, addressed to the holy Patriarch in an instance of obedience, feel to my spirit, and it was indeed sealed by divine power, "Because thou hast been faithful in this thing, in blessing I will bless thee," <tc. &c. None of my family knew of this matter, and I strove to appear cheerful, which indeed I could in the sweet feeling of life; but so awful was the consideration of what was thus begun, that solemnity was also my garment, and I wished to be hid from the sight of every one. My body being very weak, the exercise and agitation greatly affected me, and I was that night taken alarmingly ill, but in a few days recovered, and got
again to meetings. Friends manifested great tenderness towards me, and though not frequently, I sometimes said a few words in the same simplicity I first moved, and once or twice ventured on my knees; after which exercises, I mean all of this nature, I felt quiet and easy, but never partook in the like degree as before recited of divine consolation."
Here it may not be unseasonable to remark, that her dedication was made the means of re* conciling her offended mother to the change which had so exceedingly tried her. This dear parent being accidentally at a meeting where her daughter spoke, was greatly affected by the circumstance, and calling upon an intimate acquaintance afterwards, expressed her regret at having ever opposed her, adding, that she was then convinced it must be the work of God, as from the knowledge she had of her daughter's disposition, she was well aware it must have cost her close suffering to undergo the exposure she had witnessed that evening. The fruit of this conviction became immediately apparent, so that although no direct allusion was ever made to the subject, the return of maternal tenderness and love was a sufficient, and very grateful, evidence to one who had deeply lamented the necessity of giving pain to a parent, by acknowledging the superior duty she owed to her heavenly Father. In her own memoranda she then writes:
thy power, and I will yield obedienceand such has been the condescension of the Lord that I have been repeatedly so favored : but presuming to say, this is not a motion strong or clear enough, I cannot move in doubt or uncertainty, my convcnant was not kept, and I again incurred divine displeasure, and in a manner only comprehended by experience knew the poverty of withholding more than was meet. I at last became almost insensible to any claer call or manifestation of duty; yet when deprived of my health, and not expected by others to recover, 1 was favored with inward quiet, and perhaps might have obtained mercy, had I then been taken; but He, whose goodness and ways are unfathomable, saw meet to raise from the bed of languishing; and soon after, (in the year 1777,) I entered into the married state, and removed to settle in Ireland.
"It was now about four years since I had first opened my mouth in the ministry, and perhaps three years since the reasonings of my mind had kept me from a state of obedience, in which time I had removed from Bristol to Frenchay, (where I was married,) at which place of residence I never recollect appearing in any meeting, and seldom in any private sitting; often concluding, that, if any gift had ever been entrusted, it was now quite removed, and I must endeavor in some other form to be a vessel, if that could be of use. I well remember, as I had nearly centered in
"My acquaintance now increased amongst Friends, and I had frequent opportunities of I this state, and in more than distress, even hearing the observations of some very wise ' wretchedness at times, a language saluted the and experienced persons, respecting ministry, j ear of my soul, which I then knew not was in Though great was the encouragement given me 1 Scripture, but on searching found it. 'The by many, as well residents in the same place, as gifts and callings of God are without repenstrangers, a disposition always prevalent in me, ! tance:' then my strong hold of settling in that especially on religious subjects, now took the | state was broken up, and I was humbled in gratelead, and I fell into great reasoning respecting ful acknowledgment that I might still be restored, my call to, and preparation for, so great a work. Being in the situation above described, I was I imagined if I had longer abode in the furnace recommended to the meeting which I had now of refinement it had been better, and sometimes removed to, only as a member of society, which
thought I was wholly mistaken ; that perhaps the first, or all the little offerings, were acceptable as proofs of the surrender of my will; but, the ministry I was not designed for, the woe had not been sufficiently felt, &c. &c. Oh ! it would bo difficult for me to mention, nor might it be safe, what my spirit was by these reasonings plunged into, insomuch that at last life itself was bitter, and a coincidence of outward circumstances added to my inward pressures, so that I fainted in my sighing, and found little or no rest. Meeting after meeting I refused to move at the word of holy command, and hereby became less intelligible, and my understanding gradually darkened through rebellion, so that I said with Jonah, 'it is better for me to die than to live.' Frequently before going to meeting has my spirit felt the interceding language, 'Leave me not altogether, but, if this thing be required of me, again reveal
was done in a very affectionate manner; though in the certificate from Bristol to Frenchay, my appearances in the ministry bad been mentioned. Soon after settling in Clonmel, I was, however, introduced into the Meeting of Ministers and Elders, and also made an overseer, in which station I sometimes made remarks in private sittings and meetings for disipline; hoping thereby to obtain relief; but alas ! every effort in this line failed to procure me ease of 6pirit, and instead of becoming more weaned from visible things, these attractions revived feelings which I had before known to be in subjection, and every act of disobedience strengthened the enemy of my soul's happiness in his efforts to keep me in bondage. When sitting in religious meetings, I was often sensible of the revival of exercise; and undoubtedly felt a sufficient degree of strength to have gone forth, had I been willing to use it; but the old plea, more clearness, more
power, prevented my accepting the often -offered deliverance; and at last the intimation became so low, the command so doubtful, that it seemed as though I might either move or be still, as I liked, and I even have rejoiced after meeting, in an ungodly sort, that I had been kept from the temptation of speaking in the Lord's name.
"The concern of sensible minds on my account now became frequent, and several were led into near and tender sympathy with me, and travailed for my deliverance; but I now had no hope of ever again experiencing this; and often was I brought apparently to the borders of the grave, by trying attacks of illness; so that I may describe my situation as being often miserable, though the sackcloth was worn more within than without; and I appeared to men not to fast, when my soul lacked even a crumb of sustaining bread. Thus I went on, as nearly as my reccollection serves, for about seven years, after my first yielding to the reasonings before described; and indeed just before being brought out of this 'horrible pit,' I think the extremity never was so great, insomuch that I fainted in my spirit, and all hope was cut off, my language being, ' I shall die in the pit.' In this state I attended a Province or Quarterly Meeting, in Cork, and after sitting two meetings for worship on first day, in I fear wilful rebellion to the gentle intimations of duty, I went to Samuel Neale's, in a trying situation of mind and body, and his conduct towards me was like a tender father, saying, 'The gift in thee must be stirred up.' I got little rest that night, and next morning went in extreme distress to meeting, where I had not sat long before a serenity long withheld covered my mind, and I thought 1 intelligibly heard a language uttered, which exactly suited my own state; but it so hung about me (as at my first appearance, though not anything like the same clear command to express it) that being lifted above all reasonings, before I was aware I stood on my feet with it, and oh! the rest I again felt, the precious holy quiet! unequal in degree to what was first my portion ; but as though I was altogether a changed creature, so that to me there was no condemnation. Here was indeed a recompense even for years of suffering, but with this alloy, that I had long deprived myself of the precious privilege, by yielding to those reasonings which held me in a state of painful captivity. One might naturally suppose, that after obtaining so great mercy, and feeling the precious effects of deliverance, great care would be taken, le3t the fetters should again be felt; but though in some sort this was the case, my dedication seemed only partial, and frequent relapses into want of faith again involved in distress and uncertainty, so that the relief at seasons obtained was broken in upon. And sometimes as delivering only a part of the commission obfltrncted the return of peace, it might have been
easy for me to conclude all wrong; so at other times great serenity was my covering, and the honest discharge of duty was rewarded with the incomes of life.
"Having a disposition naturally prone to affectionate attachment, I now began, in the addition of children, to feel my heart in danger of so centering in these gifts, as to fall short of occupying in the manner designed, with the gift received ; and though at seasons I was brought in the secret of my heart to make an entire surrender to the work I saw that I was called to, yet, when any little opening presented, how did I shrink from the demanded sacrifice, and crave to be excused in this thing; so that an enlargement was not witnessed for some years, though I several times took journeys, and experienced holy help to be extended."
(To be continued.)
TO SAMUEL FOTHEROILL FROM HIS BROTHER DR. JOHN FOTHEROILL, 1769.
May a person who needs advice as much as most, and at the same time does not profit by it so much as he ought, presume to give any? Thy affection for me will throw a mantle of oblivion over me, if I say anything that does not correspond with thy own reflections. Be short in supplication; use no words not of common use, and the same words as seldom as possible. "The ineffable Majesty of Heaven" is enough to dazzle all human conception; yet the "our Father which art in Heaven" is indeed a complete model. Stray from its simplicity as seldom as possible. My wish is strong that the Father of all mercies may long preserve thee, a choice instrument, a silver trumpet, that gives a certain sound. J. F.
THE LIFE OF GOD IN THE SOUL OF MAN.
He that lovelh God, finds sweetness in every dispensation.
What an infinite pleasure must it needs be, thus as it were to lose ourselves in him, and being swallowad up in the overcoming sense of his goodness, to offer ourselves a living sacrifice, always ascending unto him in flames of love. Never doth a soul know what solid joy and substantial pleasure is, till once being weary of itself, it renounces all proprietary, gives itself up to the author of its being, and feels itself become a hallowed and devoted thing; and can say from an inward sense and feeling, " My beloved is mine," (I account all his interest my own,) "and I am his:" I am content to be any thing for him, and care not for myself, but that I may serve him. A person moulded into this temper, would find pleasure in all the dispensations of Providence: temporal enjoyments would have another relish, when he should taste the divine