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Wilt thou wash my feet, O Lord, with the washing of regeneration, that I may tread the paths of life before thy face?
Blessed art thou, Oh ! virgin daughter of Jerusalem; for thy streets are laid with peace; thy walls are surrounded with power; thy gates are adorned with beauty; thine habitation with purity; thy temple is adorned with glory within and holiness without; and thy priests are established forevermore.
Thy King, Oh! Zion, is the mighty Lord of hosts; the God of all glorious majesty; the prince of peace; the strength of Jacob; the hope of Israel; the help of the distressed; the comfort of the comfortless; the strength of the weak; the husband to the widow; the father to the fatherless; the feeder of the hungry; the clother of the naked; the purifier of the unclean; the washer of the filthy; the healer of the sick; the raiser of the dead; the judge of all the world; and tho everlasting life.
How canst thou therefore fall, 0 virgin daughter of Zion ? or how should thy walls be raised, which are founded upon the Rock of truth, on the pillars of eternal power.
Truth bears the keys of the kingdom, and a lie cannot enter therein; for a lie bears the image of darkness; it is near akin to ignorance, blindness, folly, superstition, madness and idol-, atry. *~\r~
Watch, oh! ye disciples of the Lord" God, j lest ye be found sleeping when your Lord cometh, and be thereby unfitted to enter into his rest and glory.
Watch and pray, lest ye enter into temptation of self-confidence, and lie on the beds of selfsecurity, and the fire come and devour you up.
Know you not, that those who are sleeping in transgressions, are thereby unfitted to be fed with the bread of comfort? because it is as a dream in the night, which passeth away without regard.
Know you not that whilst you are carnally minded, ye judge according to the things of the flesh? but when ye are renewed in spirit, ye judge all things as they are in righteousness and knowledge, yea, through his love who raised you up, you shall judge angels.
Bow down, oh T ye mountains of the earth, before the majesty of the glory of our God, in the name of Jesus; for it is a name of humility, of perfect and unspotted humility; and he will be your exaltation, through the riches of his love, before the throne.
0 stay no longer among the swine of this world, feeding on earthly pleasures, ye prodigal sons; but leave off the husks of carnal formality, of men's invention, by the wisdom of this world, and return unto your father's house, that you may be fed with the bread of life to your everlasting reconciliation.
Cry aloud with joy, 0 ! ye vallies and plains; for Christ is your exaltation far above all Heavens, even into fellowship and union with the Father of all sure mercies.
Behold this is the name alone by which there is salvation; the only name under Heaven by whioh ye are saved.
This is he who is your unfeigned obedience; your unspotted righteousness; your accepted peace offering; your lamb of innocence; your sprinkling of purity; your baptism of holiness; and your full perfection.
He is your spouse, in relation to whom ye cry Abba, Father; your everlasting comfort and eternal glory.
Give ear, oh! ye living temples of the holy spirit, and sing praises to the God of life, in tis holy fountain forevermore. Hallelujah.
[To be continued.]
We offer our young readers the following creditable specimen of juvenile production, being one of three essays written by the female pupils of Springdale Boarding School, Loudon_ County, Va. The others will appear in future numbers.—Ed.
MISSION OF THE DEWDROP.
Think not, because it appears insignificant, when compared with the waters of the mighty ocean, tfiat the dewdrop is of little value, for of such as this is the ocean formed. Though so small, it still has its mission to perform. TLo rippling fountain and the babbling brook, the calm still lake, and the rolling ocean have not a more important office to fulfil.
When all day long the. sun's scorching rays descend to the earth, giving strength and vigor to the mighty oak, and more thriving plants, it proves too great for the tender violet and the fragile buttercups that bloom on the green hill side, and they pine, wither, and droop their little heads beneath his burning rays.
Night, with her glorious canopy studded with myriads of stars, gently spreads her mantle over the earth; and then comes the little dew-drop, acting upon the dying plants like a ray of hope to tho fainting heart, or a cup of cold water to the fevered lips.
It penetrates their every pore, reviving and giving them new life and strength, and they grow fresh in beauty, and give forth sweet odors upon the balmy air, as if to glorify Him by whose Almighty Hand they were brought into existence, and by whose beneficence was created the dew-drop to act as a life-restorer to their drooping forms. When we reflect how insignicant is its mission when compared with that destined for man, and yet with what never failing diligence it attends to that mission, should we not feel rebuked for our unfaithfulness, and endeavor to turn from our erring course to one which would fit us for a high and holy station in the realms of endless bliss?
As it sparkles in the rays of the morning sun, even the little dew-drop, folded in the bosom of the frail flowerets, unnoticed or unseen, contains volumes of instruction for minds, even of the wise and learned.
It comes and goes, performing steadily the mission assigned it, without a murmur, without a sigh, never aspiring to a higher office than the humble one for which God ordained it.
How vastly different is the life of poor, weak, . dependant man! When he comes into the world he is innocent; but as he grows older he becomes ambitious, and aspires to some high office wholly beyond his reach. Instead of becoming more wise, his weaknesses become more manifest. They seem to "grow with his growth, and strengthen with his strength." Instead of seeking those heavenly treasures which time cannot take away or injure, but which brighten to all eternity, he becomes dissatisfied with the humble station assigned him.
•He is allured orr by the sparkling brightness of wealth and fame, endeavoring to obtain from business only earthly treasures; and from his . fellow-men praises which are as transient.as the fleeting clouds of summer.
As the clear sky and bright sun giving promise of a fair day, are often followed by a stormy ^evening, so in youth, the hopes of fame and fortune, which allure us, are often dissipated by adverse circumstances in after life. As the bubbles burst, so are our hopes blasted.
Beautiful, indeed, are these watery jewels, when, hanging to spears of grass, and flowers, and sparkling in the sun, they exhibit the rainbow tints. "He who weighs out the waters as with a balance," distributes the dews with a frugal hand only on the vegetable kingdom, and though equally exposed, he withholds it from the surface of the billowy deep, and the dry sands, so that in the strict economy of nature, nothing may be squandered or lost.
HONOR THE GOOD.
The true basis of distinction among men is not in position nor possession—it is not in the circumstance of life, but in the conduct.
It matters not how enviable a position a man occupies, nor how much wealth he has in store, jf there be defects in his behaviour he is not entitled to that consideration and respect due to one who is his superior in a moral point of view, though he possess neither riches nor honor.
It is not that which gives us place, but conduct which makes the solid distinction. We should think no man above us but for his virtues, and none below us but for his vices. En
tertaining this view we would seek to emulate the good, though it be found under a coarse exterior, and pity the evil, though it be clothed in the finest garb and dwell in luxury. We would never become obsequious in the wrong place.
For Friends* Intelligencer. EXTRACTS OF LETTERS FROM A YOUNG PENNSYLVANIAN NOW PRACTISING DENTISTRY IN GERMANY, so. 1.
Beklin, Fifth mo. 23d, 1S55.
Dear J.—When I last wrote, I told you I would write again from Bremen, but as my stay there was very beief I could not do so. My friend, Mr. Crosswell, whom I mentioned in my last, has gone on to St. Petersburg, and I sent my letter of introduction to the American Consul by him, and enclosed a note to the Consul with it, requesting him to give me his opinion in regard to that place. I called upon the Russian Minister here, and had quite a pleasant talk with him.*
I have conferred with Drs. Dumaunt and Abbott, of this place, and they think Frankfort an excellent place.
First, it is quite a large city, and the central point of a great amount of trade in Europe. It is tjfi in close proximity with several very impoTrtant watering places. As there is no American dentist in that plaoe, I think I shall pay it a visit, and see what prospect there will be there.
I have had quite a pleasant time in Berlin. There are a number of Americans staying here, at the same hotel as myself, and they form quite an agreeable society. 1 nave visited most of the places of interest here, which has occupied about all my time. There is a great deal to interest the stranger in and about Berlin. In the old museum there is quite a large gallery containing some of the oldest paintings. The gallery is one of the finest in Europe, although it is said to be inferior to those of Dresden and Munich. Among the statuary are the original statues of Venus and Apollo; and a bronze statue of a boy praying, taken from the bed of the river Tiber, and purchased for the sum of 40,000 thalers, 30,000 dollars. The new museum contains the finest Egyptain curiosities in the world. There is much to interest the curiosity loving, and much also to occupy the pleasure seeking community.
Every day there are military parades, and it is not at all uncommon to see a company of two or three thousand soldiers parading the streets. At one of their late reviews of artillery, over a hundred cannon were brought into use, each
* Considerations respecting going into business and settling.
drawn by eight horses. About every other man you meet in the streets has some military badge upon him. In fact, this seems to be the only idea of ambition among the Berlin people; every thing else is sacrificed to that one feeling. I have really become tired looking at soldiers. Instead of seeing men and horses engaged in the various industrial pursuits, you will see women, dogs and boys dragging little carts around the streets, containing produce for the consumption of the citizens. Manufacfuring is at a very low ebb indeed, and is principally confined to small matters, and done in a small way. There is a porcelain factory here, but the ware produced is a very inferior quality. There is also an iron foundry near the city, where a great many stat'ues, busts, and other ornaments are cast and finished with a great deal of neatness. Withal, Berlin is a beautiful city, but like a great many other beautiful things, not worth much.
27th. I dined to-day with Dr. D.,in company with some of his friends, and have just returned from a ride with him and his lady. They are both very agreeable, and have been very kind to me. Madame D. is a French lady, and speaks about as much English as I do French, and when we get to mixing up the languages, A. and B. have their own sport over us.
Notwithstanding I find very agreeable company here, still I often look yearningly towards my native home, and think how fine it would be to stop in and spend a social evening with a few treasured friends in Philadelphia orNorristown.
I shall leave to-morrow morning by way of Hamburg, although it is something of a round. Still I feel anxious to see an American dentist who is located there. I hope to hear from you soon. Believe me truly and affectionately F. C.
THE UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
The Patent Office at Washington occupies a whole square, three sides of which are formed by the main building and the two wings, the fourth side being open. At the present time one of the wings is not entirely completed, and part of the re6t is used for the office of the Secretary of the Interior, and for a very interesting museum which has no sort of relation to patents. This museum will soon be removed to the Smithsonian, and the rooms used by the other offices, will, at no distant time, be needed for the increasing number of models. Every application for a patent has to be accompanied by a working model less than a cubic foot in size, and in every case the model remains at the office, so that there are two classes of models—those of patented and those of rejected inventions. For those of the first class, a fine room, two stories high, running the whole length of the eastern wing, has been appropriated. The models are placed in large show cases in such a
manner as to be easily seen; those referring to the same object are side by side, apd there are constantly in the room several officers ready to open the cases to persons desirous of closer examination. Great care is taken that no model be injured by unskilful handling, while, at the same time every reasonable facility for research is courteously afforded. The arrangements of this room or museum are in all things unexceptionable, and it is by far the first of its kind in the world, and of all museums it certainly is the most interesting, and of the greatest benefit to the human race.
The fate of the rejected models is very different; they are condemned to the cellarsof the building, where they form a museum also, but their arrangement is such that a visitor would suppose them to have been tossed there by a centrifugal 1 thrashing machine. Some arehuddled on shelves, others jammed into ten foot boxes, hundreds ! are strewed over the floors of the passages and on the stairs, where they are daily trampled i upon; there is certainly little respect paid these unfortunate candidates. It would be, however, a great mistake to conclude from this unceremo- . nious treatment they are of no value; far from it; if carefully arranged, they would form a collection even more interesting and useful than the first, for among the patented models are many of crude, though original devices, while on the other hand, among the rejected are many complete, well finished machines, which, although rejected for want of novelty in the main object, are still far superior in details and proportions to many of the accepted. There also | would be found thousands of absurd attempts I at impossibilities, which would serve to dis'suade from the same or similar experiments others hopelessly pursuing the same idea. To understand fully the importance of the collection in this respect, it is necessary to know that nearly one half of the inventions hatched every year have already more than once been condemned to the cellars.
As soon as a patent is granted the specification is copied on a large folio, and the name of the inventer is entered on the index; the folios are bound uniformly, dated on the back, and kept in a room open to the public. In the room adjoining are the drawings, classified in large portfolios, according to their subjects, so that when a person wishes to know what has been patented in any particular branch, the first step is to obtain the drawings on the subject, then from their dates find the corresponding specifica-# tions. When he has made a list of the patentee's names, he will inquire for the models in the model rooms. If the number and the names of the models correspond to the number and the names of the drawings, he may be tolerably sure of having seen all he required. The specifications themselves are kept in another room, to which the general publio have no access. By one of the rules of the Patent-Office, persons may inspect the drawings and specifications, and even write a memoranda on the subject, but are forbidden making any copies, as the office claims the privilege of furnishing them, charging so much for the drawings, and so much a line for specifications.—New York Tribune.
By Anna L. Snellino.
An Indian warrior being urged to enter the splendid Catholic Cathedral at St. I^nus, and witness the services there, made the following reply, "Sir, this splendid green earth, and these waving trees are iny church, and yonder," pointing to the clear blue sky beyond, "that is my preacher."
Oh, allure me not to the gilded tower,
What are your temples of wood and stone?
You tell me, too, of the eloquence rare,
I would listen to Nature's voice alone:
How can your image, to which ye pray,
Those pictures—ye call them works of art,— ■
When the morning here, in its robes of light,
Woods, rocks, and mountains echo the strain;
Then the heart is glad—all around us prove
For it tells them, he too is a " God of Wrath j"
Go, kneel at your pictured and golden shrine—
Not to an image of wood I bend—
Gail Borden's Concentrated Milk. The preservation of various articles of food so that they can be transported from places in which they are cheap, and sold where they are dear, or can be used on distant voyages and journeys, has long engaged the attention of scientific as well as practical men. Unfortunately most articles of food are exceedingly complex in composition, and their elements are held together by very loose affinities: the very properties that render them' nutritious and digestible, are those which render them prone to change and decay. In order that putrefaction should take place, the presence of moisture, of oxygen gas, and of a temperature above the freezing point of water is necessary; and most of the methods of preserving food, essentially unaltered, for any length of time, are founded upon the exclusion of one or the other of these conditions. The preservation of food, by exposing it to a low temperature is constantly acted on, but is of very limited application; the exclusion of atmospheric air by inclosing the articles to be preserved, under certain precautions, in airtight cans, has now came into very general use. Of the third method, that of depriving them of a portion or the whole of their moisture, we have daily experience in the drying of fruits, of vegetables, &o. Salting meat is an indirect method of depriving it of water; and salt owes its efficacy as an antiseptic largely to the fact, that it abstracts water from organic compounds, thus rendering them firmer and denser. The drying method has, in certain bulky articles, containing a large percentage of water, great advantages over others, since it not only prevents decomposition, but renders the articles themselves more portable; the great difficulty in the way is, that the application of the heat necessary to evaporate the superfluous moisture, commonly alters the flavor of the substance to be preserved, and thus destroys a valuable and necessary property.
In preparing his "Concentrated Milk," G. Borden, by perseverance and ingenuity, has completely overcome the difficulty in his way. The milk is cooled immediately after being drawn from the cow, by means of cold water, which retards the change which commences to take place in that fluid when exposed to the atmosphere; within the hour the milk is removed to the works, where it is rapidly heated to a temperature of 170° to 190° F., (this has been found necessary to its better working in the vacuum pan. The next step is to place the milk in a vacuum reservoir connected with a vacuum pan or boiler, from which the air is excluded by the constant action of air pumps, by which means the superfluous water is rapidly expelledunder a temperature below 130c F. When a proper degree of concentration is arrived at, ascertained without exposing the boiling fluid to the atmosphere, the pan is cooled by turning cold water into the pipes, which a moment before conveyed heat for evaporation. By this means the milk is removed smoothly from the pan without adhering to its sides or coating them. It is then placed in proper vessels and is ready for use.
In the process of evaporation the quantity of milk is reduced 75 or 80 per cent.; thus concentrated, it forms a thick fluid of the consis
though some are destructive to our cherries and other fruits, the numbers of such are small, and these propensities are to be offset by numerous and valuable services which no other agencies can perform.
The following descriptions may throw light upon the treatment these birds have a right to claim at our hands:
The Baltimore Oriole, a beautiful and wellknown bird, called sometimes Gold-robin, Hang
tency of paste, but without its viscidity; it, bird, etc. It feeds ohiefly on insects, and its
readily mixes with hot or cold water, forming, when the proper quantity is added, a fluid, having all the properties of pure, sweet, freshlyboiled milk. When left to stand, the cream rises to the surface, partly in the form of agglutinated butter. Scientific examinations will soon ascertain what changes, if any, the milk undergoes, from the time it is drawn from the cow to its being offered for sale. Certainly its appearance, flavor and nutritious properties seem to have undergone no deterioration. When kept in ice it will remain some weeks without undergoing change; exposed to hot or damp weather, it is not warranted to keep but little longer than other fresh milk; but when placed in hermetically-sealed cans, it will remain unaltered for months, or probably years.
The advantages to bo derived from a preparation from which we can, at any moment, by the mere addition of a little water, reproduce the pure, rich milk, differing from fresh cow's milk only by the flavor of boiled milk which it possesses, aro obvious. To travellers upon sea and land it is invaluable. If poor Kane had had a sufficient supply, neither he nor his crew would have suffered so terribly from the ravages of the scurvy; and even in domestic economy the convenience of obtaining sweet milk at any moment can be readily appreciated.
Obtaining fresh milk from a distance from the city, and the cost of transportation being lessened by the diminished bulk, G. Borden offers this new article of milk at a rate that will bring it into general household use.
BIRDS: THEIR UTILITY.
We do not always know our best friends. But experience sometimes teaches us, working out for us conclusions very unlike those we had previously entertained. In the history of birds, similar examples are not wanting. A writer of note says: "After some States had paid threepence a dozen for the destruction of blackbirds, the consequence was a total loss, in the year 1749, of all the grass and grain, by means of insects, which had flourished under the protection of that law." Another ornothologist, Wilson, computes that each redwinged black bird devours, on an average, fifty grubs daily during the summer season. Most birds live entirely on worms and insects, and |
services are of great value. They visit our gardens for grubs only, and thus protect our pea vines and other plants from a destructive enemy.
The Red-winged Blackbird often arrives at the North ere the snow has disappeared. It feeds on grubs, worms and caterpillars, without inflicting any injury upon the farmer. Hence it does him a very important service.
The Cow Blackbird is less numerous than the species just described. They follow our cattle, and catch and devour the insects that molest them. From this fact they derive their name.
The Rice-Bunting, or Bob-o-link, is constantly employed in catching grasshoppers, spiders, crickets, etc., and thus does good service. It is, however, said to do some injury to grain, especially at the South, and particularly when they collect their young in flocks, preparatory to a flight toward their winter quarters.
The Crow Blackbird is one of our early visitors. While it devours immense numbers of grubs, etc., it is also clearly proved that it pulls up the corn. Southern farmers attempt to diminish the amount of such depredations, by soaking their corn in Glauber's salts, making it unpalateable to the birds.
The American Crow devours everything eatable, without much apparent choice, whether fruits, seeds, vegetables, reptiles, insects, dead animals, &c.
The Cedar-bird gathers caterpillars, worms, etc., which it devours with an insatiable appetite. Our cherries and other fruits are not spared, but are devoured, in their season, as rapidly as are the canker-worms, and other enemies of the trees, in their season. But whatever injury they may thus inflict seems irremediable, as their numbers can scarcely be diminished by any agency in our control.
The King-bird lives wholly on insects and worms, without any mischievous propensity, unless it be occasionally to devour honey-bees. That he has a taste for such food is pretty well established, though some deny it. [They attack the drones, only.—Ed. Tel.']
The Cat-bird is constantly employed in devouring wasps, worms, etc., but does not always spare our fruits. They devour of the latter, however, much less than would the insects they destroy.