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Of what strange importance are the expressions, (John xii. 27,) where he first acknowledged the anguish of his spirit, " now is my soul troubled," which would seem to produce a kind of demur, and " what shall I say;" and then he goes on to deprecate his sufferings ; " Father, save me from this hour;" which he had no sooner uttered, but he doth, as it were, on second thoughts, recall it in these words, "But for this cause came I into the world ;" and concludes, "Father, glorify thy name." Now we must not look on this as any levity or blameable weakness in the blessed Jesus; he knew all along what he was to suffer and did most resolutely undergo it: but it shows us the inconceivable weight and pressure that he was to bear, which, being so afflicting and contrary to nature, he could not think of without terror; yet considering the will of God and the glory* which was to redound to him from thence, he was not only content, but desirous to suffer it.
Our Saviour's constant devotion. Another instance of his love to God, was his delight in conversing with him by prayer, which made him frequently retire himself from the world, and with the greatest devotion and pleasure spend whole nights in that heavenly exercise, though he had no sins to confess, and few secular interests to pray for; which, alas! are almost the only things that are wont to drive us to our devotions: nay, we may say his whole life was a kind of prayer, a constant course of communion with God : if the sacrifice was not always offering, yet was the fire still kept alive; nor was ever the blessed Jesus surprised with that dulness or tepidity of spirit, which we must many times wrestle with, before we can be fit for the exercise of devotion.
Our Saviour's charity to men.
In the second place, I should speak of his love and charity towards all men; but he who would express it, must transcribe the history of the Gospel, and comment upon it; for scarce any thing is recorded to have been done or spoken by liim, which was not designed for the good and advantage of some one or other. All his miraculous works were instances of his goodness as well as his power, and they benefited those for whom they were wrought, as well as they amazed the beholders. His charity was not confined to his kindred or relations: nor was all his kindnesS swallowed up in the endearments of that peculiar friendship which he carried towards the beloved disciple, but every one was his friend who obeyed his holy commands, (John xv. 14,) and whosoever did the will of his Father, the same was to him as his brother, and sister, and mother.
Never was any unwelcome to him who came with an honest intention, nor did he deny any request which tended to the good of those that
asked it; so that what was spoken of that Roman emperor, who from his goodness was called the "darling of mankind," was really performed by him, that never any departed from him with a heavy countenance, except that rich youth, (Mark x.,) who was sorry to hear that the kingdom of heaven stood at so high a rate, that he could not save his soul and his money too. And certainly it troubled our Saviour to see, that when a price was in his hand to get wisdom, yet he had no heart to it; the ingenuousness that appeared in his first address, had already procured some kindness for him ; for, it is said, "Jesus, beholding him, loved him:" but must he, for his sake, cut out a new way to heaven, and alter the nature of things, which make it impossible that a covetous man should be happy?
And what shall I speak of his meekness, who could encounter the monstrous ingratitude and dissimulation of that miscreant who betrayed him, in no harsher terms than these, "Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?" What further evidence could we desire of his fervent and unbounded charity, than that he willingly laid down his life, even for his most bitter enemies; and, mingling his prayers with his blood, besought the Father that his death might not be laid to their charge, but might become the means of eternal life to those very persons who procured it.
Our Saviours humility.
And thus I am brought to speak of his humility, the last branch of the divine life, wherein he was a most eminent pattern to us, that we might " learn of him to be meek and lowly in heart." I shall not now speak of that infinite condescension of the eternal Son of God, in taking our nature upon him; but only reflect on our Saviour's lowly and humble deportment while he was in the world. He had none of those sins and imperfections which may justly humble the best of men ; but he was so entirely swallowed up in a deep sense of the infinite perfections of God, that he appeared as nothing in his own eyes, I mean, so far as he was a creature. He considered those eminent perfections, which shined in his blessed soul, as not his own, but the gifts of God; and therefore assumed nothing to himself for 'them, but with the profoundest humility renounced all pretensions to them. Hence did he refuse that ordinary appellation of flood master, when addressed to his human nature, by oue who it seems was ignorant of his divinity: "Why callest thou me good? there is none good, but God only." As if he had said, the goodness of any creature (and such only as thou takest me to be) is not worthy to be named or taken notice of; it is God alone who is originally and essentially good. He never made use of his1 miraculous power for vanity or ostentation; he would not gratify the curiosity of the Jews with a sign from heaven—some prodigious appearance in the air: nor would he follow the advice of his countrymen and kindred, who would have had all his great works performed in the eyes of the world, for gaining him the greater fame. But when his charity had prompted him to the relief of the miserable, his humility made him many times enjoin the concealment of the miracle : and when the glory of God, and the design for which he came into the world, required the publication of them, h| ascribed the honor of all to his Father, telling them, that of himself he was able to do nothing.
I cannot insist on all the instances of humility in his deportment towards men: his withdrawing himself when they would have made him a king; his subjection not only to his blessed mother, but to her husband, during his younger years; and his submission to all the indignities and affronts which his rude and malicious enemies did put upon hinj. The history of his holy life, recorded by those who conversed with him, is full of such passages as these; and, indeed, the serious and attentive study of it is the best way to get right measures of humility, and all the other parts of religion, which I have been endeavoring to describe.
[To be continued.]
For Friends' Intelligencer.
As the nature and the virtue of the divine essential Truth increased in my mind, it wrought in me a greater conformity to itself by its own power; reducing my mind to a solid quietude and silence, as a state more fit for attending to the speech of the Divine Word, and distinguishing of it from all other powers, and its divine influences from all imaginations and other notions. And being daily fed with the fruit of the Tree of Life, I desired no other knowledge than that which was given in consequence of the strength of mind and understanding thence arising.
And on the afternoon of the 21st day of the 11th month, 1689, silence was commanded in me though not by me, in which it was given me to remain till the evening; and then that scripture, John xiii. 10, was brought to my remembrance; which I began to write, and proceeded, as things opened in my mind, and in manner following.
Jesus saith to him, he that is washed needeth not, save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit.
The washing of the feet signifies the cleansing of the ways; and those who are washed in the laver of regeneration, will walk in clean paths, and bring forth fruit, according to the nature of the tree of life; such will walk in faith, love, obedience, peace, holiness, righteousness, judgment, mercy and truth. And whosoever saith
he is of the Father, and hath not charity, he is a liar, and the living word ruleth not in him j for whosoever hath known the word, and abideth therein, hath the Father, because the word of truth beareth witness of the Father; and whosoever is born of God will keep his commandments.
TO THE SAINTS IN ZION—A SONG OF PRAISE.*
Hear, oh! ye mountains, and give ear, oh! ye cedars of Lebanon, the Lord, the light of Jerusalem, the lifd of saints, hath put a song of praise in my mouth, and caused me to rejoice in the valley of Jehosaphat.
I was in the desert, and he led me forth by the power of his right hand; I was fallen, and he stretched out his arm, and he set me upright; yea, I wa3 dead, and behold, he raised me from the grave.
I was also an hungered, and he has fed me with the bread of his everlasting covenant.
I weakly fainted in the way; but the King of the Holy Mountain rovived me by the word of his promise.
He has laid my foundations with beauty, with precious stones of divers colors; and the superstructure is all glory.
Come sing with me, Oh! ye vallies and flowers of the plain, let us clap our hands with joy; for the King of the East hath visited us, and smiled on our beauty; for he sees his holy name on every flower, and glorious image on every lovely plain.
Come let us walk after him to the seat of his
•The following song of praise, &c, from what he subsequently states, " was begun about the fourth hour in the afternoon, (in the latter part of the year 1689, some time before he became a member of the Religious Society of Friends) and was finished about twelve o'clock that night," "and then going to bed," he says, " I had comfortable rest till morning. And that day looking it over sedately, I observed many things therein written in the first person, which did not belong to my state at that time; which gave me some uneasiness, as if I had wrote things not true; so that I was ready to destroy the writing. But being stopt by a sudden return of thought, and remembering and considering the mind in which it was written, the fluency of the matter presented in my mind, without any premeditation, or contrivance of my own; but only to write as it came, and on various subjects j and remembering also the undoubted assurance and evidence of the divine presence, and of the truth of these things at the juncture of writing them, I was confirmed it was the mind of truth, and not my own only j and that these things were true in that mind in which they were written and dictated; and might answer the states of many I knew notj and might be my own in time, if faithful and obedient. And examining further, I found it sententious, and in periods j and then I reduced it into the form as above, and so preserved it j but kept close to the root from whence it sprung, as my only safety and guide; plainly perceiving, that the Holy Scriptures, from time to time, of old, originally proceeded from the inbreathing and dictates of the Holy Spirit, of the Holy Word, Christ, in different in! struments, various ages and languages."—Journal, page 24.
judgment, that we may see justice executed on the Mountains.
Woe unto thee, Oh ! Babel, and unto thy children forever; for the settled decree is gone forth against thee, and the executor of justice comes towards thee with wings.
Tremble, Oh! ye nations of the earth, who have drank of the wine of the wrath of her fornication; for ye shall be rooted out with her, and cast into the lake of oblivion everlasting : there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth without all hope of redemption.
Cry aloud with tears, Oh! ye worshippers in the outward court; for he offered you peace, but ye have laid hold on war; he offered you reconciliation, but, behold! ye went on in persecuting the saints of the Most High.
He called in the bowels of his mercy, come and enjoy the fruits of my love; and did ye not answer, There is no satisfaction in thee?
Ye stood about the doors of the sanctuary, and he sent forth to invite you in j but ye refused, and withheld others also.
But thus saith the right hand of the Majesty on high, I will arise in my fury, and come to judgment; I will suddenly tear in pieces, and there shall be none to deliver. Who will avert my wrath from the children of disobedience? Or who shall withhold my love from the contrite ones?
Light up your lamps, 0 virgin daughters of Jerusalem; for the Bridegroom is come to feast his guests with the oil of gladness, in the chambers of love.
Come ye ragged ones, come sit down before the King; for he is meek and lowly, and loveth the humble. Though you be naked, he will clothe you with righteousness; though you be hungry, he will feed you with the bread of eternal life.
Fear not, ye of low degree; for with our God there is no respect of persons: fear not, Oh ! ye little ones; for he showed you his loving kindness of old; and with him there is no shadow of turning.
Awake, awake, Oh! ye who sleep in trespasses and in sins; for the trumpet sounds aloud in the city of our King: Be raised Oh ! ye dead, and stand upright before him; for he is true and faithful who seat forth his word.
Couquer, Oh! conquer, thou holy love of God, those who in ignorance oppose thy mercy.
Smite thy people with great thirst, Oh! Lord God of Mercy, that they may drink abundantly of the waters of thy salvation. Make them hungry, even unto death, Oh! Life of the just, that they may eat abundantly, and be refreshed by the bread of life everlasting.
Call them from the husks of outward shadows, and feed them with thy hidden manna, and tree of life.
Take from them the wine of the earth, which
they have abused to abomination, and give them the fruit of the living vine at the Father's table.
Bereave thy people, Oh! most faithful and true, of the waters which they have polluted; and wash them in the laver of regeneration, by thy holy spirit; and cleanse them by thy righteous judgments, that they may retain thy glowing love.
Consider their weakness, Oh! Father of Mercies; for they are flesh and blood, and cannot see through the vail into thy holy habitation, and Holy of Holies, in thy glorious temple.
Rend the vail of carnal wisdom in the earthly mind, Oh ! thou wonderful counsellor, and display thy glory in its full perfection.
Dissolve the great world of pride, covetousness, drunkenness, lying, cursing, oppressions, filthy communications, and whoredoms; and establish righteousness and peace forevermore.
The measure of iniquity is now brim full, that thy wrath may have a full draught of the destruction of thine enemies.
Rejoice with us, Oh! ye that rest in hope; for ye shall shortly be raised into glory.
For the Lord has laid hold of the sword of his wonderful power, and, behold, wrath is gone forth before him to judgment.
He will shake the earth with terrible plagues, and the fear thereof was never equalled.
All nations quaked at his awful look, and death waxed paler at his glorious presence.
The heavens and the earth shall pass away before his breath, even the breath of his mouth, and shall be found no more forever and ever.
All who hearkened unto the false prophet, and gave ear unto the old serpent; who brake the commands of the God of Jacob, day by day, and cast his laws behind their backs;
Who set at nought his statutes, and trample under foot the blood of his everlasting covenant;
Who bring the idols of their vanity before the God of purity, whose eyes can behold no sp^t, nor take pleasure in their sins and oppressions; shall fall before the Prince of righteousness, and be cast out of his holy presence, into the lake of wrath, as Tuphet of old, prepared for the Devil and his angels.
The apostate whore, divorced for her adultery and perfidy, who, mounted upon her beast, of self-love, pride, covetousness and envy, rode headlong unto the abominations and pleasures of Sodom and Egypt, unto the ocean of the fulness of Hell, shall have her portion with the serpent, and false prophet, as a full recompense of reward for the fruit of her doings.
Rejoice over her all yo saints of the Lamb of God; for he who is mighty to save hath delivered you from her allurements, and discovered unto you the secrets of her council.
(To be continued.)
PHILADELPHIA, EIGHTH MONTH 8, 1857.
Died, suddenly, at the residence of her sister, Mary Andrews, Moorestown, N. J., on Fifth day morning, ;he 9th inst, Sarah Borton, in the 85th year of her age, a member of Evesham Monthly Meeting.
, On the 19th ult., in the 28th year of her age,
Susannah H., wife of William C. Worthington, of Deer Creek, Harford County, Maryland, and daughter of Joseph and Maria J. Kent, of Chester Co., Penna.
She passed away beloved in life and lamented in death by all who knew her.
, On the 8th of 7th month, at the residence of
her son Wm. P. Wilson, in Valley Township, Montour Co., Pa., Susannah Wilson, widow of Thomas Wilson, in the 77th year of her age.
, On the morning of the 24th ult., at his residence, West Branch, Clearfield Co., Pa., Joseph Sfencek, Sr., in the 73d year of his age. He was educated by his parents in the Presbyterian society, and removed with them to West Branch in 1810, at that time a wilderness. He married in a family of Friends, settled and cleared a farm, on which he lived till his death. He continued to associate with Friends and attend their meetings when ability of body permitted, saying their meetings were his meetings. He loved their testimonies, particularly that of a free gospel ministry. Several of his children became members of the Society. In his latter years he was much afflicted, which he bore with Christian patience, having set his house in order, heing sensible his end was approaching, and giving evidence that his change would be a happy one. His remains were interred at West Branch on First day the 26th after which a large and solemn meeting was held.
For FrlendB* Intelligencer.
A few years ago, inquiry was made of Baltimore Yearly Meeting, by one of its constituent Quarters, on the subject of "Spiritualism, or manifestations purporting to come from departed Spiritswhereupon, a minute of advice and assistance to that Quarterly Meeting was issued by the Yearly Meeting. That minute containing matter which it is believed might be useful without the limits of the particular Quarterly Meeting to which it was addressed, a copy is offered below to the readers of the Intelligencer.
"Dear Friends.—It is a matter of great concern to. this body, that a necessity exists amongst you fortHie advice and assistance of the Yearly Meeting, on the subject which you have brought to our notice; but, wishing to fulfil the high obligations of religious association, that of lending a helping hand one unto another, and building each other up in Christ, the meeting is deeply concerned, that, under Divine illumination, we may be able to render you the aid of which you stand in need.
"The pretensions set up by the advocates of the subject to which you refer, are so contrary to reason, and so preposterous, that we are fully persuaded no one engages in the investigation of them, with a feeling of the possibility of their being true, whose mind is not already, in some measure, disturbed and unsettled. Hence, the
deplorable consequences which so frequently at-
"At the same time, dear friends, we earnestly entreat those who are favored to see things in their true light, to be humble and thankful for the favor, and to be tender with those who are under the delusion. It is a hallucination, and, therefore, argument cannot reach it, nor derision remove it. Opposition, save as it is made under the power of the love and spirit of the Most High, tends rather to strengthen it. Let it therefore, we repeat, entirely alone, and, possessing no sustaining power within itself, it will starve and die.
"And finally, dear brethren and sisters, let there be a deepening amongst us all, and an increased concern to dwell nearer the illuminating principle of Divine life, that we may be preserved from this and the many other delusions to which we are exposed, and be favored to experience the truth of the declaration, ' I will keep him in perfect peace whose mind is staid on me.'
"Signed by direction and on behalf of the meeting.
Benjamin Hallowell, | p, , „ Margaret E. Hallowell. J er' Baltimore, Wth mo. 1854.
LETTER TO RICHARD REYNOLDS.
Manchester, 11th mo. 15th, 1794. My dear Friend,—Having the opportunity of conveying a few lines to thee, I am unwilling to let it slip, and though I should have nothing to write worthy of much regard, yet thou wilt at least be convinced of my good-will, and that if I had anything better, I should as freely offer it. I am not much in the practice of boasting of my infirmities, and, truly, I have nothing else to boast of. I often think there is too much of this amongst us; and yet, lest thou shouldst think of me above what I am, I am free to tell thee, that weakness and poverty are often my companions; that jealousy and fear, both night and day, do frequently attend me, lest I should not be so improving my time, and the talents committed to me, as I ought to do; lest I should not bo so steadily preferring the things which arc most excellent, not enough setting my affcetions on things which are above, and looking "toward the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus;" lest obedience should not keep pace with knowledge, and the day's work with the day: because I do see so clearly that" the end of all things is at
hand;" that the summer will soon be over, and the harvest ended. Now, if any thing like this should also be thy experience, I am not sorry for it; but I do pray that this poverty, this weakness, this jealousy and fear, may, to both of us, be sanctified to our complete redemption.
Oh this great work, Redemption ! if this be but happily accomplished in our experience, it matters very little what else is gained or lost. I thought so, through adorable Mercy, in my early youth; when, through the visitation of the "day-spring from on high," a prospect was opened into things which are invisible; the transcendent beauty of holiness was disclosed, and the glory of this world was stained in my view. With what zeal and fervency was I then engaged to labor, to obtain an inheritance " eternal in the Heavens," "that fadeth not away I" and oh ! the solicitude that I have, and do now feel, since I am advanced more in years, that I might not survive the greennesss of my youth; that I might not become more lax, lukewarm, and indifferent, than I was "in the day of mine espousals." And, indeed, I can say, to the glory of His name, who lives for ever, that my love to God and to my brethren has not been on the decrease. No, no! my soul was never more ravished with one of His looks, with one ohain of His neck, whom my soul increasingly esteems " the chiefest among ten thousand," and "altogether lovely." Never, never, had religion so many charms, that I do many a time think, when the vision of light is a little opened in my view, that if I never had before, I should not then hesitate a moment, but endeavor to give up all for eternal life.
Now, my dear friend, that what I have written here is likewise descriptive of thy religious situation, I feel strongly disposed to believe; and therefore it is in my heart to say, let us thank God, and take courage; let us lift up our heads in hope, that He, who has been our morning light, will be our evening song; and though, in our progress through this wilderness, we should meet with tribulation, (for I have been instructed to believe, there is no outward situation exempt from trials,) yet it is the privilege of the dependent children of our Heavenly Father, that they know Him to be their sanctuary. This state of things is a compound of good and evil; gall and wormwood are deeply mingled in the cup we all have to drink, though not perhaps in like proportion; but let us receive our respective portions as coming from His hand, who will make it a cup of blessing to His children. We have the authority of Holy Writ to say, " in all their afflictions He was afflicted, and the angel of His presence saveth them." Oh ! what condescending language is this:— "When thou passeth through the waters, I will be with thee ; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through
the fire, thou shalt not be burnt; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee."
Thus, whatever be the permitted dispensations of suffering, of any who love the Lord Jesus in sincerity; however such may, at seasons, be divested of strength, and clothed with sackcloth; though such should have to pass through deep and fiery trials, yet shall they be preserved ; the Lord, in whom they trust, will be with all these; will sanctify the dispensations, and, in his own time, bring deliverance; will clothe with the strength of salvation ; will take off the sackcloth, and clothe these with gladness. So that, for the encouragement of the upright and sincere, whose hands, I know, are many times ready to hang down; yea, to the whole Israel of God, it may be said as formerly,—" There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in His excellency on the sky. The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the Everlasting Arms."
Please present the salutation of my love to thy wife. J shall only add the desire which I feel, that the divine blessing may attend thee; and oh ! that it might please the God of blessings to bless all thy children.
I am thy affectionate friend.
For Friends' Intelligencer.
BT J. S. SMITH, M. D.
From the earliest times of which we have any record, it has been painfully evident, that in certain districts diseases prevailed often to an alarming extent. These diseases were peculiar in their character ; and plainly indicated that there was something in the locality, and were more prevalent in places low and marshy, often not far removed from the sea shore, and during the heats of summer, and early autumn. If a residence was not necessarily fatal in such places, such a derangement of health was often induced, as ever after to incapacitate the possessor for useful exertion. As a consequence whole districts, otherwise capable of sustaining a dense population, were uninhabitable; or if inhabited by man, by such only of his race as dire necessity compelled. This was the case, to a greater or less extent, with portions of both the Northern and Southern shores of the Mediterranean, and the Asiatic and African, shores of the Indian Ocean. Later geographical discoveries give the same fearful evidences to portions of the coasts of Western Africa, and continental and insular America. As the interior of continents became more explored, the same insalubrity was often observed, involving considerable sections of the country.
The philosphic mind is prone to speculate; hence inquiry was naturally instituted for the