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the nuts roasted, and in that state regard them as a great delicacy. Moreover, at the present time, and for some years past, the trade in the oil from this one species of palm has been exercising a great moral influence on the minds of the inter-tropical tribes on the western shores of Africa, in the promotion of legitimate commerce, as a cheek to the slave-dealing propensities of the natives, and as a means, it is to be hoped, with other subsidiary appliances, of suppressing eventually domestic slavery within these regions.
BY F. I. COZZENS.
"A swallow in the spring Came to our gr.mary, and 'neath the eaves Essayed to make a nest, and then did bring
Wet earth, and straw, and leaves.
Day alter day she toiled, With patient heait; but ere her work was crowned, Some sad mishap the tiny fabric spoiled,
And dashed it to the ground.
She found the ruin wrought, But, not cast down, forth irom the place she Sew, And, with her mate, fresh earth and grasses brought,
And built her nest anew.
But scarcely had she placed The last soil leather on its simple floor, When wicked hand, or chance, again laid waste,
And wrought the ruin o'er.
But still her heart she kept,
Within the earth made walls.
What trulh is here 0 man! Hath hope been smitten in its early dawn! Have clouds o'ercast thy purpose, trust or plan?
Have Faith and struggle on!"
Thou art wilh rap, O my Father,
At early dawn of day;
The upward streaming ray:
To rise and worship Thee:
Thy lace I may not see.
Thou art with me, O my Father,
In the changing scenes of life,
In loneliness of strife:
Are ordered by thy will;
I trust Thee and am still.
Thou art with me, O my Father,
In evening's darkening gloom; When nigai o'erspreads the sleeping earth,
Thy presence tills my room.
Of comfort from above;
And I know that Thou art love.
SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.
[BY SIR JOHN RICHABD80H.]
In 1836, Lord Glenelg offered Sir John the i lieutenant governorship of Antigua, and afterwards to Van Diemen's Land, or Tasmania, which latter he accepted with the condition that he might be allowed to resign it, if, on a war breaking out, he was tendered the command of a ship. He preferred rising in his own profession, to the emoluments of the civil service. In as far as a man of independent political principles, of strict honor and integrity, conspicuous for the benevolence of his character, without private interests to serve, and of a capacity which had been shown on several important commands, j was likely to benefit the colony he was sent to govern, the choice was a judicious one, and did honor to Lord Glenelg's discernment. Dr. Arnold, no mean judge of character, rejoicing in the promise the appointment gave of a new era in the annals of colonial management, expressed the delight with which, had circumstances permitted, he would have labored with such a governor in founding a system of general education and religious instruction in that distant land. Sir John's government, which lasted till the end of 1843, was marked by several events of much interest. One of his most popular measures was the opening of the door of the legislative council to the public, a practice soon afterwards followed by the older colony of New South Wales. He also originated a college, endowing it largely from his private funds with money and lands, in the hope that it would eventually prove the means of affording to all parties, secular and religious, instruction of the highest kind. At Sir John's request, Dr. Arnold selected a favorite pupil, the Rev. John Philip Gcll,* to take the direction of this institution ; but much opposition to the fundamental plan of the college was made by various religious bodies, and after Sir John left the colony the exclusive management of it was vested in the Church of England, with free admission to the members of other persuasions. In his time also the colony of Victoria was founded by settlers from Tasmania; and towards its close, transportation to New South Wales having been abolished, the convicts from every part of the British empire were sent to Tasmania. Up to the period of his quitting the government this concentration had occasioned no material inconvenience, neither was there at that time any organized opposition to it. On an increase to the lieutenant-governor's salary being voted . by the colonial legislature, Sir John declined to derive any advantage from it personally, while he secured the augmentation to his successor. In 1838 he founded a scientific society at
* In later years he became Sir John's son-in-law, as mentioned above.
Hobarton (now called the "Royal Society.") Its papers were printed at his expense, and its meetings were held in Government House. He had also the gratification of erecting in South Australia, with the aid of the governor of that colony, a handsome granite obelisk, dedicated and inscribed to the memory of his former commanding officer, Captain Flinders, to whose discoveries wc owe our earliest knowledge of that part of the continent of Australia. It stands on a lofty hill serves as a land-mark to sailors. A magnetic observatory, founded in 1840, at Hobarton, in connection with the head establishment under Colonel Sabine at Woolwich, was an object of constant personal interest to Sir John; and Tasmania being the appointed refitting station of several expeditions of discovery in the Antarctic regions, he enjoyed frequent opportunities of exercising the hospitality he delighted in, and of showing his ardor in promoting the interests of science whenever it lay in his power to do so. The lamented Dumont d'Urville commanded the French expedition, and Sir James Clark Ross the English one, consisting of the Erebus and Terror.. The surveying vessels employed in those seas during that period came also in succession to Hobarton—namely, the Beagle, (Japtain Wickham; the Pelorus, Captain Harding; the Rattlesnake, Captain Owen Stanley; the Beagle (2d voyage,) Captain Stokes; and the Fly, Captain Blackwood ; all of whom, with the officers under them, received from the lieutenant-governor a brother sailor's welcome. Thus pleasantly occupied, the years allotted to a colonial governorship drew towards a close, and Sir John contemplated with no common satisfaction the advancing strides of tho colony in material prosperity; but he was not destined to be spared one of those deep mortifications to which every one is exposed, however upright may be his conduct abroad, who is dependent for support and approval upon a chief at home that changes with every party revolution. When Sir John was sent to Tasmania, England had not yet recognized as an established fact that the inhabitants of a colony are better judges of their own interests, and more able to manage their own affairs, than bureaucracy in Downing Street, with a constantly shifting head, ill informed of the factious oligarchies that infest colonies, and of the ties that connect them with subordinate officials at home. Previous to leaving England, Sir John was advised, and indeed instructed, to consult the colonial secretary of Tasmania in all matters of public concern, as being a man of long experience, thoroughly acquainted with the affairs of the colony ; and he found on taking charge of his government, that this was a correct character of the officer next to himself in authority. Mr. Montagu was a man eminently skilful in the management of official matters, but he was also the acknowledged head a of party in
the colony bound together by family ties, and possessing great local influence from the important and lucrative situations held by its members, and the extensive operations of a bank of which they had the chief control. Party struggles ran high in the legislative council, and the lieutenant-governor's position was one of great delicacy, while the difficulty of his situation was vastly augmented through the practice of the officials in Downing street of encouraging private communications on public measures from subordinate officers of the colony, and weighing them with the despatches of the lieutenant-governor.
For some years, by Sir John's prudent conduct, the harmony of the colonial executive was not interrupted; but at a later period the colonial secretary, having visited England, returned to Tasmania with greater pretensions, and commenced a course of independent action, ever hostile to his chief, subversive of the harmonious co-operation heretofore existing, and thus injurious to the interests of the colony, so that Sir John was under the necessity of suspending this officer from his functions until the pleasure of Lord Stanley, then secretary of state for the colonies, was known. Mr. Montagu immediately proceeded to England to state his own case, and he did it with such effect that Lord Stanley, while admitting that the colonial secretary had acquired a local influence which rendered " his restoration to his office hightly inexpedient,"* penned a dispatch which is not unjustly characterized as a consummate piece of special pleading for Mr. Montagu, whom it absolves, while it comments on the lieutenant-governor's proceedings in a style exceedingly offensive to a highminded officer who had acted, as he conceived, with the strictest regard to the public interests. The extraordinary measure was also resorted to of instantly furnishing Mr. Montagu, then in attendance at Downing street, with a copy of this dispatch, so that he was enabled to transmit it to Hobarton, where it was exposed in the Bank to public inspection. At the same time there was circulated privately amongst the officers of the colonial government and others a journal of his transactions with the lieutenant-governor, and of his private.communications with members of Franklin's family, which he had kept for years while on terms of close social intercourse with them. This volume having answered in England the purpose for which it was intended, was now exhibited in the colony as containing an account of the subjects in which he stated he had held conversations with Lord Stanley. All this took place before the lieutenant governor received official information of Lord Stanley's decision. The recovery of a document which had lain secluded in an office in the colony enabled Sir
♦ Lord Stanley's dispatch, September 13, 1842. Mr. Montagu was promoted to be colonial secretary at the Cape of Good Hope.
John afterwards more fully to substantiate one of the most important charges he had made; nevertheless Lord Stanley refused to modify the terms he had employed, or to make any concession calculated to soothe the wounded feeling of an honorable and zealous officer. The arrival of a new lieutenant-governor, the late Sir John Eardley Wilmot, bringing with him the first notice of his own appointment, and consequently finding Sir John still in the colony, served to show more strongly than could otherwise have been done, the hold the latter had gained on the affections of the colonists, and the verdict pronounced on Lord Stanley'sdispatch by the people, to whom all the merits of the case were most fully known. Sir John, after three months' longer residence at Hobarton as a private individual, waiting for a passage to England, during which time he received addresses emanating from every district of the colony, was attended to the place of embarkation by the most numerous assemblage of all classes of people which had ever been seen on those shores, the recently consecrated Bishop of Tasmania* walking at their head, aloDg with the new colonial secretary, the late Mr. Bicheno, who for some months had acted in the greatest harmony with Sir John. A local paper, after describing the scene in much detail, adds: "Thus departed from among us as true and upright a governor as ever the destinies of a British colony were intrusted to." Years afterwards, when the enthusiasm of party feelings could have no share in their proceedings, the colonists showed their remembrance of his virtues in a more substantial manner, as will be mentioned below. Sir John, on receiving the secretary of state's dispatch, had tendered his resignation, but his successor was appointed before his letter could reach England, though, as we have just said, his recall dispatch did not come to Tasmania till some days after Sir Eardley's arrival.
(To be concluded.)
•The erection of Tasmania into a see was promoted by Sir John's exertions and representations.
A Female Friend, well qualified to take charge of a School, anil who has had several years experience in teaching, is desirous of a situation in city or country. A girls' school would be preferred, but a mixed or an entire male school would be accepted. For further particulars inquire of
WM. W. MOORE, 324 south 5th st.
» PHILADELPHIA MARKETS.
Flour Aitd Meal.—The market is dull, and mixed brands are offered at $7 12 per bbl., and brands for home consumption at $7 25 a $7 SO, and extra and fancy brands at $8 25 a 8 75. There is very little demand lor export, and little stock to operate in. Rye Flour is held at $4 75 per barrel, and Pennsylvania Corn Meal at $4 00 per barrel.
Grain.—There is little demand for Wheat. Sales of prime Pennsylvania red were made at $1 85 a 1 88, and $1 90 a 1 91 for good white. Rye is
I dull. Penna. is worth $1 04. Corn is in demand.
Sales of Penna. yellow at 88c, afloat. Oats are steady; i sales of Pennsylvania and Delaware at 05 a 56c per ) bushel.
SPRINGDALE BOARDING SCHOOL.—This School, situated in Loudoun Co., Va., was founded by an Association of Friends belonging to Fairfax Quarterly Meeting, in order to afford to Friends' children, of both sexes, a guarded education in accori dance with our religious principles and testimonies. : The next session will open the 7th day of the Ninth month and close the 11th of Sixth month following, j Thorough instruction is given in the branches usually embraced in a good English education, and i lectures are delivered on History, Natural Philosophy, ] and Chemistry. A philosophical apparatus, a cabinet of minerals, and a variety of instructive books, have been provided for the use of the school. I Experience confirms us in the belief, that in class'ing together boys and girls in the recitation room, we have adopted the right method, as it stimulates them to greater diligence, and improves their deportment. They have separate school rooms and play grounds, and do not associate, except in the presence of their teachers. None are received as pupils except the children of Friends, or those living in Friends' families and intended to be educated as Friends, i Terms.—For board, washing and tuition, per term of 40 weeks, $115, payable quarterly in advance. Pens, ink, lights, &c, fifty cents per quarter. Drawing, and the French language each $3 per quarter. , Books and stationery at the usual prices.
The stage from Washington to Winchester stops at Purcelville within two miles of the school. There is a daily stage fiom the Point of Rocks, on the Bait, and Ohio R. Road, to Leesburg, where a conveyance may be had to the school, a distance of 9 miles.— Letters should be directed to Purcelville, Loudoun Co., Va. S. M. .TANNEY, Principal.
HANNAH W. SUTTON f^m^niW 7 mo. 11th, 1857—8w.
^altsington BOARDING SCHOOL FOR J GIRLS.—Beitlah S. Lower and Esther Lower. Principals. The first session of this school will commence on the 14th of 9th mo. next.
In this Institution will be taught all the branches ot a thorough English education, and no efforts will be spared on the part of the Principals in promoting the comfort and happiness of those under their care.
Terms.—For tuition, board, washing, the use of books and stationery, $75 per session of 20 weeli<>. French and Drawing each $5 per session extra.
For further particulars and references address B. S. and E. LOWER, Fallsington, Bucks Co. Pa.
7th mo. 11th, 1857. —8 w.
Our Boarding and Day School for the young of either sex will re-open, alter the Summer vacation, on the 10th of Eighth month. Descrip ive circulars will be sent to any who may desire them.
Address either of the Proprietors, P. O. Attleboro', Bucks Co., Penna.
SIDNEY AVERILL, ELMINA AVERILL. Seventh month 10th, 1857. 3 t.
EEMOVAL.—SARAH M. GARRIGUES, Bonn. t Maker, removed from No. 235 Arch Street, ro North Ninth Street, 6th door below Vine, east side. Philadelphia, where she still continues her former business.
6th mo. 15, 1857.
Merrihew & Thompson, Prs., Lodge St., North side Penna.Bauk.
PHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MONTH 25, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY WW. W. MOORE,
PHILADELPHIA. Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pagaU$ iu advance. Three copies sent to one address for ?ive Dollars.
Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
An account of the life, travels, and Christian experiencesin the work of the ministry of Samuel Boicnas.
(Continued from page 275.)
Having laid wind-bound a week and four days, the wiud sprung up fair for ua, and we weighed anchor the 29th of the Fifth mouth, 17*28, with a fresh and fine gale. Robert Jordan seemed mneh pleased that we were on our way, and a secret joy filled my heart, being thankful that I had been preserved so well in health, and assisted with, strength of both body and mind to accomplish this lotigatid tedious journey, through the very severe extremes of both heat and cold, in about eighteen months, and missed but seven nieetinjrs, which were fur back in the woods, viz. one in the government of New York, two in the Jeiseys, and four in Pennsylvania. 1 was not •asy to niiss them, but my friends thought the weather and season of the year, together with the great scarcity of the provision both for man and horse, and the great and thick snow, with the cxireraity of the frost, rendered that journey haizardous, if not impracticable, and to stay till the winter broke up, 1 could not see it my place; besides which, by staying so long 1 should have lost uiy passage by the homeward bound ships, otherways I should have been willing to have taken those meetings, if 1 could have saved my passage, and accomplished it so as I might waste no time, but go on diligently as I had done before, for there were but very few of their meetings but that I visited two, three, and sundry of them four, five, or six times, several of them being situated in my way in passing to and fro. I was not by any disorder or sickness, or any accident, hindered (I thiuk 1 may safely say) one hourall this time. Indeed Friends had sent word to appoint a meeting for me about thirty miles on my way, but the weather was so extremely tempestuous, that when we came there, no meeting was appointed, and it was concluded
I could not possibly come, so I was under a necessity to stay one day longer in that place, which was the greatest hinderancc I met with in all the journey that I remember.
Now to return. In our voyage, about two bdndred and fifty leagues from land, as we thought, the water seemed like a river aft#r a hasty storm of thunder; on seeing it thus, our people were under surprise, and in that surprise tried with the lead for ground, but could find none ; it was so uncommon a thing, that the sailors could not tell what to think of it. This was about the 15th of the Sixth-month ; we had fine pleasant weather, and a great plenty of dolphins and other fish, for which providence I was very thankful; but on.the 22d of the same month, about three in the afternoon, an exceeding gust of wind, such an hurricane as our sailors said they never knew, came from the north, which bore so unexpectedly without any warning upon us, that to all appearance our ship would be in a moment swallow 'up in the sea, the waves running over us and e water coming into the great cabin windows and the forecastle, so that from five or six inchen :>.' water in the hold, it 60 increased, that we had more than so many feet in a few minutes; tue decks seemed as though they would break down ; being so very he • wy v*ith the waves breaking in upon them; they 1 .. t,.:.ved us above a ton and a half of water in casks fastened upon deck, washed some hogs overboard, and drowned us several •dozen of turkeys, geese, and other fowls, which afterwards, with the water and swine, were much missed by ns; besides all this, the wind tore our sails like paper, broke our foretopmast, and several of the yards, like rotten sticks, and the round foretop; the ship by the violence of the tempest lying so much on one side, as though she would not right up again, so that they were for cutting away ber masts and rigging, but I begged the master not to do it, but to trust to Providence, for I was satisfied she would rise again as soon as the wind abated. And the wind began to abate in a little time, and the ship righted up, but the tiller of the rudder being broke, it was very dangerous, until they had got the rudder fastened, which in a little time before it was dark was effected with great difficulty and danger; but the sea running so very high, tost the ship very much, and the sea came in with that violence, that there was Do appearance of any thing but foundering and sinking immediately, for some time, especially till the rudder was put to rights; but when they had the command ofthe rudder there were some hopes of relief, but while the rudder was at liberty there was no commanding of the vessel, but she lay at the mercy of the sea, and it seemed as though that would alone carry away the stern of the vessel, by being forced through the violence of the waves from one side to the other. But when we had got up the dead lights, and secured ourselves in the best manner we could, then all hands to pump, for we found between seven and eight feet of water in the hold, but as the tossing of the ship made that very difficult to guess right, it might be more or less; however having a good ship, new and firm, we found hope increased, but we were all very wet, and very much fatigued, and a dark and troublesome night it was, and we much longed for day, but the wind was very much abated, not lasting above two hours so very strong. And when daylight came we were glad, but that was soon turned into mourning, by discovering the mean state of our ship, especially the rigging and sails, and finding so great a loss of water and fresh provisions, things of value, next to life itself. All these losses put together were cause of trouble, but by grieving we could not help ourselves, therefore we could with the Psalmist, in something of the like nature, say, such trials put people to their wit's end; (Psalm, cvii, 27;) howbeit, in turning the mind to that divine Power and Providence which is present every where, ruling both by sea and land, and whom the winds obey, I found comfort in meditating on his promises to care for those who put their trust in him.
Now our men, who were all preserved from any other damage, saving the taking of cold, which we all felt the effect of to a great degree, went about putting the rigging to rights again, which took up a full week before we could make sail, the wind blowing strong and variable ; and when they had got things in a good condition the wind was against us for several days, which made us thoughtful to take care of what water and provision we had, that we might not be surprised with want, when we had no power to arm against it. The men were all called up to hear a proposal, which was thus; three pints of water a man for twenty-four hours, and five pounds of bread for a man a week, having other provisions, both fresh and salt, a good handsome stock, to the full allowance. At this there was uneasiness; but this allowance would hold by our calculation but for about four weeks, so that if we saw not some hopes of getting in, in two weeks, we must come to less allowance again.
The wind continued still against us till the 7th of the Seventh month, and then veered a little to the southward, and we apprehending ourselves to be too much to the north, were not willing if
we could avoid it, to put into Ireland. But in about three days after this we had a brave wind, which lasted for some days, and it gave us hopes of seeing laud, which we much longed for, being threatened with waut of provision, of both bread and water, but not flesh, if Providence did not interpose. Our hearts were cheerful, and gladness appeared in every countenance, but alas ! it was but a short Hved-joy, for in the foreuoon on the 13th the wind scanted upon us again, and about five in the afternoon we sounded, trying for ground, but found none; this made us all look pale, and sadness of heart appeared in every countenance; besides, our ship being a dull sailer, added somewhat to our trouble, fearing that we were farther from land than we thought by our reckoning, and the greatest comfort we had, was a good ship under us, though a heavy sailer, therefore we cheered each other with the hope of gaining our port in due time with safety and comfort. And this I moralized to myself, by considering the resemblance of a Christian's progress through this life, sometimes in a degree of prosperity, being under encouragement to press forward with a fair wind, and anon under as great adversity and discouragement by temptations, persecutions and afflictions.
In two days more we sounded, and found ground at eighty-two fathom, judging ourselves from the Lizard sixty leagues; but alas ! the wind veered and blew seven days strong against us, so that we were driven from land, as we thought, a hundred leagues. This made us talk of shortening our allowance again, but that night about twelve o'clock the wind veered in our favor, and the sailors cried, " a large wind, a large allowance ;" nothing being more disagreeable in its kind than a large wind and short allowance. And the wind being fair, we went on with cheerfulness, and upon the credit of this fair wind some of the men had not a morsel of bread left by night, nor a spoonful of water, and had near thirty-six hours of their week to eome. However, we went along so agreeably, that every body looked pleasant, and it was comely to behold ; but alas! this lasted but about sixteen hours before it came right in our teeth again, and blew very strong. Such ups and downs we had, that the sailors grew very uneasy, and did curse and swear, nay did not stick to blaspheme in such a way, as made it very uneasy and unpleasant to hear; but this did not last long before it was calm, and the wind came up fair again, and we speaking with a ship outward bound, they gave us new heart, by advising us that Scilly bore from us north-east about twenty-two leagues distance. Also this day we spoke with the king's ship called the Dragon, come from Jamaica, and in the evening saw sundry ships coming in; this made it look very pleasant, besides a line gale in our favor, so Miat on the 27th we saw the land about five in the evening,