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The mansion was shown to us, a very elegant edifice, containing some fine statuary and paintings, in this respect differing from the other Cuban residences we have seen, which seemed singularly wanting in objects of art or books; the attention of the owners being apparently devoted entirely to securing large and handsome apartments.
The Moro Castle is one of the most prominent features in the defences of Havana, less extensive than the wide-spread Cabanas, but far bolder and more picturesque in its form, and occupying an almost unequalled position for scenic effect. Its yellow walls and bastions Btand on a crag of coral rock, forty or fifty feet above the blue and transparent waters of the Gulf, and projecting beyond the line of the western shore, on which lies the low fortification of the Punts. Above the parapets, rises to an additional height of 70 or 80 feet a graceful tower, crowned with a lantern of the most perfect construction : near by, but lower, is the look-out station, beside which stands a tall staff whence are floating signals of gay bunting, ever varying as the vessels of different nations approach the mouth of the harbor. The whole huge structure, with its bright walls and many angles and projections, seen under the brilliant sunshine which seems ever to gild it, is one of the most imposing and beautiful of all the fortresses on which the eye of the mariner can rest.
Wc were fortunate in being permitted to see its interior. The view from the parapets is magnificent; their height must be seventy or eighty feet from the sea, yet during the memorable storm of last January the waves broke over them in torrents, and removed heavy guns and and stone walls from their places. The ditch inclosing it on the land side is of formidable depth and width, I thought fifty feet in each dimension. Nearly the whole interior of the walls is occupied by the soldiers' quarters, a huge square building surrounded by a narrow alley, and covered with a level, bomb-proof roof of stone, brick and cement. It would seem almost impossible to capture this fortress by battery or assault, but it is said that were the adjoining works in the possession of an enemy, and the Moro bombarded, its confined quarters would soon become untenable in hot weather from the disease which would prevail among the garrison.
"Don't go without the bridle, boys," was my grandfather's favorite bit of advice.
Do you suppose we were all teamsters or horse jockeys? No such a thing.
If he heard one cursing and swearing, or given to much vain and foolish talk, "That man has lost his bridle," he would say. Without a bri
dle, the tongue, though a little member, " boasteth great things." It is " an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.'' Put a bridle on, and it is one of the best servants the body and soul have. "I will keep my mouth with a bridle," said king David, and who can do better than follow his example?
When my grandfather saw a man drinking and carousing, or a boy spending all his money for cakes and candy, " Poor fellow," he would say, " he's left off his bridle." The appetite needs reining; let it loose, and it will run you to gluttony, drunkenness, and all sorts of disorders. Be sure and keep a bridle on your appetite; don't let it be master. And don't neglect to have one for your passions. They go mad if they get unmanageable, driving you dowu a blind and headlong course to ruin. Keep the checkrein tight; don't let it slip; hold it 6teady. Never go without your bridle, boys.
That was the bridle my grandfather meant, the bridle of self-government. Parents try to restrain and check their children, and you can generally tell by their behavior what children have such wise and faithful parents. But parents cannot do everything. And some children have no parents to care for them. Every boy must have his own bridle, and every girl must have hers; they must learn to check and govern themselves. Self-government is the most difficult and the most important government in the world. It becomes easier every day, if you practice it with steady and resolute will. It is the fountain of excellence. It is the cutting and pruning which makes the noble and vigorous tree of character.
HP1LADELPHIA MARKETS. Flour Awd Meal.—The market is steady. Good bra nds are held at $7 37 a 7 SO per bbl., and brands for home consumption at $7 75 a $8 00, and extra and fancy brands at $8 75 a 9 75. There is very little demand /or export, and little stock to operate in. Rye Flour is held at $4 75 per barrel, and Pennsylvania Corn Meal at $4 00 per barrel. Brandywine at $4 75.
Grain.— Wheat is in demand, the market bare. Sales of prime Pennsylvania red were made at SI 88 a 1 90, and $1 92 a 1 95 for good white. Rye is scarce. Penna. is selling at $1 10. Corn is unsettled. Penna. yellow is held at 90c, and buyers offer but S5c. Oats are steady ; sales of Pennsylvania and Delaware at 78 a 59c per bu.
Seeds.—Cloverseed is inactive. Last sales of prime rt $7 per 64 lbs. Last sales of Timothy at $3 37 a 3 50, and Flaxseed at $1 85 a 1 90. Sales ot Red Top at «3 50.
REMOVAL.—SARAH M. GARRIGUES, BoDn-t Maker, removed from No. 235 Arch Street, tu North Ninth Street, 6th door below Vine, east side. Philadelphia, where she still continues her former business.
6th mo. 1.5, 1857.
Merrihew & Thompson, Prs., Lodge St, North side Perm a.Bank
PHILADELPHIA, SEVENTH MONTH 11, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE, No. 324 South Fifth Street, PHILADELPHIA. Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, payable in advance. Three copies sent to one address for Five Dollar*.
Communications must he addressed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
An account of the life, travels, and Christian experiences in the work of the ministry of Samuel Boumas.
(Continued from page 243.)
Some weeks after this, John Rogers, a Seventhday Baptist, from New-London in New-England, came near two hundred miles on purpose to visit me ; he was the chief elder of that society called by other people Quaker-Baptists, as imagining (though falsely) that both in their principles and doctrines they seemed one with us; whereas they differed from us in these material particulars, viz: about the Seventh-day Sabbath, and in making use of baptism in water to grown persons, after the manner of other Baptists, and using the ceremony of bread and wine as a communion, and also of anointing the sick with oil. Nor did they admit of the light of truth, or manifestation of the spirit, but only to believers; alleging Scripture for the whole. They bore a noble testimony against fighting, swearing, vain compliments, and the superstitious observation of days, for which he had endured sundry long imprisonments, and other very great sufferings besides, both of body and goods. He was a prisoner when William Edmuoson was in tbat country, (see his Journal page 90,) and had by Bufferings obtained so complete a victory over his opposers, that now they took no notice of him ; he might do and say what he pleased. But he thought to himself, that he had carried his opposition to the observation of the First-day as a Sabbath a little too far at times, so that he would do all sorts of work, yea, drive goods or merchandize of sundry sorts in a wheel-barrow, and expose them to sale before the pulpit, when the priest was about the middle of his discourse, if he was not hindered, which sometimes, though but seldom, happened; and would do any kind of labor, letting the people know his reasons for 80 doing was to expose their ignorance and superstition in observing that day, which had
more of law than gospel in it, for Chrtst was the true Sabbath of believers j withal adding, that he was raised up for that very end. They admitted women to speak in their meetings, (believing some qualified by the gift of the spirit for that work,) and sometimes they had but very little said in their meetings, and sometimes they were wholly silent, though not often; for they admitted any one, who wanted information concerning : he meaning of any text, to put the question, and it was then expounded and spoken to, as they understood it: any one being admitted to shew his dissent, with his reasons for it: thus, said he, we improve our youth in Scripture knowledge. 1 asked him, if they did not sometimes carry their difference in sentiments too far to their hurt 1 He acknowledged there was danger in doing so, but they guarded against it as much as tbey could.
He gave me a large account of the conference he had with William Edmundson, and told me tbat nothing ever gave him so much trouble and close uneasiness, as his opposing William Edmundson at that time he did, desiring me, if I lived to see William Edmundson, to acquaint him with the sincere sorrow that he had upon his mind for that night's work.
At my return, I acquainted William Edmundson therewith, who desired me, if I lived to see him again to let him know that it was the Truth William Edmundson bore testimony to that he opposed, and therefore it was no wonder tbat he was so much troubled for his foolish attempt therein.
He gave me an account of bis convincement and conversion which was very large, and although at first it was agreeable and very entertaining, yet by his spinning of it out so long, he made it disagreeable, for he staid with me five or six days, and it was the greatest part of his discourse all that time, although I did sundry times start other subjects, which he would soon get off, and go on about his own experiences.
I queried, why he was so very stiff about the Seventh-day, and whether, upon a mild consideration of the opposition he gave about their Sabbath, it was not by him carried too far? He acknowledged, that he did not at first see clearly into tho true meaniug of the Sabbath, but that the provocations he met with from the priests, (who stirred up the people and mob against him,) might sometimes urge him farther than he was
afterwards easy with, in opposing them; but when he kept his place, he had inexpressible comfort and peace in what he did : adding, that the wrath of man works not the righteousness of God.
He spoke very much of his satisfaction and unity with George Fox, John Stubbs, John Burnyeat, and William Edmundson, as the Lord's servants, with sundry others of the first visitors of that country ; that he knew them to be sent of God, and that they had carried the reformation farther than any of the protestants ever did before them, since the general apostacy from the purity both of faith and doctrine.
About the beginning of the Eighth-month 1703, the Sheriff had an order to call or warn eighteen men for a jury, to try their success a second time. But whether they went upon the old indictment or a new one, I could not understand, but it was thought by some of the last jury to be the same indictment that the first jury went upon ; but I was never admitted to see it. The Sheriff had private instructions to get such men put into the jury, as they thought would answer , their end, which he shewed me with abhorrence, assuring me, he would never do it; so the jury was fairly named, and they made no great matter about it, but in a short time (as their predecessors had done before them) they came in with their bill, signed Ignoramus; which gave some of the lawyers cause to say, in a jocular way, they were got into an Ignoramus country.
This was on the second day of the Ninth month, and the Court adjoined to the next day, at which time I was had into Court; which I was told was not regular nor lawful to bring a man to the bar that had nothing laid to his charge by his peers, the grand inquest; however, I was asked, if I had any thing to offer to the Court? I desired my liberty, and reparation for the wiong done me in taking it from me, &c. The judge told me, I might have my liberty, paying my fees. I replied, that I was informed there were no fees due, as the case then was, according to law; but if there had, I should not pay any, it being to me a matter of conscience. The judge said he believed so, and smiled, speaking something to those near him, that was not heard by me. However I was set at liberty by proclamation; and a large body of my dear friends, from all parts of the island, came to see me cleared, and had me away with them in a kind of triumph, not being a little glad that I came off so honorably; and even the country people who were not Friends were there in abundance, and rejoiced exceedingly at my enlargement. •
I was now at liberty, after having been a prisoner one year wanting three weeks and about two days; but having not freedom to go away, I staid Bome time, visiting every corner of the
island, and had very large and open meetings. The people were thoroughly alarmed, so that I found by experience that my long imprisonment had made me more popular and regarded, so that they flocked in great numbers to where I was, and Friends were careful that they should have notice. They appointed a meeting for me at a place called Oow-neck, at one Jacob Doughty'?, there not having been any at that place before; and as I lay in bed at my dear friend John Rodman's at the Bay-side, the night before, I dreamt that an honest Friend was fishing in a large stone cistern, with a crooked pin for his hook, a small switch stick for his rod, and a piece of thread for his line; and George Fox came and told me that there were three fishes in that place, and desired me to take the tackling of the Friend, for .that he wanted skill to handle the matter : accordingly, methought he (the Friend) gave me the rod, and the first time that I threw in I caught a fine fish. George Fox bid me try again, for there were two more in that place; I did and took up another. He bid me cast in my hook once more; 1 did, and took a third : now, said George, there is no more there. This dream was taken from me as if I had not dreamt at all. The next day we went to the meeting, and were a little late, by reason the tide and high fresh-water obliged us to ride the farthest way, and when we came into meeting a Friend was preaching on universal grace; but in a little time he left off, and my heart being full of the matter, I took it up, and wc had a blessed powerful meeting, and all ended well.
I returned with my friend Rodman to his house, and in our way my dream came fresh into my memory, and that evening I told it to my friend Rodman, and gave him a description of George Fox's features and bulk, as he appeared to me ; and he said, I had a very just and right apprehension of him. He had been much with George Fox when he was in Barbadocs and was well acquainted with him ; adding, this remarkable dream shews some good done there* this day.
Now after I was clear of Long-Island, (it being just with me as if I had been set out from home,) I found it of necessity to convene the elders, and lay before them my concern, as I did when I came from home; and in a tender and fatherly way they took care to examine what I might be in need of, both with respect to linen, woolen, pocket-money and a horse; (for as yet I bad not bought one, never finding freedom so to do). But Friends, to their praise be it spoken, assisted me from stage to stage, and when I was in prison I saw I had no want of a horse, and admired the kindness of Providence in restraining me from having one till wanted. And I had
•There's a large meeting iince settleH there.
money plenty by the trade of shoe-making, go that I wanted none, nor did I want any necessaries for the journey bat a companion, and then sundry offered themselves very freely to travel with me. But my dear friend Samuel Bowne had a concern to visit the eastern parts of NewEngland, who had a line gift, but not very large; I was very glad of his company, so we set forward in the beginning of the Twelfthmonth, and the winter not being broke up, we rode over the ice in sundry places in Connecticut colony, some narrow and some broad rivers, New-London, the biggest, but we hadnomeetings for near two hundred miles. The people being mostly rigid Presbyterians, counted it a great crime to be at a Quaker's meeting, especially on the Sabbath-day, as they term the First-day of the week. But coming into Narraganset, we were amongst Friends again. So we went for Rhode-Island, and there Friends were very numerous, and we had large meetings indeed. There was a marriage of a young man (his name was Richardson) with a daughter of Thomas Rodman, a man of the first rank in the island, so that we had the governor (his name was Samuel Cranston) and most of the chief men in the government at the marriage, and we had a precious living time, which gave me great encouragement. The governor was very kind, and queried with me about my imprisonment, he being a great lover of Friends, but not aprofest one himself.
From Rhode-Island we went pretty strait towards Hampton and Dover, having some meetings, but few, by reason we proposed to return to the Yearly-Meeting in Rhode-Island.
When we came to Dover, we had a pretty large meeting, but we were both silent, at which I was somewhat amazed, it being new to me. , However, another meeting was appointed next day, some little distance from Dover, which was much larger. My companion said something, but very little, and was uneasy that he said any thing. I was quite shut up, and after meeting I was exceedingly comforted, being filled with divine sweetness and heaveuly joy that I was preserved, and did not force myself to offer. They appointed another meeting the day following, some distance off, at which I found myself quite shut up, and held back as it were, from saying any thing, and my companion was also silent, who after meeting looked upon me very innocently,, saying, Samuel, " What dost think these people will say, that we should come so far to appoint meetings amongst them, and have nothing to say?" It just then livingly came into my mind to reply, "Fear nq^Jave faith, nothing doubting we shall have enough to say before we leave them."
[To be continued.]
Be not provoked by injuries to commit them.
INTERESTING INCIDENTS CONNECTED WITH THE 80CIETY OF FRIENDS.
Towards the close of the revolutionary war, there was a remarkable season of visitation to the young men of Philadelphia, and a remarkable closing in with the offers of mercy. Jonathan Evans, strong in mind, and decided in character, turned from the evil courses of his youth, and offered his talents and energy to the service of his Lord, who had, by the mighty hand of his providence, brought his soul out of darkness into his marvellous light. He had run with his particular friend, Daniel Offley, jun., in the way of folly—broad, crooked, and self-pleasing; and now he longed that his friend should run with him in the straight, narrow path of self-denial and the daily cross. Through the visitations of Divine grace afresh extended to Daniel, the concern of his friend was promotive of his best interest; and they continued closely yoked together in love for each other, and the Lord's holy cause, until the hand of death removed one, in comparative early manhood, to the rest of the righteous. Daniel received a gift in the ministry; and about the time that his other intimate friend and associate, Peter Yarnall, was constrained to open his mouth in advocating the Lord's cause, he also was called to the work. William Savery had just previously given up to a similar act of dedication; and thus four young men, of uncommon powers, and intimate associates, who had rebelled against God, were taken captives by his grace out of the army of the devil, and having received free pardon, were made captains in the Lamb's host. Of the labors of these faithful ones we have yet more to say.
In the Second Month, 1781, Peter Yarnall having appeared in supplication in the Market street meeting house, George Churchman, who was present, felt fearful that the youthful minister had extended his petitions somewhat beyond what was best. On returning towards bis home, this experienced elder believed it would be right to drop a tender caution and hint to his young friend, and therefore wrote him a letter. He expresses therein his sympathy for Peter, his desires for his preservation, and also his feeling that thare was a savour of life about the supplication which had been offered. He then tenderly hints he had thought it might have been better to have closed it sooner, adding, that he felt "great tenderness, yet withal a care that thou, in thy infant state, may be preserved from getting out of, or swimming beyond thy depth in the stream, with which thy acquaintance and experience have been but short, although thy mind has been mercifully turned, I hope, towards the way everlasting. I have apprehended some danger has attended, and may attend, young hands, without great care, in regard of repetitions: public prayer in a congregation being a very awful thing, and He to whom it is addressed, being the Author of infinite purity. I believe there is no need of discouragement; but if the mind is sincerely devoted to the merciful Father, to seek for preservation out of every danger of forward stepping, superfluous expressions, and fleshly mixtures, there will be Divine assistance afforded to contrited souls, so that experience and strength will, from time to time, be enlarged, and a gradual growth witnessed, in a state which is sound, healthy, and safe. That this may truly be thy state, is the sincere desire of thy wellwishing friend, George Churchman."
Peter Yarnall having given up the wages of iniquity—the gain he obtained in his privateering robbery—and having no patrimonial estate to resort to for a maintenance, was now anxious to find some place where he might successfully enter into practice as a physician. There appeared to be an opening in Concord and its neighborhood for him, and there he settled in the spring, or early in the summer of 1781; although he seems to have spent some time there during the previous winter. It need be no cause of wonder, if some persons were slow to receive the ministry of Peter Yarnall. They had heard much of his former habits of mimicry, and the manner in which he had preached, using the style of different ministers, in the days of his wickedness. Yet the fear of those who were anxiously regarding him wore off, as he continued humbly watchful, waiting on his Divine Master for strength, and seeking in patient faithfulness to do his will. In the summer of 1782, he was acknowledged as a minister by his friends at Concord; and, about the same time married Hannah, daughter of Benjamin Sharpluss, of Middletown.
Continuing faithful to apprehended duty, he soon felt drawn in gospel love to visit Friends in other places; and with the unity of his Monthly Meeting, in the year 1782, he visited the Quarterly Meeting of Fairfax. In 1783, beside religious labors within the limits of his own Yearly Meeting,he visited parts of New York and New England. He was engaged in various labors of love in 1784; and in 1785, he removed to Yorktown, where he resided for about six years. While he still lived at Concord, finding some Friends were hesitating about going to Philadelphia to attend the Yearly Meeting, on the ground that they did not feel enough necessity laid upon them to warrant the journey, and looking for some special revelation in the matter, he exclaimed, " As for me, I want no stronger revelation than to feel that I have love for the cause of truth, and love for my friends."
There are some of our duties written so plainly in the very nature of things, that the assertion of waiting for a special motion to perform them, will carry the conviction to the wise in heart, that the pretended waiter is really seeking to evade them. Among these is that of attending
our religious meetings, when other and more imperative duties do not prevent us. Those who love the Lord and his holy cause—who love the friends of Truth, and rejoice to mingle with them in religious exercise and feeling, unless they have a special call of duty some other way, will have no hesitation in coming to a judgment that they ought to be at those meetings. If other duties present, religious or domestic, having relation to our own health, the health of others, or whatever they may be—on these we mayseek for the judgmentof Truth, whether they are sufficient to warrant our absenting ourselves.
A love for the attendance of meetings has been a characteristic of all true Quakers. Samuel Smith mentions his visiting Dorothy Owen, in North Wales, a young woman, noted for her excellent gift in the ministry. He says she " had been several times to the Yearly Meeting at London, more than two hundred miles on foot, and to Quarterly Meetings frequently from twenty to fifty miles." Our late dear friend, that honest minister of the gospel, Ellen M'Carty, of Elki land, Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, often walked to the next settlement to attend meeting —a distance of five miles, carrying a babe with her. On one occasion, in winter, she remained all nightin the neighborhood of the meeting house and in the morning found that snow had fallen to a considerable depth. She bad two of her little boys with her, who assisted her by turns with the babe, until the infant became fretful, and would cry whenever either of the brothers took it. The whole burden now fell upon Ellen, and the difficulty of walking through the snow, with such a weight in her arms, made the journey very toilsome to her, and she had frequently to sit down, overcome with fatigue. Harassed in body, and tried in mind, she declared aloud she would not go to tbe meeting again. She reached home safely, and things passed on during the week a* usual; but on the next Seventh day, she found a weight of darkness, and an uncommon depression upon her spirits. On feeling this, she sat down in quiet, anxiously seeking the cause. Her mind was soon illuminated clearly to discern the truth, and she perceived a band pointing to the meeting house, whilst she remembered the hasty resolution she had formed in her own impatient will. She saw her error, took fresh courage to encounter the difficulties and trials of her situation; and the next day contentedly trudged, with her usual load, the five miles to attend her meeting, and seek for spiritual strength to sustain her own soul. She was careful henceforward to be diligent in the performance of this as well as her other duties; and in consequence thereof, grew in the root of life, became an able minister of the gospel, and was made useful in tho household of faith. One day, whilst occupied in her domestic avocations, she found a concern come upon her to go to a parade-ground.