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We refreshed ourselves with hot milk, and a very handsome belfry. At Niemis we changed pushed ahead, with better horses. At 4 o'clock horses in ten minutes, and hastened on up the it was bright moonlight, with the stillest air. frozen Torneaa to Matarengi, where we should We got on bravely over the level, beaten road, reach the Arctic Circle. The hills rose higher, and in two hours reached Korpikyla, a large new with fine sweeping outlines, and the river was inn, where we found very tolerable accommoda- 'still half a mile broad-a, plain of solid snow, tions. Our beds were heaps of reindeer skins; with the track marked out by bushes. We kept a frightfully ugly Finnish girl, who knew a few a sharp look-out for the mountain of Avasaxa, words of Swedish, prepared us a supper of tough one of the stations of Celsius, Maupertius and meat, potatoes and ale. Everything was now the French Academicians, who came here in pure Finnish, and the first question of the girl, 1736 to make observations determining the exact “Hvarifraan kommar du?" (Where dost form of the earth. Through this mountain, it is thou come from ?) showed an ignorance of the said, the Arctic Circle passes, though our maps commouest Swedish form of address. She awoke were neither sufficiently minute por correct to us with a cup of coffee in the morning, and ne- determine the point. We took it for granted, gotiated for us the purchase of a reindeer skin, however, as a mile one way or the other could which we procured for something less than a make but little difference; and as Matarengi dollar. The husbonde (house peasant, as the lies due west of Avasaxa, across the river, we landlord is called here) made no charge for our decided to stop there and take dinner on the entertainment, but said we might give what we Arctic Circle. pleased. I offered, at a venture, a sum equal The increase of villages on both banks, with to about fifty cents, whereupon he sent the girl the appearance of a large church, denoted our to say that he thanked us most heartily.
approach to Matarengi, and we saw at once that To-day has been a day to be remembered : the tall, gently-rounded, isolated hill opposite, such a glory of twilight splendors for six full now blazing with golden snow, could be none hours was beyond all the charms of daylight in other than Avasaxa. Here we were, at last, any zone. We started at seven, with a temper- entering the Arctic zone, in the dead of winter ature of 20° below zero, still keeping up the left —the realization of a dream which had often bank of the Torneaa. The country now rose flashed across my mind, wben lounging under into bold hills, and the features of the scenery the tropical palms, so natural is it tor one exbecame broad and majestic. The northern sky treme to suggest the opposite. I took our bearwas again pure violet, and a pale red tinge from ings with a compass-ring, as we drove forward, the dawno rested on the tops of the spowy hills. and as the summit of Avasara bore due east we The prevailing color of the sky slowly bright both gave a shout which startled our postillion ened into lilac, then into pink, then rose.color, and notably quickened the gait of our horses. which again gave way to a flood of splendid It was impossible to toss our caps, for they were orange when the sun appeared. Every change not only tied upon our heads, but frozen fast to of color affected the tone of the landscape. The our beards. So here we are at last, in the true woods, so wrapped in snow that not a single dominions of winter. A mild ruler he has been green needle was to be seen, took by turos the to us, thus far, but I fear he will prove a despot hues of the sky, and seemed to give out, rather before we have done with him. than to reflect, the opalescent lustre of the morn- Soon afterward, we drove into the inn at ing. The sunshine brightened instead of dis. Matarengi, which was full of country people, pelling these effects. At noon the sun's disc who had come to attend church. The landlord, was not more than 1° above the horizon, throw-a sallow, watery-eyed Finn, who knew a few ing a level golden light on the hills. The north, words of Swedish, gave us a room in an adjoin. before us, was as blue as the Mediterranean, and sing house, and furnished a dinner of boiled fish the vault of heaven, overbead, canopied us with and barley mush, to which we added a bottle lapink. Every object was glorified and transfig- beled “ Dry Madeira,” brought from Haparanda ured in the magic glow.
for the oecasion. At a shop adjoining, Braisted At the first station we got some hot milk, with found a serviceable pipe, so that nothing was raw salmon, shipgle bread and frozen butter. wanting to complete our jubilee. We swallowed Our horses were good, and we drove merrily the memory of all who were dear to us, in the along, up the frozen Torneaa. The roads were dubious beverage, inaugurated our Arctic pipe, filled with people going to church, probably to which we propose to take home as a souvenir of celebrate some religious anniversary, to day the place, and set forward in the most cheery being Tuesday. Fresh, ruddy faces had they, mood. firm features, strong frames and resolute car: Our road now crossed the river and kept up riage, but the most of them were positively ugly, the Russian side to a place with the charming and, by contrast with the frank Swedes, their name of Torakankorwa. The afternoon twilight expression was furtive and sinister. Near Pack was even more wonderful than that of the foreila we passed a fine old church of red brick, with noon. There were broad bauds of purple, pure crimson and intense yellow, all fusing together
A PRAYER FOR GUIDANCE. into fiery orange at the south, while the north FATHER ! the skies are dark above me ; became a semi-vault of pink, then lilac, and then
Before me lies a boundless waste
Long thus hast Thou seen good to prove methe softest violet. The dazzling Arctic hills
Oh God, to my deliverance laste! participated in this play of colors, which did not
I do not ask that Thou shouldst lighten fade, as in the south, but stayed and stayed, as
The clouds impending o'er my way; if God wished to compensate by this twilight
I only pray that Thou wouldst brighien glory for the loss of the day. Nothing in Italy, Their darkness with one guiding ray. nothing in the Tropics, equals the magnificence
I ask Thee not to make less weary of these Polar skies. The twilight gave place The waste through which my pathway lies; to a moonlight scarcely less brilliant. Our road I would but feel that path, though dreary, was hardly broken, leading through deep snow, Is leading onward to the skies. sometimes on the river, sometimes through close Guide me, my Father! if before me little glens, hedged in with firs drouping with
The Angel of Thy Presence go,
I will not shrink, though clouds are o'er me, snow-fairy Arctic solitudes, white, silent and
And round me gathered many a foe. mysterious. We reached here at 7 o'clock. The place is
I do not falter at the distance,
That parts me from my heavenly home; wholly Finnish, and the landlord, who does not
Weary as seems this earth's existence, understand a word of Swedish, endeavored to I know 'tis bounded by the tomb. make us go on to the next station. We pointed
Nor do I dread the ills that gather, to the beds and quietly carried in our baggage. Thick " from the cradle to the grave,”I made the usual signs for eating, which speed. Not from earth's cares and griefs, my Father, ily procured us a pail of sour milk, bread and Do I implore thy power to save. butter, and two immense tin drinking-horns of Only from this—this darkness brooding sweet milk. The people seem a little afraid of O’er every path of life I tread, us, and keep away. Our postillion was a silly
And from the gloomy fear intruding
That Thou my spirit hast not led. fellow, who could not understand whether his money was correct. In the course of our steno I seek thy aid ; I ask direction ;
Teach me to do what pleaseth Thee,graphic conversation, I learned that “ cax" sig.
I can bear toil,-endure affliction, nifies two. When I gave him his drink-money
Only thy leadings let me see. he said “ ketox !” and on going out the door
Saviour! Thou knowest that earth is dreary, “ huweste!”—so that I have at least discovered
For thou hast trod its thorny maze;. the Finnish for“ thank you!” and “ good bye !" Guide me through all its wanderings weary ; This, however, won't suffice to order horses at Keep me forever in thy ways. 6 o'clock to-morrow morning. We are likewise Oh God! my God! make no delaying! in a state of delightful uncertainty as to our fu Haste Thee to help me when I cry! ture progress, but this very uncertainty gives a
Oh, let me bear thy Spirit saying,
“ This is the way! Thy Guide is nigh!" zest to our situation, and it would be difficult to
Guidance and strength! for these imploring, find two jollier men with frozen noses.
Jesus! my prayer ascends to Thee ; The mercury has risen to zero, with a heavy
Lead me through life, that I adoring, sky and damp air, threatening snow. If we can May praise Thee, through eternity! but get to Muonioniska before the storm comes !
THE PREDICTED COMET.
Influence of Comets on the Weather. OH! PRIZE NOT THE SCENES OF BEAUTY Astronomers at this time are looking for the ALONE.
re-appearance of Halley's great comet of 1765. BY E. COOK.
This announcement has caused a panic in some On! prize not the scenes of beauty alone,
parts of Europe, equal to that of the Miller And disdain not the weak and mean in our way: For the world is an engine,-the Architect's own,
excitement in this country. The following exWhere the wheels of the least keep the larger in play. tract from a letter wiitten last November, pubWe may question the locust that darkens the land, | lished in the National Intelligencer, announces And the snake, flinging arrows of death from its eye; a theory respecting the electrical influence of But remember they come from the Infinite hand;
comets, which may, perhaps, be regarded as a And shall man in his liitleness dare to ask why?
cause of the extreme cold of last winter : 0, let us not speak of the “ useless or vile :"
“ The near approach of this planet in embryo, They may seem so to us, but be slow to arraign;
I will infuence our planet, perhaps the entire From the savage wolf's cry to the happy child's smile,
solar system. It will be attracted by the sun, From the mite to the mammoth, there's nothing in and then repelled by it; it will both attract and vain.
repel the planets of the solar system, and ap
pear to create disorder and confusion. But have no Nature designed the heart to be always warm, fears. It can neither attract nor be attracted, so and the hand to be often open.
as to come in contact with any of the heavenly
bodies. The most it can do to any of the planets about fifty of middling size; and more than (ours not excepted,) will be to change the cur- three hundred smaller and young ones.” Yet repts of their electrical envelopes! This will there is no room to doubt that, during the last hare the tendency to give us the warmest or three centuries, the number of earlier trees has coldest winter, (should the comet appear soon,) diminished by nearly or quite one-balf; while cxperienced since 1765. Should the earth's elec- the younger growth has, in great part, if not tricity be attracted or repelled to either pole, wholly, sprung up during that interval. Buschthe temperate zones will enjoy an unusual ing enumerates, by name, no less than twentydegree of mildness; on the other hand, should six travellers between A. D. 1550 and 1755, the earth's electric sheen be gathered in folds from P. Belon to Stephen Schulz, who had denearing the equatorial regions, then indeed may scribed and counted the trees; and, since that we expect the most intense cold ever experienced time, the number of like descriptions has proin this climate. In either event, the distur- bably been hardly less than twice as many. In bance of electricity in wbich the solar system the sixteenth century, the number of old trees floats, will produce extraordinary results in is variously given as from twenty-eight to twentyatmospheric temperature, wind currents, and three ; in the seventeenth, from twenty-four to vegetation, until the electric equilibrium shall sixteen ; in the eighteenth, from twenty to fifteen. be re-established.”
After the lapse of another century, the number of the oldest trees, as we have seen, is now re
duced to about a dozen. All this marks a graTHE CEDARS OF LEBANON.
dual process of decay; and it also marks the diffiThe cedars, which still bear their ancient culty of exact enumeration. This is rightly as. name, stand mostly upon four small contiguous, cribed by Furer, and also by Dandini, to the rocky knolls, within a compass of less than forty fact that many of the trees have two or more rods in diameter. They form a thick forest, stems, and were thus reckoned differently by without underbrush. The older trees have each different travellers, sometimes as one tree someseveral trunks, and thus spread tbemselves widely times as two or more. All the travellers of the around; but most of the others are cone-like in sixteenth century speak only of the old trees; form, and do not throw out their boughs later- they nowhere mention any young ones. Rauwolf, ally to any great extent. Some few trees stand himself a botanist, seems to say, expressly, that alone on the outskirts of the grove; and one he sought for younger trees, without being able especially, on the south, is large and very beauti- to find any. If this be so, it would appear that, ful. With this exception, none of the trees with the exception of the few remaining ancient came up to my ideal of the graceful beauty of trees, perhaps none of those which now make the cedar of Lebanon, such as I had formerly up the grove can be regarded as reaching back seen it, in the Jardin des Plantes. Some of the in age more than three hundred years. older trees are already much broken, and will In the minds of the common people, an air of soon be wholly destroyed. The fashion is now sanctity is thrown around the grove, the river coming into vogue to have articles made of this and the region. The ancient trees are sacred, wood, for sale to travellers; and it is also burned as coming down from the times of Scripture and as fuel by the few people that here pass the Solomon; and the river which has its course Summer. These causes of destruction, though near by is sacred, and is called el-Kadisha. In gradual in their operation, are nevertheless sure. former centuries, the Patriarch of the Maronites Add to this the circunstance that travellers, in for. imposed various ecclesiastical penalties, and even mer years (to say nothing of the present time), excommunication, on any Christian who should have been shameless enough to cause large spots cut or injure the sacred trees; and the story is to be hewn smooth, on the trunks of some of recorded that, when some Muslims, who were the noblest trees, in order to inscribe their pasturing in the vicinity, were so hardened and names. The two earliest which I saw were impious as to cut some of the trees, they were Frenchmen; one was dated in 1791. The wood punished on the spot by the loss of their flocks. of the cedar, Pinus Cedrus, is white, with a In former times, too, the Maronites were accustopleasant but not strong odour, and bears no com med to celebrate, in the sacred grove, the festiparison, in beauty or fragrance, with the com val of the Transfiguration--when the Patriarch mon red cedar of America, Juniperus Vir- | himself officiated, and said mass before a rude уіпіапа.
| altar of stones. This law and these ceremonies I made no attempt to count the trees. Pro- are, to a certain extent, continued at the present bably no two persons would fully agree in re- day; and the influence of them, unquestionably, spect to the old ones, or in the number of the has been great upon the popular mind. The whole. Yet I should be disposed to concur in rude altars of stones have, in our day, been the language of Burckhardt, who says: “Of superseded by a Maronite chapel, built within the oldest and best-looking trees, I counted the last ten years. Several persons were resideleven or twelve; twenty-five very large ones;ing here, during Summer, in connection with
the chapel; but we did not learn what services likewise used in the later temple of Zerubbabel. were held in it. A part of the object of these David's palace was built with cedar; and so lavishpersons seemed to be to wait on travellers, or to ly was this costly wood employed in one of supply their wants, and thus gain a claim for Solomon's palaces, that it is called “the house bakshish. A monk brought us wine for sale, of the forest of Lebanon.” As a matter of luxand seemed disappointed when we declined the ury, also, the cedar was sometimes used for idols, traffic.
and for the masts of ships. In like mapper, The cedars are not less remarkable for their the cedar was highly prized among heathen position than for their age and size. The am- | nations. It was employed in the construction of pbitheatre in which they are situated is of itself their temples, ay at Tyre and Ephesus, and also a great temple of Nature-the most cast and in their palaces, as at Persepolis. In the two magnificent of all the recesses of Lebanon. The latter instances, however, Ephesus and Perselofty dorsal ridge of the mountain, as it ap- polis, it does not follow that the cedar came from proaches from the south, trends slightly toward Lebanon, though that of Syria was among the the east, for a time; and then, after resum-most celebrated. It is also very possible that ing its former direction, throws off a spur, of the name cedar was sometimes loosely applied equal altitude, toward the west, which sinks to trees of another species.- Robinson's Biblical down gradually into the ridge terminating at Researches in Palestine and Adjacent Regions. Ehden. This ridge sweeps round so as to become nearly parallel with the main ridge—thus forming an immense recess or amphitheatre, apo
THE MOTHER'S INFLUENCE. proaching to the horse-shoe form, surrounded The solid rock, which turns the edge of the by the loftiest ridges of Lebanon, which rise cbisel, bears, forever, the impress of the leaf and still two or three thousand feet above it, and are the acorn, received long, long since, ere it had partly covered with snows. In the midst of this become hardened by time and the elements. If amphitheatre stand the cedars, utterly alone, we trace back to its fountain, the mighty torwith not a tree beside, nor hardly a green thing rent which fertilizes the land with its copious in sight. The amphitheatre fronts toward the streams, or sweeps over it with a devastating west, and, as seen from the cedars, the snows flood, we shall find it dripping in crystal drops, extend around from south to north. The extremi- from some mossy crevice, among the distant ties of the arc, in front, bear from the cedars hills; so, too, the gentle feelings and affections south-west and north-west. High up, in the re- that enrich and adorn the heart, and the mighty cess, the deep, precipitous chasm of the Kadisha passions that sweep away all the barriers of the has its beginning the wildest and grandest of soul, and desolate society, may have sprung up all the gorges of Lebanon.
in the infaut bosom, in the sheltered retireThe elevation of the cedars above the sea is ment of home. “I should have been an atheist," given by Russegger and Schubert at 6,000 Paris said John Randolph, “if it had not been for feet, equivalent to 6,400 English feet. The one recollection; and that was the memory of peaks of Lebanon rise nearly 3,000 feet higher. the time when my departed mother used to
Beside the natural grace and beauty of the cedar take my little hands in hers, and caused me, on of Lebanon, wbich still appear in the trees of my knees, to say, Our Father which art in middle age, though not in the more ancient patri. heaven !'” archs, there is associated with this grove a feel. ing of veneration, as the representative of those
PHILADELPHIA MARKETS. forests of Lebanon so celebrated in the Hebrew FLOUR AND Meal.-Flour is still very inactive. Scriptures. To the sacred writers, the cedar was
Good brands are held at $7 50 per bbl., and brands
for home consumption at $7 62 a $7 87, and extra and the noblest of trees, the monarch of the vege- / fancy brands at $8 12 a 8 37. There is very little table kingdom. Solomon “ spake of trees, from demand for export, and little stock to operate in. Rye the cedar-tree that is in Lebanon, even unto the Flour is dull ai $500 per barrel. Lasi sales of Pennhyssop that springeth out of the wall.” To the sylvania Corn Meal at $400 per barrel.
GRAIN.- Wheat is dull, but rather more offering. prophets it was the favorite emblem for great-Sales of prime Pennsylvania red were made at $1 84 a Dess, splendor, and majesty ; hence kings and $1 86, and $1 90 for good white. Rye is scarce. nobles, the pillars of society, are everywhere Penna. is selling at $1 10. Corn is less active. Sales cedars of Lebavon. Especially is this the case of Penna. yellow in store at 90c. Oats are steady : in the splendid descriptiun, by Ezekiel, of the
sales of Pennsylvania and Delaware at 60c per bu. Assyrian power and glory. Hence, too, in con
D) EMOVAL.-SARAH M. GARRIGUES, Bonnat nection with its durability and fragrance, it was
N Maker, removed from No. 235 Arch Street, to regarded as the most precious of all wood, and North Ninth Street, 6th door below Vine, east side, was employed in costly buildings for ornament Philadelphia, where she still continues her former buand luxury. In Solomon's temple, the beams siness. of the roof, as also the boards and i he ornamental 6ih mo. 15, 1857. work, were of the cedar of Lebanon; and it was Merrihew & Thompson, Prs., Lodge St., North side Penna.Bank.
PIIILADELPHIA, SIXTH MONTH 27, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS. then storekeeper in B. Brains and company's
employ. We were just then a considerable PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE,
number of us in company, going to a meeting at No. 324 South Fifth Street,
| Chester in the woods, some distance from any PUILADELPHIA,
house, and John insisted for me to write an anEvery Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay- I swer, adding, Keith would call the country toable in adrance. Three copies sent to one address for Five Dollars.
gether, and make much noise about it, as if we Communications must be addressed to the Publisher, were afraid, &c., and 'twas best to nip his expecfree of expense, to whom all payments are to be made. tation in the bud. And as we knew nothing of
the conference Keith had with the woman Friend An account of the life, travels, and Christian ex- | two days before, I writ to the effect following. periences in the work of the ministry of Samuel “ GEORGE KEITH. Bounas. (Continued from page 211.)
I have received thine, and think myself no An account of my Travels in America, the first time. way obliged to take any notice of one tbat hath
been so very mutable in his pretences to religion ; As advised by friends appointed to assist me,
besides, as thou hast long since been disowned, I took my passage on board the Josiah, John
after due admonition given thee by our Yearly Sowden, master, bound for West river in Mary-M
ary | Meeting in London, for thy quarrelsome and irland, and we left England about the 24th of the
regular practices, thou art not worthy of my noThird month 1702, and landed in the river of:
|tice, being no more to me than a heathen man Patuxent in Maryland, about the 29th of the
le and a publican ; is the needful from Fifth month following.
SAMUEL Bownas." I visited some meetings in that province; but
| Dated the same day. . George Keith being there, and challenging dis- | putes wherever he came, gave both me and
John Faulkner carried my answer, and we Friends some exercise : to me, by challenging al went to
Challenging a went to our meeting, being at Chester in Marydispute without my previous knowledge, in the
land, as aforesaid. By that time the meeting following terms.
was fully gathered, John Faulkner came back,
and we had a comfortable meeting. Afterwards • To the Preacher lately arrived from England. John Faulkner told us George Keith read my
Sir, I intend to give notice after sermon, letter publicly amongst his company, appearing that you and myself are to dispute to-morrow, very angry at the contents of it; and the comand would have you give notice thereof accord- pany laughed very heartily, many of them being ingly.
much pleased with it. But Jobn Faulkner came Sir, I am your humble servant. Lout of the company, and a substantial planter
GEORGE KEITH.” | followed him, and told him, he had much rather Dated the 1st Sunday in August, 1702. go with him to our meeting, than to hear George
He writ this on occasion of an honest Friend's Keith rail and abuse the Quakers; but he, being speaking sharply to him, and giving him the in the commission of the peace, must (as Keith title of an apostate ; adding, she could not pre-was recommended by the Bishop of London,) tend to dispute with him, but a Friend that was shew some • respect; withal adding, that John to be at their meeting on First day next, (mean- Faulkner should bring me to his house to dine ing me,) she did not doubt would talk with him. the next day; which Johd Faulkner would have Well then, said Keith, next Monday let him excused, urging, that as they had a value for me, come, and I will prove him, and all the Quakers, sundry Friends would be for bringing me on my unsound in both faith and principle. With more way farther; adding, we should incommode his of that kind. The honest woman being warm, house. He urged it the more, saying, we should and zealous for the cause, replied, he will not be all be welcome. Accordingly several went with afraid of thee, I'm sure.
me there, and he was very kind, giving us an The messenger that brought the letter, deliv-account of George Keith's railing against us the ered it in haste, as he was ordered, to John day before, and how disagreeable it was to the Faulkner, a young man from Scotland, who was assembly. Keith left a broad sheet printed,