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DO YOU KNOW?
I have often been surprised, when talking with little boys, to find them so ignorant of many things which they ought to have known as well as their own names. The other day I was questioning one, at least eight years old; who knew neither the number of days, weeks, ormouths thereare in the year! He could not tell me whether the sun rose in the east or the west, and was equally ignorant whether his jacket was made of hemp, flax, or wool. There are things certainly more important for him to know than these, but he should make himself better acquainted with things of this nature.
Every boy ought to know that he has five senses,—seeing, hearing, smelling, feeling, and tasting; that the year has four seasons,—spring, summer, autumn, and winter; that the earth turns round, and travels round the sun; that the world is composed of land and water and divided into four parts,—Europe, Asia, Africa, and America; that there are four cardinal points, —east, west, north, and south ; that gold, silver, and other metals, and coal, are dug out of the earth; diamonds are found on the land, and pearls found in the sea.
The boy must be ignorant indeed who doee not know that bread is made of the flour of wheat, butter from cream, and cheese from milk; that when flour is mingled with yeast it makes leavened or light bread, and that when no yeast is used the bread is heavy or unleavened. The pussover-cakes of the Jews, the biscuits eaten by sailors, and the barley-bread of Scotland, are all unleavened. A boy ought atan early age to be acquainted with such things as are in common use ; but I have frequently found it necessary to explain to young people that sugar is made from the juice of the sugar-cane, which grows in the Indies; that tea is the dried leaves of a shrub which grows in China, about the size of a currant-bush; that coffee is the berry of a bush growing in Arabia and the West Indies; and that chocolate is manufactured from the seeds of the cacao, a plant of South America. Many boys know very well that ale and beer are made with malt and hops, cider from apples, aud perry from pears, who do not know that wiue is the juice of the grape, that brandy i» distilled from wine and rum from the juice of the sugar-cane, but that the liquors sold as spirits, and especially what is called gin, are usually made from malt mixed with turpentine and sometimes with other vile and dangerous.ingredients. And they have been equally ignorant that oranges, citrons, and lemons, grow in Spain aud the Western Islands, and spices in the East Indies and other parts; that pepper and cloves are fruits of shrubs, nutmegs the kernels of a fruit something like a peach, cinnamon the bark of a tree, and ginger and rhubarb the roots of plants.
A great deal of this kind of knowledge may be obtained in a little time by young people, if they keep their eyes and ears open, and now and then ask a question of those who are wiser than themselves.—Y. P. Gazette.
Flour Awd Meal.—The market for Flour is dull. Good will not bring more than $6 00. Sales of better brands for home consumption at $6 25 a 6 38, and extra and fancy brands at $6 87 a 7 50. There is very liitle export demand. Rye Flour is held at $4 00 per barrel. Corn Meal is selling at $3 12 per bbl.
Grain.— Wheat is dull, and prices favor buyers. Sales of prime Pennsylvania redaie making at$l 42 a il 45, and $1 57 a 1 61 for good white. Rye is steady; sales of Penna. at 81 a 82c. Corn is in fair request j sales of old at 69c, and new yellow at 66 a 67c, afloat, and 64 a 65c in the cars and in store. Oats are steady; sales of Pennsylvania at 44 a 45c per bushel. Sales of Barley Malt at $1 60.
\K URPHY'S SCHOOL.—This Institution having IV | been in successful operation for the last 20 years, as a day school, will now receive six or eight female pupils, (girls under 13 years ol" age prelerred,) as boarders in the family. Attention will be paid to health, morals, &c. They will be required to attend Friends' Meeting on First days, accompanied by one of their teachers, also mid-week Meetings if required by parents or guardians. Terms $35 00 per quarter of twelve weeks, (one-half payable in advance) including board, washing, &c. For lunher particulars enquire of LETITIA MURPHY. Principal.
SARAH C. WALKER, Assistant.
N. B. Plain and fancy needle-work taught.
3d mo., 21st, 1857,-4t.pd.
I ONDON GROVE BOARDING SCHOOL FOR _L YOUi\G MEN AND BOYS—It is intended lo commence the Summer session of this Institution on the 1st 2d day in the 5th mo. next. Leciures will be delivered on various subjects, by the teaclier. Also, on Anatomy and Physiology, by a medical practitioner; the former illustrated by appropriate apparatus; the latter by plates adapted to the purpose.
Terms; 65 dollars for 20 weeks. No extra charge except lnrthe Latin language, which w ill be 5 dollars. For Circulars, including references, and further particulars, address
•BENJAMIN SWAYNE, Principal, London Grove P. O., Chester co., Pa. 3d mo. 14, 1857.
YBERRY Boarding^schooitfor GIRLS. The fourth session of this school, taught by Jans Hillbokn and Sisters, will commence- on the 1st Second day in the Filth month, and cpntinue twenty weeks. The usual branches of a liberal English Education will be taught.
Titus: $60 per session, one half payable in advance, the other half at the end of the term. For Circulars, containing particulars, address,
JANk H1J.LBORN, Byberry P. O., Pa.
3d mo. 14, 1857—8t. _ / i ENKSEE VALLbY^b;DARDlNG"SCH07)l7F"0R \J GIRLS—The Spring Term of this School will commence on the 2d of 3d mo. next, and continue fourteen weeks.
Terms.—$12 per term for tuition, board and washin;;, fuel, pens and inks, lor particulars address the Principal for a circular.
STEPHEN COX, Principal.
Scottsville P. O., Monroe Co., N. Y.
PHILADELPHIA, THIRD MONTH 28, 1857.
EDITED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF FRIENDS.
PUBLISHED BY WM. W. MOORE,
Every Seventh day at Two Dollars per annum, pay. able in adrant*. Three copies sent to one address for five Dollars.
Communications must beaddrrssed to the Publisher, free of expense, to whom all payments are to be made.
EXTRACT FROM MEMOIR OF PttlSCILLA GURNEY. [Continued from page S.J
That the extracts from P. Gurney's Journal may not exceed the limits of our paper, much of an interesting character is necessarily omitted. Her health continued to decline, und in 8th mo. of 1819, she had a hemorrhage of the lungs, of which is the following notice in her diary
*th mo. '21th, 1819.—In the evening I was much oppressed in hody, and still more iu spirit; and, on retiring to my own room, I was surprised, but not much agitated, by the breaking of a blood-vessel. A low and feverish night ensued, but I did not feel at all alarmed.
2f)<A.—I was ill, but not uneasy. In the evening I passed through a serious conflict, from a retain of the hemorrhage, accompanied by much difficulty in breathing
—In the evening, had a slight return of the bleeding.
21th.—I thought myself better, and was altogefher comfortable; but was, through unwatchfulness, overset in the evening. We applied leeches. I had a deeply trying night, and was very ill.
28/A.—I was very much sunk during this clay; and, to my own feelings, it was a conflict between life and death; but through infinite mercy, I felt, and, according to my very small measure, Mieved in the powdr of the Redeemer to overcome death. We had some edifying and instructive time together, though it was a day of mach trial. Dr. Farr came in the evening, and comforted and encouraged us.
29i/4.—Rather better to-day, but the night was one of much conflict. Death was brought very closely before me : but I now feel thankful in having been enabled, through the mercy of
our Lord, to view death with hope and tranquillity.
The reader, who has thus far traced, in Priscilla Gurney's course, the remarkable exemplification of the gospel spirit, that breathes " Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, and goodwill towards men," will doubtless be impressed with sympathetic interest, by thesj affecting entries in her journal; and will be prepared for the heavy cloud which overshadowed her path, during the few remaining steps of her earthly pilgrimage ;—a cloud through which, nevertheless, the bright effulgence of the Sun of Righteousness shed upon her soul the radiance of heavenly light and peace. Four weeks after the alarming attack, she writes :—
I have been gradually recovering from this very scrioBS illness. It has been a memorable and an instructive time; and I have inexpressible cause for thankfulness. I am left in a low state of spirit, and low hs it regards the things of this world ; but may I still place all my trust in the Lord, who has done so much for me, and be enabled to commit all my way unto Him. I have had great comfort from all my beloved brothers and sisters, and also from the love and sympathy of our numerous kind friends and relations. I must just note down how much I have been confirmed in the importance of religious instruction during this illness, on having the mindbroperly informed on the truths of the gospel—these truths, through the power of grace, often return with fresh life in the hour of need.
By the direction of her medical advisers, Priscilla Gurney was removed to the Isle of Wight. She was accompanied by her beloved sister Rachel; and on the 2;3th of Ninth Month, after arriving at Ryde, she writes :—
I was fatigued and poorly. If we would secure anything like perfect peace, it is indeed most needful that the mind should be kept staid on God.
First-day, Tenth Month 3d.—Enjoyed some retirement of spirit this morning, and visited, mentally, those from whom we are now separated. Whilst disabled from all active service and employments, how important it is that such a time should lead to deep self-examination! My mind is not capable of much continued reflection ; but may I endeavor, like Mary, to sit at the feet of the Redeemer, to wait upon Him, and to hear his word!
To Elizabeth Barclay.
Isle of Wigbt, Ninth Month, 1819. I have felt peculiarly near to thee, my dear Elizabeth, in sympathy and understanding, when to my own feelings I seemed wholly uncertain as to lifo or death. It was a comfort to think of thee, and remember how the same power had mercifully supported and sustained us in the hour of need. Such proofs of the unremitting love of the Reedeemer ought to animate and encourage us to hold on our way, and to follow Him with more devotedness of heart. There are times when, I trust, this has been the effect upon my mind; but I have been often much cast down since by internal lowness, and a sense of my weakness, as well as something of a reluctance to enter the conflicts of the present state again. I have been so thoroughly disabled that it is no longer a question, but a necessity, to retire from the field of action, and I should not be surprised if the present system of care proved beneficial (through the Divine blessing—for what are all our efforts without it ?) for the future. I am very doubtful whether I shall ever recover much power of voice again ; but this point, as well as all others, I desire to leave; I should be well content, if it be the will of our dear Lord and Master, to be more withdrawn from anything of public service, and to lead a more secluded life. The future, is remarkably in obscurity to me; it is good to feel we have here no continuing city. We are very pleasantly
I do truly long to have my heart more enlarged in humble thankfulness for the many eminent blessings granted to us all, and to dear J. J. G. and Jane in so especial a manner, enriched, as I believe they are, not only by the fulness of the earth but the dew of heaven.
In 12th mo. 1819, she writes to her sister Louisa Hoare—
Sand Rock Hotel, 1819. The last two or three months, though I have passed through some conflict and trials, have yet been a period of much comfort, and often of tranquillity and peace of mind, and especially since we have Been here. I never, that I remember, experienced, so much of the wonderful consolations of the Gospel, or was so deeply sensible of the unsearchable riches of the Redeemer. It is, indeed, an unspeakable blessing, sometimes during our pilgrimage here, to be refreshed by the view of an eternal state of blessedness and rest. This has been more realized to my mind than I almost ever have known it before ; and '.1 long for myself, and for those most near to me, I that we could, with more faith and submission of will, "count all things but as loss, that we may win Christ and be found in Him," &c. I ; am inclined very weakly to shrink from entering | into the conflicts, cares and interests of life again, I have been so sheltered from them for a time. I It is in vain, however, to expect, and we ought not to desire, to find our resting place here. First Month 1st, 1820.—A day of much
situated at this place, and enjoy our retreat from serious and solemn feeling. In the morning I the world. had to plead for the renewings of the Holy
First-day, Tenth Month 10th.—I feel my ab- j Spirit, which prayer I feel to be mercifully an
sence from meetings; and from that precious communion which, in meeting together, we have "^Ss-often enjoyed.
lQth.—1 consulted Dr. Hamilton, who took an unfavorable view of my case, which I felt seriously, but not painfully. It would, 1 think, 'give me little real concern to believe that my continuance here was not likely to be long. I shrink, however, too faithlessly from the prospect of suffering.
Extract from a letter to a friend, Tenth Month 28th, 1819 :—
"My experience has long been that of walking through the valley to which I see not the end ; yet a quiet hope generally prevails that I shall be upheld through it; that it may be the passage to more of the glorious liberty of the children of God, even here. But should it prove the "valley of the shadow of death>" still I believe there is cause for faith and confidence that the good Shepherd will be with me; that his rod and his staff will comfort me. I cannot but hope that this wilderness journey, and my many low estates, will be blessed in more effectually shaking all self-dependence, and in leading me to place my trust more simply and more faithfully on the Saviour as our only hope of glory.
swered. A fine winter's morning. We continued our village visits, and 1 felt some increased capacity for exertion. A letter in the afternoon from dear Chenda, giving a most affecting account of a shipwreck on their coast (near Yarmouth.) Well may we say,—" Thy ways, 0 Lord ! are past finding out." My whole mind, during this day, seemed clothed with the spirit of self-humiliation, and of supplication in the beginning of yet another year. After our reading, the springs were mercifully opened, and a little utterance was given me. We were, I believe, unitedly brought to humble ourselves, and to know something of a deep sense of the necessity of repentance before our God, in remembering the transgressions and manifold weaknesses of our lives during the past year : at least, this was strongly my own individual impression. I felt called upon to commend our little community here, as well a3 our beloved friends absent from us. to the tender mercy—the directing and preserving care of the Good Shepherd, with the desire that our being withdrawn for a season from the world, and brought into our present circumstances, may be a means of edification to our souls, and, if it please the Lord our Saviour, of good also to our fellow-creatures. It was indeed the sincere and fervent prayer of my heart for myself, and for those most near and dear to me, that, whatever may be the dispensations of our God towards us during the year on which we have now entered, neither life nor death, heights nor depths, things present nor yet to come, may be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. We parted this evening in love, and, I fully believe, in a measure of the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace; and my poor, weak, and often depressed spirit, was, through the mercy of the dear Redeemer, a little refreshed and comforted in the Lord.
Extract from a letter to her Sister Share.
We shall not 1 think forget to visit one another in mind to-morrow. It is very sweet (and how much ought it to be cultivated) to unite in communion on our "Sabbath" days. It is now nearly five months since my First-days have been spent in retirement, and very much in solitude. 1 am sure they ought to be profitable to my own mind. I too often, however, suffer from languor of spirit as well us body. The thought of meeting you all again is very delightful. Sometimes I shrink a little from the prospect of re-entering the stage of life. Nothing, however, can be more unwise, or indeed more unfaithful, than to be apprehensive for the future, when everything ought to make us "trust and not be afraid." The best way to secure tranquillity of mind is to confine our views to the present, and to commit ourselves unreservedly to Him, who can do all things for us, and give us strength in our weakness. How I sometimes long for more of this spirit for and about myself and others!
First Month, 2Uh, 1820.—Dear Rachel and I were together this morning, and were permitted, through the sweet influence of the Spirit, to be united in prayer, both for ourselves and for the absent members of our scattered family, as well as for all the members of the Church of Christ. It is truly a blessed thing to feel that we are partakers of the same hope—having "one Lord, one faith, one baptism," one Father over all. Our evening sweet and uniting. I had to say a few words on the importance of our being doers of the Word and not hearers only. Oh, may every fresh experience lead us more humbly, more earnestly, to the prayer,—" Lead us in thy truth and teach us."
First-day, 81sf.—A day of much peace and encouragement to me: less care for the future: some reliance on the power and mercy of the Redeemer, whose arm is not shortened that it cannot save, nor his car heavy that it cannot hear. I wrote a little on the subject of love and family harmony*
* Published in a previous number of this paper.
In directing the attention of the reader to the instructive observations which were now penned by the dear invalid, (as referred to in the last entry in her journal,) it may well be accompanied by some reflections on the remarkable evidence, afforded by the circumstances of the Earlham family, of the practical influence of Prisoilla Gurney's sentiments, not only on her own mind, but ulso upon each one of the interesting circle. Whilst, as it referred to their religious course, some of them trod in paths that led into external observances varying much from the track conscientiously pursued by others of the household and nearest connexions, there was, throughout, preserved amongst them a very careful and tender regard to the feelings of each one, with a most affectionate and constant solicitude for the welfare and comfort of all; and, under circumstances of sickness or affliction, they exhibited a rare example of self-sacrificing devotedness of every energy of body and mind to console and to assist the beloved ones who were in suffering or in sorrow.
Second Month 3d, 1820.—In the afternoon our dearest Samuel, with his boy and R. F., arrived. Very interesting it was to meet again.
First-day, 7th.—We had a little meeting together. Evening reading with alt the party. We were, before reading, drawn together under j the sweet influence of the Spirit, and I had to express a few words on the hope that, not only | were we united here, but that we might look forward to be joined together in communion in eternity.
8/^.—All our party went to Ryde. We parted, I trust comfortably, with dear Samuel, &c.; but I could not be easy to separate without commending one another to the constant, sure, and preserving care of the Shepherd of Israel.
13th.—A sweet and peaceful day. I felt my clouds to be mercifully removed, and the Sun of Righteousness to arise with healing in his' wings.
21st.—My breath very poorly; but I have lately felt much internal quietness and peace, which compensates for every external deprivation. I desire to be thankful for the calmness and ease which is at this time granted me about the present and the future.
The disease which had so seriously prostrated the bodily powers of the beloved invalid had been, for a time arrested in its progress; but its insidious operation was not eradicated. She left the Isle of Wight in the Fourth Month, and returned to Earlham. Her spirit was, at this time, introduced into much sorrowful sympathy with her beloved brother and sister Buxton, who were bereft of three lovely children in the short space of five weeks. This affecting circumstance producing, in her very sensitive condition, a degree of physical excitement, caused a return of the hemorrhage, and from this time she became increasingly ill. Of this renewed indisposition she writes to one of her sisters :—
Earlham, Fifth Month 7tli, 1820.
Once more, my dear, I must write to thee from by bed, to which I have been closely confined for the last" four days C., I hope, told thee all the particulars of this attack. It was most unexpected to me. I have, indeed, cause to be very thankful for having, in every way, been mercifully dealt? with in this illness. I have been kept in much quietness of mind, and been enabled to feel, in some degree, what is the joy and peace of believing, when our hold on this life is shaken ; still this has been accompanied with much infirmity. The sensitiveness of my nervous system is always some trial in illness, and, with other deeper faults and weaknesses ought to be very humbling. What are likely to be the effects of this attack we cannot yet tell. I confess I have felt this retuin seriously, and to my own mind it makes the prospect of recovery more doubtful than ever; but I truly desire to leave this and all my concerns to a better wisdom and care than our own.
To another Sister—
Fifth Month 12th, 1820. I have often, through the Divine blessing, (for truly we have nothing of ourselves,) possessed much quietness and composure of mind,— something of that peace which can only be felt and enjoyed when we are kept, by the power and mercy of God, stayed upon him, as our Saviour and Redeemer. So much for the infirmities of the flesh. 1 must not enlarge upon the much deeper.and more pressing infirmities of the mind and spirit. After all, the evils of our own hearts are our greatest trials; at lenst I am sure I find this to be increasingly my experience. I am at times low and cast down in spirit; but this is not to be wondered at: the afflictions of our beloved brother and sister, which are also our own, must overshadow every enjoyment, and the things of this life must be clouded for the present. We are called upon patiently to submit to our portion of suffering, and most thankfully to acknowledge the consolations and Divine support which have attended this deep family trial. Our blessings have been and are abundant: we may believe that our afflictions are amongst the best of them.
To F. and R. Cunningham.
My Dearest F. And 0.,—I hope you will have received C.'s letters, giving an account of this return of the bleeding. I have been recovering very favorably. 1 do, I hope, feel very thankful for having been thus mercifully and comfortably brought through this little illness; but it is still a greater blessing that I have been kept (for I am sure we cannot keep ourselves) in a quiet and composed state of mind, and I
have felt more sensible comfort and consolation than for a long time past; indeed, this best help has sometimes been so present to me, that I have felt more reconciled to the portion of suffering and trial, which we may he sure has been in mercy and wisdom administered to us. I have longed that we all, in our various allotments, may keep near to Him who is our Head, and that there we may quietly rest, and seek more and more for a spirit of submission and acquiescence with whatever is dispensed. We have many of us had a time of discipline lately: I have felt this myself. I value being at home much : there is a rest in it which no other place or situation can yield. I hope, dearest C, thou wilt not feel anxious about me. As far as I am able tojudge, I have not one symptom in my present state to excite serious anxiety; still it is impossible not to feel the doubtfulness of entire recovery. I cannot say it is much my own expectation; I have for so long a time been getting gradually lower and lower, and my cough is so very tenacious. I am not at all anxious. Such a pause ought, I am sure, to he a time of preparation either for life or death. It is as much our privilege as it is our duty, to endeavor to resign our own will, and to commit our way entirely to our Lord, who can only bring it to pass to His glory and our good. I have felt my separation from dear 11. C. it is also a serious loss to have so kind and devoted a friend as Dr. H. withdrawn, whilst I have been so poorly: and yet I can often be thankful when human dependencies arc taken away, if it be a means of fixing our hearts more on that help which is from above.
[To be continued. 1
THE SPIRIT OF CHILDHOOD AND THE SPIRIT OF THE KINGDOM.
The dispute was constantly arising among the disciples of Jesus concerning pre-eminence in (the coining kingdom. Perhaps we, of this day. can hardly conceive the intense interest with j which the long-prophesied Messiah was waited jfor, by the whole people of Israel,—an interest j which every exciting event deepened, and some1 times even caused to blaze forth in ungovernaj ble enthusiasm. The entire nation was on the I tiptoe of expectation, their ears stretched to hear j the first notes of the herald, calling, " Prepare 'ye the way of the Lord, and make his paths j straight;" and their hands and hearts all ready i for the glorious work- Tho prospect of the reign of the Messiah, as has been said, over the favored ; people on a renovated earth, was to the people of Palestine nearly what the hope of Heaven is ! to the Christian. It was their comfort under their trials, and their boast even amid their defeats and degradations. Into this kingdom they esteemed it their birthright to enter: the title and prerogative were in their blood. "At the