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if naked, sick, or in prison, he was all sufficient to clothe, heal, or set at liberty, as was consistent with his divine will.
She expressed to her brother in a very tender manner the affection she felt for him, and said, it is my greatest wish dear brother that thou shouldst prepare for the important change which must take place sooner or later, by giving up the pleasures of this world, and seeking for that which would insure eternal peace in the world to come, I hope thou will endeavor to become a comfort to our dear parents, and that thou wilt unite with thy dear wife in seeking to do good, who I believe has something good and precious within her, which if attended to will be profitable to her soul; I hope thou wilt not stand in the way of her advancement, I feel for thy situation in being connected with persons who are not in the habit of frequenting places of religious worship, who may be possessed of good morals, but lack the necessary part—there is something more necessary than merely professing to be Christians. I hope thou wilt not be led away by their example, and expressed the necessity of preparing fjor the peace of our souls while in health and strength, saying in the language of the Apostle, " I am almost ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand, I have fought the good fight, I have kept the faith, and have finished my course, henceforth there is laid up for me a treasure in heaven, a crown of righteousness which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me in that day, and not to me only, but unto all that love his appearance. I entreat thee my dear brother to take thy wife by the hand, and say unto her, " Come, my beloved, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob, and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths—for out of Zion shall go forth the law and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem, for Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and all her converts with righteousness."
Addressing her sister-in-law one day, she said she had frequently felt a desire of having something to say to her, but had been too backward in that respect, for which she had suffered, and remarked that she hoped she would be steady in attending some places of worship, for she believed there was oftentimes much good to be derived from it, saying she had been too neglectful in that duty herself, and observed that she thought it strange as there was but a few hours appointed in the week for public worship, that we could not spare time to attend it—she further said that she hoped that her sister would endeavor to be a comfort to her parents who were almost worn to the grave with sorrow, she thought much lay in her power if she would strictly attend to the teacher within, that little things must be attended to before great ones could be obtained. She said she felt much for some of her
friends who it appeared to her were spendingtheir precious time in thinking of nothing but the things of this world. Had they been brought to view them in the light that she did, they would think them as nothing, and remarked that people were too apt to put off the day of repentance until seized with sickness, and what time would they have to seek forgiveness when stretched on a sick bed filled with pains, observing that although it was a hard thing to give up, the work was easy.
[To be continued.]
For Friends' Intelligencer.
Methinks I hear the trumpet sound! Is) it from Sinai's mount? Awake my slumbering soul to life! Start in thy tent and listen to the heavenly sound! Yes, 'tis He! the Lord of life and glory! Ho who sits enthroned in light. He " who dwells between the cherubim shines forth!" 'Tis He! The mighty One descends as in a cloud. He stoops to man, poor man, frail, finite creature of the dust, and yet the work, the wondrous work of his Almighty forming hand! formed for a purpose of his glory— created to sojourn awhile on earth and then to rise to heaven—created to enjoy the bliss of angels in sweet communion with his God. If so, my slumbering soul awake to life! Stand in thy cave, in mantle clothed, and hear what Israel's gracious King may deign to say! He bids the tribes draw near, wash and be clean. Oh ! Israel hear! Attend my counsel deep—as man to man and face to face I'll plead. I am thy God, Oh Israel! I brought thee forth from Pharoah's cruel bondage; for thee my wonders were displayed. The fire, the hail went forth at my command. The mighty deep divided to prepare a way, a holy, ransomed way, for thee, my chosen one. The waves stood as a heap at my command, until thou safely passed; nor was this all: by day a cloud, by night a light, a matchless pillar still thy guide. Listen, my people, while I speak. Oh ! Israel attend. I know thy tribulated path; thy many sorrows, cares and woes; there's not a tear escapes unseen, a sigh unheard. I know thy going out and coming in, thy lying down and rising up, and when thy soul o'ercharged with grief breaks forth in plaintive notes, I Hear. Think not, my tried, proved, suffering seed, thy path unknown to me ; think not thou art forgotten ; think not the waves will swallow up, nor fire consume, my holy one. Ask of the ages past whoever I deceived; did any trust in me and were mistaken? Has not my arm brought forth and still preserved? Has not my holy word created and sustained in heights and depths 1 Look back, my children, and retrace your steps. Has not my arm been round about your dwelling in days gone by, made bare for your support and help? When wave on wave did rise and seemed to shake your fuith, I
was not ray voice then heard amid the storm? Be still'. And when your fainting souls looked tow>rd my holy throne, I breathed the breath of life; as dew unseen it fell, the root was strengthened, the branches bore fruit to your peace and praise to me. Oh Israel hear! My ways are in the deep. "lis true I work unseen to mortal eye —enough for man to know I reign—enough for him to feel my power, to know my arm can save, uiy grace support and strengthen, my wisdom all sufficient to direct his steps and lead him safely through. Then fear not, Jacob, humbled, fainting one, I am thy God! From seive to seive I'll r-ift thee to redeem thy precious soul. My fan shall winnow, my hammer form a vessel for my use, but naught shall hurt or injure, naught destroy. E. P.
PHILADELPHIA, FIFTH MONTH 16, 1857.
It will be seen that the number of the place of Publication of this Paper has been, in accordance with the arrangements of our City, changed from 100 to 324,—the number only is change J, the Office is not removed.
A Meeting of the Committee of Management of the Library Association of Friend*, of Philadelphia, will be held on Fourth dav evening, the 20th inst., at 8 o'clock.
Philadelphia, 5th Mo. 16M, 1857.
Jacob M. Ellis, Clerk.
For Friends' Intelligencer.
RaUm of the Weather, Sfc, for Fourth Month.
Rain daring some portion of the 24 hours, 12 d's 8ds' do. " the whole or nearly whole day, 3 3 Snow—inrluding very slight falls thereof, 0 5 Cloudy days without storms, . . 6 3 Ordinary clear days, . . . 9 11
temperatures, Deaths, dec.
Average Mean Temperature of the month only 45.29
do. do. last year, (1856), 53.36
do,. do. for thr past 68 years, 51.15
IB/hat do. during the past 68 years,
1826, '28, '35 '44, 56.
UwH, 1794, 1798, 44.
During the above mentioned entire period of •ixty-ei<jfu years, we can find but three, with the temperatures a* low for the month under review, as that of the present year, viz: 1794,1798 and 1799, (the latter 45 degrees,) consequently we have not had as cold a Fourth month for fiftytight years!
An unusual quantity of rain has also fallen, having been (per account at the Pennsylvania Hospital) G.78 inches; last year (1856) it was
3i inches, while the average for the last twenty years for the Fourth month has been about three and three quarters (31) inches.
The sixth day of the present month will long be remembered as chronicling a severe and extensive storm; the day presented the strange association of thunder and lightning, rain, hail and snow, the latter falling to the depth of two or three inches. Deaths for the month the present year 875, and for last year, 83o, baing an increase for 1857 of forty-two.
J. M. E.
Philadelphia, Fourth mo., 1857.
ORTHODOXY AND HETERODOXY.
On account of the examination bestowed upon it by a " Lay Churchman," it becomes necessary to bring into notice the controversy which has for some years divided the " Orthodox Friends."
The following passage may be quoted as containing the gist of the matter. "It has been assumed, that what is now usually called Hicksism, is the same as Foxism was, two centuries ago: that what is now known as Orthodox Quakerism, is in all essential particulars identical with Orthodox religion, as it is professed in the various Churches of Christendom. It is shown, too, that on this very question, there is a present difficulty among the Friends, growing out of opposition to the evangelical doctrines of Joseph John Gurney; and it is a most singular and significant fact that this opposition emauates from the same source which exercised the most rigid censorship and discipline against Elias Hicks. The inference is, that if Hicksism is Heresy, Gurncyism must be Orthodoxy; and the interesting inquiry is immediately presented, where do those stand who are neither one thing or the other? The rational conclusion is, that they cannot maintain a position at all, unless they change their standing point, and they cannot change it, except to Hicksism or Gurneyism; or in other words, to Quakerism or Orthodox Churchism. It matters not what name they assume; the fact will be as here stated."
It is worthy of remembrance that there was a remarkable co-incidenee between the course pursued by the Philadelphia elders towards Elias Hicks, and that pursued hy John Wilbur and his party towards Joseph John Gurney. In both instances a minister from another Yearly Meeting, bearing the credentials of his calling and the evidence of unity with his friends at home, was attempted to be arrested in his labors, and his religious character laid waste, on account of doctrines he was said to have promulgated before his certificate was granted. What right had they to look behind his certificate and call him to account for acts which came within the cognizance of his friends at home? The proper course would have been, if one Yearly Meeting was not satisfied with the doctrines promulgated within another, for the hody at large to appoint a committee of correspondence or conference, in order that the matter might be fairly understood. Each Yearly Meeting of Friends is independent of all others, and has a right to promulgate its own views of doctrine and discipline.
As to the doctrines of Joseph John Gurney, there can be no doubt that his views on some points were very different from those of George Fox, and this I say, without meaning to detract in the least from his high character for extended benevolence and sincere devotion. His doctrinal views were particularly acceptable to the Churchman, whose language I again quote.
"The London Yearly Meeting, in 1690-91, were anti-Keithian; they sympathized with and sustained the true Foxian doctrine. In 1827, they unwittingly, perhaps, arrayed themselves with the counterpart of the former Keithian order, and took issue with the " Penn Quakers," as they are represented now, in the party known as Hicksites. Let us be reminded here of the providential result of this London error,—if indeed it may be so called. A noble minister, a man of faith and power, evangelical in doctrine, simple in heart, yet whe in scholastic divinity, came to this country, sanctioned by the London Yearly Meeting, to preach the Gospel in its most Orthodox form. He preached it with earnestness, and sealed it by a godly life. Who that ever sat under the preaching of Joseph John Gurney did not feel his Catholic spirit? Who that ever mingled with him in social life, did not realize that he was a good and a great man'! In this country he has done a good and a great work. He has opened the eyes of many of the Quakers to see the truth; and seeing it, they realize how they have been blinded by the sophistry and crippled by the snares of 1827. They came out now honestly and fairly on the side of Orthodoxy; and it may be doubtless said by pastors of other churches, as it was said by Mr. Evans, the first Episcopalian priest of Philadelphia, that they have baptized many " men, women and children, Quakers."
In drawing the parallel between the results of the Keithian separation and that of 1827, the 'Churchman' shows that the " Orthodox Friends of this day cannot consistently maintain their title to orthodoxy, and yet expect to continue their claim to Quakorism, because it has always been heterodoxy" in the estimation of most other religious professors. He endeavors to show that they are already following in the footsteps of the Keithians. Some of the Keithians," he says, "were baptized and came out openly as churchmen. Some of the Friends are doing the same thing now. Some of the Keithians returned to Quakerism, so are some now attempting to do under the false colors of Wilburism. Wilbur opposed the orthodoxy of Gurney, and the party
that has grown up under this opposition, stand in the same relation precisely to Gurneyism, as Hicksism stands to orthodoxy. Hence there is no ground for them to occupy, that may not be claimed with equal force by the adherents to Hicks. We cannot make a triple division of Quakerism. It is a unit, representing a single principle, and that principle is the inward light.
Nobody can deny this." "There is no
middle ground. It must be one thing or the other. The Friends [Hicksites] are not disputing, they have made no change in form or faith, and stand before the world the acknowledged Foxian Quakers. "All who want to hold the same title, have but one resource left, and that is to re-unite with their former brethren. All who want to be more evangelical, must either organize under a new form, or unite themselves with one or more Christian churches.''- "The Christian world looks for this—the signs of the times indicate it—the evangelical Quakers themselves are moving in this direction; and we are glad to welcome them, while we honor them for their consistency." "We believe the alterations which have been made in their discipline within the last thirty years, to meet the commonly received Orthodox faith, is one grand step in this direction." "What they need is a little more courage to acknowledge that they have a creed, and publish it freely; at least, so far as to give it to their own members and all Christian inquirers, and then they cannot consistently withhold the future acknowledgement of other church tenets, unless they go back to the cottage of Drayton to learn over again the lessons of their first leader."
I cannot take leave of this branch of the subject without the expression of an earnest desire that all who claim the name of Friends, would occasionally " go back to the cottage of Drayton," and study the principles promulgated in the writings of that great and good man, who was raised up by Divine Providence, and qualified by divine grace, to preach the reign of Christ in the soul, and to exemplify, in practice, those blessed fruits of the spirit, which prove that genuine Quakerism is primitive Christianity revived. Let us build on the same foundation that our fathers built on, and by our example hold out to the scattered tribes of our Israel, the encouraging language, " come ye and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths."
(To be concluded in our next.)
EXODUS OF FREE COLOURED PEOPLE.
In consequence of the recent stringent enactments in Florida, touching their interests, forbidding trade with them, and appointing guardians over them, a large number of the free colored population of Pensacola have determined upon chartering a vessel in the spring, and emigrating beyond the confines of the United States, Tampico being their destination.—Charleston Standard.
GLIMPSES OF AFFAIRS IN AMERICA.
(Continued from page 125.)
Nations, like individuals, usually add more to their cares than their comforts by their acquisition of property. The United States had from small beginnings become a mighty empire; but ■while prosperous in its material interests, it was torn with intestine commotions. It had acquired enormously large possessions in the south; but what was to be done with them? Eager discussions respecting these acquisitions occurred in the congress 1849-50. Zachary Taylor, the new president, having recommended the organisation of California as a state, and New Mexico and Utah as territories, of the Union, there arose a contest on that everlasting subject—the imposition of restrictions as to slavery. Once more, Henry Clay interposes to allay the storm with an ingeniously complicated and specious compromise. To understand the purport of this beautiful piece of legislation, it is necessary to have some notion of the state of affairs since 1834. The invasion of Texas, and its probable results in extending slavery, greatly stimulated the party of Abolitionists, who about this time began to agitate with uncommon zeal—perhaps more zeal than discretion—through the agency of speeches, pamphlets, and petitions. One of the things they especially demanded was the expulsion of slavery from the District of Columbia, where it was a scandal to the official capital of the States. So numerous were the petitions presented to congress on this and analogous subjects, that at length the extraordinary resolution to receive no more was adopted, aud for several years the very right of petition was so far suspended. It was during this turbulent decade (1830—40), that a bill was brought in to extend the slave state of Missouri. The prescribed boundaries of this state on the west having excluded a triangular district, which remained free soil in virtue of the ordinance of 1787, the incorporation of it was anxiously desired by the Missourians, for it was exceedingly fertile, and lay on the route to the rich and still unappropriated lands of Kansas. Strange to say, the bill to incorporate this region—legally insured to freedom—was passed in 1S3G without any perceptable opposition. The tract so annexed composes six counties, and has become one of the most populous and wealthy sections of the state, devoted to the growing of hemp, tobacco, and other articles, and cultivated by slaves. This, we are told, 'is the most pro-slavery section of the state, in which originated, and has been principally sustained, that series of inroads into Kansas, corruptions of tier ballot-boxes, and
outrages on her people, which have earned for their authors the appellation of border ruffians.'
Not discouraged, the ultra anti-slavery party kept up a constant war of argument and remonstrance through the press. The Texan invasion and its consequences imparted fresh | energy to the remonstrants. Petitions for a dissolution of the Union, for amendments in the ! constitution, for a reform of the representation, ; were poured into congress, and when discussions arose respecting the admission of California, the contest overshadowed all other questions. Clay, as has been said, now comes on the scene, with his plan of conciliation, which, being embodied in several bills, was cleverly carried through congress in August 1850. This famous' omnibus' measure, as it was called, was worthy of Clay's genius. The South had complaints against the North, on account of difficulties thrown in the way of recovering fugitive slaves. The North complained that slavery continued to exist in the District of Columbia. Clay projected some mutual concession on these points; and as the South was the more intractable, adjusted its demands by conceding that the inhabitants of new southern acquisitions should exercise the rightof introducingorexcludingslavery; further, the original compact with Texas was confirmed, and its western boundary fixed at the Rio Grande del Norte. California was admitted as a state, and New Mexico and Utah as territories, on the basis of 'squatter sovereignty'—a circumstance of no moment, as it proved, to California, which, though already intruded on by some planters and theirslaves, made choice of freedom. Slavery was not abolished in Columbia, but the slavetrade and open sales of slaves were prohibited under heavy penalties in the District. Lastly, the Fugitive Slave Bill strengthened those proi visions in the federal constitution for recovering i runaways, which in many parts of the country had become practically inoperative. These united measures did not become law without incurring opposition on both sides ; but we are concerned to observe, that in all the divisions in the legislature, members from free states voted with the South—the only ratioual explanation of this being, that the principle of freedom versus slavery had not attained force sufficiently distinct to overcome party connection . or individually selfish considerations. Among the eminent men who on this occasion voted in violation of formerly professed principles, was Daniel Webster—a circumstance of which he was so painfully reminded by his rejection at a convention for proposing candidates for the presidentship, that he languished and died ' a damaged man,' October 1852. Clay, a short time before, made an equally abrupt and unlamented exit.
It is now, we believe, generally admitted by its partisans, that Clay's Fugitive Slave Bill was a grave political blunder; for, besides failing in Hs professed object, it exasperated the North in no ordinary degree, and, more than anything else, has there promoted an unconquerable hatred of slavery and all engaged in its support. Of the working of this most odious measure, we may afterwards have occasion to speak. Meanwhile, it is enough to say, that it is already as much a dead-letter in several northern states as were the original obligations on which it was founded. So much for Clay's omnibus measure, which was to insure universal harmony! So much for what a committee of congress in 1854, sagaciously proclaimed as having been 'a final settlement of the controversy, and an end of the agitation.' Well may one say, with how little wisdom is the world governed!
With the incentives to increase, to which we have drawn attention, it will not be thought remarkable that in 1850, the number of slaves in the United States had risen to 3, 204, 313.
From the Youth's Penny Gazette. THE OLD SAILOR.
A TRUE STOUT OP HIMSELF.
I suppose that many of the little boys think that a sailor's life is one to be envied; it must be to delightful to sail over the ocean, visit foreign ports, and return with strange tales to relate of adventures and sights and narrow es- ] capes. Well, all this part of a sailor's life is pleasant; but, my young friends, there is also a dark side to the picture. Do you ever think of storms, when the frozen sleet renders the ropes almost useless? when the summons "Hands aloft I" is heard in dread, as the tall mast bows and creaks before the gale? when aleak is sprung, and perhaps day after day you anticipate a watery grave?
When I was quite yonng, I left my pleasant home to seek my fortune on the "ocean wave," . feeling proud, as I bade my sister adieu, that I | should now uo longer be a burden to my kind parents. At first all seemed to prosper, and my hopes grew brighter and brighter. But suddenly there came a dark cloud, which showed me that life was not all sunshine. My kind captain died; I was obliged to seek another ship, amid entire strangers, and many were the hard and bitter struggles I had to encounter. Twice, when I thought to return home with my earnings and to visit once more the home I so much loved, I was shipwrecked, lost my all, and was obliged to ship again at foreign ports. ■
Again I was prosperous, and my hopes rose high; but " He who ruleth the winds and the waves" saw best to discipline me yet further by privation and sufferiug. One night a fearful storm arose. All hands were occupied, for the ship had sprung a great leak. We worked un
ceasingly, for we were alone in the midst of the ocean,—no sail in sight,—no land near. The ship drove fast before the gale, and we felt that our hour had come; for what now could avail the hand of man? But there was One who watched over and protected us even then, and by his hand were we guided to the coast of a small island. We were here drifted ashore, and the ship soon went to pieces, we saving only a barrel of water and one of the boats. Thanksgivings arose for our safety, and we formed a shelter with the boat and a piece of canvass to protect us from the storm.
But where should we obtain food? To our dismay, we found ourselves on a desolate island, where man's footsteps were unknown. The birds flocked around us, seeming to ask why this intrusion upon their domains. As long as our water lasted, wo could live upon the birds; but oh, how anxiously we watched for a sail to appear! At last our water failed us. We could now no longer remain here, for intense thirst brought with it agonies under the burning sun. Our last hope was to take to the boat and oncemore commit ourselves to the boundless ocean. Our sufferings hourly increased. Oh, how we longed for a morsel of the coarsest, hardest food, —for one draught of cooling water. Our boat drifted on and on, for we had no strength to control its course; but, by the hand of Providence, a ship hove directly in sight. Our hearts were gladdened and our hopes arose. But should we be seen? If not, we must perish! Presently a small boat approached. Our joy was full; the relief so long and anxiously waited for had arrived.
We never shall forget the kindness of that ship's crew! After our long abstiueuce, food and drink had to be administered iu the smallest quantities, though at frequent intervals, for the sufferings of our exhausted frames were intense. We were safely landed at the nearest port, and, again penniless, I shipped once more to try my fortunes. But misfortunes and sickness have followed me; and now, in my old age, I am looking steadfastly forward to that "port and haven whence none return," but where " storms and sorrows are unknown."
The storm is laid; the winds retire,
Obedient to God's will;
At thy command is still.
In midst of dangers, fears and death,
Thy goodness I'll adore j
And humbly hope lor more.
My life, while thou preserv'st that life,
Thy sacrifice sh>ill be j
Shall join my soul to thee.