A History of Mathematical Notations, Том 1
Cosimo, Inc., 2007 - Всего страниц: 472
Described even today as "unsurpassed," this history of mathematical notation stretching back to the Babylonians and Egyptians is one of the most comprehensive written. In two impressive volumes, first published in 1928-9 and reproduced here under one cover, distinguished mathematician Florian Cajori shows the origin, evolution, and dissemination of each symbol and the competition it faced in its rise to popularity or fall into obscurity. Illustrated with more than a hundred diagrams and figures, this "mirror of past and present conditions in mathematics" will give students and historians a whole new appreciation for "1 + 1 = 2." Swiss-American author, educator, and mathematician FLORIAN CAJORI (1859-1930) was one of the world's most distinguished mathematical historians. Appointed to a specially created chair in the history of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, he also wrote An Introduction to the Theory of Equations, A History of Mathematical Notations, and The Chequered Career of Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler.
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abbreviations adopted aggregation Algebra London algebraic symbols Amsterdam angle annee appears Arabic arithmetic Arithmetica Babylonian Bernoulli binomial Cantor Cardan censo century Chuquet Clavius colon comma cube root decimal fractions Descartes designate Diophantus division edition employed equation Euclid exponents expressed Figure Geometry New York German gives Greek Herigone Hindu Hindu-Arabic numerals horizontal Ibid indicate Johann John Kersey John Wallis L. C. Karpinski later Latin Leibniz Leipzig Leonardo Leonardo of Pisa letters Leyden manuscript mark Math mathematica Mathematical means Michael Stifel minus multiplication notation occurs Oughtred Oughtred's Pacioli papyrus parentheses Paris powers printed proportion radical sign radix ratio Recorde's Regiomontanus represent Roman Roman numerals Rudolff Samuel Jeake Schooten separatrix sexagesimal sign of equality signify square root Stevin Stifel stroke subtraction Tartaglia tion translation Tropfke unit fractions unknown quantity Vieta vinculum Widman writes written wrote zero
Стр. 11 - BC ;3 it is found mainly on monuments of stone, wood, or metal. Out of the hieroglyphic sprang a more cursive writing known to us as hieratic. In the beginning the hieratic was simply the hieroglyphic in the rounded forms resulting from the rapid manipulation of a reed-pen as contrasted with the angular and precise shapes arising from the use of the chisel.
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The teaching of mathematics: a source book and guide
Просмотр фрагмента - 1936