« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
And oh, you mortal engines, whose rude throats
FORCE is the volume or loudness of voice, used on the same key or pitch, when reading or speaking.
Though the degrees of Force are numerous, varying from a soft whisper to a shout, yet they may be considered as three: Loud, MODERATE, and GENTLE.
I. Loud Force is used in strong, but suppressed passions,
I hate him, for that he is a Christian.
I will feed fat the āncieni grudge I bear him.
From the field of his fame fresh and gory;
But we left him ălone in his glory!
Look'st from thy sole dominion, like the God
· Exercise on Force.-For a gen- brought into play. Reverse the prðeral exercise on Force, select a sen cess, without change of key, ending tence, and deliver it on a given key, with a whisper. This exercise is so with voice just sufficient to be heard; valuable, that it can not be too frethen gradually increase the quantity, quently repeated. until the whole power of the voice is
II. MODERATE Force, or a medium degree of loudness, is used in ordinary assertion, narration, and description; as,
1. What is the blooming tincture of the skin,
peace of mind and harmony within ?
But these, these only, can the heart retain.
I have seen
In the delivery of the following selection froin TENNYSON, which is one of the purest and most exquisite of all poëms, the degree of force is between the loud and the moderate.
Tuc Days THAT ARE NO MORE.
Tears, idle tears ! I know not what they mean,
Ah, sad and strange as in dark summer dawns
Dear as remembered kisses after death,
III. GENTLE FORCE, or a slight degree of loudness, is used to express caution, fear, secrecy, and tender emotions; as, 1. Heard ye the whisper of the breeze,
As softly it murmured by,
It tells, with meaning sigh,
Where the weary spirit shall sin no more.
Pause a moment—softly tread;
Vigils by the sleeper's bed!
One remains—that slumber deep:
From that sweet, that saving sleep.
QUALITY. QUALITY has reference to the kinds of tone used in reading and speaking. They are the Pure Tone, the OROTUND, the ASPIRATED, the GUTTURAL, and the TREMBLING.
I. THE PURE TONE is a clear, smooth, round, flowing sound, accompanied with moderate pitch; and is used to express peace, cheerfulness, joy, and love; as,
Methinks I love all common things
The common air, the common flower ;
From hearts that have no other dower,
No other wealth, no other power,
It is the hour, when from the boughs
The nightingale's high note is heard ;
Seem sweet in every whispered word;
The Pure Tone approaches nearly to the Orotund in the delivery of TENNyson's celebrated
The splendor falls on castle walls,
And snowy summits old in story;
And the wild cataract leaps in glory.
And thinner, clearer, further going!
The horns of Elfland faintly blowing !
O love, they die in yon rich sky;
They faint on hill, or field, or river :
for ever and for ever.
II. THE OROTUND is the Pure Tone deepened, enlarged, and intensified. It is used in all energetic and vehement forms of expression, and in giving utterance to grand and sublime emotions; as, 1. Strike—till the last armed foe expires ;
STRIKE—for your altars and your fires ;
And Storm, and Darkness, ye are wondrous ströng,
mountain now hath found a tongue ;
III. THE ASPIRATED Tose is an expulsion of the breath more or less strong, the words being spoken in a whisper. It is used to express amazement, fear, terror, horror, revenge, and remorse; as, 1. The ancient Earl, with stately grace,
Would Clara on her palfrey place,
How ill this taper burns !