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CONTENTS

PAGE

iv

vi

To tie READER

The Introduction....

Doct. There is a seeming religiousness which is but self-de-

ceiving, and will prove in vain

Ten particulars that constitute the hypocrite's vain religion..

Ten things that are yet wanting to the hypocrite, that prove

his religion vain

By what means and method the hypocrite makes shift to de-

ceive himself by his religion..

What moveth the hypocrite to this self-deceit, and what are the

reasons and uses of his vain religion ...

In what respects the hypocrite's religion is not vain

In what respects his religion is vain ...

Use 1. Why a seeming, outside, hypocritical religion is so

common in comparison of serious faith and godliness..

Why popery hath so many followers

Use 2. To awaken the self-deceiving hypocrite ....

Ten infallible marks of grace, which are in all that are sound

believers, and set together, describe his state; premised

to prevent the misapplication of what followeth, and

groundless trouble of the sincerc..

Terror to the self-deceiver. 1. His religion being vain, his

hopes and comforts are all vain

2. It will deceive him in his extremity

The detection of the hypocrite, by his contradicting all the

parts of his christian profession: showing that all the

ungodly among us, that profess to be true Christians,

are hypocrites

The hypocrite's unbridled tongue

Sins of the tongue

What the text means

'Three sorts especially reproved

1. The deriders, scorners, revilers, or opposers of serious godli-

ness; their terror in the aggravation of their sin ....

2. Those that uncharitably reproach each other, for lesser dif-

ferences in religion .....

Of th common malicious lise of the nicknamies--puritans, pre-

çisians, zealots, &c.

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Bishop Downame's testimony of the use of the word puritan in

his time

The testimony of Dr. Robert Abbot, regius professor of divi-

nity in Oxford, and Bishop of Salisbury..

Mr. Robert Bolton's testimony at large......

His further description of the formal hypocrite

Bishop Hall's character of a hypocrite ....

3. The sinfulness of passionate reproachful speeches against

superiors, when we suffer by them for religion's sake;

proposed to the consideration of suffering tempted

Christians, how sincere soever..

How far we may mention such sịns of others,.,

Two causes of men's frowardness of speech. ...,

Who is indeed the hypocrite. The impudency of our common

hypocrites that take serious godliness for hypocrisy. If

we will be Christians indeed, we must be content to be

so, though we are not thought to be so; and to be ac-

counted hypocrites, when we have done most to approve

our hearts and ways to God

Eight directions to the hypocrite, to save him from a vain

religion

THE FOOL'S PROSPERITY.—Proverbs i. 32, 33.....

REPENTANCE.-Ezekiel xxxvi. 31... ,

RIGHT REJOICING.Luke x. 20.

WHAT LIGHT MUST SHINE IN OUR WORKS.-

Matthew v, 16.......

THE CURE OF MELANCHOLY AND OVERMUCH

SORROW, BY FAITH AND PHYSIC.--2 Corin-

thians ii. 7.

HOW TO DO GOOD TO MANY; OR THE PUBLIC

GOOD IS THE CHRISTIAN'S LIFE.-Galatians

vi. 10. .....

THE ABSOLUTE DOMINION OF GOD-REDEEMER;

AND THE NECESSITY OF BEING DEVOTED

AND LIVING TO HIM.—1 Corinthians vi. 19, 20.

THE ABSOLUTE SOVEREIGNTY OF CHRIST; AND

THE NECESSITY OF MAN'S SUBJECTION,

DEPENDENCE, AND CHIEFEST LOVE TO

HIM.-Psalm ii. 10–12. ....

JUDGMENT.--2 Corinthians v. 10, 11...

DEATH, THE LAST ENEMY TO BE DESTROYED.-

1 Corinthians xx. 26.....

SOME IMITABLE PASSAGES OF THE LIFE OF

ELIZABETH, LATE WIFE OF MR. JOSEPH

BAKER

THE

VAIN RELIGION

OF THE

FORMAL HYPOCRITE,

AND

THE MISCHIEF OF AN UNBRIDLED TONGUE,

AS AGAINST RELIGION, RULERS, OR DISSENTERS,

DESCRIBED IN

SEVERAL SERMONS

PREACHED AT THE ABBEY IN WESTMINSTER,

BEFORE

MANY MEMBERS OF THE HONOU'RABLE HOUSE OF COMMONS,

MDCLX.:

AND

THE FOOL'S PROSPERITY

THE OCCASION OF HIS DESTRUCTION

A SERMON

PREACHED AT COVENT GARDEN.

BOTH PUBLISHED TO HEAL THE EFFECTS OF SOME HEARERS'

MISUNDERSTANDINGS AND MISREPORTS.

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TO THE READER.

Though God be not the author of sin, he knows why he permitteth it in the world. He will be no loser, and Satan shall be no gainer by it in the end. The malice of the devil and wicked men is, ordinarily, the destruction of the cause which they most desire to promote; and an advantage by accident to the cause and persons which they would root out from the earth, Were there no more to prove this than the instances of Joseph's brethren, of Pharaoh, and the murderers of our Lord, it were enough. We usually lose more by the flatteries of Satan and the World, than by their violence. If these hasty, coarse, unpolished sermons, shall prove beneficial to the souls of any, this also may come in among the lower rank of instances. If the devil had let me alone, they might have been cast aside, and no further molested him or his kingdom, for aught I know, than they did upon the preaching of them. But seeing he will needs, by malicious misreports, and slanders, kindle suspicion, and raise offence, against them and the author, let him take what he gets by it. He hath never yet got much from me, by violence, or by his foul-mouthed slanderous instruments : no, not when the impudence or multitude of their slanders have forced me to be silent, lest I trouble the reader, or misspend my time.

The first of these discourses, being intended to undeceive the formal hypocrite, and to call men from a vain, to a saving, serious religion, and to acquaint them that cry out against hypocrisy, where the hypocrite is to be found, it seems, provoked the ignorant or the guilty ; in so much that the cry went, that I preached down all forms of prayer, and all government and order in the church : when there is not a syllable that hath any such sense; but it seems what I spoke against the carcass, was interpreted to be spoken against the body of religion. The words of Mr. Bolton, and other divines, which I have

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