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DEPARTMENT OF LABOR.

No. 44-JANUARY, 1903.

ISSUED EVERY OTHER MONTH.

WASHINGTON:

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1903.

EDITOR,

CARROLL D. WRIGHT,

COMMISSIONER.

ASSOCIATE EDITORS,

G. W. W. HANGER,

CHAS H. VERRILL, G. A. WEBER.

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The welfare of the laboring class has always been a subject of the greatest importance and most far-reaching influence socially and politically. The miserable hygienic conditions existing in the working places in some industries, for example, are unjust to the working classes, and sometimes react with frightful results upon the public. The aspiration of the working classes to improve their condition in respect to sanitation is not only perfectly justifiable, but by all means should be encouraged. With the multiplication of factories the improvement in the lot of the laboring man has become a vital question of the day. Statistics and clear thinking convince him of the dangers to which he is exposed by the conditions of his employment.

Under the influence of long-continued work under insanitary conditions the physiques of the workmen, and especially those employed in factories, often show more or less characteristic marks. The height is usually below medium, the body, weak and thin, is poorly nourished and of sickly paleness. This condition is called lymphatic or anæmic. The spiritual and moral life may likewise become inactive and apathetic. Even the strongest factory workers under such conditions become more or less exhausted before they reach 55 or 60 years of age. Often they are completely wasted and utterly unfit for work at that age. Many of those vho work in spinning mills, cloth-printing establishments, and in general in plants where there is a high temperature and lack of pure air, are cut off prematurely. Women suffer even more than men from the stress of such circumstances, and more readily

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