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Navy DEPARTMENT,

April 3, 1849. Sır: I intrust to your care important despatches addressed to Commo. dore Thomas Áp c. Jones, conimanding the United States naval forces in the Pacific.

You will sail from New York in the first steamship bound to the port of Chagres. Upon your arrival at Chagres, you will proceed without delay across the isthmus to Panama, and take passage in the first steamer bound to San Francisco, and make the best of your way in her to that point, or wherever else Commodore Jones may be found upon the coast of California, and deliver the despatches addressed to him into his own hands.

If, upon your arrival at Panaina, it should appear that any circumstance had delayed the arrival of the mail steamer at that port, you will, after waiting a reasonable time, proceed to make your way by the earliest opportunity to San Francisco.

After performing the services with which you have been charged, you will rejoin the Hon. Mr. King, and co-operate with him in fulfilling the object of his mission, under whose direction you will return home. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. Lieutenant CADWALADER RINGGOLD,

United States Navy, Washington.

(Confidential.]

Navy DEPARTMENT,

April 3,,1849. Sir : The department, being desirous to send out, without delay, a bearer of despatches to California, begs to call into requisition your kind offices in securing a passage for three gentlemen, to proceed from New York, across

а the isthmus. The urgency of the case makes it all-important they should leave New York in the first steamer for Chagres, to join your next steam. ship from Panama w San Francisco. You will therefore be pleased to se. cure three through tickets, so as to insure against the possibility of any delay in their reaching their destination at the earliest moment. I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. W. H. ASPINWALL, Esq., New York.

NAVY DEPARTMENT,

April 3, 1849. $18 : You will pay to Lieutenant Cadwalader Ringgold the sun of one thousand dollars, for travelling expenses to California. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. WM. H. Le Roy, Esq.,

Navy Agent, Near York.

NAVY DEPARTMENT,

April 3, 1849. Sir: You will advance to Lieut. Cadwalader Ringgold five months' pay, and charge to his account. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. Joseph WHITE, Esq.

Navy Agent, Baltimore.

NAVY DEPARTMENT,

April 3, 1849. SIR: I transmit enclosed an order to Purser Rodman M. Price, at San Francisco, disbursing agent on the west coast. Should you find it neces. sary, you can present the same and receive the funds to enable you to pay your travelling expenses home. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. Lieutenant CADWALADER RINGGOLD,

United States Navy, Washington.

Navy DEPARTMENT, April 3, 1849 Sir: You will be pleased to pay to Lieutenant Cadwalader Ringgold the sum of six hundred and fifty dollars, for his travelling expenses home from California. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. Purser R. M. Price,

U. S. Navy, San Francisco, Alta California.

Navy DEPARTMENT, April 3, 1849. Str: Enclosed I transmit a duplicate order of this date, the original of which has been placed in the hands of Lieutenant Cadwalader Ringgold for delivery, should it become necessary for him to receive the amount to enable him to defray his travelling expenses home. I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. Purser RODMAN M. PRICE,

U.S. Navy, San Francisco, California.

Navy DEPARTMENT, April 3, 1849. Sır: It is important that the Hon. T. Butier King, and the gentlemen forining his party, should meet with the least possible delay on their way to California. You will therefore be pleased to afford them every possible facility your ship will offer to convey them to their place of destination. 1 am, respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. COMMANDING OFFICER PACIFIC SQUADRON,

Or the commander of any single ship which may be at Panama.

Navy DEPARTMENT, April 7, 1849. Sir: This despatch has been intrusted to the care of Lieutenant Cadwal ader Ringgold, United States navy, who will place it into your hands.

The Hon. T. Butler King, of Georgia, has been designated by the President, and sent out to California, to be intrusted with the performance of most important duties for the interest of that country. Should you be called upon by that gentleman in reference thereto, you will be pleased to co-operate with, and render him all the assistance in your power, to enable him to accomplish the object of his mission, as expressed in his instructions from the State Department. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. BALLARD PRESTON. Commodore Thos. Ap C. Jones,

Commanding U. S. naval forces in the Pacific.

[No. 59.]

SAN FRANCISCO, June 16, 1849. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 7th of April, handed to me on the 5th instant by Lieutenant Ringgold of the navy, in company with the Hon. T. Butler King. A more acceptable visiter than Mr. King could hardly have been sent to California; nor could his arrival here have been more opportune, being himself the bearer of the first authentic intelligence of the failure of all efforts in Congress to extend the laws of the United States over this Territory. Mr. King will doubtless report by the first steamer the state and condition of affairs here as he found them. It is very gratifying to that portion of the army and navy serving on this station, to find that the measures they have adopted for the security of persons and property, and for the collection of duties on foreign imports, are approved by Mr. King, as we hope they will be by the President.

Among other temporary measures touching the collection of duties and inland trade, some of which have already expired by their own limitation, is one still in operation, as indicated by the enclosed blank license, called into existence by the following circumstances: The new town of San Francisco (Yerba Buena by Wilkes's chart) is situated among sandhills, near the extremity of a narrow peninsula of some sixty miles in length, washed by the Pacific ocean on the west, and the southern arm of the bay of San Francisco on the east. The greater portion of this peninsula being for the most part extremely sterile, is but sparsely inhabited; consequently nine-tenths of the immense amount of goods entered at the port or town of San Francisco are transhipped in launches and

bay.craft up the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers, for distribution among the various gold-diggings. The want of American-built craft, adapted to the bay and river trade, was manifested in the high price of freight from San Francisco to Sutter's Fort and up the San Joaquin river, which had reached the enormous price of $- per

100 lbs.; and even at this rate the amount of tonnage in the trade was altogether insufficient to send forward the necessaries of life to meet the great flood of immigration pouring into the gold region from all quarters. There was neither time, materials, nor laborers at hand to build, nor was there time for suitable vessels to be sent from the Atlantic States; so that the only remedy was to permit citizens of the United States owning foreign vessels, built at the Sandwich islands and in Mexican ports, to embark in it at once, and until the pleasure of the Executive should be known.

The question now is as to the continuation of those licenses. Under this license, tonnage to about twelve hundred in thirty-one vessels has been added to the trade; and yet the freight is six and a half to seven dollars on a barrel of flour from San Francisco to Sutter's Fort, and the storage on flour at San Francisco is now three dollars per barrel per month. These prices are not likely to be much reduced until suitable steamers take the place of sail-craft, now exclusively employed on the above lines of transportation, or until Congress shall establish a customhouse at the more convenient port of Benicia, on the straits of Karquines. I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant,

THON. ÁP C. JONES,
Commander-in-chief U. S. naval forces, Pacific ocean.
The Hon. WM. BALLARD PRESTON,

Secretary of the Navy.

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[No. 65.]

SAN FRANCISCO, September 1, 1849. Sır: The steam propellers Edith and Massachusetts have been transferred from the War to the Navy Department—the former to the squadron, and the latter to the joint commission. The Edith was in a very unserviceable condition—that is, her propelling machinery, which has been repaired at a very considerable cost, ($3,500;) and she is now in charge of Lieutenant McCormick, with two engineers hired for the. occasion, and has gone to leeward upon a requisition of the Hon. T. B. King, to bring the members elect from San Diego, Los Angeles, and Santa Barbara, to Monterey, where the convention for forming a State constitution will this day meet.

Lieutenant Meade arrived here in the July steamer, but without the engineers and other officers appointed to accompany him. As soon as the Edith returns to this place, Lieutenant Meade will be put in command; but she will not be able to leave the port again until the arrival of the Falmouth, with the officers and engineers ordered out for that vessel.

I have no information from the Bureau of Equipment, &c., that any coal is on the way here; the steamers will be of but little use without fuel, and coal can be purchased here only in small parcels, and at high prices—from $30 to $40 per ton.

I regret exceedingly to inform you that Mr. King is lying dangerously zill in this town, of dysentery, which is very prevalent here. He was at

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tacked a fortnight ago, and, although the worst symptoms have been somewhat subdued, Dr. Bowie, of the navy, is not entirely free from apprehension of a fatal termination; should such be the case, the public, and California in particular, would sustain a loss which could not be speedily replaced. I have the honor to be, most respectfully, your obedient servant,

THOS. AP C. JONES, Commander-in-chief U. S. naral forces, Pacific ocean. Hon. WM. BALLARD PRESTON,

Secretary of the Navy.

P. S.---Since the above was written, Dr. Bowie has called in to say that Mr. King's symptoms are much more favorable, and that he thinks him doing very well.

T. AP C. J.

[No. 66.]

FLAG-SHIP OHIO,
San Francisco, Sep ember 12, 1849.

:, . Sir: The enclosed copy of a letter from Lieutenant James McCormick will inforn you of the shipwreck and total loss of the United States steampropeller “Edith.” My letter (No. 65) of the 1st of September informed you of the object for which the Edith was despatched to leeward, which will be better understood by the accompanying copy of a letter from the Hon. T. Butler King, to me addressed. I am pleased to say that, notwithstanding the loss of the “ Edith," the object of her visit below has not been defeated, as all the members elected to the convention from the southern districts, with a single exception, were in attendance at Monterey when the convention organized for business on Monday, the 3d instant, and, by last accounts, were proceeding harmoniously in their great work. I have the honor to be, most respectfully, your obedient servant,

THOS. AP C. JONES, Commonder-in-chief U, S. nural forces, Pacific ocean. Hon. Wz. B. PRESTON,

Secretary of the Navy.

SAN FRANCISCO, August 13, 1849. Sır: In carrying into effect the views and policy indicated in the letter of the Secretary of the Navy, which I had the honor to deliver to you on my arrival in this place, it has become necessary that I request you to despatch the steamer Edith, as soon as practicable, to St. Diego, touching at the intermediate ports, and to return to Monterey by the 1st proximo. Please to have her supplied with stores, &c., to accommodate some twenty persons in her cabin. As she is now, I am informed, undergoing repairs, I must beg that you will not hesitate to employ such force as will insure her being ready for sea, if possible, by Saturday next.

I have the honor to be, with very great respect and esteem, your most obedient servant,

T. BUTLER KING, Commodore T. AP C. Jones, &c., fc., fc.

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