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will doubtless secure them. I made him understand the same inducement would be held out to other parties, and that the reward should be paid promptly to the successful; and relying upon the just action of the government of the United States, I shall most certainly and cheerfully redeem my every promise in this matter. And I may be pardoned for adding, if the money promised was the last cent I could command on earth, and I without the slightest hope of its reimbursement, it should not be the less promptly paid upon the happening of the contingency which induced the reward.

In less than one hour from the time I had an interview with this trader, he was off, inanifesting the greatest confidence in his ability to command success. TeI can quietly, and in a way that cannot, by the remotest possibility, conflict with Colonel Monroe's efforts, I will induce other parties to go out, and hope to send another off in a different direction on to-morrow morning.

The sad event at the Points of Rocks has caused the delay of several of my communications to you, as the Hon. H. N. Smith, the delegate to Congress selected by a convention in this city, had them in charge, and hearing of the murder of Mr. White and the male portion of his party, before progressing so far as the Points of Rocks on his journey to Washington city, has returned to Las Vegas to await further developments. I exceedingly regret the delay, on account of the various important suggestions and recommendations contained in my letters, and which I desired you to receive before the President's message should be sent to Congress; for, if there ever was a time for energetic and prompt action in this Territory, this is the time, and the winter should not prevent campaigns. • One word more: if my recommendations contained in No. 10, which I earnestly renew, in reference to agents and ordnance, and ordnance stores, should be adopted, a larger number of the troops now in the territory might be usefully and successfully employed in a winter expedition against the Apaches and their allies.

Give me four companies of dragoons, and allow me to organize a force from the Pueblo Indians, with the means to subsist them and to pay them, and my life for it, in less than six months I will so tame the Navajoes and Utahs that you will scarcely hear of them again. In such an expedition I should desire authority to conduct it, without being controlled by any one in this departinent, and no other government officers except the proper commanders of the dragoons. I should desire to select my own quarter. masters and commissaries, and to give to them such directions as would stimulate to the utmost extent the energies of the Pueblo Indians. I will only add, by adding four companies of infantry to guard posts and public stores, and sending out proper scientific men, that whole country should at the same time be thoroughly explored.

The foregoing is respectfully submitted, with an earnest request that it be immediately placed before ihe chief of the department. And I have the honor to be, your obedient servant,


Indian Agent. Colonel W. MEDILL,

Commissioner of Indian Afairs, Washington, D.C.

No. 16.


October 30, 1849—7 o'clock p. m. Sir: At the last moment before the closing of the mail for the United States, I ask for permission to say that I have to day sent out three addi. tional parties in search of Mrs. White and her daughter; and I have offered to each party rewards that they hesitated not to say were entirely satisfactory. They did not intimate a desire that the reward for their services should be increased, and I know of nothing more that I can do, as the representative of your department, for the recovery of Mrs. White and her daughter; but I will not sleep, and if I see what more I may accomplish, or rather attempt, no matter at what cost, it shall be done.

What Colonel Monroe has done, if anything, or what he may design to do, I know not-nor is it my privilege to know. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, ,

J. S. CALHOUN, Indian Agent. Colonel W. MEDILL,

Commissioner Indian Afairs, Washington city, D. C.

SANTA FE, New Me.rico, November 1, 1849. Sir: Not until last evening was I aware of the existence of execu. tive document No. 60, ordered to be published on the 28th of April, 1848; otherwise the labor of preparing my communication of the 25th of September last would have been saved, and you the trouble of its receipt.

At the time the document was ordered to be printed I was in Cuernavaca, Mexico, to which fact I attribute my ignorance of the publication. In addition to which, the secretary of state for this Territory could give me no information as to the transmission of copies of the papers to Washington city—such as I 'forwarded to you. With great respect, your obedient servant,

J. S. CALHOUN. Hon. T. Ewing,

Secretary of Interior, Washington city.

No. 17.


Santa Fe, New Mexico, November 1, 1849. Sir: I am this moment in receipt of your communications of the 13th and 16th of July last—the first instructing in reference to a census of Indian tribes, and the latter enclosing a blank bond—both of which shall receive my earliest possible attention.

This is sent to Las Vegas, with the hope of there overtaking the mail that left here on yesterday morning. In great haste, your obedient servant,


Indian Agent. ORLANDO Brown, Esq.,

Commissioner of Indian Afairs, Washington city, D. C.


Office Indian Affairs, April 11, 1849. Sir: I have the honor to enclose herewith a commission constituting you sub-Indian agent on the Rio Gila, in New Mexico, to include the In. dians at or in the vicinity of that place, and any others that may hereafter be designated by this department.

Your compensation will be at the rate of $750 per annum, to be in full for pay and all emoluments whatever.

You will execute a bond, in the penal sum of $2,000, with two or inore sureties, whose sufficiency must be certified by a United States district judge or district attorney.

So little is known here of the condition and situation of the Indians in that region, that no specific instructions relative to them can be given at present; and the department relies on you to furnish it with such statistical and other information as will give a just understanding of any particular relating to them, embracing the names of the tribes; their locations; the probable extent of territory owned or claimed by each respectively; the tenure by which they claim it; the manners and habits; disposition and feelings towards the United States and whites generally, and towards each other; whether hostile or otherwise; whether the tribes speak different languages, and, when different, the apparent analogies between them; and also what laws and regulations for their government are necessary; and how far the law regulating trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes (a copy of which I enclose) will, if extended to that country, properly, apply to the Indians there, and to the trade and intercourse with them; and what modification, if any, will be required to produce the greatest degree of efficiency.

You are authorized to employ one or more interpreters—not exceeding more than one at the same time, unless otherwise absolutely necessary to aid you in the discharge of your duties—whose compensation, if employed by the year, will be at the rate of $300 per annum. It is very desirable that the greatest economy shall be observed; and it is therefore hoped that the employment of one permanent interpreter will be sufficient, and that the services of any others will be but temporary, and for as short periods as possible, consistent with a proper discharge of your duties.

You will report direct to this office, and will lose no opportunity of doing so, as it is extremely desirable that the department shall be kept well advised of the state of affairs in that region. In consequence of the remote position of

your sub-agency, the Secretary of the Interior has directed that one year's salary be advanced to you, and the same to your interpreter, together with funds for other objects, which you will find explained as follows. These funds will be remitted, to be paid over to you, as soon as the necessary arrangements can be made: One year's salary for self...... One year's salary for interpreter... Pay of interpreters temporarily employed... Contingent expenses, including presents to Indians, purchase

of two horses for yourself and your interpreter, collection of statistical information, forage for horses, house rent,

$750 300 100

fuel, stationery, &c., &c., together with your travelling expenses.



You are authorized to purchase two horses—one for yourself and one for your interpreter—which you will be held accountable for as public property.

In making presents to Indians, you will be as economical as possible, and confine yourself to such cases only as will effect some important object.

It is supposed that there are captives, or prisoners, either Mexican or American, among some of the Indians of California or New Mexico. If you should find such to be the case among the Indians of


subagency, you will demand, and endeavor to procure, their release and surrender, whether Americans or Mexicans; but it must, if possible, be done without any compensation whatever, as to make compensation would but encourage a continuance of the practice of making captives. And any demand must be made under circumstances not calculated to produce mischief or hostile feelings on the part of the Indians.

I enclose blank forms to guide you in rendering your accounts, which must be done quarter-yearly, or as nearly so as possible.

In rendering your accounts, you will account for the money placed in your hands under the following heads of appropriation, viz: Pay of sub-agents.

$750 Pay of interpreters.

400 Contingencies Indian department



Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. MEDILL, Commissioner. JOHN C. Hays, Esq., Sub-agent,

Care of Harvey T. Hays, Esq., New Orleans. . P. S. I enclose copy of the late treaty with Mexico, and also copies of the reports of Messrs. Fremont, Emory, Abert, and Cook. I also enclose a copy of a report from his Excellency Governor Bent, which you will find to contain much useful information in relation to the Indians in New Mexico.


Office Indian Affairs, April 17, 1849. Sir: You were apprized, in your instructions of the 11th instant, that arrangements would be made for the transmission of the funds for your sub-agency; but, finding it impracticable to adopt any better course, the Secretary of the Interior has directed that you be authorized to draw for the amount allowed for the year's expenses, in conformity with your instructions.

To preserve uniformity, I annex the form of the draft to be used by you: (Place and date.) Sir: At sight, please pay to the order of

two thousand three hundred and fifty dollars, value received, and charge the same to account of the expenses of my sub-agency on the Rio Gila, New Mexico.

Very respectfully,

J. C. H., Sub-agent. WM. MEDILL, Esq.,

Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington city, D. C.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

WM. MEDILL, Commissioner. John C. Hays, Esq.,

Çare of Harvey T. Hays, Esq., New Orleans, La.


Office Indian Affairs, July 26, 1849. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of Sth June last, and to inform you that your official bond as Indian sub-agent, received therewith, has been submitted to the Secretary of the Interior, and by him approved. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ORLANDO BROWN, Commissioner. Col. JOHN C. HAYS, Indian Sub-agent, River Gila, New Mexico,

Care of Harvey 7'. Hayo, Esq., New Orleans, La

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