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EDITED BY CHARLES A. LEE, A. M., M. D.
" The land mourneth because of drunkenness."
J. & H. G. LANGLEY, 57 CHATHAM STREET.
JAN 23 1919
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1840,
By J. & H. G. LANGLEY, in the Clerk's office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York.
STEREOTYPED BY J. S. REDFIELD.........H. LUDWIG, PRINTER.
IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED TO THE
OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF
THE AMERICAN TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES,
WHOSE UNPARALLELED EXERTIONS
CAUSE OF MORALS AND RELIGION,
AND WHOSE EFFORTS TO EXTERMINATE
MOST FRUITFUL SOURCE OF HUMAN MISERY,
THE USE OF INTOXICATING LIQUORS,
WILL EVER ENSURE THEM
THE GRATEFUL AFFECTIONS OF MANKIND,
REGARD AND ADMIRATION
THE NEW BRITISH AND FOREIGN TEMPERANCE
THE Committee of the above Society give notice that they have come to a resolution to offer a Premium of One Hundred Sovereigns, for the best Essay on the benefits of Total Abstinence from all Intoxicating Drinks :
1. -The Essay must be written in a Christian spirit, and with a design to benefit the bodies, circumstances, and souls of men.
2.—The proposed Essay will contain the origin, progress, and conse, quences of the customs of drinking, and drunkenness, both from sacred and profane history.
3. It will comprise the medical opinions of the faculty, ancient and modern ; with the sentiments of magistrates, judges, and the most eminent literary, scientific, and theological writers.
4.-It will produce Scripture testimony that, although the use of wine is not prohibited, except in certain cases, and under certain circumstances, Total Abstinence from all intoxicating drinks is encouraged.
5.-It will contain statistical accounts of the evil effects of drinking-customs on the habits, wealth, and religious feelings of the community, embracing the experience of other nations on these topics.
6.-It will contain details of committals, punishments, and miseries ari. sing from drunkenness.
7.-It will present the amount of loss of property, time, and intellect to the British Nation by their use.
8.-It will show how the various religious societies for the renovation of the world are impeded by the drinking habits of the population.
9.-It will present in an inviting manner the vast blessings which result to families, masters, mistresses, servants, fathers, mothers, and children, and to some of the most degraded individuals, from the total disuse of intoxica. ting drinks.
10.-It will also show the advantages that will accrue to trade, commerce, and the shipping interest; to the arts and sciences; and the immense moral benefits it will confer on the nation and the world.
The Candidates for the Prize will have the goodness to forward their MSS. in an envelope, containing their names and address, to Mr. J. Meredith, No. 3, Durham Place, Lambeth Road, before 25th of December, 1838.
ADJUDICATORS.-The Rev. Theodore Drury, M. A., Rector of Keighley, Rev. J.H. Hinton, M. A., and J. E. Howard, Esq.
Nearly twenty Essays were forwarded for inspection. The one now published, received the award of the Adjudicators.
TO THE AMERICAN EDITION.
In presenting the following work to the American public, but few remarks are necessary. The occasion which called it forth, and the distinguished mark of approbation it received from the British and Foreign Temperance Society, are already known to the reader. It therefore needs no commendation of our own. Nor are we called upon to introduce the subject by any long prefatory notice. The work is so complete in itself, that there is little room for addition, perhaps none for improvement. We have taken the liberty, however, of subjoining some brief notes, and a few pages of additional matter in the Appendix, which, it was thought would render the work more valuable to the American reader. The fear of being tedious, and swelling the book to an inconvenient size, has induced us to leave out several articles which we had prepared. As it is, we trust it will be found the most complete and satisfactory publication on the subject of which it treats, yet given to the public in any language. That it may do much good, and be a successful instrument in the hands of Providence, in advancing the Temperance reform, is the sincere prayer of the
EDITOR. New York, Aug. 16th, 1840.