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America. It was a time when debtors were They are born into an atmosphere of affection. imprisoned, when thieves were hung, when ac- They are nurtured in kindliness. Each house cused persons who refused to plead were is a spontaneous kindergarten. Each neighpressed to death, when husbands controlled borhood is a nursery of friendship. Solomon's their wives' property and whipped their per- rod is as out of date as Solomon's polygamy. sons, when women were absolutely debarred And the results prove that it is not necessary from any education except the merest rudi- to cramp a child's activities, to ride roughshod ments, and when only a few of either sex had over his sensibilities, or to lash him like a any schooling at all. It was a time when the brute in order to make a man of him. The men who fought for liberty in America, and young manhood and womanhood of to-day is who were in the very forefront of the world's of a higher order, better educated, more moral, progress, distrusted the people so much that better equipped for this life and for the next they provided in the constitution for the elec- than that of any previous generation, brought tion of a president and of a senate by methods up on the rod and trained in juvenile servitude. intended to guard against the awful danger of Never in the history of the world have the the common people actually choosing their children of a nation had such opportunities, rulers. It was a time when there were no rail. never have they lived in such a paradise for roads, no telegraphs, no factories and no daily the present or in such a training school for the newspapers, and each little community lived future as the homes and the schools of this in comparative isolation. The thrill of a wider great republic give their children to-day. and a nobler life which now binds the civilized

W. world together with each returning sunrise, and gives a voice to every movement for the

THE MONTH. good of humanity, was then felt but rarely. Deeds of darkness and cruelty could then go unknown and unrestrained, which now would

WISCONSIN NEWS AND NOTES. be reached by a roused public opinion as well as by more humane laws. It was a time when

-The graduation exercises of the Washthere were no public schools, no Sunday

burn high school occur June 4th. schools, no children's books, no humane soci -Prin. A. E. Brainerd, assisted by Supt. eties, no child-saving societies. The average George S. Moody, will hold a summer school child was a drudge, the orphan and the aban- at Richland Center from July 12th to August doned child was bound out by the town au- 13th. thorities into virtual slavery, and the child of

-The time of the annual meeting of the the drunkard, of the miser, of the prostitute,

Normal Regents has been changed from the and of the thief had no protection from the first to the second Wednesday in July, to make avarice, the malice or the vicious teaching of way for the N. E. A. his legal owner. How different it is to-day. America is now

-A summer school will be held at Reedsthe children's paradise. Most homes are now burg for five weeks from July 12th to August habitations of love. The switch and the fer- 13th, Principal W. N. Parker is manager, asule, once the badge of the schoolmaster's of

sisted by A. D. Tarnutzer, L. May Chamberfice, have disappeared. Toys and dolls, costly

lain, R. B. Dickie, Blanche Jeffries and Sup't and ingenious, minister to the pleasure of the Roeseler. little ones, and books and papers attract and —The great Yerkes telescope, the largest inform the older youth. The apprenticeship in the world, has been set up at Lake Geneva, system has passed away, and the danger is and was tried for the first time May 21st. now rather that youth will be idlers than The huge object lense was made by Alvan drudges. The standard of living for all classes Clarke, of Cambridge, Mass., who has worked has been raised and comforts and luxuries, un- upon it for ten years past. known to the wealthy in Washington's time are now within the easy reach of the poor as

-The regents examinations at the several well as the rich. Greatest and best of all,

schools are fixed at the following dates: Oshmarriages are now based on mutual affection.

kosh, May 25–26th; Stevens Point, May 27– Women do not marry for a home; men do not

28th; Superior, June 1-2d; River Falls, June marry for a household drudge, and neither

3-4th; Milwaukee, June 7-8th; Whitewater, men nor women marry because forced into it junes

June 9th; Platteville, June 10-11th. by mercenary or managing mothers or fathers. - The North Wisconsin Teacher's AssociaThe children of to-day are the children of love. tion held a successful session in the high

od much needed addition to the and Dr. van

Bryan, of in the N. Eped to per

school building at Washburn, May 15th. by the State Superintendent from Aug. 3rd, Teachers from Washburn, Ashland, Bayfield 4th and 5th to Aug. 10th, 11th and 12th. and Superior took part in the exercises. This brings the examinations of the present -Mr. F. A. Hutchins, chairman of the Wis

summer the week after the conclusion of the consin Free Library Commission, now has an

session of the Wisconsin summer school. office in the capitol, where he may be found

Many teachers who are planning to attend the when not traveling about in the interest of the

school and to take the examinations will find libraries and to which correspondence may be

d to which correspondence may be the change a great convenience. sent.

- The Normal Regents by a unanimous -A summer school will be held at Wau

vote elected Duncan MacGregor president of

the Platteville normal school in place of James toma, Waushara county, for four weeks beginning July 19th. The teachers are to be A.

Chalmers, resigned. This election must be M. Olson of Oakfield, Eber Dafoe of Plain

especially gratifying to President MacGregor field, T. W. Davies of Stanley, and Supt.

as an endorsement of his past services, and a Taylor of Terrill.

reversal of the act of displacement of four

years ago. The Board also placed the selec-Platteville normal school is to have a new

tion of the new faculty of the school for the heating and ventilating plant to cost $10,000. coming year in the hands of President MacA vacant lot adjoining the Milwaukee normal Gregor and the committee on teachers. has been bought for the use of the school.

--A North American society for child study Stevens Point normal has had an addition of

is forming and it is hoped to perfect the orfive acres to its campus.

ganization at the N. E. A. this summer. Dr. -Whitewater normal school is to have an Bryan, of Indiana University, is president, important and much needed addition to the and Dr. Van Liew, of Normal, Ill., secretary building. The Board of Regents have appro- and treasurer. Each state is to have one vicepriated $25,000 to extend the building by ad- president. All interested in the subject are ding a new front, increasing materially the urged to be present at the organization and size of the assembly room and affording new take part in the proceedings. The society is recitation rooms.

for mothers and doctors as well as teachers. -On account of illness Prof. Sylvester, of Prof. J. Q. Jegi, of Milwaukee normal, is viceStevens Point, is unable to serve on the Board president for Wisconsin. of Examiners for Teachers' State certificates, -The Herbart Society will soon issue their and Sup't Emery has appointed in his place year book for the coming session, which, beSup't Albert Hardy, of La Crosse, and an- sides the papers on Training for Citizenship, nounces in advance that the Board as now will contain four important papers on Moral constituted will be reappointed for next year. Education in Schools by Prof. Dewey, of Chi-When the normal school building at Su

cago; Pres. De Garmo, of Swarthmore, Dr.

W. T. Harris, of Washington, and Principal perior was erected two years ago a portion of the building was left unfinished because it was

John Adams, of the Teachers' Training Colnot thought that there would be any call for

lege, Aberdeen, Scotland. The society has the rooms for some years to come. The at

now 675 members, including 32 local clubs in tendance at the school has been so large, how

different parts of the country, and expects to ever, that the regents have been compelled to

more than double its membership during

the coming year. The Year Book may be appropriate $4,000 towards completing the

had of the secretary, C. A. McMurry, of the building as soon as possible.

University of Chicago. -Pres. Williams, of the Wisconsin Teach

-The house of Ginn & Company, the well ers' Association, is already at work upon the

known school-book publishers, has for many program for next winter, and is able to make

years been second to none in the educational some interesting announcements. Dr. W. O.

value of its books, and in the short space of a Krohn, of the Illinois State University, will

little over a quarter of a century has grown to lecture on Tuesday evening, and present the

be the largest single school-book house in subject, Child Study in the general session on

America. It has branch offices in New York, Wednesday morning. Dr. Nicholas Murray

Chicago, Columbus, Atlanta, Dallas, and Butler will deliver the Wednesday evening

London. The “Athenæum Press” is a large lecture.

five-story building, located in Cambridge, -The time of holding the examination for Mass., devoted exclusively to the printing, Teachers' State certificates has been changed binding, and shipping of the firm's publica

ing nown to the

years, u opportunities for hele

is firm

busimill hands, arean to say

tions. In this model building may be seen ber that the town has a growth of only a few the most improved machinery known to the years, and this mostly from a class which has printing and binding business. The output had few opportunities for reading or for gainof the "Athenæum Press” is at present ten ing even a fair common school education. It thousand volumes per day, and its capacity is is surprising to think that not a few of our for double that number. The list of this firm business men, and a still greater proportion of now includes books by the leading educational the mill hands, are poor readers, to say the men all over the country, and in almost every least. I do not mean to say that all our peotown in the United States some of Ginn & ple are such, but that many of them are. It Company's publications are used.

is distressing to hear some try to read passages

with which they are quite familiar, or with WISCONSIN BADGES.

which they ought to be familiar if frequent

repetitions are to help them. Of course such Below we print the Wisconsin Teachers' readers can not be expected to enjoy reading Badge, adopted by the state association.

a book. But among such the library has found Principal H. W. Kood, of Washburn, chair- its way and books like Little Lord Fountleroy, man of the committee on the subject, has had

Little Men and Little Women are helping to the badges prepared at his own expense, and

own expense, and a taste and practice of reading. will furnish them at ten cents each. They In a town of six hundred people with six sawill be put up in two forms—buttons and pins loons furnishing attractions, with the Saturday

—and will be three-fourths of an inch in di- Blade, the Chicago Ledger and many kinds of ameter. Wisconsin teachers will want them

want them cheap story papers with their attractive preat the N. E. A., at Milwaukee, and can ob

miums, and large circulation, good reading tain them in advance by writing to Mr. Rood.

has to fight its way. But it is making inroads upon the enemy.

With a large percentage of our people crowded into boarding houses without many of the attractions of a home, with another large share, the children, having little help in their homes toward better reading, the library has found and is finding a useful place. The boys and girls, many of whom were previously spending their time upon the streets, have been the most enthusiastic readers.

As I turn to the last library record I find that a large share of the readers are of this class. And it is not an unusual thing to enter

a home in the evening and find the boys and THE TRAVELING LIBRARIES AT NEKOOSA.

girls reading their library books. [Nekoosa is a paper mill town of six hundred people. En- Little Lord Fauntleroy has been read until tirely built in three years.]

it is all in pieces, though the leaves are not Mr. F. A. Hutchins, Madison, Wis.Dear torn, and that in only a few months. From Sir:-Your request for a letter in regard to house to house it has gone without rest on the the good which the library has done at Ne- library shelves. Miss Alcott's books are also koosa is gladly complied with. Of course the read with much zeal, while not a few boys and good which the library has done cannot be girls are learning to read the books of history, fully known, because we cannot see into the biography and science. One of the favorites hearts and minds of the readers to find the new just now is the Electrical Boy. It is quite noaspirations, new purposes and new motives of ticeable that many of the readers are becomtheir lives. But that the winter's reading has ing more interested in a heavier class of readhelped many an one I do not doubt. I can give ing than they were at first. This, I consider, a few of the conditions which the library met one of the good things about the libraries. here, and tell soinething of the use which has The later libraries are of a little harder grade been made of it, and of a beginning of a taste of reading than the early ones. They are for reading among the boys and girls, and a adapted to the tastes of the people, and they few of the young people.

cultivate a taste for better reading. The conditions which the library met here The young men and young ladies of the were perhaps peculiar for a town of this size, mill are beginning to read. A dozen or more but perhaps not so peculiar when we remem of these are quite regular patrons of the li

[graphic]

you on

seed has to me that

brary. And from reading the lighter trashy Among the best known authors whose works papers, they are now interested, as I see by we have had are Louisa M. Alcott, A. Conan the record, in books such as Humorous Mast- Doyle, James Otis, John Fiske, Sir Walter erpieces, Southey's Life of Nelson, Abraham Scott, Charles Kingsley and Thomas Knox. Lincoln, Electrical Boy, Charles Sumner, The On the record sheet kept by the librarian, the Making of New England, and other books of space is sufficient for each book to be taken the same class, together with a much better out fourteen times; but one book went beyond class of fiction than that to which they have that limit. On an average each book was been accustomed.

taken out six times. We had a good variety One of these young men becomes interested of books especially in history and travel; the in a good book. He mentions it to some of former were so well suited to our needs at his companions. They read the same book school that we kept one or more in the school and pass it on to others. The process is slow. for references. But I think it is a sure growth and one that I believe the best book in our library was will tell in the characters of these young peo- “Masterpieces of British Literature." Who ple.

does not feel richer after having spent a long The influence which the library has exerted quiet evening with such as Dr. John Brown, on the children can hardly be estimated. Be- Alfred Tennyson, Charles Lamb, Thomas cause without it they would have had little to Gray or John Milton? attract them toward reading, and much to at- Who can read Enoch Arden" without havtract them to a life of carelessness and thought- ing all his sympathies aroused? or who “Holessness.

ratius” without feelin ghis heart swell with true Some of the mill men who do not draw patriotism and a sense of justice? books do read the magazines and papers which But you are anxious to know what the lioften come with our library, while the Youth's brary has done-that I can tell you only in Companion has thus found its way into many part—for it seems to me that in this short a home which would not have had it unless in time, the seed has merely been sown. But some such way as this.

I don't think that all of the benefits are of the Trusting that I have made clear some of the future for we are enjoying many of them tobenefits we have received from Mr. Witter's day. gift, I am Yours truly,

I will enumerate a few of them for you. I A. L. MCCLELLAND, noticed while visiting at the different homes, Pastor of Congregational Church. that the family (children were as zealous as THE TRAVELING LIBRARIES IN PLEASANT VALLEY.

parents) talked about the library and the

books in it. Then at school the older girls had Pleasant Valley is the name applied, and been accustomed to play ball or other games, justly too, to a farming district in the western at every possible opportunity; at first I nopart of St. Croix county just south of Down- ticed that one or two would read a little at reing.

cess or noon. Finally I observed that they The people are industrious and intelligent, would take a good book and go out under the and are always glad to welcome any move for trees at the side of the school ground, and the advancement of their community.

while one would read aloud, a few would sew Knowing this you will not be surprised to or knit, for they now began to bring some litlearn that when they heard of Mr. Stout's tle work with them. generosity and the traveling libraries sent out I have also read a number of books to the by him, they were only too glad to apply for school, reading a chapter or so each morning one and to comply with the simple and easy for the opening exercise. I found that there requirements necessary to form an association. was less tardiness while so doing than at

In the course of time the library came, and other times. The younger pupils were fully as since has made many acquaintances and eager as the older ones; when their interest friends.

became absorbed in a particular book, such as It was placed in a cheerful home just across “Helen's Babies" by Jno. Habberton, they the road from the schoolhouse. Besides the would spend a recess or noon with the people thirty books contained in the library, we re- of the story rather than accept the urgent received many papers and magazines, rich in quests of a dozen pupils to join in their play. entertainment and useful information. A few We feel that we have derived a world of of these were The Forum, The Cosmopolitan, good from the books and our hearts are full of The Ladies' Home Journal and The Youth's gratitude to the generous giver. Companion.

As we have had only one of these libraries,

parent in it. Then at Schy ball or other gamno

you may think that we are not competent in forming a public sentiment which will soon judges but is not one of these libraries ade- build many new libraries on good foundations quate to satisfy your curiosity regarding the as effective allies of the public schools. The rest? Always after reading a thoroughly good commission has also aided in the organization book I feel like saying, “thank you' to Mr. and development of a number of systems of Stout-and indeed he would be kept busy if free traveling libraries which are likely to be all the “thank yous” that are felt could be ex- the pioneers of many similar systems in the pressed to him in words.

state. DELLA WATERSTON. The commission has also arranged and conKnapp, Wis.

ducted a number of meetings in variouş parts

of the state which have reached many isolated THE WISCONSIN FREE LIBRARY COMMISSION. libraries and schools and aroused a more ac

tive and intelligent interest in school, as well This commission has now a permanent of- as public libraries. fice in the capitol building at Madison and has In no other state, with the possible excepbeen re-organized to push its work more ef- tion of New York, has the alliance between fectively. The former chairman, F. A. Hutch- the teachers and the leaders in library work ins, and the secretary, Miss L. E. Stearns, been so close as in Wisconsin and the commisrecently resigned their positions as members sion has labored persistently to make our liof the commission. The governor appointed braries in effect a part of our educational sysState Senator J. H. Stout, of Menomonie, and tem, working in cordial co-operation with our Mrs. Lucy E. Morris, of Berlin, to the vacant schools to give the pupils both the desire and positions. The new board elected Mr. Stout the opportunity to read good literature. chairman, Mr. Hutchins secretary and Miss Stearns librarian. The two officers last named

RECENT WISCONSIN LIBRARY LEGISLATION. will now devote their whole time to the work of the commission. The term “librarian" does The Wisconsin library world will remember not well define Miss Stearn's duties as she will the Wisconsin legislature of 1897 with sentibe in fact a “field secretary,” giving most of ments of lively gratitude, as it has placed the her time to the southern part of the state, or public libraries of the state on a footing which ganizing new libraries and helping to improve promises to make them a substantial part of the older ones. The secretary will give more our educational system. It increased the antime to the free traveling libraries and the pub nual appropriation of the Wisconsin Free lic libraries in northern Wisconsin.

Library Commission from $500 to $4,000 and Mrs. Morris, one of the new members of the gave it an office, fully equipped, in the capitol commission, is the president of the state feder- building. It struck out the general library ation of women's clubs. In most communities law the provision which limits the annual tax in Wisconsin the women's clubs and the teach- levy for a local library to one mill on the dolers are the prime movers for free public libraries lar of assessed valuation and it also omitted and as the schools and colleges of the state were the clause which made it necessary to have a already represented on the commission by the favorable popular vote before a library could State Superintendent and the president of the be established. state university, Mrs. Morris's appointment By another amendment, city superintendwill make the commission fairly representa ents and supervising principals of schools are tive of the leading educational forces of the made ex-officio members of boards of free state.

library directors. . The commission was first organized in De- Still another amendment gives to boards of cember, 1895, and has therefore been in ex- library directors authority to make contracts istence only a year and a half. Although the with the boards of supervisors of neighboring appropriation for its support was meager it towns or villages or with county boards of has received such generous support from Hon. supervisors by which the people of neighborJ. H. Stout that it has been able to prove its ing towns and villages or the people of the usefulness. In its brief life and during a pe- surrounding country may have free use of the riod of financial depression it has seen new li- books of the library. Under this amendment braries started on substantial foundations in it will be possible for a county with a good Oshkosh, Kenosha, Racine, Menasha, Rice central library to make arrangements for a Lake and Stevens Point. It has helped to system of county traveling libraries. make great improvements in the methods of Two years ago the legislature ordered a many old established libraries and it has aided levy of one-sixth of a mill tax for three years

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