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CONTENTS.

The trial-evidence of the witnesses—Mr. Heywood's defence

-Heywood found guilty, and is sentenced to death, but re-
commended to mercy-remarks-Nessy Heywood's impa-
tience to join her brother-Mr. Graham's consolatory letter
to Dr. Scott-Heywood's letter to the same, expressing his
resignation--touching letter to his mother-Nessy Heywood
visits Mr. Graham in London-Peter Heywood's remarks on
material points of the evidence transmitted to the Earl of
Chatham-Nessy Heywood's letter accompanying them-
despatch of the warrant granting a full and free pardon to
Heywood-consequent correspondence-Heywood's restora-
tion to his family-lines written by Mr. Heywood on the
days of his condemnation and pardon

- 96-163

CHAP. IV.

Page

Heywood re-enters the navy – his gradual promotion-takes

the command of the Vulcan at Amboyna-surveys the island
of Ceylon-Admiral Rainier's honourable testimony to his
services-returns to England in company with Jaines Hors.
burgh, Esq.-becomes Captain of the Polyphemus in 1806–
proceeds to the Rio de la Plata-description of Port Praya
and Cape Town—of the climate and country of Monte Video
-returns to England-assists Mr. Horsburgh in constructing
charts engaged for a short time on the French coast, and

receives the thanks of the Admiralty for his conduct in the

presence of a French squadron-receives a commission for

the Nereus, and joins Lord Collingwood in the Mediterra-

nean-procures the admission of British forces into the for-

tress of Ceuta-returns to England with the remains of Lord

Collingwood-employed in the Rio de la Plata on various

confidential services—account of Tristrian D'Acunha, Gougl’s

Island, and Benguela-observations on the contest between

the Junta of Buenos Ayres and the Government at Monte

Video-various transactions on that station-honourable tes-

timonies of the British merchants to Captain Heywood's ser.

vices-returns home-paper on the commerce to the Rio de

la Plata—is again employed on the South American station

-observations on the government and inhabitants of Buenos

Ayres-letters to Lord Melville on the state of Chili-Capt.

Heywood prevails on the Government of Buenos Ayres to

permit the exportation of specie-he returns to England,

and again receives the thanks of the merchants for his re-

marks on the Rio de la Plata-is appointed to the command

of the Montagu, and ordered to the Mediterranean-letter

describing his meeting with two unfortunate Taheitians-

opinions on American nayal officers—the Montagu paid off

at Chatham-seaman's farewell to H. M. S. Montagu-Capt.

Heywood retires from professional duty-

164-303

CHAP. V.

Captain Heywood's marriage-letter to Lord Melville declining

the rank of Commodore-letter on the state of Greece and

its subjection to the priesthood-his moral excellence and

religious views_his last illness and death

- 304-333

ERRATA.
P. 94, line 12, for “sed tout,” read set taut.
P. 288, line 3 of note, for “ meeting,” read mutiny..

MEMOIR.

CHAPTER I.

Peter Heywood, the fourth son of Peter John Heywood, Esq., was born at the Nunnery, near Douglas, on the 6th of June, 1773. His father was a Deemster of the Isle of Man, and Seneschal to his Grace the Duke of Athol.

No particulars of his early years have reached us, except that he was educated by the Rev. Mr. Hunter, at Nantwich. Were it possible to trace the history of his boyish days, there is every thing in his subsequent life to inspire the belief, that he would be found honourably distinguished among his compeers by various traits of superior talent and generous disposition.

At the early age of fifteen, he entered the Naval Service, on the 11th of October, 1786. Even at that age he was the object, not only of the warmest affection, but of the entire confidence and unqualified esteem of his family. In the words of a beloved sister, who will shortly be introduced to the reader's acquaintance, “ Nothing but conviction from his own mouth could possibly persuade her,

B

that he would commit an action inconsistent with honour and duty.” It is certain that his behaviour and letters, under the extraordinary and awful scenes of suffering which awaited him on his very entrance into life, display a strength and nobleness of soul to which no epitaph can do justice ;—which must reflect great credit upon his domestic training, and, without other evidence, attract our respect towards that family of which he was a member. Indeed, his conduct and sentiments, whilst he was yet a boy, exhibit a spirit so rare and extraordinary, as almost to justify the conviction, that the natures of some human beings are of a superior quality, setting them at once above the common level of their species—that, in the language of the great poet of human nature, “they are born great,”—and that circumstances are but the occasions of developing this native greatness—this inherent dignity, which attaches to them from the cradle to the grave.

Peter Heywood made his first voyage as a Midshipman in the Bounty, a ship of about two hundred and fifty tons' burthen, which had been fitted up by government, under the care of Sir Joseph Bankes, for the purpose of conveying the Bread Fruit and other plants from Otaheite to the West Indies. This was done in consequence of the representations of the merchants and planters, that essential benefit would be derived from their introduction into the West-Indian colonies.

On the 23d of December, 1787, the Bounty sailed from Spithead, under the command of Lieutenant William Bligh. The melancholy issue of the voyage is very generally known. For the details of its history, the character of Bligh, and the circumstances which sowed the seeds of discord between the crew and their commander, the reader may be referred to the twenty-fifth number of the Family Library, and Marshall's Naval Biography. It suffices here to mention, that, after a hazardous and unsuccessful attempt to sail round Cape Horn, the Bounty turned away towards the Cape of Good Hope, touched in Adventure Bay, Van Diemen's Land, August the 20th, 1788, and anchored in Matavia Bay, October 26th, where she remained six months, The vessel was on her way home, laden with bread fruit and other plants, in flourishing condition, having so far fulfilled the object of her voyage, when between the hours of 4 and 8, A. M., on the 28th of April, 1789, the unhappy catastrophe, fraught with so many terrible consequences, took place.

Mr. Christian, the master's mate, who, in consequence of his skill as a seaman, had been doing lieutenant's duty the greater part of the voyage, was called at the appointed hour to relieve the watch. His mind had been deeply wounded by some angry and insulting words that had fallen from his commander in a dispute two days before ; and it appears that he had formed the design of quitting the

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